05 Beam Dynamics and EM Fields
D01 Beam Optics - Lattices, Correction Schemes, Transport
Paper Title Page
TUPMK009 Electron Beam Optics for the ASU Compact XFEL 1507
 
  • C. Zhang, W.S. Graves, M.R. Holl, L.E. Malin
    Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
  • E.A. Nanni
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: National Science Foundation Division of Physics (Accelerator Science) award 1632780, award 1231306. DOE grant DE-AC02-76SF00515.
Arizona State University (ASU) is pursuing a new concept for a compact x-ray FEL (CXFEL) as a next phase of compact x-ray light source (CXLS). We describe the electron beam optics design for the ASU compact XFEL. In previous experiments we introduced a grating diffraction method to generate a spatially modulated beam. We plan to combine a telescope imaging system with emittance exchange (EEX) to magnify/demagnify the modulated beam and transfer it from transverse modulation into a longitudinal one to make it an ideal seed for phase-coherent XFEL. The simulation results of the beam line setup will be demonstrated. Our first goal is to successfully image the modulated beam with desired magnification then we will investigate various magnification and magnets combinations and optimize aberration correction.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK009  
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TUPMK010 Differences in Current Dependent Tune Shifts Measured by Direct or ORM Based Methods 1510
 
  • Y.E. Tan, R.T. Dowd
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
 
  The change in the tunes as a function of total beam current is a well documented effect and has been attributed to quadrupole like self induced wakefields. Theoretical models presented by others have utilised direct methods (spectrum analyser) to measure the tunes in the analysis. In this report we shall present observations that show the ORM method, Linear Optics from Closed Optics (LOCO), and direct methods have significantly different tune gradients. The different tune gradients is attributed to the static (ORM) and dynamic (direct) nature of the measurements where in the static case the vacuum chamber is to be considered as a thin wall while in the dynamic case the vacuum chamber wall is to be considered as a thick wall.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK010  
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TUPMK011 Single Ring Permanent Magnet Lens 1513
 
  • K. Jayamanna, R.A. Baartman, Y. Bylinskii, T. Planche
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
  • M. Corwin
    UW/Physics, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  • R.N. Simpson
    UBC, Vancouver, B.C., Canada
 
  Funding: TRIUMF receives its funding from the National Research Council of Canada.
A permanent magnet lens has been designed to be a non-powered alternative to solenoids for low energy beam transport. The lens consists of a single ring of 12 sectors, each sector with poles directed inward. This forms an axial field that reverses sign at the midpoint, somewhat like two opposing short solenoids. It is similar to the Iwashita lens* but consists of only one ring, not two. A prototype lens optimized to decrease the magnetic material required while also reducing aberration, has been built and tested for a 25 keV H-minus beam. Emittance figures measured downstream of the lens are compared with theory.
* Y. Iwashita, "Axial Magnetic Field Lens with Permanent Magnet", Proc. PAC 1993, p.3154.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK011  
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TUPMK014 Dipole Fringe Field Analysis of the NSLS-II Storage Ring 1519
 
  • J. Choi, Y. Hidaka, T.V. Shaftan, C.J. Spataro, G.M. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: DOE Contract No. DE-SC0012704
In the NSLS-II storage ring, the effect of the dipole fringe field is not negligible and was considered already at the design phase. Especially in the vertical direction, the standard simulation codes are using the parameter called FINT (fringe Field INTegral) and, if there is no specific information, it is usually set to 0.5 which is considered as the reasonable average. With the hall-probe measurement data of the NSLS-II storage ring dipoles, we evaluated measured FINTs and applied them to the beam simulation. The paper shows the resulting FINTs and their effects.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK014  
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TUPMK015 Initial Studies into Longitudinal Ionization Cooling for the Muon g-2 Experiment 1522
 
  • J. Bradley
    Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • J.D. Crnkovic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • D. Stratakis, M.J. Syphers
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • M.J. Syphers
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
 
  Fermilab's Muon g-2 experiment aims to measure the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon to an unprecedented precision of 140 ppb. It relies on large numbers of muons surviving many turns in the storage ring without colliding with the sides, at least long enough for the muons to decay. Longitudinal ionization cooling is introduced with respect to Fermilab's Muon g-2 experiment in an attempt to increase storage and through this the statistics and quality of results. The ionization cooling is introduced to the beam through a material wedge, an initial simulation study is made into the positioning, material, and geometrical parameters of this wedge using G4Beamline. Results suggest a significant increase of 20 - 30% in the number of stored muons when the optimal wedge is included in the simulation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK015  
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TUPML078 Fast Quadrupole Beam Based Alignment Using AC Corrector Excitations 1727
 
  • Z. Martí, G. Benedetti, U. Iriso
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
 
  A novel method to perform Beam Based Alignment has been tested at ALBA using the 10kHz fast acquisition BPMs together with an AC excitation of the corrector magnets allowing to speed up the beam based alignment process. The former approach relies on software synchronization and tango device servers to execute a series of DC corrector magnets and quadrupoles settings designed to avoid the quadrupole hysteresis effects. The approach that we present here is simpler, gives the same level of accuracy and precision and speeds up the measurement by a factor 10. The total measurement time has changed from 5 hours to 10 minutes.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML078  
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WEXGBE1 Review of Top-up Injection Schemes for Electron Storage Rings 1745
 
  • M. Aiba
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  Top-up operation, which nowadays is standard for lepton colliders and synchrotron light sources, has been developed over last decades. The accelerator performances have been drastically improved through top-up operation. However, future electron storage rings are designed, aiming at further high performance, to operate with strong nonlinear magnetic fields that may restrict their dynamic aperture. Consequently, the conventional off-axis injection and accumulation may become impossible. New injection schemes have been proposed and under development to overcome the difficulties and limitations expected in these machines. This paper reviews top-up injection schemes, including novel ideas recently proposed.  
slides icon Slides WEXGBE1 [3.589 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEXGBE1  
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WEYGBE2 Applications of Caustic Methods to Longitudinal Phase Space Manipulation 1790
 
  • T.K. Charles
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • T.K. Charles
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • D. Douglas
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • P.H. Williams
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
 
