Keyword: bunching
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MOPML022 Development of Travelling Wave Accelerating Structure for a 10 MeV E-Linac electron, radiation, linac, simulation 443
 
  • J.H. Yang, Y. Yang
    CIAE, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • G. Han
    China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Electron irradiation processing is a vital application field of nuclear technology application. China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) developed several 10 MeV high power electron irradiating accelerator successfully, promoting the development of high energy high power irradiating accelerator technology and electron irradiation processing in China. The paper introduced the development of a 10 MeV travelling wave accelerating tube. The tube operates at 2856 MHz in 2π/3 mode. The SUPERFISH and PARMELA are used for the physical design. Several methods are used for microwave parameter measurement and tuning. The high power test shows the beam energy is 10.3 MeV and average beam power is 24.3 kW.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML022  
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MOPML067 9/6 MeV European S-band Linac Structure for Container Inspection System at RTX and KAERI electron, coupling, linac, gun 560
 
  • P. Buaphad, H.D. Park, S. Song
    RTX, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • P. Buaphad, Y. Joo
    University of Science and Technology of Korea (UST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • P. Buaphad, S.C. Cha, Y. Joo, Y. Kim, H.R. Lee
    KAERI, Jeongeup-si, Republic of Korea
 
  Recently, demands on low energy electron linear accelerators (linacs) for industrial applications are rapidly growing. Their beam energies are lower than 20 MeV, and they require a compact, cheap, and stable accelerator system. For the Container Inspection System (CIS), KAERI successfully developed a 9/6 MeV American S-band (= 2856 MHz) linac with a 5 MW klystron in 2013. To reduce the cost of the RF source, recently, KAERI and RTX also have been developing another 9/6 MeV European S-band (= 2998 MHz) linac by using a magnetron with a lower RF power of about 3.1 MW. Its accelerating structure is designed to be operated in π/2 mode by coupling 13 accelerating cells together through 12 side-coupling cells. The CST Microwave Studio is used for electromagnetic simulations and optimization of the accelerating structure. After various optimizations, a shunt impedance of 84 MΩ/m is obtained at π/2 mode frequency of 2998.31 MHz. In this paper, we describe design concept, optimization, and RF measurement of the new 9/6 MeV European S-band linac structure. Then, we compare it with our old American S-band linac structure.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML067  
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TUPAF034 LEIR Injection Efficiency Studies as a Function of the Beam Energy Distribution from Linac3 linac, injection, cavity, optics 758
 
  • S. Hirlaender, R. Alemany-Fernández, H. Bartosik, G. Bellodi, N. Biancacci, V. Kain, R. Scrivens
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  High intensities in the CERN Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR) are achieved using multi-turn injections from the pre-accelerator Linac3 combined with simultaneous stacking in momentum and transverse phase spaces. Up to seven consecutive 200 μs long, 200 ms spaced pulses are injected from Linac3 into LEIR by stacking each of them into the six-dimensional phase-space over 70 turns. An inclined septum magnet allows proper filling of the transverse phase-space plane, while longitudinal stacking requires momentum variation achieved by a shift of mean momentum over time provided by phase shifting a combination of 2 RF cavities at the exit of Linac3. The achievable maximum accumulated intensity depends strongly on the longitudinal beam quality of the injected beam. The longitudinal Schottky signal is used to measure the received energy distribution of the circulating beam which is then correlated with the obtained injection efficiency. This paper presents the experimental studies to understand and further improve the injection reliability and the longitudinal stacking.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF034  
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TUPMF051 Generating Ultrashort X-Ray Pulse in a Diffraction-Limed Storage Ring by Phase-Merging Enhanced Harmonic Generation with Normal Modulator radiation, laser, electron, undulator 1371
 
