07 Accelerator Technology
T09 Room Temperature Magnets
Paper Title Page
WEPMF001 Upgrade of the ALBA Magnetic Laboratory for Measuring LIPAc HEBT Quadrupoles and Dipole 2369
 
  • J. Campmany, F. Becheri, L.G.O. Garcia-Orta, J. Marcos, V. Massana, R. Petrocelli
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  • B. Brañas, J. Castellanos
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
 
  Along 2017 ALBA magnetic measurements facility has measured LIPAc HEBT quadrupoles and dipole designed by CIEMAT and built by ELYTT company. ALBA magnetic measurements laboratory has been improved through an upgrade program of its measurement benches to complete their measurements. One of the main aims of the upgrade has been to standardize both the hardware and software and therefore ensure an easy maintenance. Especially relevant has been the upgrade of the flipping coil bench, in which the DC motors and the obsolete controller have been replaced by step-motors and ICEPAP controller. Also, software has been migrated to Tango package. Hardware and software of Hall probe bench has been upgraded as well, using the last DeltaTau motion controller. Tango has been upgraded too, using Devian 8 as operative system. Next step will be the upgrade of the rotating coil hardware and software using also step-motor and ICEPAP controller. In parallel, new shafts have been build and tested, with specific designs to improve the sensitivity and minimize the noise to signal ratio. In this contribution we detail the upgrades and the results of performance tests.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF001  
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WEPMF017 Options for the Spectrometer Magnet of the eRHIC IR 2401
 
  • H. Witte, R.B. Palmer, B. Parker
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Presently the electron-ion collider eRHIC is under design, which aims to provide a facility with a peak luminosity of 1034cm-2sec-1. This paper outlines different concepts for the so-called B0 magnet, which is the first bending magnet after the interaction region. The B0 magnet has to provide a 1.3 T dipole field to the hadron beam, while the nearby electron beam should not be exposed to any field. Several possible solutions have been evaluated, each with their specific strengths and shortcomings. This paper presents an overview of the solutions.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF017  
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WEPMF018 Magnet Designs for the eRHIC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron 2404
 
  • H. Witte, I. Marneris, V.H. Ranjbar
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Presently the electron-ion collider eRHIC is under design, which aims to provide a facility with a peak luminosity of 1034cm-2sec-1. Part of the eRHIC design is a rapid cycling synchrotron, which accelerates electrons from 1-18 GeV. In this paper we present conceptual designs of the required dipole, quadrupole and sextupole magnets. The magnets meet the specifications in terms of performance and field quality with an acceptable power dissipation. The power supply requirements are also discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF018  
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WEPMF019 Conceptual Design of the eRHIC Storage Ring Magnets 2407
 
  • H. Witte, J.S. Berg, S. Tepikian
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Presently the electron-ion collider eRHIC is under design, which aims to provide a facility with a peak luminosity of 1034cm-2sec-1. Part of the eRHIC accelerator is the addition of an electron storage ring to the existing tunnel. This paper describes the magnets required for this storage ring. The necessary bending is provided by a triplet of dipole magnets, which generate excess bending to create additional radiation damping to allow a larger beam-beam tune shift. Each triplet consists of two long, low field magnets and a short, high-field magnet. This paper also describes the quadrupole and sextupole magnets necessary for this machine. All magnets require a large aperture to accommodate the beam-pipe.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF019  
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WEPMF021 Magnet Design Considerations for an Ultralow Emittance Canadian Light Source 2413
 
  • L.O. Dallin, D. Bertwistle
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
 
  The strong focusing requirements for ultralow emittance light sources result in high field magnets that are very close together. High fields are readily achieved by using small magnet gaps. This is possible due to the small beam sizes involved. Reduction in the physical aperture and the reduction in the good field region requirements results in magnets with compact transverse dimensions. The very strong focusing of the magnets results in very small drift spaces between the various magnetic elements. To keep these drift spaces clear magnets with recessed coils have been studied. In such magnets the coils do not stick out beyond the end of the magnet yoke in the longitudinal direction. By placing the coils on the outer yoke loss of efficiency can be avoided while maintaining good control of the higher order field harmonics. This is very well suited for quadrupole magnets where only two coils are required. Possible designs for gradient dipoles and sexutpoles are also considered.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF021  
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WEPMF061 High Gradient Pulsed Quadrupoles for Novel Accelerators and Space Charge Limited Beam Transport 2505
 
