05 Beam Dynamics and EM Fields
D09 Emittance Manipulation, Bunch Compression and Cooling
Paper Title Page
TUPMK005 CSR Shielding Effect in Dogleg and EEX Beamlines 1498
 
  • G. Ha, M.E. Conde, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Department of Energy, Office of HEP and BES under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
CSR shielding is a well-known CSR suppression scheme which works by cutting off the low frequency CSR radiation. Although the shielding scheme is well known, its effects on the beam has been rarely studied. We investigate the CSR effect on the beam emittance when passing through a dogleg and a double dogleg type EEX beamline. An experimental study is planned at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility where we can generate a 0.1-100 nC electron beam with an energy of 50 MeV and have a double dogleg EEX beamline. Tunable shielding plates are installed at the dipole magnet chambers of the EEX beamline to vary the shielding condition. Transverse and longitudinal phase space measurement systems are prepared to characterize the beam-CSR interaction, and bolometer and interferometry are prepared to characterize CSR. We present simulation results and preliminary experimental results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK005  
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TUPMK006 Sub-fs Electron Bunch Generation Using Emittance Exchange Compressor 1501
 
  • J.M. Seok, M. Chung
    UNIST, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
  • M.E. Conde, J.G. Power
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • G. Ha
    PAL, Pohang, Republic of Korea
 
  Sub-fs electron bunch has been pursued in the last decade using several different methods. These methods rely on one of the velocity difference or path length difference to compress a long bunch to sub-fs bunch. Here, we introduce a new method to generate the compression. Emittance Exchange (EEX) beamline makes transverse-to-longitudinal exchange of phase space. In this beamline, a transverse focusing at the upstream introduces a longitudinal compression at the downstream due to the exchange. Since this exchange scheme does not rely on the velocity or the path length differences, it does not require any longitudinal manipulation (e.g. chirp), and it could generate a short bunch with well-controlled nonlinear effects using nonlinear magnets. We present preliminary simulation results of EEX based bunch compression and sub-fs bunch generation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK006  
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TUPMK018 Round Beam Studies at NSLS-II 1529
 
  • Y. Hidaka, W.X. Cheng, Y. Li, T.V. Shaftan, G.M. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: The study is supported by U.S. DOE under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886.
Instead of typical flat beam, some synchrotron light us-ers prefer round beam, i.e., with equal horizontal and vertical emittance, for various reasons (e.g., simplified optics, smaller fraction of photons getting discarded, better phase space match between photon and e-beam). Several future upgrade storage rings such as APS-U, ALS-U, and SLS-2 currently plan to operate in round beam mode. We report our beam study results on round beam operating at NSLS-II by driving linear difference cou-pling resonance.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK018  
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TUPML004 Correction of Emittance Growth Due to Quad Components in Solenoids With Quad Correctors at AWA 1536
 
  • L.M. Zheng, C.-X. Tang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • M.E. Conde, D.S. Doran, W. Gai, W. Liu, J.G. Power, J.H. Shao, C. Whiteford, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  An asymmetrical electron beam is observed on the drive beamline at Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) due to the quad components in the solenoids. An ASTRA simulation shows that the emittance will increase when the electron beam passes through solenoids with quad errors. We use two quad correctors to correct this emittance growth. A preliminary emittance correction result is presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML004  
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WEXGBE2 Compensation of Insertion Device Induced Emittance Variations in Ultralow Emittance Storage Rings 1751
 
  • F. Sannibale, S.C. Leemann, H. Nishimura, D. Robin, C. Steier, C. Sun, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Director of the Office of Science of the US Department of Energy under Contract no. DEAC02-05CH11231.
With the advent of multi-bend achromat lattices, extremely low emittances are to become the norm in storage ring-based X-ray photon sources. In these lattices, the ratio of beam energy lost to radiation in the Insertion Devices (IDs) to the overall beam energy loss is relatively larger than in 3rd generation light sources. As a result, these machines are more sensitive to the energy loss variations occurring as the users operate variable-gap IDs and to the concurrent variations in radiation damping time, equilibrium emittance, and ultimately transverse properties of the beam. With possibly tens of variable gap IDs continuously and independently varying their gaps to meet the experiment needs, the resulting variation in emittance and beam sizes can be significant and can jeopardize the experimental performance in some of the beamlines. In this paper we describe and discuss possible methods for compensating such emittance variations and maintaining constant transverse beam properties for the experiments.
 