  • W. Liu, Y. Jiao
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  In recent years, the study of ultrafast processes has increased the demand for ultrashort pulses. The duration of the synchrotron radiation pulse is generally in the range of 10-100 ps, which cannot be used in the experiments of studying the ultrafast process. Thus it is interesting to explore a way of obtaining sub-picosecond radiation pulses in storage ring light sources. The phase-merging enhanced harmonic generation (PEHG) scheme using a transverse gradient undulator as the modulator can be used to generate coherent radiation at high harmonic, which is very suitable for the generating ultrashort pulses in a diffraction-limed storage ring (DLSR). This paper presents a new PEHG modulation scheme, using a normal undulator as the modulator. This scheme is technically easier to be realized in a DLSR. Simulation is performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of this method.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF051  
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TUPMF060 Design of Bunch Lengthening System in Electron Linac linac, booster, photon, lattice 1401
 
  • C. Meng, Y. Jiao, J.L. Li, S. Pei, Y.M. Peng, H.S. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) is a 6-GeV, ultralow-emittance light source to be built in China. The injector is composed of a linac and a full energy booster. To increase the threshold of TMCI in the booster, the HEPS linac design has been evolved with several iterations. The important middle-version design is a 300 MeV linac with rms bunch length larger than 20 ps. One bunch lengthening system is proposed and discussed in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF060  
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TUPMF061 Physical Design of the 500 MeV Electron Linac for the High Energy Photon Source linac, electron, gun, emittance 1404
 
  • S. Pei, D.Y. He, X. He, J.L. Li, J. Liu, X. Ma, C. Meng, X. Wang, O. Xiao, J.R. Zhang, Z.S. Zhou
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • S. Shu
    Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the HEPS project and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11475201). peisl@ihep.ac.cn
The High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) is a 6 GeV light source with ultra-low emittance, it is proposed to be built at Huairou district, northeast suburb of Beijing, China. A 500 MeV electron linac will be used to generate the electron beam for injection into the booster. Here the preliminary physical design of the electron linac is presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF061  
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TUPMK016 Using Time Evolution of the Bunch Structure to Extract the Muon Momentum Distribution in the Fermilab Muon g-2 Experiment experiment, positron, storage-ring, injection 1526
 
  • W. Wu, B. Quinn
    UMiss, University, Mississippi, USA
  • J.D. Crnkovic
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Beam dynamics plays an important role in achieving the unprecedented precision on measurement of the muon anomalous magnetic moment in the Fermilab Muon g-2 Experiment. It needs to find the muon momentum distribution in the storage ring in order to evaluate the electric field correction to muon anomalous precession frequency. We will show how to use time evolution of the beam bunch structure to extract the muon momentum distribution by applying a fast rotation analysis on the decay electron signals.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK016  
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TUPML011 Experiments Producing Nanopatterned Electron Beams electron, FEL, experiment, emittance 1553
 
  • L.E. Malin, W.S. Graves, J. Spence, K. Weiss, C. Zhang
    Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
  • R.K. Li, E.A. Nanni, X. Shen, S.P. Weathersby, J. Yang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by NSF awards 1632780 and 1231306, DOE award DE-AC02-76SF00515, and the SLAC UED/UEM Initiative Program Development Fund.
RF photoinjectors are increasingly used to image at the nanoscale in much the same way as a Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), which are generally sub-MeV energy. We have conducted electron diffraction experiments through a thin membrane of single crystal silicon using both the TEM and photoinjector, and have been able to model and predict the diffraction patterns using the multislice method. A nanopatterned single crystal silicon grating was also imaged in the TEM in the bright field, where all but the direct beam of the diffraction pattern is blocked, giving high contrast spatial modulations corresponding to the 400 nm pitch grating lithographically etched into the silicon. Drawing from our previous multislice calculations, we determined the crystallographic orientation that maximized the contrast in this spatial modulation at the energy of the TEM, giving a bunching factor comparable to a saturated FEL. We report on these key steps toward control of radiation phase and temporal coherence in an FEL.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML011  
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WEYGBE1 Suppressing CSR Microbunching in Recirculation Arcs dipole, lattice, emittance, radiation 1784
 
