06 Beam Instrumentation, Controls, Feedback, and Operational Aspects
T04 Accelerator/Storage Ring Control Systems
Paper Title Page
WEPAF014 Commissioning the Superconducting Magnetic Inflector System for the Muon g-2 Experiment 1844
  • N.S. Froemming
    CENPA, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • K.E. Badgley, H. Nguyen, D. Stratakis
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • J.D. Crnkovic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • L.E. Kelton
    UKY, Kentucky, USA
  • M.J. Syphers
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  The Fermilab muon g-2 experiment aims to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment with a precision of 140 ppb - a fourfold improvement over the 540 ppb precision obtained in the BNL muon g-2 experiment. Both of these high-precision experiments require an extremely uniform magnetic field in the muon storage ring. A superconducting magnetic inflector system is used to inject beam into the storage ring as close as possible to the design orbit while minimizing disturbances to the storage-region magnetic field. The Fermilab experiment is currently in its first data-taking run, where the Fermilab inflector system is the refurbished BNL inflector system. This discussion reviews the Fermilab inflector system refurbishment and commissioning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF014  
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WEPAF015 Commissioning the Muon g-2 Experiment Electrostatic Quadrupole System 1848
  • J.D. Crnkovic, V. Tishchenko
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • K.E. Badgley, H. Nguyen, E. Ramberg
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • E. Barlas Yucel, M. Yucel
    Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
  • J.M. Grange
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • A.T. Herrod
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • A.T. Herrod
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • J.L. Holzbauer, W. Wu
    UMiss, University, Mississippi, USA
  • H.D. Sanders
    APP, Freeville, New York, USA
  • H.D. Sanders
    Sanders Pulsed Power LLC, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • N.H. Tran
    BUphy, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  The Fermilab Muon g-2 experiment aims to measure the muon anomaly with a precision of 140 parts-per-billion (ppb) - a fourfold improvement over the 540 ppb precision obtained by the BNL Muon g-2 experiment. These high precision experiments both require a very uniform muon storage ring magnetic field that precludes the use of vertical-focusing magnetic quadrupoles. The Fermilab Electrostatic Quadrupole System (EQS) is the refurbished and upgraded BNL EQS, where this overview describes the Fermilab EQS and its recent operations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF015  
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WEPAF054 Online Multi Objective Optimisation at Diamond Light Source 1944
  • M. Apollonio, R. Bartolini, R.T. Fielder, I.P.S. Martin
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
  • R. Bartolini
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • G. Henderson
    Oxford University, Physics Department, Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • J. Rogers
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
  At Diamond Light Source we have developed an Optimization Package currently used online to improve the performance of the machine, usually measured in terms of lifetime, injection efficiency or beam disturbance at injection. The tool is flexible in that control variables in order to optimise objectives (or their functions) can be easily specified by means of EPICS process variables (PV), making it suitable for virtually any sort of optimization. At present three different algorithms can be used to perform optimizations in a multi-objective fashion: Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA), Particle Swarm Optimizer (MOPSO) and Simulated Annealing (MOSA). We present a series of tests aimed at characterizing the algorithm as well as improving the performance of the machine itself.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF054  
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WEPAG004 Automating Orbit Correction in the Main Injector 8 GeV Line 2070
  • K.J. Hazelwood, I. Kourbanis, G.E. Krafczyk, M.-J. Yang
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  The Main Injector 8 GeV line (MI8 line) transports beam from Fermilab's Booster accelerator to either the Booster Neutrino experiments (BNB), the Recycler or the Main Injector. Often the orbit of the beam through the MI8 line differs depending on the beam destination. The beam is collimated in the MI8 line, so increasing intensities and repetition rates make controlling orbits through the collimators a necessity. The current method of regulating the MI8 line orbit with DC corrector settings is insufficient. A system named MITUNE is being developed to sample and categorize all beams through the MI8 line and automatically calculate and apply proper dipole corrector ramps to maintain desired orbits for pulses to any destination.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAG004  