  Longitudinal phase space management is a key feature of recirculating machines. Careful consideration of the longitudinal matching is required not only in order to ensure a high peak current, low energy spread bunch is delivered to the FEL but also to support the deceleration and energy recovery of the spent beam. In a similar manner, longitudinal phase space manipulation can be utilised for pulse shaping in bunch compression, to minimise the influence of CSR-induced emittance growth. In this paper, we present a method for longitudinal phase space matching based upon the avoidance of electron trajectory caustics. Through considering the conditions under which caustics will form, we generate exclusion plots identifying the viable parameter space at numerous positions through beam acceleration and energy recovery. The result is a method for selecting the linear momentum compaction and the higher-order momentum compaction to satisfy the non-caustic condition whilst achieving the bunch compression or lengthening as required.  
slides icon Slides WEYGBE2 [6.296 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEYGBE2  
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THPAF010 Reduction of Coherent Betatron Oscillations Using RF Electric Fields in the Fermilab Muon g-2 Experiment 2961
SUSPF062   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • O. Kim, S. Hacıömeroğlu, Y.I. Kim, Y.K. Semertzidis
    CAPP/IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • Y.F. Orlov
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  The Fermilab Muon g-2 experiment aims to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment with a 140 parts-per-billion precision to investigate the greater than 3 standard deviation difference between the Standard Model prediction and the previous measurement by the BNL Muon g-2 experiment. The coherent betatron oscillation (CBO) beam effects must be corrected for in the decay-positron time spectra fits used in high precision muon storage ring based anomalous magnetic moment measurements. This MC simulation study indicates that the application of radio frequency (RF) electric fields to the muon storage ring beam can reduce the CBO amplitude by up to a factor of 10, as well to increase the symmetry of the beam phase space. This is achieved by correcting the mismatched oscillation phases between the high and low momentum muon populations by modulating the muon beam betatron oscillation frequencies with off-resonance RF fields.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF010  
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THPAF011 Design of 4 Ampere S-Band LINAC Using Slotted Iris Structure for HOM Damping 2965
 
  • J. Pang, S. Chen, X. He, L.W. Zhang
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
  • S. Pei, H. Shi, J.R. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power, CAEP (Contract NO. PPLF2014PZ05) Key Laboratory of Particle Acceleration Physics &Technology,IHEP, CAS (Contract Y5294109TD)
An S-band LINAC with the operating frequency of 2856 MHz and beam current of 4 A was designed for flash X-ray radiography for hydrodynamic test. The optimization of the parameters of the LINAC was processed to obtain the minimum beam radius and the maximum energy efficiency. For the purpose of reducing the beam orbits offset at the exit of LINAC, a slotted iris accelerating structure would be employed to suppress the transverse Higher Order Modes (HOMs) by cutting four radial slots in the iris to couple the HOMs to SiC loads. In this paper, we present the design of the LINAC and the results of beam dynamic analysis.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF011  
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THPAF019 Initial Performance of the Magnet System in the Splitter/Combiner Section of the Cornell-Brookhaven Energy-Recovery Linac Test Accelerator 2986
 
  • J.A. Crittenden, A.C. Bartnik, R.M. Bass, D.C. Burke, J. Dobbins, C.M. Gulliford, Y. Li, D. Sagan, K.W. Smolenski, Turco, J. Turco
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • D. Jusic
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by NSF award DMR-0807731, DOE grant DE-AC02- 76SF00515, and New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.
The Cornell-Brookhaven Energy-recovery Linac Test Accelerator is a four-pass, 150-MeV electron accelerator with a six-cell 1.3 GHz superconducting-RF linear accelerator and a fixed-field alternating-gradient (FFAG) return loop made up of Halbach-style quadrupole magnets. The optics matching between the linear accelerator and the return loop is achieved with a conventional magnet system comprised of 50 dipole magnets and 64 quadrupole magnets in four beamlines at each end of the linac. The 42-, 78-, 114- and 150-MeV electron beams are separated into independent vacuum chambers in order to allow for the path-length adjustment required by energy recovery. We report on the first beam tests of the initial installation of the splitter/combiner section at the exit of the linac. The vacuum system of the 42-MeV S1 line was installed during the first week of April. Nine dipole and four quadrupole magnets were installed and surveyed into position the following week, and the water cooling system was commissioned. A 6-MeV beam passed through the line on April~11 with no need for adjusting pre-set magnet excitation currents. One week later, time-of-flight measurements were used to calibrate and phase the individual superconducting RF cavities. The S1 magnet settings were then scaled up to achieve 5-cavity, 42-MeV operation through the first nine FFAG permanent-magnet quadrupoles. This initial Fractional Arc Test will conclude on May 18, when the installation of the remaining seven splitter/combiner lines and the return loop will begin. CBETA operations are scheduled to begin in early 2019.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF019  
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THPAF021 Start to End Simulation of the CBETA Energy Recovery Linac 2993
 
  • W. Lou, A.C. Bartnik, J.A. Crittenden, C.M. Gulliford, G.H. Hoffstaetter, D. Sagan
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg, S.J. Brooks, F. Méot, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • C.E. Mayes
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by employees of Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
CBETA is an energy recovery linac accelerating from 6 MeV to 150 MeV in four linac passes, using a single return line accepting all energies from 42 MeV to 150 MeV. We simulate a 6-dimensional particle distribution from the injector through the end of the dump line. Space charge forces are taken into account at the low energy stages. We compare results using field maps to those using simpler magnet models. We introduce random and systematic magnet errors to the lattice, apply an orbit correction algorithm, and study the impact on the beam distribution.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF021  
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THPAF023 The Beam Optics of the FFAG Cell of the CBETA ERL Accelerator 3000
 