  • C. Tenholt
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • G. Loisch, F. Stephan
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • B. Marchetti
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Novel acceleration schemes like plasma wake-field based accelerators demand for high gradient focusing elements to match the Twiss parameters in the plasma to the transport lattice of the conventional accelerator beamlines, with typically much higher beta-functions. There are multiple candidates for achieving high gradient focusing fields, each one having certain drawbacks. Permanent magnets are limited in tunability, plasma lenses might degrade the transverse beam quality significantly and conventional magnets cannot reach very high gradients and often cannot be placed in direct proximity of the plasma accelerator because of their size. In this paper we present design considerations and simulations on compact, high gradient, pulsed quadrupoles, that could be used e.g. for final focusing of space charge dominated bunches into a LWFA (Laser Wake-Field Accelerator) at SINBAD or other facilities with similar demands. The target design gradient is 200 T/m at a physical aperture on the order of 10 mm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF061  
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WEPMF082 Design and Construction of the CERN PS Booster Charge Exchange Injection Chicane Bumpers 2575
 
  • B. Balhan, C. Baud, J.C.C.M. Borburgh, M. Hourican
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the framework of the LIU project and the connection from LINAC4 to PS Booster, the 160 MeV H beam will be injected horizontally into the PSB by means of one charge-exchange injection system for each PSB ring. A set of four outside vacuum pulsed dipole magnets (BSW) creating the required injection bump has been designed and built. The dynamic requirements for the bump ramp down determine, to a large extent, the field homogeneity due to the eddy currents induced in the corrugated Inconel vacuum chamber. Magnetic simulations were performed to determine the field harmonics during bump ramp down, and the results subsequently used for the dynamic tracking of the beam during injection. The mechanical design and construction of the magnets will be briefly outlined, and the article will conclude with the magnetic measurements of the magnets. The magnetic performance of the as built magnets will be compared with the simulations and the influence of the vacuum chambers on the magnetic field will be quantified.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF082  
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WEPMK009 Status of the ESRF-EBS Magnets 2648
 
  • C. Benabderrahmane, J.C. Biasci, J-F. B. Bouteille, J. Chavanne, L. Eybert, L. Goirand, G. Le Bec, L. Lefebvre, S.M. Liuzzo, D. Martin, C. Penel, P. Raimondi, J.-L. Revol, F. Villar, S.M. White
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
 
  The ESRF-EBS (Extremely Brilliant Source) is an upgrade project planned at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in the period 2015-2022. A new storage ring will be built, aiming to decrease the horizontal emittance and to improve the brilliance and coherence of the X-ray beams. The lattice of the new storage ring relies on magnets with demanding specifications: dipoles with longitudinal gradient (field ranging from 0.17 T up to 0.67 T), strong quadrupoles (up to 90 T/m), combined function dipole-quadrupoles with high gradient (0.57 T and 37 T/m), strong sextupoles and octupoles. The design of these magnets is based on innovative solutions; in particular, the longitudinal gradient dipoles are permanent magnets and the combined dipole-quadrupoles are single-sided devices. The longitudinal gradient dipoles have been assembled and measured in house. The design of the magnets, production status and magnetic measurement results will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMK009  
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WEPML076 The Magnetic Measurement of Enhancer-Dipole Magnet for CEPC 2866
 
  • Z. Zhang, H. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The CEPC (Circular Electron Positron Collider) project is in the pre-research stage. When the beam energy of booster is 120 GeV, the magnetic field of deflection magnet is 640 Gs. In order to save funds for scientific research, we also consider the injection energy of 6 GeV, the magnetic field of deflection magnet is 32 Gs. At the different current, the magnetic field value of the enhancer-dipole magnet can reach the beam energy range of 6 Gev-120 GeV. In such a requirements of magnetic field, the stability of the magnetic field value, repeatability, magnet magnetism, has become an important data for the design parameters of enhancer-dipole magnet. The magnet is measured with the Hall-Probe measurement facility by IHEP. In this paper, first written the procedure of motor control and collection by Labview software, then hen the excitation curve(repeat the measurement six times), transverse field distribution(repeat the measurement three times), and integral field distribution are measured. Based on the results of the analysis of large amounts of data, the stability and repeatability of the enhance-dipole magnet in different magnetic fields has summarized and analyzed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML076  
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THPAK100 Design and Fabrication of a Combined Function Magnet Prototype for Siam Photon Source 3466
 
  • P. Sunwong, B. Boonwanna, S. Chaichuay, P. Klysubun, A. Kwankasem, C.P. Preecha, V. Sooksrimuang
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
 
