08 Applications of Accelerators, Tech Transfer and Industrial Relations
U05 Other Applications
Paper Title Page
MOPML028 Accelerator Machines and Experimental Activities in the ENEA Frascati Particle Accelerators and Medical Application Laboratory 460
  • M. Vadrucci, A. Ampollini, G. Bazzano, F. Borgognoni, P. Nenzi, L. Picardi, C. Ronsivalle, V. Surrenti, E. Trinca
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  Funding: Regione Lazio - TOP IMPLART Project
In the ENEA Frascati research center the APAM (Particle Accelerators and Medical Application) laboratory is devoted to the development of particle accelerators for medical applications. Two main facilities are operational. The TOP-IMPLART proton accelerator is a pulsed fully linear machine aimed at active intensity modulated proton therapy with a final energy of 150 MeV. The machine offers two beam extraction points: one at 3-7 MeV, on a vertical line, and the other one at 35 MeV, the maximum energy currently available, with a pulse current up to 35 μA, on the horizontal line. The REX (Removable target Electron X-ray) source consists of an electron standing wave LINAC generating a beam in the energy range of 3 to 5 MeV with a pulsed current of 0.2 A. This source can generate Bremsstrahlung X-ray beams using suitable converters (Pb, W, Ta). This paper describes the experimental results of satellite activities performed in these facilities in the fields of biology, dosimetry, electronics, PIXE spectroscopy and preservation of cultural heritage manufacts.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML028  
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MOPML031 Highlights of Accelerator Activities in France on Behalf of the Accelerator Division of the French Physics Society 470
  • J.-L. Revol
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
  • S. Chel
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • B. Cros
    CNRS LPGP Univ Paris Sud, Orsay, France
  • N. Delerue
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • E. Giguet
    ALSYOM, Versailles, France
  • V. Le Flanchec
    CEA/DAM, Bruyères-le-Châtel, France
  • L.S. Nadolski
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • L. Perrot
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • A. Savalle
    GANIL, Caen, France
  • T. Thuillier
    LPSC, Grenoble Cedex, France
  The French Physical Society is a non-profit organization working to advance and diffuse the knowledge of physics. Its Accelerators division contributes to the promotion of accelerator activities in France. This paper presents the missions and actions of the division, high-lighting those concerning young scientists. A brief presentation of the laboratories, institutes, and facilities that are the main actors in the field is given. Significant ongoing and planned projects in France are described, including medical applications. Main French contributions in inter-national projects are then listed. Finally, cultural and technical relationships between industry and laboratories are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML031  
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MOPML034 Development Status of Superconducting RF Transmission Electron Microscope 481
  • N. Higashi, A. Enomoto, Y. Funahashi, T. Furuya, X.J. Jin, Y. Kamiya, S. Michizono, F. Qiu, M. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • S. Yamashita
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  Now we are developing a new type of transmission electron microscope (TEM) employing the accelerator technologies. In place of a DC thermal gun generally used in conventional TEMs, we apply a photocathode gun and a special-shaped superconducting cavity, named two-mode cavity. The two-mode cavity has two resonant modes of TM010 (1.3 GHz) and TM020 (2.6 GHz). To superimpose these, we can suppress the increase of the energy spread, which is needed for the high-spatial-resolution TEMs. We have already developed some prototypes of the photocathode gun and two-mode cavity, and now in the middle of the performance tests. In this presentation, we will show the latest status of the development.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML034  
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MOPML044 Start-to-End Beam Dynamic Simulations for PRAE 495
  • A. Vnuchenko
    IFIC, Valencia, Spain
  • C. Bruni, M. El Khaldi, A. Faus-Golfe, P. Lepercq, C. Vallerand
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • A. Latina
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The PRAE project (Platform for Research and Applications with Electrons) aims at creating a multidisciplinary R&D facility in the Orsay campus gathering various scientific communities involved in radiobiology, subatomic physics, instrumentation and particle accelerators around an electron accelerator delivering a high-performance beam with energy up to 70 MeV and later 140 MeV, in order to perform a series of unique measurements and future challenging R&D. In this paper we report the first start-to-end simulations from the RF gun, going through the linac and finally to the different experimental platforms. The beam dynamics simulations have been performed using a concatenation of codes. In particular for the linac the RF-Track code recently developed at CERN will be used and benchmarked. The different working points have been analysed in order to minimise the transverse emittance and the beam energy spread including space charge effects at low electron energies.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML044  