slides icon Slides WEXGBE2 [4.543 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEXGBE2  
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THPAF015 Beam Tracking Studies of Electron Cooling in ELENA 2975
 
  • B. Veglia, J.R. Hunt, J. Resta-López, V. Rodin, C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J.R. Hunt, J. Resta-López, V. Rodin, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 721559.
The Extra Low ENergy Antiproton storage ring (ELENA), which is currently being commissioned at CERN, will further decelerate antiprotons extracted from the Antiproton Decelerator (AD) from 5.3 MeV to energies as low as 100 keV. It will provide high quality beams for the antimatter experiments located within the AD hall. At such low energies, it is important to correctly evaluate the long term beam stability. To provide a consistent explanation of the different physical phenomena affecting the beam, tracking simulations have been performed and the results will be presented in this contribution. These include electron cooling and various scattering effects under realistic conditions. The effects of several imperfections in the electron cooling process will also be discussed. In addition, analytical approximations of the temporal variation of emittance under these conditions will be presented, and compared with numerical simulation results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF015  
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THPAF024 Understanding and Compensating Emittance Diluting Effects in Highly Optimized Ultrafast Electron Diffraction Beamlines 3004
 
  • C. M. Pierce, I.V. Bazarov, C.M. Gulliford, J.M. Maxson
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • S. Baturin
    Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • M.A. Gordon, Y.K. Kim
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the Center for Bright Beams, NSF PHY-1549132 and Department of Energy grant DE-SC0014338.
The application of Multiobjective Genetic Algorithm optimization (MOGA) to photoemission based ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) beamlines featuring extremely low cathode mean transverse energies has lead to designs with emittances as low as 1 nm for sub-picosecond bunches with 105 electrons*. Analysis of these results shows significant emittance growth during transport: with emittance dilution as high as a factor of 200-4000% for various designs and optics settings. In this study we quantify and model the individual sources of emittance growth (slice mismatches and space charge), and explore the use of the core emittance as a strong invariant.
C. Gulliford, A. Bartnik, and I. Bazarov. Multi-
objective optimizations of a novel cryocooled dc gun based
UED beam line. Phys. Rev. Ac-
celerators and Beams, 19(9):093402, 2016.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF024  
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THPAF033 Degradation of Electron Beam Quality for a Compact Laser-Based FEL 3029
 
  • A.Y. Molodozhentsev, L. Pribyl
    Czech Republic Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Prague, Czech Republic
  • K.O. Kruchinin
    ELI-BEAMS, Prague, Czech Republic
 
  Laser wake field acceleration (LWFA) mechanism allows to produce extremely short electron bunches of a few fs length with the energy up to a few GeV in extremely compact geometries providing unique electron beam parameters, in particular, transverse beam emittance (order of 1pi mm mrad), extremely short bunch length and high beam charge (up to 100pC) . This novel acceleration method therefore opens a new way to develop compact 'laser-based' FELs. In the frame of this report we analyze effects, which lead to degradation of an electron beam quality. The chromatic and collective effects are analyzed for a compact dedicated electron beam line to transport the electron beam to an undulator. In addition, the SASE FEL performance has been discussed taking into consideration the degradation of the electron beam quality.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF033  
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THPAF037 Bunch Compression and Turnaround Loops Design in the FCC-ee Injector Complex 3044
 
  • T.K. Charles, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M.J. Boland
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • K. Oide
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Future Circular e+e Collider (FCC-ee) requires two 180-degree turnaround loops to transport the positron beam from the damping ring to the lower energy section of the linac. In addition bunch compression is required to reduce the RMS bunch length from 5 mm to 0.5 mm, prior to injection into the linac. A dogleg bunch compressor comprised of two triple bend achromat (TBAs) can achieve this compression. Sextupole magnets are incorporated into the bunch compressor design for chromaticity correction as well as optimisation of the second-order longitudinal dispersion, T566, and to linearize the longitudinal phase space distribution. In this paper we present the design of the transport line and the bunch compressor. Measures to limit emittance growth due to coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) are also discussed, because despite the relatively long bunch length, the large degree of bending required introduces cause for consideration of CSR.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF037  
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THPAF078 Expected Performance of the Stochastic Cooling and RF System in the Collector Ring 3165
 