  • C.-Y. Tsai
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  We provide sufficient conditions for suppression of CSR-induced microbunching instability along transport or recirculation arcs. The example lattices include low-energy (∼100 MeV) and high-energy (∼1 GeV) recirculation arcs, and medium-energy compressor arcs. Our studies show that lattices satisfying the proposed conditions indeed have microbunching gain suppressed. Beam current dependencies of maximal CSR microbunching gains are also demonstrated, which should help outline a beam line design for different scales of nominal currents. We expect this analysis can improve future lattice design.  
slides icon Slides WEYGBE1 [10.979 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEYGBE1  
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WEPAK006 Bunch Shape Measurements at the GSI CW-Linac Prototype linac, cavity, heavy-ion, emittance 2091
 
  • T. Sieber, W.A. Barth, P. Forck, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, H. Reeg, A. Reiter, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • F.D. Dziuba, T. Kürzeder, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • A. Feschenko, S.A. Gavrilov
    RAS/INR, Moscow, Russia
 
  The existing GSI accelerator will become the injector for FAIR. To preserve and enhance the current experimental program at UNILAC, a new Linac is under development, which shall run in parallel to the FAIR injector, providing cw-beams of ions at energies from 3.5 - 7.3 MeV/u. For this cw-Linac a superconducting prototype cavity has been developed and was first operated with beam in summer 2017. The resonator is a cross-bar H-structure (CH) of 0.7 m length, with a resonant frequency of 216.8 MHz. It has been installed behind the GSI High Charge State Injector (HLI), which provided 108 MHz bunches of 1.4 MeV/u Ar6+/9+/11+ ions at a duty cycle of 25 %. Due to the frequency jump and small longitudinal acceptance of the CH, proper matching of the HLI beam to the prototype was required. The bunch properties of the injected beam as well as the effect of different phase- and amplitude-settings of the cavity were measured in detail with a bunch shape monitor (BSM) fabricated at INR, Moscow, while the mean energy was analyzed by time of flight method. In this contribution, the bunch shape measurements are described and the capabilities of the used BSM measurement principle are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAK006  
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WEPMF030 Optimization of Klystron Efficiency with MOGA klystron, cavity, electron, simulation 2419
 
  • C. Meng, X. He, S. Pei, S.C. Wang, O. Xiao, Z.S. Zhou
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  As the very important element of accelerator the klystron provide power to cavities for accelerating. Considering the accelerator cost of construction and running, the improvement of klystron efficiency is one developing hotspot of klystron research. In this paper the optimization method of klystron efficiency with MOGA based on 1D simulation program is proposed and the influences on klystron efficiency will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF030  
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THXGBD2 Overview of Undulator Concepts for Attosecond Single-Cycle Light electron, undulator, FEL, laser 2878
 
  • A. Mak, V.A. Goryashko, P.M. Salen, G. K. Shamuilov
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  • D.J. Dunning, N. Thompson
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • D.J. Dunning, B.W.J. MᶜNeil, N. Thompson
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J. Hebling, Z. Tibai, Gy. Tóth
    University of Pecs, Pécs, Hungary
  • Y. Kida, T. Tanaka
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan
  • B.W.J. MᶜNeil
    USTRAT/SUPA, Glasgow, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: Swedish Research Council (VR, 2016-04593); Stockholm-Uppsala Centre for Free-Electron Laser Research; C. F. Liljewalchs stipendiestiftelse.
The production of intense attosecond light pulses is an active area in accelerator research, motivated by the stringent demands of attosecond science: (i) short pulse duration for resolving the fast dynamics of electrons in atoms and molecules; (ii) high photon flux for probing and controlling such dynamics with high precision. While the free-electron laser (FEL) can deliver the highest brilliance amongst laboratory x-ray sources today, the pulse duration is typically 10-100 femtoseconds. A major obstacle to attaining attosecond duration is that the number of optical cycles increases with every undulator period. Hence, an FEL pulse typically contains tens or hundreds of cycles. In recent years, several novel concepts have been proposed to shift this paradigm, providing the basis for single-cycle pulses and paving the way towards high-brilliance attosecond light sources. This article gives an overview of these concepts.
 