  A prototype of combined function magnet has been developed for a new facility of Siam Photon Source (SPS). The magnet is a combined dipole and quadrupole with the required dipole field and quadrupole gradient of 0.6 T and 30 T/m, respectively. The high field gradient is attained from an offset quadrupole design pioneered by the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). The prototype magnet is fabricated and tested in-house. Magnetic field quality is characterized by the field homogeneity in the central field region and multipole components of the magnetic field. Calculated results show that the gradient deviation and the normalized multipole error are less than 0.01 within the good field region of ±8 mm. Preliminary measurements show a good agreement with the calculation, although further measurements are required to verify the results and the multipole error of magnetic field.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK100  
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THPAL010 Sector DC Dipoles Design for the Beam Test Facility Upgrade 3634
SUSPL081   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • A. Vannozzi, S. Lauciani, L. Pellegrino, L. Sabbatini, C. Sanelli, G. Sensolini
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • P. Valente
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
 
  The Beam Test Facility is part of the DAΦNE accelerators system of INFN Frascati National Laboratory. It is a transfer-line optimized for electrons and positrons extracted from the DAΦNE LINAC. An upgrade of the line is scheduled for two purposes: reach a beam energy of 920 MeV (with respect to the actual 750 MeV) and add a new branch to the present transfer line. This new layout foresees six new quadrupoles one fast ramped dipole, two H-shape and one C-shape sector dipoles. The design of the magnets has been completely performed at INFN involving Electromechanical Enterprise partner in the design phase in order to optimise the manufacturing process. This effort lead to a complete set of detailed CAD drawings that can be directly used by manufacturer to build the magnets. The goal is to boost the manufacturing of prototypes and small series from Small and Medium Enterprises. Magnetic measurements will be performed at INFN. This poster is focused on the realization of the two full iron yoke H-shape and C-shape dipoles, respectively with 45 and 15 bending angle. They are characterized by a high flux density of 1.7 T in a gap of 35 mm. They have a bending radius of 1.8 m  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL010  
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THPAL011 Fast Ramped Dipole and DC Quadrupoles Design for the Beam Test Facility Upgrade 3638
 
  • L. Sabbatini, E. Di Pasquale, L. Pellegrino, C. Sanelli, G. Sensolini
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • P. Valente
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
  • A. Vannozzi
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
 
  The Beam Test Facility (BTF) is part of the DAΦNE accelerators system of INFN Frascati National Laboratory. It is a transfer-line optimized for electrons and positrons extracted from the DAΦNE LINAC. An upgrade of the line is planned in order to reach a beam energy of 920 MeV (with respect to the present 750 MeV), adding a new branch to the present transfer line. The design of the magnets for this new layout has been completely performed at INFN, including electromagnetic, mechanical, thermal and hydraulic aspects. This effort lead to a complete set of detailed CAD drawings that can be used by Industrial partners to build the magnets. The manufacturing processes have been studied in detail: the goal is to boost the manufacturing of prototypes and small series from Small and Medium Enterprises. Magnetic measurements will be performed at our Institute. In this report we describe two types of magnets for this project. The first magnet is a C-shape fast ramped dipole, designed for a beam deflection of 15 degrees; the rise time is 100ms, the gap is 25mm with a magnetic field of 1.11 T. The second is a family of seven quadrupoles with a gradient of 20 T/m and a bore of 45mm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL011  
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THPAL017 From design to alignment of ThomX quadrupoles 3660
 
  • C. Vallerand, R. Marie, H. Monard
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • J. Campmany, J. Marcos, V. Massana
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  • J. Chavanne, G. Le Bec
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
  • M.-E. Couprie, A. Lestrade, A. Loulergue, F. Marteau, M. Ros
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  Quadrupoles for Thomx Facility have been carefully designed and measured due to high constraints of the storage ring. The need of a compact accelerator, 70 m2 on floor, as well as a beam life time of 20 ms, led to the following requirements for the quadrupole : a gradient of 5 T/m with 20.5 mm radius bore, harmonic content better than few 1.10-3 at the reference radius of 18 mm, no cross-talk with sextupole placed within 5 cm and a precision of the magnetic axis of 100 µm and the roll angle of 300 µrad for measurements and alignment. Total of 41 quadrupoles have been built and all measured by a rotating coil at ALBA and SOLEIL, providing multipole components, transfer function and magnetic center. Cross-check measurements have also been carried out with a versatile stretched wire from ESRF at LAL. This paper mainly describes results of simulations with OPERA and RADIA and provides the results of measurements with these three benches. These results will be compared and highlighted important points for the alignment and installation of quadrupoles in an accelerator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL017  
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THPAL020 Design of Asymmetric Quadrupole Gradient Bending R&D Magnet for the Advanced Light Source Upgrade (ALS-U) 3667
 
