Author: Bradu, B.
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MOPMF053 Observations, Analysis and Mitigation of Recurrent LHC Beam Dumps Caused by Fast Losses in Arc Half-Cell 16L2 228
  • J.M. Jimenez, D. Amorim, S. A. Antipov, G. Arduini, A. Bertarelli, N. Biancacci, B. Bradu, E. Bravin, G. Bregliozzi, K. Brodzinski, R. Bruce, X. Buffat, L.R. Carver, P. Chiggiato, S.D. Claudet, P. Collier, R. Garcia Alia, M. Giovannozzi, L. K. Grob, E.B. Holzer, W. Höfle, G. Iadarola, G. Kotzian, A. Lechner, T.E. Levens, B. Lindstrom, T. Medvedeva, A. Milanese, D. Mirarchi, E. Métral, D. Perini, S. Redaelli, G. Rumolo, B. Salvant, R. Schmidt, M. Valette, D. Valuch, J. Wenninger, D. Wollmann, C. Yin Vallgren, C. Zamantzas, M. Zerlauth
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • D. Amorim
    Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
  • A.A. Gorzawski
    University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • L. Mether
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  Recurrent beam dumps significantly perturbed the operation of the CERN LHC in the summer months of 2017, especially in August. These unexpected beam dumps were triggered by fast beam losses that built up in the cryogenic beam vacuum at the half-cell 16 left of LHC-IP2 and were detected either at that location but mainly in the collimation insertions. This contribution details the experimental observables (beam losses, coherent instabilities, heat load to cryogenic system, vacuum signals), the extent of the understanding of the beam loss and instability mechanisms and the mitigation steps and new settings that allowed recovering the luminosity performance of the LHC for the rest of the Run.  
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WEPMF073 Adaptation of the Cryogenic System Capacity for the LHC Dynamic Heat Load - Operational Experience 2541
  • K. Brodzinski, B. Bradu, S.D. Claudet, D. Delikaris, L.P. Delprat, G. Ferlin
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  During second LHC physics operation period (Run2), between 2015 and 2018, the accelerator operation modes and beam parameters have been adapted thus allowing significantly improved integrated luminosity production. Increased energy, intensity and adapted beam operation schemes with 25 ns of inter-bunches spacing have an essential influence on the dynamic heat load generation with direct impact on the cryogenic cooling system. In order to cope with significantly higher than expected beam induced thermal load, the cryogenic system was tuned and optimized to adapt the required refrigeration capacity to the beam operational requirements. The most challenging part of tuning was focused on the dynamic heat load compensation on the beam screens circuits. The paper will provide the overview on the main differences between the theoretical heat load values considered for initial design and the on-line measurements performed on cryogenic LHC sectors. Finally, the paper will summarize the methodology and tools implemented in the cryogenic process control system allowing the highly efficient on-line adaptation of the refrigeration power with respect to the beam induced heat load distribution.  
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