Author: Conde, M.E.
Paper Title Page
TUYGBE3 Recent progress of short pulse dielectric two-beam acceleration 640
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, N.R. Neveu, J.F. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski, L.M. Zheng
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
 
  Two-Beam Acceleration (TBA) is a structure-based wakefield acceleration method with the potential to meet the luminosity and cost requirements of a TeV class linear collider. The Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility is developing a dielectric-based short pulse TBA scheme with the potential to withstand high acceleration gradients and to achieve low fabrication cost. Recently, the dielectric short pulse TBA technology was successfully demonstrated using K-band 26 GHz structures, achieving 55 MW output power from the power extractor and 28 MeV/m gradient in the accelerator. To improve the generated rf power, an X-band 11.7 GHz power extractor has been developed, which obtained 105 MW in the high power test. In addition, a novel dielectric disk accelerator (DDA) is currently under investigation to significantly increase the efficiency of linear colliders based on short pulse TBA. Details of these research will be presented in this paper.  
slides icon Slides TUYGBE3 [2.224 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUYGBE3  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPMF020 Demonstration of Fast, Single-shot Photocathode QE Mapping Method Using MLA Pattern Beam 1293
 
  • E.E. Wisniewski, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, Q. Gao, W. Liu, J.G. Power, C. Whiteford
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • Q. Gao
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • G. Ha
    PAL, Pohang, Republic of Korea
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S.A. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Quantum efficiency (QE) is the chief figure of merit in the characterization of photocathodes. Semiconductor photocathodes, especially when used in high rep-rate photo-injectors, are known to show QE degradation over time and must be replaced. The total QE is the basic diagnostic which is used widely and is easy to obtain. However, a QE map indicating variations of QE across the cathode surface has greater utility. It can quickly diagnose problems of QE inhomogeneity. Most QE mapping techniques require hours to complete and are thus disruptive to a user facility schedule. A fast, single-shot method has been proposed (citation) using a micro-lens array (MLA) generated QE map. In this paper we report the implementation of the method at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility. A micro-lens array (MLA) is used to project an array of beamlets onto the photocathode. The resulting photoelectron beam in the form of an array of electron beamlets is imaged at a YAG screen. Four synchronized measurements are made and the results used to produce a QE map of the photocathode.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF020  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPMK005 CSR Shielding Effect in Dogleg and EEX Beamlines 1498
 
  • G. Ha, M.E. Conde, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Department of Energy, Office of HEP and BES under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
CSR shielding is a well-known CSR suppression scheme which works by cutting off the low frequency CSR radiation. Although the shielding scheme is well known, its effects on the beam has been rarely studied. We investigate the CSR effect on the beam emittance when passing through a dogleg and a double dogleg type EEX beamline. An experimental study is planned at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility where we can generate a 0.1-100 nC electron beam with an energy of 50 MeV and have a double dogleg EEX beamline. Tunable shielding plates are installed at the dipole magnet chambers of the EEX beamline to vary the shielding condition. Transverse and longitudinal phase space measurement systems are prepared to characterize the beam-CSR interaction, and bolometer and interferometry are prepared to characterize CSR. We present simulation results and preliminary experimental results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK005  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPMK006 Sub-fs Electron Bunch Generation Using Emittance Exchange Compressor 1501
 
  • J.M. Seok, M. Chung
    UNIST, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
  • M.E. Conde, J.G. Power
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • G. Ha
    PAL, Pohang, Republic of Korea
 
  Sub-fs electron bunch has been pursued in the last decade using several different methods. These methods rely on one of the velocity difference or path length difference to compress a long bunch to sub-fs bunch. Here, we introduce a new method to generate the compression. Emittance Exchange (EEX) beamline makes transverse-to-longitudinal exchange of phase space. In this beamline, a transverse focusing at the upstream introduces a longitudinal compression at the downstream due to the exchange. Since this exchange scheme does not rely on the velocity or the path length differences, it does not require any longitudinal manipulation (e.g. chirp), and it could generate a short bunch with well-controlled nonlinear effects using nonlinear magnets. We present preliminary simulation results of EEX based bunch compression and sub-fs bunch generation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK006  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPML003 Design of an L-band Accelerating Structure for the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Facility Witness Beam Line Energy Upgrade 1533
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, J.F. Power
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
 