  • W. Lou, A.C. Bartnik, J.A. Crittenden, C.M. Gulliford, G.H. Hoffstaetter, D. Sagan
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg, S.J. Brooks, F. Méot, D. Trbojevic, N. Tsoupas
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • C.E. Mayes
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by employees of Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
The Cornell-Brookhaven Energy Recovery Linac Test Accelerator now under construction will accelerate electrons from 6 MeV to 150 MeV in four linac passes, using a single return line accepting all energies from 42 to 150 MeV. We describe the optical design of the machine, with emphasis on recent updates. We explain how we choose parameters for the wide energy acceptance return arc, taking into account 3D field maps generated from magnet designs. We give the final machine parameters resulting from iterations between desired lattice properties and magnet design. We modified the optics to improve the periodicity of the return arc near its ends and to create adequate space for vacuum hardware. The return arc is connected to the linac with splitter lines that serve to match the optics for each beam energy. We describe how matching conditions were chosen for the splitter lines and how we use them to control longitudinal motion. We simulate the injection and low energy extraction systems including space charge effects, matching the beam properties to the optical parameters of the rest of the machine.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF023  
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THPAF031 A PETRA IV Lattice based on Hybrid Seven Bend Achromats 3021
 
  • J. Keil, I.V. Agapov, R. Brinkmann, X.N. Gavaldà, R. Wanzenberg
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  For the PETRA IV project at DESY it is planned to convert the 6 GeV synchrotron light source PETRA III into a diffraction limited storage ring with ultra-low emittances. PETRA IV should provide a natural emittance two orders of magnitude smaller as now. The energy and the current of 100 mA should be unchanged. Currently different lattice options are investigated to achieve an emittance in the range of 10-30 pm*rad. As one candidate for a lattice of PETRA IV a ring based on the concept of hybrid multi-bend achromats (HMBA) has been studied in detail. Due to the unique layout of PETRA III with long straight sections it is possible to use damping wigglers to reduce the emittance further. While this helps to mitigate intrabeam scattering it has the disadvantage of an increased energy spread. The linear and nonlinear parameters of this HMBA-based lattice and the influence of damping wigglers on beam parameters are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF031  
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THPAF039 IP Orbit Correction Update for HL-LHC 3048
 
  • D. Gamba, R. De Maria
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Research supported by the HL-LHC project.
The HL-LHC design foresees a substantial modification of the LHC layout next to the low beta Interaction Points (IPs), namely IP1 and IP5. The inner triplets will be replaced by larger aperture ones to achieve lower beta at the IPs and crab cavities (CCs) will be installed. This will add new constraints to the orbit control, which required a careful choice of location and strength of the new orbit correctors to be installed in the area. The new orbit correction system will need to correct for the unavoidable imperfections, but also provide the necessary flexibility for implementing and optimising the crossing scheme. Detailed studies of the HL-LHC layout versions HLLHCV1.0 and HLLHCV1.1 were already performed. This paper is the continuation of these works and is based on the latest layout HLLHCV1.3. A simplification of the previous analysis is proposed that helps to identify the dominant imperfections. The expected performance and tolerances of the present layout are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF039  
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THPAF040 Estimated Impact of Ground Motion on HL-LHC Beam Orbit 3052
 
  • D. Gamba, R. Corsini, M. Guinchard, M. Schaumann, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Research supported by the HL-LHC project.
The High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) will require unprecedented orbit stability at the low beta collision points (IP1 and IP5), and the effect of seismic noise might become a relevant source of luminosity loss. Many studies have been conducted in the past to characterise the actual ground motion in the LHC tunnel, and recently a few geo-phones have been installed to permanently monitor the ground stability at IP1 and IP5. An estimate of the impact of the main machine element vibration on orbit at the IPs and collimators is presented, together with a first look at the data collected by the installed geo-phones.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF040  
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THPAF045 Performance Optimisation of Turn-by-Turn Beam Position Monitor Data Harmonic Analysis 3064
 
  • L. Malina, J.M. Coello de Portugal, J. Dilly, P.K. Skowroński, R. Tomás, M.S. Toplis
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J.M. Coello de Portugal
    UPC, Barcelona, Spain
 
  Nowadays, turn-by-turn beam position monitor data is increasingly utilized in many accelerators, as it allows for fast and simultaneous measurement of various optics parameters. The accurate harmonic analysis of turn-by-turn data costs beam time when needed online. Generally, the electronic noise is avoided by cleaning of the data based on singular value decomposition. In this paper, we exploit the cleaning procedure to compress the data for the harmonic analysis. This way the harmonic analysis is sped up by an order of magnitude. The impact on measurement accuracy is discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF045  
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THPAF046 Optics Measurements in Storage Rings Based on Simultaneous 3-Dimensional Beam Excitation 3068
SUSPF063   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • L. Malina, J.M. Coello de Portugal
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J.M. Coello de Portugal
    UPC, Barcelona, Spain
 
  Optics measurements in storage rings usually employ excitation in both transverse directions. This needs to be repeated at several different beam energies and is time-consuming. In this paper, we develop a new optics measurement technique, which excites the beam in all three spatial dimensions simultaneously. It allows measuring the linear optics and chromatic properties at the same time, leading to speed up of the optics measurements. The measurement method has been successfully demonstrated in the LHC using AC-dipoles and RF frequency modulation. Analysis methods have been derived for the 3-dimensional beam excitation case. We quantify the resolution of the measured optical quantities. The first results suggest that the added complexity does not deteriorate the resolution of the linear optics measurement. In the future, this method can serve as an operational tool to check the optics or even to correct it.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF046  
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THPAF047 Measurements and Impact of Stray Fields on the 380 GeV Design of CLIC 3072
 
  • C.G. Gohil, M.C.L. Buzio, E. Marín, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • P. Burrows
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  Previous studies of the 3 TeV Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) design have shown a sensitivity to external dynamic magnetic fields (stray fields) on the nanoTesla level. In this paper the obtained tolerances for stray fields in the 380 GeV CLIC design are presented. In order to determine potential stray field sources, a measurement sensor has been acquired and used to investigate the magnetic contamination from technical equipment. The collected measurements, as well as details of the sensor, are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF047  
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THPAF070 Design of a One-Dimensional Sextupole Using Semi-Analytic Methods 3140
 