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MOPML047 Diversified Application of ILC 502
  • Y. Iwashita
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • T. Hayakawa
    QST, Tokai, Japan
  • N. Kawamura, S. Makimura, K. Mishima, D. Nomura, K. Shimomura, S. Yamamoto, T. Yamazaki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  ILC will be a very powerful accelerator complex. It has not only the high power energetic electron beam but also positron and photon beams. In addition to these beams, large cryogenic plants are equipped together with various utility facilities. Some suggestions on the assumption of availability of ILC are offered from various fields. These discussions will be reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML047  
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MOPML049 Generation of 1-MeV Quasi-Monochromatic Gamma-Rays for Precise Measurement of Delbrück Scattering by Laser Compton Scattering 508
  • H. Zen, T. Kii, H. Ohgaki
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • M. Fujimoto, M. Katoh, E. Salehi
    UVSOR, Okazaki, Japan
  • T. Hayakawa, T. Shizuma
    QST, Tokai, Japan
  • M. Katoh
    Sokendai - Okazaki, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
  • J. Koga
    National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Kyoto, Japan
  • E. Salehi
    AUT, Tehran, Iran
  Delbrück scattering is the elastic scattering of photons by the electromagnetic field of an atomic nucleus, as a consequence of vacuum polarization. The isolated measurement of Delbrück scattering has not been performed because of interference with other elastic scattering processes. It was recently discovered that, using linearly polarized photons, Delbrück scattering can be measured nearly independently of the other scattering processes*. In order to perform a proof of principle experiment, a quasi-monochromatic gamma-ray beam with a maximum photon energy of 1 MeV has been generated at the UVSOR facility by colliding a CO2 laser with a 750-MeV electron beam. A preliminary experiment has been performed with 0.5-W laser power and 1-mA electron beam current. As a result, the measured gamma-ray flux was evaluated as 0.0006 photon/eV/mA/W/s around the peak energy of 1 MeV. If we accept 20 percent energy spread, in case of a 100-W CO2 laser colliding with a 300 mA electron beam, approximately 4 x 106-photons/s gamma-rays could be obtained. This flux is sufficiently high for the proof of principle experiment.
*J.K. Koga and T. Hayakawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 204801 (2017).
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML049  
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MOPML066 Ultrafast Mega-electron-volt Gas-Phase Electron Diffraction at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory 556
  • X. Shen, R.K. Li, X.J. Wang, S.P. Weathersby, J. Yang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  Funding: This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515, and the SLAC UED/UEM Initiative Program Development Fund.
Ultrashort mega-electron-volt (MeV) electron beams from radio-frequency (rf) photoinjectors have recently attracted strong interests for application in ultrafast gas-phase electron diffraction (UGED). Such high-brightness electron beams are capable of providing 100-fs level temporal resolution and sub-Angstrom level spatial resolution to capture the ultrafast structural dynamics from photoexcited gas molecules. To experimentally demonstrate such an ultrafast electron scattering instrument, a high performance UGED system has been commissioned at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The UGED instrument produces 3.7 MeV electron beams with 2 fC beam charge at 180-Hz repetition rate. The temporal resolution is characterized to be 150 fs full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM), while the spatial resolution is measured to be 0.76 Å FWHM. The UGED instrument also demonstrates outstanding performance in vacuum, rf, and electron beam pointing stability. Details of the performance of the SLAC MeV UGED system is reported in this paper.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML066  
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TUZGBF5 KlyLac Prototyping for Borehole Logging 1244
  • A.V. Smirnov, R.B. Agustsson, M.A. Harrison, A.Y. Murokh, A.Yu. Smirnov
    RadiaBeam Systems, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • S. Boucher, T.J. Campese, K.J. Hoyt
    RadiaBeam, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • E.A. Savin
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • A.A. Zavadtsev
    Nano, Moscow, Russia
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (award No. DE-SC0015721)
Linac-based system for borehole logging exploits KlyLac approach combing klystron and linac sharing the same electron beam, vacuum volume, and RF network enabling self-oscillation due to a positive feedback. The KlyLac prototype design tailors delivering ~1 MeV electrons in a linac section using part of the beam injected from a sheet beam klystron (SBK). The linac part is based on a very robust, high group velocity, cm-wave, and a standing wave accelerating structure of a 'cross-pin' type supplied by a sampler. The SBK part features a permanent magnet solenoid focusing, relatively low voltage, and high aspect ratio beam. The main SBK characteristics (perveance, power, and efficiency) are expected to be similar to that for a magnetron.
slides icon Slides TUZGBF5 [3.285 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUZGBF5  
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