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WEPAK014 A New Pulse Magnet Control System in the KEK Electron Positron LINAC 2121
  • Y. Enomoto, K. Furukawa, T. Natsui, M. Satoh
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H.S. Saotome
    Kanto Information Service (KIS), Accelerator Group, Ibaraki, Japan
  In 2017, sixty-four pules magnets were installed in the KEK e+/e LINAC for simultaneous injection to four different rings. Since each ring requires different injection energy, magnetic field in the LINAC has to be changed shot by shot (every 20 ms) according to the destination of the beam. To realize such operation, a PXI express based new control system was installed. Each unit, which consists of an event receiver board, a DAC board, and a ADC board, can set and monitor output current up to 8 pulsed power supply in 16 bit resolution. The timing and control system are integrated in that of the LINAC by using Micro-Research Finland's PXI event receiver board. In terms of software, Windows 8.1 and LabVIEW 2016 were mainly adopted to control the hardware. EPICS channel access (CA) protocol was used to communicate with operator's interface panels. In addition to real-time monitoring by EPICS CA and logging by CSS archiver every 10 s, data are logged every shot (every 20 ms) in the text file together with timestamp, shot ID and destination. At present, thirteen units are stably in operation to control 64 magnets. Further installation of the system is planned in 2018.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAK014  
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WEPAK015 Beam Gate Control System for SuperKEKB 2124
  • H. Kaji, Y. Ohnishi, S. Sasaki, M. Satoh, H. Sugimura
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Iitsuka
    EJIT, Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Kudou
    Mitsubishi Electric System & Service Co., Ltd, Tsukuba, Japan
  The electron beam pulses of injector linac for the SuperKEKB collider are enabled and disabled by Beam Gate control system. This system controls the delivery of triggers to the electron guns at the injector. Also, the septum and kicker magnets for injection point of main ring are controlled with this Beam Gate to avoid unnecessary operation and to prolong their lifetime. The Beam Gate synchronizes the enabling and disabling operations of these hardware even though they are about 1km distant. Besides, from the phase-2 operation, the kicker and septum magnets for newly constructed damping ring becomes controlled apparatus of this system. We develop the new Beam Gate control system with the Event Timing System network*. The new system improves the unsatisfied performance of Beam Gate in the phase-1 operation and realizes the complicated control for phase-2. The advantages of new system are: the control signal is delivered via Event nettork, so that we do not need to cable new network. The enabling and disabling operations for distant hardware are surely synchronized by the Event Timing System.
* H. Kaji et al., "Construction and Commissioning Event Timing System at SuperKEKB", Proceedings of IPAC14, Dresden, Germany (2014).
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAK015  
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WEPAL015 Improvement of Motor Control System in J-PARC Linac and RCS 2180
  • H. Takahashi, A. Miura, Y. Sawabe, M. Yoshimoto
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • M. Kawase, T. Suzuki
    Mitsubishi Electric System & Service Co., Ltd, Tsukuba, Japan
  In J-PARC, at the Linac wire scanner, the RCS collimator, and etc., a motor control system by VME is constructed as a drive system of them. Since the malfunction of operation occurred in the control system of the RCS collimator drive system in 2016, we decided to improve the motor control system. As a cause of malfunction, it is considered that aging of control equipment is one of them as J-PARC has been operated for more than 10 years. However, the defect did not occur in the reproduction test. Therefore, it can be considered that a malfunction occurred in the VME control system due to abnormality of the semiconductor element due to radiation ray. Then, in the improved motor control system, PLC with FA* specification with high reliability was adopted as the control device. Also, in case of unexpected event that a malfunction occurred in the PLC, the emergency stop mechanism was developed to stop the drive system by the signal of the limit switch, and a system incorporating it was constructed. In this paper, we show the inference of cause of the malfunction and details the improved motor control system with high safety.