  • L. Gupta
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • S. Baturin
    Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • Y.K. Kim
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • S. Nagaitsev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Award No. PHY-1549132, the Center for Bright Beams
Sextupole magnets provide position-dependent momentum kicks and are tuned to provide the correct kicks to particles within a small acceptance region in phase space. Sextupoles are useful and even necessary in circular accelerators for chromaticity corrections. They are routinely used in most rings, i.e. CESR. Although sextupole magnets are necessary for particle energy corrections, they also have undesirable effects on dynamic aperture, especially because of their non-linear coupling term in the momentum kick. Studies of integrable systems suggest that there is an analytic way to create transport lattices with specific transfer matrices that limit the momentum kick to one dimension. A one-dimension sextupole is needed for chromaticity corrections: a horizontal sextupole for horizontal bending magnets. We know how to make a "composite" horizontal sextupole using regular 2D sextupoles and linear transfer matrices in an ideal thin-lens approximation. Thus, one could create an accelerator lattice using linear elements, in series with sextupole magnets to create a '1d sextupole'. This paper describes progress towards realizing a realistic focusing lattice resulting in a 1d sextupole.*
*S.A. Antipov, et. al., Single-particle dynamics in a nonlinear accelerator lattice: attaining a large tune spread with octupoles in IOTA, Journal of Instrumentation, Volume 12, April 2017.
 
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THPAF071 McMillan Lens in a System with Space Charge 3143
 
  • I. Lobach
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • S. Nagaitsev, E.G. Stern, T. Zolkin
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Space charge (SC) in a circulating beam in a ring produces both betatron tune shift and betatron tune spread. These effects make some particles move on to a machine resonance and become unstable. Linear elements of beam optics cannot reduce the tune spread induced by SC because of its intrinsic nonlinear nature. We investigate the possibility to mitigate it by a thin McMillan lens providing a nonlinear axially symmetric kick, which is qualitatively opposite to the accumulated kick by SC. Experimentally, the proposed concept can be tested in Fermilab's IOTA ring. A thin McMillan lens can be implemented by a short (70 cm) insertion of an electron beam with specifically chosen density distribution in transverse directions. In this article, to see if McMillan lenses reduce the tune spread induced by SC, we make several simulations with particle tracking code Synergia. We choose such beam and lattice parameters that tune spread is roughly 0.5 and a beam instability due to the half-integer resonance 0.5 is observed. Then, we try to reduce emittance growth by shifting betatron tunes by adjusting quadrupoles and reducing the tune spread by McMillan lenses.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF071  
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THPAF073 Beam Phase Space Tomography at Fast Electron Linac at Fermilab 3146
 
  • A.L. Romanov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  FAST linear accelerator has been commissioned in 2017. Experimental program of the facility requires high quality beams with well-defined properties. Solenoidal fields at photoinjector, laser spot shape, space charge forces and other effects can distort beam distribution and introduce coupling. This work presents results of a beam phase space tomography for a coupled 4D case. Beam was rotated in two planes with seven quads by 180 degrees and images from YaG screen were used to perform SVD based reconstruction of the beam distribution.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF073  
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THPAF077 Ion-optical Measurements at CRYRING@ESR during Commissioning 3161
 
  • O. Geithner, Z. Andelkovic, M. Bai, A. Bräuning-Demian, V. Chetvertkova, O. Chorniy, C. Dimopoulou, W. Geithner, O.E. Gorda, F. Herfurth, M. Lestinsky, S.A. Litvinov, S. Reimann, A. Reiter, M. Sapinski, R. Singh, T. Stöhlker, G. Vorobjev, U. Weinrich
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • A. Källberg
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
 
  CRYRING@ESR is a heavy ion storage ring, which can cool and decelerate highly charged ions down to a few 100 keV/u. It has been relocated from Sweden to GSI, downstream of the experimental storage ring (ESR), within the FAIR project. The ring will be used as a test facility for FAIR technologies as well as for physics experiments with slow exotic ion beams for several FAIR collaborations: SPARC, BioMat, FLAIR and NUSTAR. CRYRING@ESR is in its commissioning phase since summer 2016. Several ion-optical measurements such as tunes, tune diagram, dispersion, chromaticity and orbit response matrix were performed at the ring. The measurements will be used for several purposes such as improvement of the theoretical model, closed orbit control and correction of unacceptable misalignments, calibration coefficients and field errors.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF077  
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THPAF080 SIS100 Beam Dynamics Challenges Related to the Magnet System 3172
 
  • V. Kornilov, O. Boine-Frankenheim, V. Chetvertkova, S. Sorge, P.J. Spiller
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The SIS100 synchrotron is the central accelerator of the upcoming FAIR project at GSI, Darmstadt, Germany. The major challenges of the future operation are related to high-intensity, low beam loss operation for a wide range of ion species and charge states, for different operational cycles and extraction schemes. The magnet system consists of 108 dipole, 166 quadrupole and additional correction superconducting superferric magnets. The magnets are presently under production and testing, with detailed measurements of the magnetic field imperfections. This results in the construction of a complete database for the SIS100 magnet system. We analyse implications of the magnetic field imperfections for the single-particle stability, space charge induced tune-shifts and resonance crossing for the different SIS100 operation modi. Resonance compensation and magnet sorting schemes are discussed as possible measures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF080  
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THPAF084 Impact of RF Coupler Kicks on Beam Dynamics in BESSY VSR 3182
 
  • T. Mertens
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (HZB), Berlin, Germany
  • T. Atkinson, F. Glöckner, A. Jankowiak, M. Ries, A.V. Tsakanian
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  The expected BESSY II upgrade to BESSY VSR requires the installation of a superconducting RF system, consisting of four cavities. Two cavities will operate at 1.5 GHz and two at 1.75 GHz. Each of them is equipped with a Fundamental Power Coupler and with Higher Order Mode (HOM) damping waveguide couplers. Dedicated simulations of these cavities and couplers have shown that at the location of the FPC the beam will see a transverse kick [*], perturbing the closed orbit and affecting transverse beam dynamics. We present the results of simulations and experiments of the impact on transverse beam dynamics of these coupler induced kicks for different FPC orientations.
[*] Study on RF Coupler Kicks of SRF Cavities in the BESSY VSR Module
A. Tsakanian#, H.-W. Glock, T. Mertens, M. Ries, A. Velez, J. Knobloch
IPAC18
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF084  
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THPAK006 Design Status of the Beam Switchyard for ESSnuSB 3215
 
