08 Applications of Accelerators, Tech Transfer and Industrial Relations
U02 Materials Analysis and Modification
Paper Title Page
MOPML011 Liquid Cluster Ion Beam Processing of Transition Metal Films 415
  • D. Shimizu, H. Ryuto, M. Takeuchi, D. Yamamoto
    Kyoto University, Photonics and Electronics Science and Engineering Center, Kyoto, Japan
  The irradiation effects of cluster ion beams are characterized by the high-density collision of molecules that comprise the clusters against a target. According to molecular dynamics calculations, the local temperature of the colliding cluster and the surface of the target are expected to increase to several thousand K. The enhancement of the chemical interactions between the molecules in the colliding clusters and the atoms on the target surface is expected, if polyatomic molecules, such as ethanol and acetone, are used for the source material of the cluster. So, the irradiation effects of the polyatomic liquid cluster ion beams on transition metal films have been studied to examine the possibility of utilizing the liquid cluster ion beam technique for the processing of transition metal films. The transition metal films were formed by magnetron sputtering. The liquid clusters were produced by the adiabatic expansion method and ionized by electron ionization. The sputtering yields of transition metal films induced by liquid cluster ions are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML011  
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MOPML030 Demonstration of a Tunable Electron Beam Chopper for Application in 200 kV stroboscopic TEM 467
  • C.-J. Jing, S.V. Baryshev, A. Kanareykin, A. Liu, Y. Zhao
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • J.W. Lau
    NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
  • D. Masiel, B. Reed
    Integrated Dynamic Electron Solutions, Pleasanton, California, USA
  • Y. Zhu
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: The project is supported by the Office of Basic Energy Science of DOE through a Small Business Innovative Research grant #DE-SC0013121.
For the last several decades, time-resolved transmission electron microscopes (TEM) exploring the sub-microsecond timescale have relied on the photoemission technology to generate the single or train of electron bunches. However, the complexity of additional laser system and the availability of high repitition rate laser limit applications of the laser-driven approach. Lately we have made substantial progress towards pioneering a new kind of time-resolved TEM, complementary to the existing laser-based techniques. Using a tunable RF beam-chopper, we are able to retrofit an exsiting TEM providing a pulsed electron beam at a continuously tunable reptition rate up to 12GHz and a tunable bunch length. In the article we will briefly discuss the working principle and experimental progress to date.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML030  
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MOPML032 Prospects for a Muon Spin Resonace Facility in the Fermilab MuCool Test Area 474
  • J.A. Johnstone, C. Johnstone
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Fermi Reserach Alliance, LLC under Contract no. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the United States Department of Energy.
This paper investigates the feasibility of re-purposing the MuCool Test Area beamline and experimental hall to support a Muon Spin Resonance Facility which would make it the only such facility in the US. This report reviews the basic muon production concepts as studied and operationally implemented at TRIUMF, PSI, and RAL and their application in the context of the MTA facility. Two scenarios were determined feasible. One, an initial minimal-shielding and capital-cost investment stage with a single secondary muon beamline that utilizes an existing primary beam absorber and, another, an upgraded stage, that implements an optimized production target, a proximate high-intensity absorber, and optimized secondary muon lines. A unique approach is proposed which chops or strips a macropulse of H beam into a micropulse substructure - a muon creation timing scheme - which allows Muon Spin Resonance experiments in a linac environment. With this timing scheme, and attention to target design and secondary beam collection, the MTA can host enabling and competitive Muon Spin Resonance experiments.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML032  
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MOPML045 Measurement of Displacement Cross-Section for Structural Materials in High-Power Proton Accelerator Facility 499
  • S.I. Meigo, S.H. Hasegawa, H.I. Hiroki, H. Hiroki, Y. Iwamoto, F.M. Maekawa
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
  • T. Ishida, S. Makimura, T. Nakamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Makoto
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  As the increase of beam power of hadron accelerators, the damage to target material is essential. For estimation of damage such as target material used at the facility, displacement per atom (DPA), calculated by the particle flux multiplied displacement cross-section with cascade mode, is widely employed as an index of the damage. Although the DPA is employed as the standard, the experimental data of displacement cross-section are scarce for a proton in the energy region above 20 MeV. A recent study reports that the displacement cross section of tungsten has 8 times difference among the calculation models. Therefore, experimental data of the displacement cross-section is crucial. The displacement cross-section can be obtained by observing the change of resistivity of the sample cooled by GM cooler to sustain the damage. The sample is placed in the vacuum chamber placed at upstream of the beam dump for 3 GeV and 30 GeV synchrotrons in J-PARC, where the sample will be irradiated by the proton in the energy range between 0.4 and 30 GeV. In the vast energy range, the displacement cross-section can be obtained for the proton, which will help to improve the damage estimation of the target material.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML045  
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TUYGBF3 An EBIS-Based Low-Energy Accelerator for Fine-Focussed Ion Beams 647
  • M. Schmidt, P. Laux, G.H. Zschornack
    DREEBIT, Großröhrsdorf, Germany
  Technologies based on focused ion beams have become indispensable for research institutions as well as commercial laboratories and high-tech production facilities (micro- and nanotechnology, semiconductor technology). We report on a compact setup combining an Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS), a Wien filter for ion species separation, and a fine focusing ion acceleration column capable of producing ion beams with beam diameters in the micrometer range at ion beam energies up to the MeV range. Almost all elements of the periodic system can be injected into the EBIS to produce a broad spectrum of ion charge states with only one ion source. The beam energy of a selected ion species can easily be varied by changing the electric potential of the EBIS drift tube in which the ions are generated, resulting in different implantation depths in various solids. We present studies on beam diameter and emittance, available charge states, and SEM imaging as application.  
slides icon Slides TUYGBF3 [3.972 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUYGBF3  
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