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THXGBD2  
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THPAF005 Simulations of Modulator for Coherent Electron Cooling electron, simulation, plasma, quadrupole 2953
 
  • J. Ma, V. Litvinenko, G. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • V. Litvinenko
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
 
  Highly resolved numerical simulations have been performed using the code SPACE for the modulator, the first section of the Coherent electron cooling (CeC) device installed in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Simulation results have been benchmarked with analytical solution using uniform electron beam with realistic thermal velocities. Electron bunches with Gaussian distribution and quadrupole field with realistic settings have been applied in the simulations to predict the modulation process and final bunching factors induced by ions with reference and off-reference energies in the CeC experiment at BNL RHIC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF005  
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THPAF006 Simulations of Cooling Rate and Diffusion for Coherent Electron Cooling Experiment electron, FEL, simulation, kicker 2957
 
  • J. Ma, V. Litvinenko, G. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • V. Litvinenko
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
 
  Start-to-end numerical simulations have been performed using the code SPACE and GENESIS for the single pass of gold ions through the coherent electron cooling (CeC) device installed in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Cooling rate of CeC experiment has been predicted using off-reference energy ions in a finite Gaussian electron beam through a realistic beam-line, in which settings of quadrupoles and free-electron laser (FEL) device are relevant to BNL RHIC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF006  
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THPAF078 Expected Performance of the Stochastic Cooling and RF System in the Collector Ring proton, antiproton, emittance, simulation 3165
 
  • O.E. Gorda, C. Dimopoulou, A. Dolinskyy
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • T. Katayama
    Nihon University, Narashino, Chiba, Japan
 
  The Collector Ring is designed for stochastic cooling of antiprotons or radioactive ions at FAIR. Simulations of the cooling process in combination with the required RF beam manipulations have been done taking into account the improved and recently fixed ion-optics. The measured RF properties of the first of series debuncher system have been considered to evaluate the performance of the bunch rotation, de-bunching and re-bunching process within the planned CR operation cycle. The expected beam parameters and matching at extraction to the HESR storage ring are discussed in this paper. The latest hardware developments of the stochastic cooling system components are also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF078  
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THPAF082 Frequency Jump at Low Energies rfq, linac, emittance, simulation 3176
 
  • C. Zhang
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  One or more radio-frequency jumps are usually necessary for realizing a ≥100 AMeV/u proton or ion driver linac. Typically, such jumps happen in the range of β = 0.2-0.6 between the resonator structures fitting to this β-range, e.g. DTL, HWR, CCL or elliptical cavities. We propose to perform the first frequency jump already at low energies (β ≤ 0.1) between two RFQ accelerators, which can bring some unique advantages. First studies have been performed and the results proved that this idea is feasible and promising. Many efforts have been and are being made to address the most critical issue for the jumps i.e. the beam matching at the transition.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF082  
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THPAK008 Space Charge and Microbunching Studies for the Injection Arc of MESA space-charge, simulation, injection, lattice 3221
 
  • A. Khan, O. Boine-Frankenheim
    Institut Theorie Elektromagnetischer Felder, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • C.P. Stoll
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
 
  For intense electron bunches traversing through bends, as for example the recirculation arcs of an ERL, space charge (SC) may result in beam phase space deterioration. SC modifies the electron transverse dynamics in dispersive regions along the beam line and causes emittance growth for mismatched beams or for specific phase advances. On the other hand, longitudinal space charge together with dispersion can lead to the microbunching instability. The present study focuses on the 180° low energy (5 MeV) injection arc lattice for the multi-turn Mainz Energy-recovering Superconducting Accelerator (MESA), which should deliver a CW beam at 105 MeV for physics experiments with an internal target. We will discuss matching conditions with space charge together with the estimated microbunching gain for the arc. The implication for the ERL operation will be outlined, using 3D envelope and tracking simulations.
Supported by the DFG through GRK 2128
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK008  
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THPAK029 Studies of the Micro-Bunching Instability in the Presence of a Damping Wiggler damping, wiggler, radiation, synchrotron 3273
 