  • E. Bouquerel
    IPHC, Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
 
  Funding: This project is now supported by the COST Action CA15139/EuroNuNet and EU/H2020 innovation programme ESSnuSB under grant agreement No 777419.
The ESSnuSB project, recently granted by the EU H2020 framework programme for a 4-year design study, proposes to use the proton linac (2 GeV, 5 MW) of the European Spallation Source (ESS) currently in construction in Lund (Sweden) to deliver a neutrino super beam. One of the work packages of this design study is dedicated to the primary proton beam-line completing the linac. It will mainly consist of an accumulator ring to compress the 2.86 ms long beam pulse to 1.32 µs and of a switchyard to distribute the protons onto a 4-target station. Dipoles, steerers, quadrupoles, collimators and several diagnostics will compose the switchyard to ensure the protons to hit the target with desired characteristics. This paper presents the objectives of this work package and the design status of this switchyard system.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK006  
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THPAK007 Beam Extraction from TR24 Cyclotron at IPHC 3218
 
  • N.Yu. Kazarinov, I.A. Ivanenko
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • F.R. Osswald
    IPHC, Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
 
  The CYRCé cyclotron is used at IPHC (Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien) for the production of radio-isotopes for diagnostics, medical treatments and fundamental research in radiobiology. The TR24 cyclotron manufactured and commercialized by ACSI delivers a 16-25 MeV proton beam with intensity from few nA up to 500 microA. The TR24 is a separated-sector isochronous cyclotron with normal-conducting magnet and stripper foil. It is a challenge to fit the high intensity proton beam used for target irradiation to radiobiology and analytical applications due to requirements on beam quality and energy resolution. Field distribution in the region of the extraction performed with OPERA 3D as well as beam dynamics related with stripping are analysed. 3D calculation model and hypothesis about geometry and beam are described. Our goal is to evaluate the extraction efficiency and the beam characteristics in the focusing plane outside the cyclotron which will serve as inputs for the design of future beam lines and enable beam matching conditions. Therefore, different issues are discussed: energy dispersion, transverse dynamics and orbit separation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK007  
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THPAK020 Optics Model and Measurements of the DAΦNE Transfer Lines 3249
 
  • O.R. Blanco-García, A. De Santis, G. Di Pirro, C. Milardi, D. Pellegrini, A. Stecchi, A. Stella
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  The different components of the DAΦNE accelerator complex: LINAC, Damping Ring and two colliding rings are connected by a composite system of Transfer Lines which, thanks to adaptive configurations, are able to transport electron and positron beams at 510~MeV. Recently, thanks to the introduction of new diagnostics tools, the optics model of the DAΦNE Transfer Lines has been improved and succesfully used to make the collider operations more efficient. The measurements done by using the new tools and their impact on the optics model optimization process are presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK020  
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THPAK021 Design of High Resolution Mass Spectrometer for SPES 3252
 
  • M. Comunian, C. Baltador, L. Bellan, M. Cavenago, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • E. Khabibullina
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • E. Khabibullina
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  Within the framework of the SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) project at National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN laboratory, Legnaro, Italy) the High Resolution Mass Spectrometer (HRMS) will be build. HRMS needs to provide full separation of the ions with mass resolution 1/20000 for the following breeding and acceleration on ALPI Linac. In this article the main design choice of the HRMS and of the transport channel will be reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK021  
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THPAK022 Beam Dynamic Simulation for the Beam Line from Charge Breeder to ALPI for SPES Project 3255
 
  • M. Comunian, L. Bellan, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • A.V. Ziiatdinova
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • A.V. Ziiatdinova
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  The SPES project (Selective Production of Exotic Species) is under development at INFN-LNL. This facility is intended for production of neutron-rich Radioactive Ion Beams (RIBs) by ISOL method. The +1 charged beam will be transformed to n+ charge by Charge Breeder (Electron Cyclotron resonance ion source) and reaccelerated by the ALPI (Acceleratore Lineare Per Ioni) superconducting Linac . This paper includes results of beam dynamic simulation at the beam line from Charge Breeder to ALPI.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK022  
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THPAK028 Beam Dynamics Simulations in the Dubna SC202 Superconducting Cyclotron for Hadron Therapy 3270
 
  • O. Karamyshev, G.A. Karamysheva, D.V. Popov, G. Shirkov, S.G. Shirkov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • V. Malinin
    JINR/DLNP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
 
  In 2015 the joint project JINR (Dubna, Russia) - ASIPP (Hefei, China) on design and construction of supercon-ducting proton cyclotron SC202 was started. Two cyclo-trons are planned to be manufactured in China, according to the Collaboration Agreement between JINR and ASIPP. The first cyclotron will be used for proton therapy in Hefei and the second one will replace the Phasotron in the research and treatment program on proton therapy in Dubna. New schema of extraction system and results of beam acceleration and extraction simulations for Dubna cyclotron are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK028  
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THPAK034 Practical Betatron Tune Behavior During Acceleration in Scaling FFAG Rings at KURNS 3287
 
  • Y. Ishi, Y. Fuwa, Y. Kuriyama, Y. Mori, H. Okita, T. Uesugi
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
  • J.-B. Lagrange
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
 
  In scaling FFAG* accelerators, ideally, betatron tunes are fixed for each closed orbit concerned with the certain beam energy. Therefore, they should not vary during the acceleration. However, it is not the case since practical implementations of the magnetic field can not provide perfect scaling conditions. There are two types of radial scaling FFAG ring at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute: one has no return yokes so called 'yoke free type' adopted by MAIN RING which has a large tune variations causing non negligible beam losses; the other has return yokes and filed clamps adopted by BOOSTER RING which has smaller tune variations compared with MAIN RING. We report the tune measurements and calculations based on 3-d magnetic field calculations about these two types of ring and discuss the scaling conditions in FFAG accelerators.
FFAG* : FFAG stands for fixed filed alternating gradient. It describes one the focusing scheme in the circular accelerator.
 