  • O.E. Gorda, C. Dimopoulou, A. Dolinskyy
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • T. Katayama
    Nihon University, Narashino, Chiba, Japan
 
  The Collector Ring is designed for stochastic cooling of antiprotons or radioactive ions at FAIR. Simulations of the cooling process in combination with the required RF beam manipulations have been done taking into account the improved and recently fixed ion-optics. The measured RF properties of the first of series debuncher system have been considered to evaluate the performance of the bunch rotation, de-bunching and re-bunching process within the planned CR operation cycle. The expected beam parameters and matching at extraction to the HESR storage ring are discussed in this paper. The latest hardware developments of the stochastic cooling system components are also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF078  
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THPAF082 Frequency Jump at Low Energies 3176
 
  • C. Zhang
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  One or more radio-frequency jumps are usually necessary for realizing a ≥100 AMeV/u proton or ion driver linac. Typically, such jumps happen in the range of β = 0.2-0.6 between the resonator structures fitting to this β-range, e.g. DTL, HWR, CCL or elliptical cavities. We propose to perform the first frequency jump already at low energies (β ≤ 0.1) between two RFQ accelerators, which can bring some unique advantages. First studies have been performed and the results proved that this idea is feasible and promising. Many efforts have been and are being made to address the most critical issue for the jumps i.e. the beam matching at the transition.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF082  
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THPAK057 Simulations of Optical Stochastic Cooling with ELEGANT 3354
 
  • M.B. Andorf, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • V.A. Lebedev, V.A. Lebedev, P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Fermilab is pursuing a proof-of-principle test of the Optical Stochastic Cooling (OSC) of 100 MeV electrons in the Integrable Optics Test Accelerator. In support of this we present simulations of horizontal damping with OSC. We find excellent agreement with theory on the amplitude dependent damping rates. Additionally particle tracking is used to confirm the necessity and effectiveness of sextupoles used to correct non-linear path lengthening in the OSC chicane.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK057  
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THPAK058 Planned Detection and Amplification of Infared Synchrotron Radiation for Electron-Beam Diagnostics and Manipulations 3358
 
  • M.B. Andorf, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Amplification of beam-induced radiation (e.g. synchrotron or undulator radiation) is a necessary component of optical stochastic cooling of hadrons or heavy ions. We discuss a proposal to measure and amplify synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet of the Advanced Photon Source. The measurements will be in the short-wavelength infrared region (SWIR) and amplification will be accomplished using a pumped Chromium:Zinc Selenide (Cr:ZnSe) crystal with maximum gain at λ≅ 2.2~μm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK058  
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THPAK060 Transverse-to-Longitudinal Photocathode Distribution Imaging 3361
SUSPF084   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • W. Gai, G. Ha, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • G. Ha
    PAL, Pohang, Republic of Korea
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • G. Qiang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  In this paper, we present a tunable picosecond-scale bunch train generation technique combining a microlens array (MLA) transverse laser shaper and a transverse-to-longitudinal emittance exchange (EEX) beamline. The modulated beamlet array is formed at the photocathode with the MLA setup. The resulting patterned electron beam is accelerated to 50 MeV and transported to the entrance of the EEX setup. A quadrupole channel is used to adjust the transverse spacing of the beamlet array upstream of the EEX, thereby enabling the generation of a bunch train with tunable separation downstream of the EEX beamline. Additionally, the MLA is mounted on a rotation stage which provides additional flexibility to produce high-frequency beam density modulation downstream of the EEX. Experimental results obtained at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility are presented and compared with numerical simulations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK060  
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THPAK061 Magnetized and Flat Beam Generation at the Fermilab's FAST Facility 3364
 
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • D.J. Crawford, D.R. Edstrom, D. Mihalcea, S. Nagaitsev, P. Piot, A.L. Romanov, J. Ruan, V.D. Shiltsev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the DOE contract No.DEAC02-07CH11359 to the Fermi Research Alliance LLC. A.H. is supported by the DOE under contract No. DE-SC0011831 with Northern Illinois University.
Canonical angular momentum (CAM) dominated beams can be formed in photoinjectors by applying an axial magnetic field on the photocathode surface. Such a beam possess asymmetric eigenemittances and is characterized by the measure of its magnetization. CAM removal using a set skew-quadrupole magnets maps the beam eigenemittances to the conventional emittance along each transverse degree of freedom thereby yielding flat beam with asymmetric transverse emittance. In this paper we report on the experimental generation of CAM dominated beam and their subsequent transformation into flat beams at the Fermilab Accelerator Science and Technology (FAST) facility. Our results are compared with numerical simulations and possible applications of the produced beams are discussed.
 