  • J.-Y. Jung, M. Leitner, N. Li, E.R. San Mateo, C. Steier, C.A. Swenson, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Lawrence Bekerley National Laboratory (LBNL) is en-gaged in the development of magnets for the upgrade of the ALS synchrotron (ALS-U) [1]. The proposed ALS-U lattice is a 9-bend achromat reproducing the existing 12-fold symmetric ALS foot print. The ALS-U lattice requires strong focusing elements and the dipole magnet requires high gradient larger than 46 T/m. This paper presents the detailed design of the R&D dipoles under construction.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL020  
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THPAL022 Precision Magnet Measurements for Deuteron Beam Transport 3670
 
  • R.A. Marsh, D.J. Gibson, B. Rusnak
    LLNL, Livermore, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
A versatile 4 MeV and 7 MeV deuteron beam transport line is being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in support of an accelerator-driven source for fast neutron imaging. The beamline design requires precise alignment and high quality quadrupole magnets to transport a low emittance beam to the target through diagnostics, a bending dipole, and a differential pumping line with minimum beam loss and emittance growth. Vector magnetic field measurements of these magnets have been completed using a mobile version of an existing magnet mapping capability. This magnet mapping system is being used to ensure the delivered magnets meet the field uniformity specification, and that the mountings are aligned and capable of reaching the specified alignment tolerances. Details of the magnet measurement and calibration process that enable accurate field measurements to represent the intrinsic magnet field quality and not the systematic error of the measurement setup are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL022  
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THPAL043 Dipole Magnets for the Technological Electron Accelerators 3739
 
  • I.S. Guk, O.M. Bovda, V.O. Bovda, A.N. Dovbnya, S.G. Kononenko, V.N. Ljashchenko, A. Mytsykov, L.V. Onishchenko, A.Y. Zelinsky
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine
 
  Permanent magnets made of rare earth elements alloys allow to develop compact dipole magnets for the applied electron accelerator. These devices can be used for the beam trajectory bending as well as for the beam characteristics measurements. For NSC KIPT linear accelerator «EPOS» a dipole magnet on the base of Nd-Fe-B alloy has been designed and developed. The magnet provides 90 degrees bend of 23 MeV electron beam. The design value of magnetic field at the beam design trajectory is 0.5 Т. The magnet effective length is 242 mm. The magnet temperature can be changed with thermos-stabilization system. For NSC KIPT 10 MeV LU-10 applied accelerator a dipole magnet of Sm2Co17 alloy has been manufactured. The maximum magnet field of the magnet is 0.3 Т. The magnet layout allows easy magnet assembling at the accelerator chamber. The magnet is used for the beam energy measurement and accelerator beam energy turning. After energy turning the magnet should be removed from the accelerator lattice.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL043  
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THPAL044 The Permanent Magnets Magnetic Characteristics Change Under Effect of 10 MeV Beam 3742
 
  • I.S. Guk, O.M. Bovda, V.O. Bovda, A.N. Dovbnya, A.I. Kalinichenko, S.S. Kandybey, V.N. Ljashchenko, A. Mytsykov, L.V. Onishchenko, O.A. Repikhov, A.Y. Zelinsky
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine
 
  Magnets of applied electron accelerators are under direct effect of electrons and bremsstrahlung radiation stipulated by the electron beam. The choice of the materials for the rare elements alloy accelerator magnets has the decisive importance for the long term magnet parameters keeping. The experimental studies of the magnetic fields around the Nd-Fe-B and Sm2Co17 alloy magnets under effect of the electron beam have been done. The samples of 30х24х12 mm geometrical sizes were bombarded by electron beam of applied NSC KIPT accelerator KUT-1 with electron energy of 10 MeV and were irradiated by correspondent bremsstrahlung. The magnetic field value around Nd-Fe-B alloy samples was decreased nonlineary under electron beam bombarding with change of irradiation doze from 16 to 160 GRad. Under effect of bremsstrahlung the magnetic field value around samples was not changed. The repeated sample magnetizations allowed to restore the initial magnetic field distribution around magnets. The magnetic field distribution around Sm2Co17 alloy samples was not changed under effect of the electron beam and bremsstrahlung within irradiation dozes mentioned above. The induced activity in the Nd-Fe-B and Sm2Co17 alloy samples was changed slightly during the experiments.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL044  
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THPAL052 Finite Element Analysis on Beam-Induced Heat Load in in-Vacuum Undulators with a Small Magnet Gap 3760
 
