Author: Gai, W.
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TUYGBE3 Recent progress of short pulse dielectric two-beam acceleration 640
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, N.R. Neveu, J.F. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski, L.M. Zheng
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
 
  Two-Beam Acceleration (TBA) is a structure-based wakefield acceleration method with the potential to meet the luminosity and cost requirements of a TeV class linear collider. The Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility is developing a dielectric-based short pulse TBA scheme with the potential to withstand high acceleration gradients and to achieve low fabrication cost. Recently, the dielectric short pulse TBA technology was successfully demonstrated using K-band 26 GHz structures, achieving 55 MW output power from the power extractor and 28 MeV/m gradient in the accelerator. To improve the generated rf power, an X-band 11.7 GHz power extractor has been developed, which obtained 105 MW in the high power test. In addition, a novel dielectric disk accelerator (DDA) is currently under investigation to significantly increase the efficiency of linear colliders based on short pulse TBA. Details of these research will be presented in this paper.  
slides icon Slides TUYGBE3 [2.224 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUYGBE3  
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TUPMF020 Demonstration of Fast, Single-shot Photocathode QE Mapping Method Using MLA Pattern Beam 1293
 
  • E.E. Wisniewski, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, Q. Gao, W. Liu, J.G. Power, C. Whiteford
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • Q. Gao
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • G. Ha
    PAL, Pohang, Republic of Korea
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S.A. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Quantum efficiency (QE) is the chief figure of merit in the characterization of photocathodes. Semiconductor photocathodes, especially when used in high rep-rate photo-injectors, are known to show QE degradation over time and must be replaced. The total QE is the basic diagnostic which is used widely and is easy to obtain. However, a QE map indicating variations of QE across the cathode surface has greater utility. It can quickly diagnose problems of QE inhomogeneity. Most QE mapping techniques require hours to complete and are thus disruptive to a user facility schedule. A fast, single-shot method has been proposed (citation) using a micro-lens array (MLA) generated QE map. In this paper we report the implementation of the method at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility. A micro-lens array (MLA) is used to project an array of beamlets onto the photocathode. The resulting photoelectron beam in the form of an array of electron beamlets is imaged at a YAG screen. Four synchronized measurements are made and the results used to produce a QE map of the photocathode.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF020  
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TUPML004 Correction of Emittance Growth Due to Quad Components in Solenoids With Quad Correctors at AWA 1536
 
  • L.M. Zheng, C.-X. Tang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, J.G. Power, J.H. Shao, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  An asymmetrical electron beam is observed on the drive beamline at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) due to the quad components in the solenoids. An ASTRA simulation shows that the emittance will increase when the electron beam passes through solenoids with quad errors. We use two quad correctors to correct this emittance growth. A preliminary emittance correction result is presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML004  
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TUPML006 Updates of the Argonne Cathode Test-stand 1542
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, J.F. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski, L.M. Zheng
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • S.P. Antipov, G. Chen, E. Gomez, C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • S.V. Baryshev
    Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  The Argonne Cathode Test-stand (ACT) is a unique testbed to develop cathodes and to conduct fundamental surface study under ultra-high rf field (up to 700 MV/m with pin-shaped cathodes). The test-stand consists of an L-band 1.3 GHz single-cell photocathode rf gun and a field emission (FE) imaging system to locate emitters with a resolution of ∼20 𝜇m. In the recent upgrade, UV laser has been introduced to improve the imaging system and to significantly expand the ACT towards photoemission and laser-assisted field emission research. In addition, a load-lock system has been added to the beam line to expedite the cathode switching period. The paper will present details of the upgrade as well as experiments planned in the near future.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML006  
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TUPML007 Short Pulse High Power RF Generation with an X-Band Dielectric Power Extractor 1546
 
  • J.H. Shao, M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, N.R. Neveu, J.F. Power, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski, L.M. Zheng
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
 