  The Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility has been devoting much effort to the fundamental R&D of two-beam acceleration (TBA) technology with two parallel L-band beam lines. Beginning from the 70 MeV drive beam line, the high frequency (C-band and above) rf power is extracted from the beam by a decelerating structure (a.k.a. power extractor), transferred to an accelerating structure in the witness beam line, and used to accelerate the 15 MeV main beam. These high frequency accelerating structures usually have a small aperture to obtain high gradient and high efficiency, making it difficult for the low energy main beam to pass. To address this issue, one proposal is to increase the main beam energy to above 30 MeV by replacing the current witness linac. A 9-cell 𝜋-mode L-band standing-wave accelerating structure has therefore been designed to meet the high shunt impedance and low cost requirements. In addition, the single-feed coupling cell has been optimized with additional symmetrical ports to eliminate field distortion. The detailed design of the new accelerating structure will be presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML003  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPML004 Correction of Emittance Growth Due to Quad Components in Solenoids With Quad Correctors at AWA 1536
 
  • L.M. Zheng, C.-X. Tang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, J.G. Power, J.H. Shao, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  An asymmetrical electron beam is observed on the drive beamline at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) due to the quad components in the solenoids. An ASTRA simulation shows that the emittance will increase when the electron beam passes through solenoids with quad errors. We use two quad correctors to correct this emittance growth. A preliminary emittance correction result is presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML004  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPML005 Study of a Dielectric Disk Structure for Short Pulse Two-Beam Acceleration 1539
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, J.F. Power
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
 
  Argonne Flexible Linear Collider (AFLC), a proposed 3 TeV electron-positron linear collider based on two-beam acceleration (TBA) scheme, applies a short pulse length (∼20 ns) to obtain a high accelerating gradient (267 MV/m) and a compact footprint (∼18 km). The baseline design of the main accelerator section adopts 26 GHz K-band traveling-wave dielectric-loaded accelerators (DLA) with an rf to beam efficiency 𝜂𝑟𝑓 −𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 of 27%. Recently, an alternative structure which is similar to a metallic disk-loaded one but with dielectric disks, noted as dielectric disk accelerator (DDA), has been investigated and optimized, leading to ∼45% improvement in 𝜂𝑟𝑓 −𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚. To demonstrate the key technologies, an X-band prototype structure has been designed and will be tested at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility with a 300 MW metallic power extractor. Detailed comparison between K-band DLA and DDA for AFLC main accelerator as well as the preliminary design of the X-band DDA prototype will be presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML005  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPML006 Updates of the Argonne Cathode Test-stand 1542
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, J.F. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski, L.M. Zheng
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • S.P. Antipov, G. Chen, E. Gomez, C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • S.V. Baryshev
    Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  The Argonne Cathode Test-stand (ACT) is a unique testbed to develop cathodes and to conduct fundamental surface study under ultra-high rf field (up to 700 MV/m with pin-shaped cathodes). The test-stand consists of an L-band 1.3 GHz single-cell photocathode rf gun and a field emission (FE) imaging system to locate emitters with a resolution of ∼20 𝜇m. In the recent upgrade, UV laser has been introduced to improve the imaging system and to significantly expand the ACT towards photoemission and laser-assisted field emission research. In addition, a load-lock system has been added to the beam line to expedite the cathode switching period. The paper will present details of the upgrade as well as experiments planned in the near future.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML006  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPML007 Short Pulse High Power RF Generation with an X-Band Dielectric Power Extractor 1546
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, N.R. Neveu, J.F. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski, L.M. Zheng
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
 
  Short pulse high power rf generation is one of the key technologies for the Argonne Flexible Linear Collider (AFLC), a proposed 3 TeV electron-positron linear collider based on two-beam acceleration (TBA) scheme. Compared with metallic power extractors, dielectric structures have the potential to achieve lower fabrication cost and to withstand higher gradient. Recently, an X-band dielectric power extractor (a.k.a, DPETS) has been developed at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility and achieved 105 MW output power when driven by a high charge 8-bunch train separated by 770 ps. The design, the cold test measurement, the preliminary high power test results, and the structure inspection will be presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML007  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THXGBE3
Proof of Principle Experiment for Single Shot Transverse Phase Space Measurement  
 
  • M.E. Conde, W. Liu, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • G. Ha
    PAL, Pohang, Republic of Korea
 
