Keyword: accelerating-gradient
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MOPML043 High Gradient Performance of an S-Band Backward Traveling Wave Accelerating Structure for Medical Hadron Therapy Accelerators linac, proton, cavity, radiation 491
 
  • A. Vnuchenko, C. Blanch Gutiérrez, D. Esperante Pereira
    IFIC, Valencia, Spain
  • S. Benedetti, N. Catalán Lasheras, A. Grudiev, B. Koubek, G. McMonagle, I. Syratchev, B.J. Woolley, W. Wuensch
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Faus-Golfe
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • T.G. Lucas, M. Volpi
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • S. Pitman
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
 
  The high-gradient performance of an accelerating structure prototype for a medical proton linac is presented. The structure was designed and built using technology developed by the CLIC collaboration and the target application is the TULIP (Turning Linac for Proton therapy) proposal developed by the TERA foundation. The special feature of this design is to produce gradient of more than 50 MV /m in low-β accelerating structures (v/c=0.38). The structure was tested in an S-band test stand at CERN. During the tests, the structure reached over above 60 MV/m at 1.2 μs pulse length and breakdown rate of about 5x10-6 bpp. The results presented include ultimate performance, long term behaviour and measurements that can guide future optimization.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML043  
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TUZGBE4 Toward High-Power High-Gradient Testing of mm-Wave Standing-Wave Accelerating Structures experiment, coupling, cavity, diagnostics 1224
 
  • E.A. Nanni, V.A. Dolgashev, A.A. Haase, J. Neilson, S.G. Tantawi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • S. Jawla, R.J. Temkin
    MIT/PSFC, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • S. C. Schaub
    MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • B. Spataro
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  Funding: This work is supported in part by Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 (SLAC) and DE-SC0015566 (MIT).
We will preliminary testing results for single-cell accelerating structures intended for high-gradient testing at 110 GHz. The purpose of this work is to study the basic physics of ultrahigh vacuum RF breakdown in high-gradient RF accelerators. The accelerating structures consist of pi-mode standing-wave cavities fed with TM01 circular waveguide mode. We fabricated of two structures one in copper and the other in CuAg alloy. Cold RF tests confirm the design RF performance of the structures. The geometry and field shape of these accelerating structures is as close as practical to single-cell standing-wave X-band accelerating structures more than 40 of which were tested at SLAC. This wealth of X-band data will serve as a baseline for these 110 GHz tests. The structures will be powered with a MW gyrotron oscillator that produces microsecond pulses. One megawatt of RF power from the gyrotron may allow us to reach a peak accelerating gradient of 400 MeV/m.
 
slides icon Slides TUZGBE4 [4.648 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUZGBE4  
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TUPMF080 Progress on Multibunch FEL Performance at FLASH cavity, operation, FEL, controls 1452
 
  • T. Hellert, Ch. Schmidt
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  At the SASE-FEL user facility FLASH, superconducting TESLA-type cavities are used for acceleration. The high achievable duty cycle allows for operating with long bunch-trains, hence considerably increasing the efficiency of the machine. However, RF induced intra-bunch-train trajectory variations were found to be responsible for significant variations of the SASE intensity within one bunch train. This work presents the latest achievements in improving the multi-bunch FEL performance by reducing the intra-bunch-train variation of RF parameters. Particular attention is given to the static and dynamic detuning of the cavities. It will be shown that the current level of LLRF control is suitable to limit the variation of RF parameters considerably.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF080  
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TUPML054 Microbeam Irradiation System with a Dielectric Laser Accelerator for Radiobiology Research laser, electron, radiation, cavity 1664
 
  • K. Koyama
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Z. Chen
    The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • T. Takahashi
    The University of Tokyo, The School of Engineering, Tokyo, Japan
  • M. Uesaka
    The University of Tokyo, Nuclear Professional School, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  Funding: This work was supported by KAKENHI (Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research)15H03595 and partly supported by NIMS Nanofabrication Platform in Nanotechnology Platform Project sponsored by the MEXT, Japan.
A laser micro-irradiation (LMI) system is widely used in the field of radiobiology because of its acceptably small size. However, damage in a cell nucleus caused by the LMI system does not necessarily simulate a radiation effect. If the laser of the LMI system is replaced with a small-scale 1MeV-class accelerator such as a dielectric laser accelerator (DLA), experiments might be performed under conditions that are more realistic. The desirable configuration of the DLA for a compact micro-beam irradiation system is that laser pulses are transported to a dielectric structure by single-mode optical fibers and the laser energy is accumulated in an accelerator channel. The long and low-intensity laser pulse of 100 MW/cm2, 10ps and a resonator with Q=104 are capable of producing the light intensity of 1 TW/cm2. The long laser pulse, i.e., low laser induced damage threshold intensity, decreases the acceleration gradient to about 1/3 of the ultra-short pulse irradiation of 100 fs. The length of the accelerator at long-laser pulse might be within the allowable range of several cm. The resonator scheme is useful only for the sub-relativistic regime because of the acceleration gradient.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML054  
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WEPMF050 Update on Nb3Sn Progress at Cornell University cavity, niobium, SRF, site 2479
 
