Author: Choi, H. J.
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WEPAL070 HLS System to Measure the Location Changes in Real Time of PAL-XFEL Devices 2345
  • H. J. Choi, J.H. Han, H.-S. Kang, S.H. Kim, H.-G. Lee, S.B. Lee
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  All components of PAL-XFEL (Pohang Accelerator Laboratory's X-ray free-electron laser) were completely installed in December 2015, and Hard X-ray 0.1nm lasing achieved through its beam commissioning test and machine study on March 16, 2017. The beam line users has been performing various tests including pump-probe X-ray scattering, time-resolved x-ray liquidography, etc in the hard x-ray beam line since March 22. The energy and flux of x-ray photon beam generated from XFEL and synchronization timing should be stable to ensure successful time-resolved tests. Several parts that comprise the large scientific equipment should be installed and operated at precise three-dimensional location coordinates X, Y, and Z through survey and alignment to ensure their optimal performance. As time goes by, however, the ground goes through uplift and subsidence, which consequently changes the coordinates of installed components and leads to alignment errors ΔX, ΔY, and ΔZ. As a result, the system parameters change, and the performance of the large scientific equipment deteriorates accordingly. Measuring the change in locations of systems comprising the large scientific equipment in real time would make it possible to predict alignment errors, locate any region with greater changes, realign components in the region fast, and shorten the time of survey and alignment. For this purpose, a HLS's (hydrostatic leveling sensor) with 0.2um of resolution are installed and operated in a waterpipe of total length 1km in the PAL-XFEL building. This paper is designed to introduce the operating principle of the HLS, the installation and operation of the HLS system, and how to utilize the HLS system in order to ensure beam stabilization.  
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