  • M. Brosi, A. Bernhard, J. Gethmann, B. Kehrer, A.-S. Müller, A.I. Papash, P. Schreiber, P. Schönfeldt, J.L. Steinmann
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Funding: Funded by BMBF (grant: 05K16VKA) & Helmholtz (contract: VH-NG-320). Supported by the Helmholtz International Research School for Teratronics & Karlsruhe School of Elementary and Astroparticle Physics.
At the KIT storage ring KARA (KArlsruhe Research Accelerator), the momentum compaction factor can be reduced leading to natural bunch lengths in the ps range. Due to the high degree of longitudinal compression the micro-bunching instability arises. During this longitudinal instability the bunches emit bursts of intense coherent synchrotron radiation in the THz frequency range caused by the complex longitudinal dynamics. The temporal pattern of the emitted bursts depends on given machine parameters, like momentum compaction factor, acceleration voltage, and damping time. In this paper the influence of the damping time is studied by utilizing the CLIC damping wiggler prototype installed in KARA as well as by simulations using the Vlasov-Fokker-Planck solver Inovesa.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK029  
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THPAK030 Studies of Longitudinal Dynamics in the Micro-Bunching Instability Using Machine Learning longitudinal-dynamics, synchrotron, simulation, vacuum 3277
 
  • T. Boltz, M. Brosi, E. Bründermann, A.-S. Müller, P. Schönfeldt, M. Yan
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • M. Schwarz
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The operation of synchrotron light sources with short electron bunches increases the emitted CSR power in the THz frequency range. However, the spatial compression leads to complex longitudinal dynamics, causing the formation of micro-structures in the longitudinal bunch profiles. The fast temporal variation and small scale of these micro-structures put challenging demands on their observation. At the KIT storage ring KARA (KArlsruhe Research Accelerator), diagnostics have been developed allowing direct observation of the dynamics by an electro-optical setup, and indirect observation by measuring the fluctuation of the emitted CSR. In this contribution, we present studies of the micro-structure dynamics on simulated data, obtained using the numerical Vlasov-Fokker-Planck solver Inovesa, and first applications on measured data. To deal with generated data sets in the order of terabytes in size, we apply the machine learning technique k-means to identify the dominant micro-structures in the longitudinal bunch profiles. Following this approach, new insights on the correlation of the CSR power fluctuation to the underlying longitudinal dynamics can be gained.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK030  
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THPAK129 Modeling Challenges for Energy Recovery Linacs With Long, High Charge Bunches space-charge, electron, recirculation, lattice 3544
 
  • C. Tennant
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
Historically, nearly all energy recovery linacs (ERLs) built and operated were used to drive a free-electron laser (FEL). The requirement for high peak current bunches necessitates bunch compression and handling the attendant beam dynamical challenges. In recent years, ERLs have turned from being drivers of light sources toward applications for nuclear physics experiments, Compton backscattering sources and strong electron cooling. Unlike an FEL, these latter uses require long, high charge bunches with small energy spread. The electron bunch must maintain a small projected energy spread and therefore must avoid gross distortion due to CSR and longitudinal space charge over a single (or multiple) recirculations. Accurately modeling the relevant collective effects in the system 'space charge, microbunching instability, CSR and the effect of shielding' in addition to beam dynamical processes such as halo, presents a formidable challenge. Absent a code that models all of these effects, we outline an approach towards the design, analysis and optimization of the high-energy electron cooler for the Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider and survey widely used codes and their capabilities.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK129  
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THPAK131 Investigation of Two-Bunch Train Compression by Velocity Bunching electron, cavity, emittance, experiment 3548
 
  • D. Wang, Y. C. Du, W.-H. Huang, X. Liu, X.L. Su, C.-X. Tang, Q.L. Tian, L.X. Yan
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • H. Zhang
    Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Two electron beamlets, also referred as two-bunch train with adjustable time and energy spacing are popular in many applications such as two color FEL and pump-probe experiments. We investigate compression of two-bunch train via velocity bunching scheme in a traveling wave accelerator (TWA) tube by varying the phase of TWA tube in a very large range. Beam dynamics simulations show that when the phase injected into the accelerator tube for the beam is set to ≪-100 degree, velocity bunching occurs in a deep over-compression mode, where two-bunch train is continuously tunable in time and in energy space, and the emittance of each sub-bunch is also preserved. In the experiment, we use energy spectrum and defecting cavity to diagnose the train's energy space and time space respectively, the measurements demonstrated that two-bunch train through deep over-compression scheme is separated both in time and in energy space, which also agree well with the predictions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK131  
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THPAK138 Development of Efficient Tree-Based Computation Methods for the Simulation of Beam Dynamics in Sparsely Populated Phase Spaces simulation, electron, FEL, HOM 3569
 