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THPAK047 Comparison of Profile Measurements and TRANSPORT Beam Envelope Predictions Along the 80-m LANSCE pRad Beamline 3323
 
  • P.K. Roy, C. Pillai, C.E. Taylor
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  Funding: *Work supported by the United States Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Agency, under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396.
The Proton Radiography (pRad) experimental facility beam transport line is over 80 meters in length starting from the end of the LANSCE linear accelerator. The 800-MeV beam is transported through a beam line containing many bending and focusing elements before it reaches the pRad beam optics system where the beam spot size requirement is nominally 2 mm (RMS). Here we discuss the efforts to reconcile the beam transport inconsistencies (sizes) seen between comparisons of the beam sizes obtained using the LANL version of the beam envelope code TRANSPORT with those measured along the beam line. The transverse input beam parameters for the code were extracted from a fit to several wire-scanner measurements located in the downstream portion of the LINAC. The longitudinal input beam parameters were extrapolated from lower-energy information. Recently, new measurements were made of the beam line element locations and compared with legacy drawings. Beam envelope measurements made at various locations throughout the beam line using wire scanners and gated imaging systems were compared to the calculated results. The predicted beam envelopes and measured data agree within expected errors.
*Los Alamos National Laboratory (LA-UR-17-30876)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK047  
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THPAK054 Optics Calibration and Measurement for Low Alpha Lattices in TPS Storage Ring 3343
 
  • F.H. Tseng, C.H. Chen, J.Y. Chen, P.C. Chiu, C.H. Huang, C.-C. Kuo, C.C. Liang, C.Y. Liao, Y.-C. Liu, H.-J. Tsai
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  In order to provide short-pulse radiation for pump-probe experiments and coherent radiation for THz/IR measurements, we develop low alpha lattices to reduce the momentum compaction factor from nominal operation values 2.4*10-4 to 2.6*10-5 or lower. The corresponding bunch length at 2.8 MV RF voltage and zero current are from 10.78 ps to 3.55 ps or less. In the low alpha operations, the bunch lengthening as a function of bunch current, the orbit drift and noise enhancements as well as rf stability effect are observed. In this report we will present our studies on the lattice design, optics correction, beam parameters measurements and alpha measurements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK054  
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THPAK082 Simulation of Perturbative Effects in IOTA 3422
 
  • C.C. Hall, D.L. Bruhwiler, N.M. Cook, J.P. Edelen, S.D. Webb
    RadiaSoft LLC, Boulder, Colorado, USA
 
  The Integrable Optics Test Accelerator (IOTA) is being commissioned at Fermi National Laboratory for study of the concept of nonlinear integrable optics. The use of a special nonlinear magnetic element introduces large tune spread with amplitude while constraining the idealized dynamics by two integrals of motion. The nonlinear element should provide suppression of instabilities through nonlinear decoherence. We examine the case of a bunch injected off-axis and the resulting damping of centroid oscillations from decoherence. A simple model of the damping is described and compared to simulation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK082  
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THPAK094 High Acceptance Beamline for the Capture of a Laser Wakefield Accelerated Beam 3456
 
  • B.D. Muratori, J.K. Jones
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • K.A. Dewhurst
    University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • K.A. Dewhurst, J.K. Jones, H.L. Owen
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • H.L. Owen
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
 
  Laser wakefield acceleration, together with other types of novel acceleration techniques, has seen considerable progress of late. Together with this progress comes a question, which has only recently started to be addressed, of how to transport and utilise such beams. This is a challenge because of the high initial divergence of these beams. There are several approaches to this problem and we concentrate on one in this paper and look at the implications of it in some detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK094  
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THPAK097 Ion Optic Design of the Microprobe System at Sichuan University 3460
 
  • Z. Li, Z. An, J.F. Han, G.Q. Zheng
    SCU, Chengdu, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11375122, 11511140277)
At the end of 2016, the first beam was extracted from the 3.0 MV Tandetron accelerator system at Sichuan University, China. The accelerator is imported from the HVEE as a multi-purpose research platform. For one of the main applications, the system will be connected to a micro-beamline to achieve submicron resolution, so the accelerator is designed with energy stability as high as 0.01%. The measured brightness for 3 MeV proton beam is 5.06 pA/um2mrad2MeV and the energy stability is reached the goal of design. The ion optic design of the microprobe beam line will be presented in this paper.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK097  
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THPAK099 The Influence of Higher Order Multipoles of IR Magnets on Luminosity for SuperKEKB 3463
SUSPF061   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • K. Hirosawa, T. Okada
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • N. Kuroo
    UTTAC, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Ohmi, N. Ohuchi, D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  SuperKEKB is an electron-positron circular collider upgraded from KEKB. To reach higher luminosity, values of beta are extremely small at Interaction Point. Although magnets in interaction region have a very strong focusing effect, they make a large disturbance to beams. Higher order multipoles and their skew components of magnetic fields of IR magnets are located at a very high beta section with pi/2 phase difference from IP. These multipoles can give critical effect to beam dynamics at interaction point and reduce luminosity on SuperKEKB design. In this study, we calculated beam dynamics for effect of skew components for multipole magnet, and estimated the influence on luminosity by them.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK099  
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THPAK104 New Proton Driver Beamline Design for ARIEL* Project at TRIUMF** 3473
 
  • Y.-N. Rao, R.A. Baartman, Y. Bylinskii, F.W. Jones
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Funding: ∗ Capital funding from CFI (Canada Foundation for Innovation). ** Funded under a contribution agreement with NRC (National Research Council Canada).
The new radioisotope facility at TRIUMF, ARIEL, under construction, comprises two primary driver beams: 50 MeV electrons from the SC linac and 480 MeV protons from the main TRIUMF cyclotron. New 80 m long proton beam line will transport up to 100 microamps beam from existing cyclotron extraction port to an ISOL target station. H− cyclotron stripping foil extraction allows to feed this additional user simultaneously with 3 present different experimental programs. Distinctive features of the new beam line include: a) compensation of the cyclotron energy dispersion; b) low-loss (< 1 nA/m) beam transport after a collimator dedicated to remove the beam halo produced by large-angle scattering in the extraction foil; c) broad range of beam size variability at the production target by applying beam rastering at 400 Hz; d) sharing the same tunnel with electron beam line that requires unique beam loss protect system. Details of beam optics design as well as beam instrumentation are discussed in the paper.
 
