07 Accelerator Technology
T13 Cryogenics
Paper Title Page
WEPMF073 Adaptation of the Cryogenic System Capacity for the LHC Dynamic Heat Load - Operational Experience 2541
 
  • K. Brodzinski, B. Bradu, S.D. Claudet, D. Delikaris, L.P. Delprat, G. Ferlin
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  During second LHC physics operation period (Run2), between 2015 and 2018, the accelerator operation modes and beam parameters have been adapted thus allowing significantly improved integrated luminosity production. Increased energy, intensity and adapted beam operation schemes with 25 ns of inter-bunches spacing have an essential influence on the dynamic heat load generation with direct impact on the cryogenic cooling system. In order to cope with significantly higher than expected beam induced thermal load, the cryogenic system was tuned and optimized to adapt the required refrigeration capacity to the beam operational requirements. The most challenging part of tuning was focused on the dynamic heat load compensation on the beam screens circuits. The paper will provide the overview on the main differences between the theoretical heat load values considered for initial design and the on-line measurements performed on cryogenic LHC sectors. Finally, the paper will summarize the methodology and tools implemented in the cryogenic process control system allowing the highly efficient on-line adaptation of the refrigeration power with respect to the beam induced heat load distribution.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF073  
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THPAL120 Cryogenics Infrastructure at TRIUMF's Particle Accelerator Facilities 3925
 
  • A.N. Koveshnikov, Y. Bylinskii, G.W. Hodgson, D. Kishi, R.E. Laxdal, R.R. Nagimov, D. Yosifov
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Funding: TRIUMF receives federal funding via a contribution agreement with the National Research Council of Canada.
Cryogenic infrastructure is an indispensable part of TRIUMF accelerator facilities. At the moment TRIUMF operates three helium cryogenic systems supporting operation of three major accelerator systems: 520 MeV proton cyclotron, superconductive radio-frequency (SRF) heavy ion linear accelerator at the Rare Isotope Beams (RIB) facility, and SRF electron linear accelerator (e-linac) at Advanced Rare IsotopE Laboratory (ARIEL). Applications of cryogenic thermal loads vary from cryogenic absorption pumping of the cyclotron vacuum tank to cryogenic cooling of superconducting (SC) RF cavities of production accelerators and support of research and development at SRF department. Wide range of production techniques for cryogenic refrigeration includes helium refrigerators based on both piston and turbine expansion coldboxes for both 4 K and 2 K temperature cryogenic loads. This paper presents the details of TRIUMF cryogenic systems as well as operational experience of various cryogenic installations.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL120  
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THPAL121 The Operational Experience of E-Linac Cryogenic System at TRIUMF 3928
 
  • R.R. Nagimov, Y. Bylinskii, D. Kishi, S.R. Koscielniak, A.N. Koveshnikov, R.E. Laxdal, D. Yosifov
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Funding: ARIEL is funded by CFI, the Provinces of AB, BC, MA, ON, QC, and TRIUMF. TRIUMF receives federal funding via a contribution agreement with the National Research Council of Canada.
The new Advanced Rare IsotopE Laboratory (ARIEL) is a major expansion of the Rare Isotope Beams (RIB) facility at TRIUMF. Superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavities cooled down to 2 K are the key part of ARIEL electron linear accelerator (e-linac). Design of the cryogenic system was bound to follow both phased project schedule and existing building infrastructure. Due to the scheduling of commissioning and R&D activities of ARIEL project, high availability requirements were set for e-linac cryogenic system during its commissioning stage. Various upgrades were introduced during system commissioning in order to improve overall availability and reliability of the system. This paper presents the details of operational experience, commissioning activities and continuous improvement of various operational aspects of e-linac cryogenic system.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL121  
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