* Factory Automation
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL015  
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WEPAL043 Distributed Control Architecture for an Integrated Accelerator and Experimental System 2268
  • D.J. Gibson, R.A. Marsh, B. Rusnak
    LLNL, Livermore, California, USA
  Funding: This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
A neutron imaging demonstration system is under construction at LLNL, integrating 4 MeV and 7 MeV deuteron accelerators with gas-based neutron production target the associated supply and return systems. This requires integrating a wide variety of control points from different rooms and floors of the Livermore accelerator facility at a single operator station. The control system adopted by the commercial vendor of the accelerators relies on the National Instruments cRIO platform, so that hardware system has been extended across all the beamline and experimental components. Here we present the unified, class-based framework that has been developed and implemented to connect the operator station through the deployed Real Time processors and FPGA interfaces to the hardware on the floor. Connection between the deployed processors and the operator workstations is via a standard TCP/IP network and relies on a publish/subscribe model for data distribution. This measurement and control framework has been designed to be extensible as additional control points are added, and to enable comprehensive, controllable logging of shot-correlated data at up to 300 Hz.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL043  
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WEPAL048 Control Command Strategy for the ThomX Accelerator 2284
  • H. Guler, N. ElKamchi, P. Gauron, H. Monard
    LAL, Orsay, France
  ThomX is an accelerator project designed to create a compact X Compton Backscattering Source for medical and cultural heritage applications. Control-Command (CC) system is a central part for the commissionning. ThomX CC is designed with TANGO SCADA system. This framework allows to control several devices from several places with the same SCADA System. TANGO Device Servers are software programs allowing to control devices and to implement data processing and presentation layers. For commissionning, experts need to access values of each device in a convenient way to allow them to modify parameters and check effect of a configuration on hardware. CC is a key part for this stage. Several GUI have been designed and gathered into several panels in collaboration with each expert group to gather their needs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL048  
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THYGBE1 Applying Artificial Intelligence to Accelerators 2925
  • A. Scheinker, R.W. Garnett, D. Rees
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • D.K. Bohler
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • A.L. Edelen, S.V. Milton
    CSU, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
  Particle accelerators are being designed and operated over a wide range of complex beam phase space distributions. For example, the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) upgrade, LCLS-II, is considering complex schemes such as two-color operation [1], while the plasma wake field acceleration facility for advanced accelerator experimental tests (FACET) upgrade, FACET-II, is planning on providing custom tailored current profiles [2]. Because of uncertainty due to limited diagnostics and time varying performance, such as thermal drifts, as well as collective effects and the complex coupling of large numbers of components, it is impossible to use simple look up tables for parameter settings in order to quickly switch between widely varying operating ranges. Several forms of artificial intelligence are currently being investigated in order to enable accelerators to quickly and automatically re-adjust component settings without human intervention. In this work we discuss recent progress in applying neural networks and adaptive feedback algorithms to enable automatic accelerator tuning and optimization.
[1] A. A. Lutman et al., Nat. Photonics 10.11, 745 (2016).
[2] V. Yakimenko et al., IPAC2016, Busan, Korea, 2016.
slides icon Slides THYGBE1 [14.256 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THYGBE1  
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Results and Discussion of Recent Applications of Neural Network-Based Approaches to the Modeling and Control of Particle Accelerators  
  • A.L. Edelen
    CSU, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
  • S. Biedron
    University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA
  • D.L. Bowring, B.E. Chase, D.R. Edstrom, J. Steimel
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • J.P. Edelen
    RadiaSoft LLC, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • P.J.M. van der Slot
    Mesa+, Enschede, The Netherlands
  Here we highlight several examples from our work in applying neural network-based modeling and control techniques to particle accelerator systems, through a combination of simulation and experimental studies. We also discuss where the specific approaches used fit into the state of the art in deep learning for control, including limitations of the present state of the art (for example in efficiently dealing with noisy, time-varying, many-parameter systems, like those found in accelerators). We will also briefly clarify some of the terminology/taxonomy of artificial intelligence, and describe how the neural network approaches used here relate to other classes of algorithms that are familiar to the accelerator community. The particle accelerator applications discussed include resonant frequency control of Fermilab's PIP-II RFQ, fast switching between beam parameters in a compact THz FEL, modeling of the FAST low energy beamline at Fermilab, temperature control for the FAST RF gun, and trajectory control for the Jefferson Laboratory FEL.  