  Short pulse high power rf generation is one of the key technologies for the Argonne Flexible Linear Collider (AFLC), a proposed 3 TeV electron-positron linear collider based on two-beam acceleration (TBA) scheme. Compared with metallic power extractors, dielectric structures have the potential to achieve lower fabrication cost and to withstand higher gradient. Recently, an X-band dielectric power extractor (a.k.a, DPETS) has been developed at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility and achieved 105 MW output power when driven by a high charge 8-bunch train separated by 770 ps. The design, the cold test measurement, the preliminary high power test results, and the structure inspection will be presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML007  
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TUPML064 Staged Two Beam Acceleration Beam Line Design for the AWA Facility 1688
SUSPF040   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • N.R. Neveu
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • W. Gai, C.-J. Jing, J.G. Power
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • L.K. Spentzouris
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work is funded by the DOE Office of Science, grant no. DE-SC0015479, and contract No. DE-AC02- 06CH11357.
Two beam acceleration is a candidate for future high energy physics machines and FEL user facilities. This scheme consists of two independent electron beam lines operating synchronously. High-charge, 70 MeV drive bunch trains are injected from the RF photo-injector into decelerating structures to generate a few hundred of MW of RF power. This RF power is transferred through an RF waveguide to accelerating structures that are used to accelerate the witness beam. Staging refers to the sequential acceleration (energy gain) in two or more structures on the witness beam line. A kicker was incorporated on the drive beam line to accomplish a modular design so that each accelerating structure can be independently powered by a separate drive beam. Simulations were performed in OPAL-T to model the two beam lines. Beam sizes at the center of the structures was minimized to ensure good charge transmission. The resulting design will be the basis for proof of principle experiments that will take place at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML064  
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THPAK060 Transverse-to-Longitudinal Photocathode Distribution Imaging 3361
SUSPF084   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • W. Gai, G. Ha, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • G. Ha
    PAL, Pohang, Republic of Korea
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • G. Qiang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  In this paper, we present a tunable picosecond-scale bunch train generation technique combining a microlens array (MLA) transverse laser shaper and a transverse-to-longitudinal emittance exchange (EEX) beamline. The modulated beamlet array is formed at the photocathode with the MLA setup. The resulting patterned electron beam is accelerated to 50 MeV and transported to the entrance of the EEX setup. A quadrupole channel is used to adjust the transverse spacing of the beamlet array upstream of the EEX, thereby enabling the generation of a bunch train with tunable separation downstream of the EEX beamline. Additionally, the MLA is mounted on a rotation stage which provides additional flexibility to produce high-frequency beam density modulation downstream of the EEX. Experimental results obtained at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility are presented and compared with numerical simulations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK060  
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THPAL150 Development of Tsinghua X-Band High Power Test Facility 3999
 
  • M.M. Peng, D.Z. Cao, W. Gai, Y.L. Jiang, J. Liu, J. Shi, P. Wang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The X band high power test facility consists of a 11.424 GHz, 50 MW CPI klystron and a ScandiNova pulse modulator at Tsinghua University has been built since Sept 2017 and the output RF power has reached 60 MW with 200 ns pulse width at a repetition frequency of 10. The klystron output RF pulse will eventually be 50 MW at a 1.5 μs. A group of cylinder pulse compressor will be installed. High gradient accelerating structures for research and TTX will be tested on this facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL150  
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THPAL158 Development of an Half-Cell Accelerating Structure in Tsinghua 4023
 
  • M.M. Peng, W. Gai, J. Shi, Z.H. Wang, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The half-cell high gradient accelerating structure is attractive for its easy manufacturing and good alignment. A structure with 12 cells has been designed for the frequency of 11.424 GHz and a cold test will be conducted. Two different mechanical factory manufacture with same machining drawing and the results will be compared.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL158  
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THPML047 Design and Measurement of the X-Band Pulse Compressor for TTX 4745
 
  • Y.L. Jiang, H.B. Chen, C. Cheng, W. Gai, J. Shi, P. Wang, Z.H. Wang, X.W. Wu, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  A radio frequency (RF) pulse compressor had been designed for the X-band (11.424 GHz) high power test stands at the Accelerator Laboratory of Tsinghua University. It is the SLED-I type pulse compressor, which uses a high quality factor corrugated circular cavity to store the RF power. An RF polarizer couples two quadrature modes into the cavity so that the pulse compressor needs only one cavity. The cavity implements HE1-1-14 mode, with the Q0 of 115, 000 and the coupling factor (β) of 3.23. The design and the microwave measurement before brazing of this pulse compressor are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML047  
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THPML091 Design of a High Gradient 60 GHz Dielectric Accelerating Structure 4873
SUSPF034   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • D.Z. Cao, D. Dan, W. Gai, C.-X. Tang, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  RF breakdown are the main limitation for the application of high gradient structures. Higher frequencies and shorter pulse length benefit the design of accelerating structure for the breakdown threshold of surface field is Es=f1/2 τ-1/4. Power source which generates very short V-band pulse with nearly hundred megawatt is now available. The paper presents the analysis of a V-band dielectric acceleration structure and power source. Future plan about RF transmission and power coupling of the whole structure will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML091  
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THPML092 Electromagnetic and Mechanical Design of High Gradient S-Band Accelerator in TTX 4876
 
  • D.Z. Cao, H.B. Chen, Y. C. Du, W. Gai, W.-H. Huang, J. Shi, C.-X. Tang, P. Wang, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Thomson scattering x-ray source is an essential scien-tific research tool in x-ray imaging technology for vari-ous fields. Upgrading plan of replacing the 3-meter S-band linac with a shorter structure operating at higher gradient in Tsinghua Thomson scattering X-ray source (TTX) is undergoing so far, aiming to enhance the accel-erating gradient from 15 MV/m to 30 MV/m. Detailed parameters of couplers and mechanical design of acceler-ation structure are presented in this work.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML092  
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