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THPAK062 Bunch Compression of Flat Beams 3368
 
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • D.J. Crawford, D.R. Edstrom, D. Mihalcea, S. Nagaitsev, P. Piot, A.L. Romanov, J. Ruan, V.D. Shiltsev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the DOE contract No.DEAC02-07CH11359 to the Fermi Research Alliance LLC. A.H. is supported by the DOE under contract No. DE-SC0011831 with Northern Illinois University.
Flat beams can be produced via a linear manipulation of canonical angular momentum (CAM) dominated beams using a set of skew-quadrupole magnets. Recently such beams were produced at Fermilab Accelerator Science and Technology (FAST) facility. In this paper, we report the results of flat beam compression study in a magnetic chicane at an energy of E~32 MeV. Additionally, we investigate the effect of energy chirp in the round-to-flat beam transform. The experimental results are compared with numerical simulations.
 
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THPAK063 Electron Beam Pattern Rotation as a Method of Tunable Bunch Train Generation 3372
 
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Transversely modulated electron beams can be formed in photo injectors via microlens array (MLA) UV laser shaping technique. Micro lenses can be arranged in polygonal lattices, with resulting transverse electron beam modulation mimicking the lenses pattern. Conventionally, square MLAs are used for UV laser beam shaping, and generated electron beam patterns form square beamlet arrays. The MLA setup can be placed on a rotational mount, thereby rotating electron beam distribution. In combination with transverse-to-longitudinal emittance exchange beam line, it allows to vary beamlets horizontal projection and tune electron bunch train. In this paper, we extend the technique to the case of different MLA lattice arrangements and explore the benefits of its rotational symmetries.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK063  
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THPAK065 Application of Transverse-to-Longitudinal Phase-Space-Exchanged Beam Produced from a Nano-Structure Photocathode to a Soft X-Ray Free-Electron Laser 3379
SUSPF085   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • A. Lueangaramwong, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • G. Andonian
    RadiaBeam, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Nano-structured cathodes can form transversely modulated beams which can be subsequently converted to temporally modulated beam via a transverse-to-longitudinal phase space-exchanging beamline. We demonstrate via numerical simulation the generation of transversely modulated beam at the nm scale and investigate the corresponding enhancement in a soft-X-ray SASE free-electron laser. Our study is supported by start-to-end simulation combining WARP, IMPACT-T and GENESIS(FEL process) and focuses on the optimization of the beamline to preserve initial modulation at the nanometer level. We also discuss the scaling of the concept to shorter-wavelengths.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK065  
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THPAK071 Simulation Study of the Magnetized Electron Beam 3395
SUSPF086   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • S.A.K. Wijethunga, J.R. Delayen, G.A. Krafft
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • J. F. Benesch, F.E. Hannon, G.A. Krafft, M.A. Mamun, M. Poelker, R. Suleiman
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the Department of Energy, Laboratory Directed Research and Development funding, under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177
Electron cooling of the ion beam plays an important role in electron ion colliders to obtain the required high luminosity. This cooling efficiency can be enhanced by using a magnetized electron beam, where the cooling process occurs inside a solenoid field. This paper compares the predictions of ASTRA and GPT simulations to measurements made using a DC high voltage photogun producing magnetized electron beam, related to beam size and rotation angles as a function of the photogun magnetizing solenoid and other parameters.
 
