08 Applications of Accelerators, Tech Transfer and Industrial Relations
U04 Security
Paper Title Page
MOPML054 Production and Collection of He-3 and Other Valuable Isotopes using Mu*STAR 527
  • R.P. Johnson, R.J. Abrams, M.A. Cummings, T.J. Roberts
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  We propose an example facility based on GEM*STAR, an accelerator-driven molten-salt-fueled graphite-moderated thermal-spectrum reactor that can operate with different fissile fuels and uses a LiF-BeF2 molten eutectic carrier salt. In the first example, they propose using the 6Li in the LiF carrier to produce more than 2 kg/y of tritium (decaying to 3He with 12.3 year half-life) using a 2.5 MWb superconducting proton linac to drive the subcritical 500 MWt reactor burning surplus plutonium. The collection of other valuable fission-product radioisotopes like 133Xe will also benefit from the high temperature and continuous removal and separation afforded by fractional distillation  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML054  
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Applications of Compact Accelerators in Space for National Security  
  • B.E. Carlsten
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  Relativistic electrons can oscillate above the Earth trapped in the radiation belts (known as the Van Allen Belts). These electrons, which can originate from the solar wind or a high-altitude nuclear explosion, have the potential to damage satellites in low-Earth orbit. For example, in 1962, the US detonated the Starfire warhead at an altitude of about 400 km. The unexpected resulting enhancement of the radiation belts disabled several satellites within a few months and energetic electrons remained trapped in the radiation belts for up to several years. In order to address this potential vulnerability, schemes have been proposed to drain electrons from the radiation belts, with the most promising based on using high-power RF waves to couple to the trapped electrons. This talk will provide an overview of radiation belt remediation including the use of electron accelerators to drive these RF waves.  
slides icon Slides FRYGB2 [1.314 MB]  
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