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THPAK105 Construction Progress of Two Superconducting Cyclotrons for Proton Therapy and Proton Irradiation at CIAE 3477
 
  • T.J. Zhang, S. An, H.R. Cai, L.C. Cao, X.L. Cao, T. Cui, X.L. Fu, T. Ge, P.F. Gong, F.P. Guan, L.L. Guan, S.G. Hou, B. Ji, X.L. Jia, M. Li, X.L. Li, Y.Q. Li, J. Lin, J.Y. Liu, X.T. Lu, Y.L. Lv, C. Wang, F. Wang, F. Wang, L. Wang, J.Y. Wei, S.M. Wei, J.S. Xing, G. Yang, J.J. Yang, M. Yin, Z.G. Yin, D.S. Zhang, S.P. Zhang, X. Zhen
    CIAE, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • K. Fong
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Funding: Supported partly by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11375273 and 11475269) and by the Ministry of Science and Technology under Grant 2016YFC0105300.
There are very strong demand for mid-energy of proton machine recent years due to the surging cancer patients and fast progress of the space science in China. For the applications of proton therapy and proton irradiation, the energy range of proton beam usually is from 200 MeV to 250 MeV, or even higher for astronavigation. Based on the R&D starting from 2009, two construction projects of 230 MeV and 250 MeV superconducting cyclotron, which have been implemented recently at China Institute of Atomic Energy(CIAE). That was started in Jan 2015 for the 230 MeV machine, for the program of proton therapy and space science launched by China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC), and in Jan 2016 for the 250 MeV machine, for the program of proton therapy launched by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MOST). In this paper, the designs for the two SC cyclotrons and their key components, including the main magnet, SC coils, RF system, internal ion source and central region, extraction system, etc, and the construction progress of the machines will be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK105  
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THPAK106 400 MHz Frequency/phase Detector and Counter 3481
 
  • X.L. Fu, B. Ji, Z.G. Yin, T.J. Zhang
    CIAE, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • G. Dennison
    UBC & TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • K. Fong, M.P. Laverty, Q. Zheng
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  To enhance the performance and precision of TRIUMF Low Level RF system, a frequency/phase detector and counter based on FPGA is developed. The frequency/phase detector and counter is designed as a daughter board of the low level RF control system, and is connected to the mother board with mixed signal connectors. It sends the frequency error data to the PC though VXI databus, and provides two analog phase errors outputs. In current design, one single unit supports four channel discriminations of RF frequencies/phases. Preliminary tests show that the reported phase detector has a bandwidth of 400MHz. A unique implementation of frequency discrimination was carefully carried out to ensure the resolution can reach as high as 1Hz. The phase-frequency detector has been successfully applied to the Accelerator Cryo Module (ACM) system and the requirement of the low level RF control system is satisfied. After a long-term running test, the stability and reliability of the phase-frequency detector are verified.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK106  
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THPAK111 Envelope Calculations on the Ion Beam Injection and Extraction of CANREB EBIS 3496
 
  • M.H. Pereira-Wilson
    UW/Physics, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  • R.A. Baartman, S. Saminathan
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  An electron beam ion source (EBIS) is being developed as a charge state breeder for the production of highly charged ions in the CANREB (CANadian Rare isotope facility with Electron Beam ion source) project at TRIUMF. The multiple tunable electrodes of the EBIS, coupled with the necessity of directing both an electron beam and an ion beam of varying charge, impose a challenging task for the optimization of the beam optics. With this in mind, beam envelope simulations have been performed to determine the acceptance of the EBIS and the emittance of the extracted ion beam. The electric field of the different EBIS electrodes were modelled using finite element analysis software and the envelope simulations were executed using beam envelope code TRANSOPTR. Preliminary results show envelope calculation as a viable candidate for tuning the injection and extraction optics of the EBIS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK111  
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THPAK114 Evaluation of an Interior Point Method Specialized in Solving Constrained Convex Optimization Problems for Orbit Correction at the Electron Storage Ring at DELTA 3507
 
  • S. Koetter, A. Glaßl, B.D. Isbarn, D. Rohde, M. Sommer, T. Weis
    DELTA, Dortmund, Germany
 
  The slow orbit feedback at the electron storage ring at DELTA will be upgraded with new software. Finding a set of dipole-field-strength variations which minimize the deviation of the orbit from a reference orbit requires solving a convex optimization problem subject to inequality constraints. This work focuses on exploiting properties of a special type of interior point methods, which can solve this problem, for orbit correction at DELTA. After comparing runtimes of an interior point method to a Newton-like optimization algorithm, the performance of the new slow-orbit-feedback software is assessed based on measurement results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK114  
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THPAK121 Accelerator Optimization through LIV. DAT 3526
 
  • C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: LIV. DAT is supported by the STFC under contract ST/P006752/1.
The Liverpool Big Data Science (LIV. DAT) Center for Doctoral Training (CDT) is a hub for training students in managing, analysing and interpreting large, complex datasets and high rates of data flow. LIV. DAT offers a unique training approach addressing some of the biggest challenges in data intensive science to tackle a growing skills gap. It currently provides training to a cohort of almost 20 PhD students. Their research projects address R&D challenges in astronomy, nuclear, particle and accelerator physics. This contributions presents initial research results from modeling studies of the physics and biology of proton beam therapy using a Monte Carlo approach, as well as plasma-beam interaction in the cases of AWAKE and EuPRAXIA.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK121  
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THPAK126 Revised Optics Design for the JLEIC Ion Booster 3537
 
  • E.W. Nissen, T. Satogata
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177.
We outline the recently redesigned booster for the pro-posed Jefferson Lab Electron Ion Collider (JLEIC). This booster will inject protons (or ions of equivalent rigidity) at 280 MeV and accelerate them to 8 GeV kinetic energy. To avoid transition crossing, the booster uses flexible momentum compaction (FMC) lattices to raise the transi-tion gamma above the reach of the machine. We also include several families of sextupoles to simultaneously control the chromaticities, and nonlinear dispersions that were excited by the FMC cells.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK126  
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THPAK133 Magnetic Field Tolerances of Dipole and Quadrupole Magnets for XiPAF Synchrotron 3551
 