  Funding: Department of Energy, Office of HEP and BES under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
We introduce a new method for single-shot transverse phase-space measurement. Existing phase space measurement methods are based on either average multiple shots of the full beam (e.g. scanning slit and quad scan tomography) or a single-shot sample of the beam (e.g. pepper pot and multi-slit). To achieve a single-shot measurement of the full beam, we project the beam's x-coordinate to the y-coordinate and its x'-coordinate to the x-coordinate using a skew quadrupole magnet followed by a normal quadrupole magnet. We present a theoretical description of this projection scheme and a proof-of-principle experimental demonstration done at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility.
 
slides icon Slides THXGBE3 [2.909 MB]  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPML012 Simulations and Measurements of the Wakefield Loading Effect in Argonne Wakefield Accelerator Beamline 4675
 
  • J. Upadhyay, E.I. Simakov
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • M.E. Conde, Q. Gao, N.R. Neveu, J.G. Power, J.H. Shao, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • N.R. Neveu
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
 
  A beam driven acceleration experiment in a photonic band gap (PBG) structure is planned at Argonne wakefied accelerator (AWA) facility at Argonne National Laboratory. We plan to pass a high charge (drive) beam through a travelling wave 11.7 GHz PBG structure and generate a wakefield. This wakefield will be probed by a low charge (witness) beam to demonstrate wakefield acceleration and deceleration. The drive and witness bunches will be accelerated to above 60 MeV in the main accelerator at AWA which has frequency of 1.3 GHz. The charges used in this experiment could be as high as 20 nC. To measure the exclusive effect of PBG the structure on acceleration and deceleration of the witness bunch we have to exclude the effect of beam loading of the main AWA accelerator structure. To understand the wakefield effect in AWA, we conducted an experiment where we passed the high charge (10 nC) beam through the accelerator structure which was followed by a 2 nC witness beam separated by 4 wavelength. The energy of witness beam was measured in the presence and absence of the drive beam. The beam loading was observed and quantified. The results of this work will be presented in the conference.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML012  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPML013 Demonstration of the Wakefield Acceleration in an 11.7 GHz Photonic Band Gap Accelerator Structure 4678
 
  • J. Upadhyay, E.I. Simakov
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • M.E. Conde, Q. Gao, N.R. Neveu, J.G. Power, J.H. Shao, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  We plan to conduct a beam driven acceleration experiment in a photonic band gap (PBG) accelerator structure operating at 11.7 GHz at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility. For the experiment, the PBG structure will be excited by a high charge (up to 10 nC) electron bunch, and a second smaller charge witness bunch will be accelerated. Because the PBG structure was fabricated with electroforming, the AWA beamline includes a Be window placed before the PBG structure that protects the cathode from contamination due to possible outgassing from the electroformed copper. The diameter of the Be window is 9 mm and the beam tube diameter of the PBG structure is 6.4 mm. The size of the high charge electron beam on Be window has to be minimized to minimize scattering. The parameters of the beamline had to be adjusted to achieve good propagation of the beam. An OPAL simulation for the AWA beamline was performed for 1, 5, and 10 nC beams. The beam size was experimentally measured at different positions in the beamline for different charges to verify simulations. Finally, the high charge electron beam was passed through the PBG structure and acceleration of the witness bunch was measured  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML013  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPML014 A Metamaterial Wagon Wheel Structure for Wakefield Acceleration by Reversed Cherenkov Radiation 4681
SUSPF036   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • X.Y. Lu, I. Mastovsky, M.A. Shapiro, R.J. Temkin
    MIT/PSFC, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • M.E. Conde, C.-J. Jing, J.G. Power, J.H. Shao, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics under Award Number DE-SC0015566 and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357
We present the design and experimental operation on an X-band metamaterial (MTM) wagon wheel structure for wakefield acceleration. The structure was designed and fabricated at MIT, and tested at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) laboratory at Argonne National Lab. The MTM wagon wheel structure is an all-metal periodic structure at 11.4 GHz. The fundamental TM mode has a negative group velocity, so when an electron beam travels through, energy is extracted from the beam by reversed Cherenkov radiation, which was verified in the experiment. Single bunches up to 45 nC were sent through the structure with a beam aperture of 6 mm and generated microwave power up to 25 MW in a 2 ns pulse, in agreement with both the analytical wakefield theory and the numerical CST simulations. Two bunches with a total charge of 85 nC generated 80 MW of microwave power. The structure is scalable to a power extractor of over 1 GW by increasing the structure length from 8 cm to 22 cm.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML014  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)