slides icon Slides THYGBE2 [37.657 MB]  
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THPML060 Virtual VELA-CLARA: The Development of a Virtual Accelerator 4773
  • T.J. Price, H.M. Castaneda Cortes, D.J. Dunning, J.K. Jones, B.D. Muratori, D.J. Scott, B.J.A. Shepherd, P.H. Williams
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • R.F. Clarke, G. Cox
    STFC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  A Virtual Accelerator (VA) has been developed to mimic the accelerators Versatile Electron Linear Accelerator (VELA) and Compact Linear Accelerator for Research and Applications (CLARA). Its purpose is to test control room applications, run start-to-end simulations with multiple simulation codes, accurately reproduce measured beam properties, conduct 'virtual experiments'and gain insight into ‘hidden beam parameters'. This paper gives an overview into the current progress in constructing this VA, detailing the areas of: developing a 'Virtual EPICS' control system, using multiple simulation codes (both particle tracking and analytic), the development of a ‘Master Lattice' and the construction of a Python interface in which to run the VA.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML060  
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THPML069 The Control System Design of SCLF 4800
  • Y.B. Yan, J.G. Ding, G.Y. Jiang, Y.B. Leng
    SSRF, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • J.F. Chen
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  The high-gain free electron lasers have given scientists hopes for new scientific discoveries in many frontier research areas. The Shanghai Coherent Light Facility (SCLF) was proposed by the central government of China on April 2017, which is a quasi-continuous wave hard X-ray free electron laser facility. The control system is responsible for the facility-wide device control, data acquisition, machine protection, high level database or application, as well as network and computing platform. It will be mainly based on EPICS to reach the balance between the high performance and costs of maintenance. The latest technology will be adopted for the high repetition rate data acquisition and feedback system. The details of the control system design will be reported in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML069  
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THPML075 MYRRHA Control System Development 4823
  • R. Modic, M. Pavleski, T. Zagar
    Cosylab, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • J. Belmans, P. Della Faille, D. Vandeplassche
    Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie - Centre d'Étude de l'énergie Nucléaire (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium
  MYRRHA ADS (Accelerator Driven System), the prototype of a nuclear reactor driven by a particle accelerator, is being realized through a staged approach. This paper will explore the Control System (CS) strategy for the current stage of the accelerator R&D, where the goal is injector for the energies up to 5.9 MeV. Accelerator components are being delivered within international semi-industrial partnerships. Currently the RFQ, MYRRHA's first RF structure, is being introduced. It will be followed by the first Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT1) and several normal-conducting CH cavities. As the portfolio and number of devices and systems grows there is increased push towards standardization of integration procedures, interfaces to system-wide services, configuration management. Several partners provide components with varying level of vertical integration. The responsibility of the Control System integrator is therefore shifting towards provision of integration guidelines, configuration and deployment of central services and management tools, training to the contributing developers, help with specifications and requirements, quality insurance and acceptance criteria.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML075  
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THPML085 Intelligent Controls for the Electron Storage Ring DELTA 4855
  • D. Schirmer
    DELTA, Dortmund, Germany
  In recent years, artificial intelligence has become one of the buzzwords in the field of controlling, monitoring and optimizing complex machines. Particle accelerators belong to this class of machines in particular. In accelerator controls one has to deal with a variety of time-varying parameters, nonlinear dynamics as well as a lot of small, compounding errors. Therefore, to cope with these tasks and to achieve higher performance, particle accelerators require new advanced strategies in controls and feedback systems. Machine learning through (deep) neural networks, genetic algorithms, swarm intelligence and adaptive controls are some of the proposed approaches. Increased computational capability and the availability of large data sets in combination with better theoretical understanding of new network architectures and training paradigms allow for promising approaches for novel developments. This report aims to discuss the state of the art techniques and presents ideas for possible applications of intelligent controls at the synchrotron radiation source DELTA.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML085  