  • J.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Liu
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  In-vacuum undulators with a small gap and short period have been applied in synchrotron accelerators for hard X-rays users for years. However, beam-induced heat load resulted from synchrotron radiation or the image current will not only degrade the performance of undulator but damage the magnet foil. It is difficult to quantitatively study heat transfer phenomenon of the magnet foil through physical experiment. In this study, finite element analysis was applied to study the effect of beam-induced heat load on an in-vacuum undulator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL052  
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THPAL078 In-Vacuum Lambertson Septum for SPEAR3 Low Emittance Injection 3831
 
  • M.A.G. Johansson, J. Langton, J.A. Safranek
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • S.C. Gottschalk
    STI Magnetics LLC, Woodinville, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by DOE Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515
A new in-vacuum Lambertson septum magnet is being designed for the SPEAR3 storage ring, intended to replace the existing septum to allow injection into a new lower emittance operation mode for SPEAR3. The new septum design is constrained to fit in the same length and have the same bend angle as the existing injection septum, so as to minimize changes to surrounding storage ring and transfer line components, while also meeting stringent requirements on the stored beam leakage field. This has led to a design using Vanadium Permendur alloy for the septum pole pieces, with shaping of the inner profile of the stored beam channel to minimize the leakage fields indicated in 2D and 3D magnetic simulations.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL078  
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THPML102 Field and Cost Optimization of a 5 T/m Normal Conducting Quadrupole for the 10-MeV Beam Line of the eLINAC of the Mexican Particle Accelerator Community 4905
SUSPL080   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • D. Chavez Valenzuela, G.H.I. Maury Cuna, M. Napsuciale Mendivil
    Universidad de Guanajuato, División de Ciencias e Ingenierías, León, Mexico
  • J. C. Basilio Ortiz
    CINVESTAV, Mexico City, Mexico
  • P.M. McIntyre, A. Sattarov
    Texas A&M University, College Station, USA
  • C.A. Valerio
    ECFM-UAS, Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico
  • B. Yee-Rendón
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Mexican Particle Accelerator Community is currently designing the first Mexican RF eLINAC that will have three beamlines at 10, 60 and 100 MeV. In this work, we present an optimized design in terms of field quality and production cost for the 5 T/m normal conducting quadrupoles of the 10-MeV beamline. Several candidate materials for the yoke were studied based on their availability and machinability, with the aim to optimize in-house production cost (Mexico) while restricting a low multipole content.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML102  
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THPML134 Design of the Magnets of the HALS Project 4998
 
  • Z.L. Ren, C. Chen, T.L. He, L. Wang, X.Q. Wang, H. Xu, B. Zhang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.11375176 * hlxu@ustc.edu.cn ** zhbo@ustc.edu.cn
The Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS) is a future soft X-ray diffraction-limited storage ring at NSRL, this project aims to improve the brilliance and coherence of the X-ray beams and to decrease the horizontal emittance. The lattice of the HALS ring relies on magnets with demanding specifications, including combined function dipole-quadrupoles (DQs) with high gradients, dipoles with longitudinal gradients (DLs), high gradient quadrupoles and strong sextupoles. The combined dipole-quadrupole design developed is between the offset quadrupole and septum quadrupole types. The longitudinal-gradient dipoles are permanent magnets. The quadrupoles and sextupoles rely on a more conventional design. All the magnets have been designed using POSSION, Radia, and OPERA-3D.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML134  
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THPML135 Design of the Combined Function Dipole-Quadrupoles (DQS) with High Gradients 5001
 
  • Z.L. Ren, C. Chen, T.L. He, L. Wang, X.Q. Wang, H. Xu, B. Zhang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.11375176 * hlxu@ustc.edu.cn **zhbo@ustc.edu.cn
Combined dipole-quadrupoles (DQs) can be obtained with the design of tapered dipole or offset quadrupole. However, the tapered dipole design can not achieve a high gradient field, as it will lead to poor field quality in the low field area of the magnet bore, and the design of offset quadrupole will increase the magnet size and power consumption. Finally, the dipole-quadrupole design developed is between the offset quadrupole and septum quadrupole types. The dimensions of the poles and the coils of the low field side have been reduced. The 2D pole profile is simulated and optimized by using POSSION and Radia, while the 3D modle using Radia and OPERA-3D. The end shimming and chamfer are modelled to meet the field uniformity requirement.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML135  
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