  • R.D. Porter, J. Ding, D.L. Hall, M. Liepe
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • T.A. Arias, P. Cueva, D.A. Muller, N. Sitaraman
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Niobium-3 Tin (Nb3Sn) is the most promising alternative material for SRF accelerator cavities. The material can achieve higher quality factors, higher temperature operation and potentially higher accelerating gradients compared to conventional niobium. Cornell University has a leading program to produce 2 - 3 micrometer thick coatings of Nb3Sn on Nb for SRF applications using vapor diffusion. This program has been the first to produce quality factors higher than achievable with conventional Nb at usable accelerating gradients. Here we present an update on progress at Cornell University, including studies of the formation of the Nb3Sn layer, density functional theory calculations of Nb3Sn growth, and designs for a sample host cavity for measuring the quench field of Nb3Sn.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF050  
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WEPMK016 New Insight on Nitrogen Infusion Revealed by Successive Nanometric Material Removal cavity, SRF, factory, niobium 2665
 
  • M. Checchin, A. Grassellino, M. Martinello, O.S. Melnychuk, S. Posen, A.S. Romanenko, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  In this study we present new insight on low temperature nitrogen infusion on bulk niobium superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavities. Nitrogen infusion is a thermal treatment recently discovered at Fermilab that allows to reach high accelerating gradients, of the order of 45MV/m, with high Q-factors, of the order of 2 · 1010. Detailed depth dependent RF studies (by means of subsequent HF rinses) and comparisonwith SIMS results pinpointed interstitial nitrogen as the responsible for the improved performance and uncovered the extension of its profile inside the material.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMK016  
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WEPML041 Comparative Study of Low Beta Multi-Gap Superconducting Bunchers cavity, linac, heavy-ion, proton 2786
 
  • K.V. Taletskiy, W.A. Barth, M. Gusarova, S. Yaramyshev
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  • W.A. Barth, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • M. Basten, M. Busch
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • M. Gusarova
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  The results of a comparative study of low beta multi-gap superconducting bunchers for 216.816 MHz and a relative velocity of 0.07с with dedicated limitations of the overall geometrical dimensions are presented. A comparison of electrodynamic, mechanical and thermal properties of 3-gap and 2-gap cavities is shown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML041  
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WEPML078 Development of a Superconducting Double-Spoke Cavity at IMP cavity, SRF, ion-source, niobium 2869
 
  • T.C. Jiang, H. Guo, Y. He, C.L. Li, L.B. Liu, T. Tan, P.R. Xiong, Z.M. You, W.M. Yue, S.H. Zhang, S.X. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
 
  Superconducting multi-spoke cavities are well-known optional choice for acceleration of heavy ions in medium velocity regimes. The paper describes the design, fabrication and test results of the superconducting double-spoke cavity developed at IMP. After Buffered Chemical Polishing and High pressure Rinsing, one cavity has undergone high gradient RF testing at 4 K in the Vertical Test Stand. We present measurements of the quality factor as a function of accelerating field and maximum field on the surface. Accelerating gradient of more than 15 MV/m is reached with peak electric field of 61 MV/m, and peak magnetic field of 118 mT.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML078  
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THPAL032 1.3GHz Nb Single-Cell Cavity Vertical Electropolishing with Ninja Cathode and Results of Vertical Test cavity, cathode, experiment, factory 3702
 
  • K.N. Nii, V. Chouhan, Y.I. Ida, T.Y. Yamaguchi
    MGH, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • H. Hayano, S. Kato, H. Monjushiro, T. Saeki, M. Sawabe
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Oikawa
    Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan
 
  Marui Galvanizing Co., Ltd. has been developing Nb cavity vertical electropolishing (VEP) technologies in collaboration with KEK. Until now, we reported that inner surface state and removal thickness distribution were improved in VEP with Ninja cathode and coupon cavity. This time, a 1.3GHz Nb single-cell cavity VEP with Ninja cathode was performed in Marui and vertical test was performed in KEK. The inner surface state and removal thickness distribution were satisfactory. And as a result of vertical test, the accelerating gradient of 32MV/m (Q0=8.0E9) was achieved.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL032  
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THPAL061 Simulation of Pulsed Temperature Rise in Cryogenic Copper RF Cavity Achieving a Very High Accelerating Field cavity, simulation, coupling, cryogenics 3788
 