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THPML093 New Fast Kicker Results from the Muon g-2 E-989 Experiment at Fermilab 4879
  • A.P. Schreckenberger
    The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA
  • D. Barak, C.C. Jensen, G.E. Krafczyk, R.L. Madrak, H. Nguyen, H. Pfeffer, M. Popovic, J.C. Stapleton, C. Stoughton
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • A.T. Chapelain, A.A. Mikhailichenko, D. L. Rubin
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • N.S. Froemming
    CENPA, Seattle, Washington, USA
  • J.L. Holzbauer
    UMiss, University, Mississippi, USA
  • A.I. Keshavarzi
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  We describe the installation, commissioning, and characterization of the injection kicker system for the E-989 experiment at Fermilab for a precision measurement of the muon anomalous magnetic moment. Control and monitoring systems have been implemented to acquire and record the waveforms of each kicker pulse, and measurements of various kicker system observables were recorded in the presence of the 1.45 T g-2 storage ring magnetic field. These monitoring systems are necessary to understand the systematic contribution to the measurement of the precession frequency. We examine the dependence of muon capture to kicker field predictions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML093  
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THPML107 Steering Optimizations for the University of Maryland Electron Ring 4913
SUSPL053   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
  • L. Dovlatyan, B.L. Beaudoin, R.A. Kishek, K.J. Ruisard
    UMD, College Park, Maryland, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the US Dept. of Energy, Office of High Energy Physics award # DE-SC0010301
The University of Maryland Electron Ring (UMER) has the flexibility to set up alternative lattices for different research experiments, including nonlinear optics studies using octupoles. Each alternative lattice requires an acceptable steering solution for use in experiments. Existing beam-based alignment tools can take a significant amount of time to run and become difficult to process with a low number of BPMs. The Robust Conjugate Directional Search (RCDS) optimizer* is used to quickly obtain steering solutions for different lattice configurations and has been adopted for beam steering at UMER. Steering magnets are optimized online to reduce scraping, correct equilibrium orbits, and increase beam lifetimes. This study presents the application of the optimizer at UMER.
* X. Huang, J. Corbett, J. Safranek, J. Wu, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A vol. 726, pp. 77-83, 2013.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML107  
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THPML108 Distributed I/O System Based on Ethernet POWERLINK Under the EPICS Architecture 4917
SUSPL055   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
  • X.K. Sun, G. Liu, Y. Song
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
  Ethernet POWERLINK (EPL) is a communication profile for Real-Time Ethernet. The communication profile meets real-time demands for the distributed system composed of multiple controllers. EPICS is a wildly used distributed control system in large scientific facilities. We design a distributed IO system based on EPL under the EPICS architecture and establish the prototype system composed of a PC and six FPGA boards. In this system, an EPICS driver based on openPOWERLINK is developed to monitor the system status. In this paper, the communication mechanism of EPL, the design of system architecture, the implementation of EPICS driver and the test results of prototype system will be described.  
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THPML109 Control System Design for Front End Devices of IRFEL 4920
  • S. Xu, G. Liu, Y. Song, X.K. Sun
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
  An Infrared Free Electron Laser Light (IRFEL) is being constructed at National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory. IRFEL consists of e-gun, accelerating tube, microwave, klystron, power supply, vacuum, resonator, undulator, beam diagnosis, cooling water and other devices. The development of the control system for the front end devices of IRFEL is based on EPICS. This paper will introduce the hardware system design, Input Output Controller application, Operation Interface, data archiving and retrieval.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML109  
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