  • H.J. Zeng, X. Guan, P.F. Ma, X.W. Wang, H.J. Yao, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • H. Ning
    NINT, Xi'an, People's Republic of China
 
  The magnets are being constructed for Xi'an Proton Application Facility (XiPAF) synchrotron. A study is started to obtain the specifications and tolerances of the magnets to avoid beam lost by the excessive magnetic field errors. The study includes the effect of field and alignment errors of the magnets on the closed orbit and beam optics. Also a preliminary study of effect due to multipole components in dipole and quadrupole magnets on dynamic aperture has been done. The tolerances of dipole and quadrupole magnets on field errors, including multipole components, and alignment errors are described in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK133  
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THPAK135 Assessment of Linear and Non-Linear Optics Errors due to Beam-Beam with Multipoles for the High Luminosity LHC 3557
 
  • L.E. Medina Medrano
    Universidad de Guanajuato, División de Ciencias e Ingenierías, León, Mexico
  • J. Barranco García, T. Pieloni
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • X. Buffat, L.E. Medina Medrano, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: HL-LHC project, European Circular Energy-Frontier Collider Study, H2020 programme (Grant 654305), Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI), Beam project (CONACYT, Mexico).
Study of the head-on and long-range beam-beam effects in the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) is of interest to evaluate their potential impact on performance (in the form of luminosity imbalance) and machine operation (collimator system), and, depending on their magnitude, correction schemes might be necessary to minimize them. In this work, both the β-beating at zero amplitude and its amplitude-dependence are computed for the current HL-LHC baseline optics and parameters, as well as the amplitude detuning, at the main interaction points and collimators. Correction of the β-beating, tune shift and footprint for the HL-LHC, as originally proposed for the LHC, via compensation of the multipolar terms of the beam-beam force with corrector magnets, is also discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK135  
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THPAK139 Lost Muon Studies for the Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermilab 3573
 
  • S. Ganguly, K. T. Pitts
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA
  • J.D. Crnkovic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • C. C. Polly
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The Fermilab Muon g-2 experiment aims to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment aµ with an unprecedented precision of 140 parts per billion (ppb), a four-fold improvement over the 540~ppb precision obtained by the BNL Muon g-2 Experiment. This study presents preliminary work on estimating the muon losses by using double coincidences in the calorimeters.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK139  
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THPAK145 Methods to Increase the Dynamic Aperture of the FCC-hh Lattice 3593
 
  • E. Cruz Alaniz, J.L. Abelleira, A. Seryi, L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • J.L. Abelleira, L. van Riesen-Haupt
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • R. Martin, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Future Circular Collider (FCC) design study aims to develop the designs of possible circular colliders in the post LHC era. In particular the FCC-hh will aim to produce proton-proton collisions at a center of mass energy of 100 TeV. Initial tracking studies for the FCC-hh lattice at collision energy including field errors on the final focus triplet showed a very low dynamic aperture, most likely affected by the large beta functions and integrated length of the quadrupoles. Using non-linear correctors, the dynamic aperture was increased to acceptable levels; however, the difficulty to have an accurate magnetic model of the magnets required for this correction motivates the development of alternative methods. This work explores the possibility to increase the dynamic aperture by optimizing the phase advance between the main interaction regions. The description of this method along with its impact on the dynamic aperture will be given on this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK145  
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THPAK153 Linac Optics Correction With Trajectory Scan Data 3606
 
  • X. Huang, Y.-C. Chao, T.J. Maxwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • T. Zhang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  We proposed and tested a scheme to measure and correct linac optics by scanning the beam trajectory in the horizontal and vertical phase spaces. The trajectory data are compared to tracking data in a fitting scheme, from which we can derive the quadrupole strength errors. Simulation is carried out to evaluate the requirements and the performance of the method. The method is experimentally applied to FEL linacs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK153  
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THPAL045 Determination of the Electron Bunch Length With Third Harmonic Cavity for the Taiwan Photon Source 3745
 
  • Z.K. Liu, F.Y. Chang, L.-H. Chang, M.H. Chang, S.W. Chang, L.J. Chen, F.-T. Chung, M.-C. Lin, C.H. Lo, Ch. Wang, M.-S. Yeh, T.-C. Yu
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  The Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) is a modern 3 GeV low emittance light source with RMS bunch lengths of about 3 mm at a beam current of 500 mA and operating gap voltage of 3.2 MV. With a higher harmonic cavity, we could increase the Touschek lifetime and lower the heat load of in-vacuum undulators by lengthening the bunch lengths. Preliminary studies show that for full and uni-form fill patterns, the bunch lengths could be increased by a factor of four. However, this calculation ignores phase transient effects and may overestimate the effect of harmonic cavities. A multi-bunch, multi-particle tracking method has been developed to determine the bunch lengths for non-uniform fill patterns, which also takes phase transient effects into account and the expected maximum bunch lengthening factor for different TPS operation conditions are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL045  
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FRXGBE2 Muon Beam Dynamics and Spin Dynamics in the g-2 Storage Ring 5029
 
  • D. L. Rubin, A.T. Chapelain
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • S. Charity, J. Price
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • J.D. Crnkovic, W. Morse, V. Tishchenko
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • F.E. Gray
    Regis University, Denver, USA
  • J. E. Mott
    BUphy, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • W. Wu
    UMiss, University, Mississippi, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy DOE HEP DE-SC0008037
The goal of the new g-2 experiment at fermilab is a measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, with uncertainty of less than 140 ppb. The experimental method is to store a beam of polarized muons in a storage ring with pure vertical dipole field and electrostatic focusing, and to measure the precession frequency. Control of the systematics depends on unprecedented knowledge of the details of the phase space of the muon distribution. That knowledge is derived from direct measurements with scintillating fiber detectors that are inserted into the muon beam for diagnostic measurements, traceback straw tube tracking chambers, as well as the calorimeters that measure energy, time and position of the decay positrons. The interpretation of the measurements depends on a detailed model of the storage ring guide field. This invited talk presents results of studies of the distribution from the commissioning run of the experiment.
 
slides icon Slides FRXGBE2 [12.815 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-FRXGBE2  
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