  • T. Tanaka, K. Hayakawa, Y. Hayakawa, K. Nogami, T. Sakai, Y. Sumitomo
    LEBRA, Funabashi, Japan
 
  A cryogenic C-band photocathode RF electron gun cavity has been studied at Nihon University LEBRA in cooperation with KEK. The RF properties of a cold model measured at 20 K have shown good agreement with those expected from computer simulations using the cavity surface resistance predicted by the theory of the anomalous skin effect. Recent studies on the vacuum RF breakdown at high electric fields suggest that the temperature in the cavity surface during the high power RF pulse has a significant effect on the behavior of the breakdown rate. In order to investigate the breakdown property of the cryogenic cavity aiming at a very high accelerating field with as low breakdown rate as possible, one-dimensional simulations of the temperature rise in the cavity surface have been done for various combinations of the RF pulse width and the peak input RF power. The evaluation will be taken into consideration in the design of a new high power cryogenic cavity that has basically the same configuration with the cold model.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL061  
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THPAL065 Improving the Work Function of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium Surfaces for SRF Cavities by Plasma Processing plasma, cavity, niobium, SRF 3802
 
  • K.E. Tippey, R. Afanador, M. Doleans, S.-H. Kim, J.D. Mammosser, C.J. McMahan
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  • M. Martinello
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: DOE research grant FWP-ERKCSA2; DOE contract DE-AC05-00OR22725
Work function and surface chemistries of SiC-polished, electropolished, and nitrogen-doped niobium coupons were analyzed before and after plasma processing using a neon-oxygen gas mixture. These studies represent an initial enquiry into the feasibility of applying the plasma processing technique designed at ORNL for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) to the nitrogen-doped Nb cavities for the Coherent Light Source II (LCLS-II). Work function of all measured samples was increased after plasma processing, which indicates the strong potential of the plasma processing technique as a tool for increasing the accelerating gradient of nitrogen-doped cavities.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL065  
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THPMK049 New Geometrical-Optimization Approach using Splines for Enhanced Accelerator Cavities' Performance controls, cavity, impedance, simulation 4395
 
  • M.H. Nasr, S.G. Tantawi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Over the past decades accelerator scientists made a huge effort in advancing the technology of particle accelerators, which lead to state-of-the-art fabrication techniques as well as simulation tools. Combining these advancements with the large boosting in computing speed provides large flexibility and motivation to investigate new accelerator geometries. In this paper, we describe a new optimization approach for the geometry of accelerating cells. This approach uses a set of control points with variable positions to control a non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS), which describes the cavity shape. The positions of the control points are then optimized using differential-evolution optimization to maximize/minimize a defined optimization function, which is defined by the user and depends on the cavity parameters such as the shunt impedance, wall losses, peak surface fields…etc. This optimization approach leads to accelerator geometries with enhanced performance and very smooth surface fields.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK049  
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THPML122 Beta-SRF - A New Facility to Characterize SRF Materials near Fundamental Limits SRF, cavity, TRIUMF, linac 4961
 
  • E. Thoeng
    UBC & TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • R.A. Baartman, R.E. Laxdal, B. Matheson, G. Morris, N. Muller, S. Saminathan
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
  • A. Chen
    UBC, Vancouver, Canada
  • T. Junginger
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) & UBC (NSERC) IsoSiM Program
Demands of CW high-power LINAC require SRF cavities operating at the frontier of high accelerating gradient and low RF power dissipation, i.e. high quality factor (Q0). This requirement poses a challenge for standard surface treatment recipes of SRF cavities. In a recent breakthrough, elliptical SRF cavities doped with Nitrogen have been shown to improve Q0 by a factor of 3, close to the fundamental SRF limit. The fundamental mechanisms at microscopic level and optimum doping recipe, however, have still not fully been understood. Materials other than Nb have also been proposed for SRF cavities to overcome the fundamental limit already reached with Nitrogen doping, e.g. Nb3Sn, MgB2, and Nb-SIS multilayer. At TRIUMF, a unique experimental facility is currently being developed to address these issues. This facility will be able to probe local surface magnetic field in the order of the London Penetration Depth (several tens of nm) via \beta decay detection of a low-energy radioactive ion-beam. This allows depth-resolution and layer-by-layer measurement of magnetic field shielding effectiveness of different SRF materials at high-parallel field (up to 200 mT). Design and current development of this facility will be presented here, as well as commissioning and future measurements strategies for new SRF materials.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML122  
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