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THPAK072 Generation of Flat Ultra-Low Emittance Beams 3398
 
  • N.R. Bell
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  • L. Phillips
    PBPL, Los Angeles, USA
 
  By placing a cathode in a longitudinal magnetic field generated by a solenoid or permanent magnet, angular-momentum dominated electron beams can be produced. Such beams can be uncoupled using a skew-quadrupole channel to remove the angular momentum and yield flat beams with an ultralow emittance in one of the transverse dimensions. Flat beams have immediate relevance in our pursuit of ultrahigh brightness in two dimensions for dielectric laser accelerator (DLA) or slab beam applications. We are currently investigating the possibility of implementing flat beam generation at the UCLA Pegasus beamline. We utilize particle tracking simulations to optimize the transverse emittance ratio and normalized transverse emittance. Our simulations show emittance ratios of more than 100 and normalized emittances in the <5 nm range in the vertical dimension, matching analytic estimates. In addition to simulation results, experimental plans to implement and test the flat beam transform (FBT) are also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK072  
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THPAK127 Toroidal Merger Simulations for the JLEIC Bunched Beam Electron Cooler Ring 3540
 
  • A.V. Sy
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
The bunched beam electron cooler ring for the Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC) requires a merger system to transport magnetized electron beams of two different energies to the same energy recovery linac (ERL) beamline. The system is especially challenging compared to existing mergers for ERL or hadron cooling applications (as at COSY) due to the small separation in energy between the two beams; for the JLEIC bunched beam cooler, the two beam energies may only differ by a factor of 4. An additional complication is the use of a magnetized beam. A toroidal merger system is studied using G4Beamline/GEANT4. Preservation of the quality of the low energy beam from the injector is especially vital for efficient cooling performance and compatibility with the ERL. Effects of the toroidal system on transverse and longitudinal emittances of the magnetized beams, as well as space charge effects, are presented and discussed.
 
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THPAK154 Beam Parameter Optimization for UEM Facility with Photo-Emission S-band RF Gun 3610
 
  • H.R. Lee, P. Buaphad, Y. Joo
    University of Science and Technology of Korea (UST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • S.C. Cha, Y. Kim
    KAERI, Daejon, Republic of Korea
  • B.L. Cho
    KRISS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • H. Suk
    GIST, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
 
  Ultrafast Electron Microscopy (UEM) can provide snapshot images of a dynamic process in samples with an ultrafast time resolution, which is shorter than picosecond. The Future Accelerator R&D Team at KAERI has been preparing a UEM facility with a photo-emission S-band (= 2856 MHz) RF gun by collaborating with GIST and KRISS. To achieve a higher spatial resolution as well as a higher time resolution, the transverse beam emittance, beam divergence, and energy spread should be smaller, and the bunch length should be shorter. Beam dynamics simulations with ASTRA code is used to optimize those beam parameters in the RF gun. In this paper, we describe ASTRA optimizations of the S-band RF gun to achieve high spatial-temporal resolutions for the UEM facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK154  
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FRXGBE1
Generation of High-Power, Tunable THz Radiation from Laser Interaction with a Relativistic Electron Beam  
 
  • Z. Zhang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  This invited talk proposes a method based on the slice energy spread modulation to generate strong subpicoseond density bunching in high-intensity relativistic electron beams. A laser pulse with periodic intensity envelope is used to modulate the slice energy spread of the electron beam, which can then be converted into density modulation after a dispersive section. It is found that the double-horn slice energy distribution of the electron beam induced by the laser modulation is very effective to increase the density modulation. Since the modulation is performed on a relativistic electron beam, the process does not suffer from strong space charge force or coupling between phase spaces. We show in both theory and simulations that the tunable radiation from the modulated beam can cover the frequency range of 1 ∼ 20 THz with high power and narrow-band spectra. This method can be used in storage ring or even thermal-cathode injectors with high-repetition rate. Experimental results will be reviewed.  
slides icon Slides FRXGBE1 [5.968 MB]  
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FRXGBE3 First Demonstration of Ionization Cooling in MICE 5035
 
  • T.A. Mohayai
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
 
  The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory has studied ionization cooling of muons. Several million individual muon tracks have been recorded passing through a series of focusing magnets and a liquid hydrogen or lithium hydride absorber in a variety of magnetic configurations. Identification and measurement of muon tracks upstream and downstream of the absorber are used to study the evolution of the 4D (transverse) emittance. This paper presents and discusses these results.  
slides icon Slides FRXGBE3 [77.079 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-FRXGBE3  
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