  • Ph. Amstutz
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Vogt
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Collective instabilities pose a major threat to the quality of the high brightness electron beams needed for the operation of a free electron laser. Multi-stage bunch compression schemes have been identified as a possible source of such an instability. The dispersive sections in these compressors translate energy inhomogeneities within the bunch into longitudinal charge density inhomogeneities. In conjunction with a collective force driving locally density-dependent energy modulations this leads to intricate longitudinal beam dynamics. As a consequence of the thin shape those bunches form in the longitudinal phase space, efficient simulation of such systems is not straight forward. At high resolutions, the numerical representation of the phase space density on a uniform grid is too wasteful, due to the large unpopulated phase space regions. In this contribution we present advances made in the development of a simulation code that addresses the problem of sparsely populated phase spaces by means of quadtree domain decomposition. A focus lies on the explanation of the underlying tree data structure.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK138  
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THPAL116 Development and Installation of the CANREB RFQ Buncher at TRIUMF rfq, TRIUMF, operation, emittance 3914
 
  • B. Barquest, F. Ames, T. Au, L. Graham, M.R. Pearson, V. Zvyagintsev
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
  • J. Bale, J. Dilling, R. Kruecken, Y. Lan
    UBC & TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • G. Gwinner
    University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada
  • N. Janzen, R.A. Simpson
    UW/Physics, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
  • R. Kanungo
    Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Canada
 
  Funding: TRIUMF receives federal funding via the National Research Council of Canada. CANREB is funded by the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI), the Provinces NS, MB and TRIUMF.
Pure, intense rare isotope beams at a wide range of energies are crucial to the nuclear science programs at TRIUMF. The CANREB project will deliver a high resolution spectrometer (HRS) for beam purification, and a charge breeding system consisting of a radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ) beam cooler and buncher, an electron beam ion source (EBIS), and a Nier-type spectrometer to prepare the beam for post-acceleration. Bunching the beam prior to charge breeding will significantly enhance the efficiency of the EBIS. The RFQ buncher will accept continuous §I{60}{keV} rare isotope beams from the ARIEL or ISAC production targets and efficiently deliver low emittance bunched beams. A pulsed drift tube (PDT) will adjust the energy of the bunched beam for injection into the EBIS to match the acceptance of the post-accelerating RFQ. Ion optical simulations were carried out to inform the design of the RFQ buncher and PDT. Simulations indicate that delivery of up to 107~ions per bunch with high efficiency is possible. Experience with previous beam bunchers was also brought to bear in the design effort. Installation of the RFQ is under way, and tests with offline beam are expected to be performed in late 2018.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL116  
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THPAL122 Beam Performance Study of an RF Structure to Accelerate or Bunch Low Energy Ion Beams booster, rfq, space-charge, ISAC 3931
 
  • S.D. Rädel, S. Kiy, R.E. Laxdal, O. Shelbaya
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  The 35.4MHz Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) at the ISAC-I facility at TRIUMF is designed to accelerate ions from an energy of 2.04 keV/u to 150 keV/u for a large range of mass-to-charge ratios (A/Q). A multi-harmonic, 11.8MHz, buncher is used to provide a time focus at the RFQ entrance. Due to limits in the ion source HV platform a boost in the energy is required for higher mass beams (20 ≤ A/Q ≤ 30) to provide energy matching into the RFQ. To achieve this, a 3-gap, 11.8 MHz RF booster has been installed into the ISAC-I facility downstream of the buncher and upstream of the RFQ. The device can operate as an accelerator to match into the RFQ or as a second pre-buncher to improve capture in the RFQ and reduce sensitivity to space charge. Proof-of-principle measurements demonstrating various aspects of the performance will be reported and compared against expectations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL122  
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THPAL148 Status of High Efficiency Klystron Development in TETD klystron, cavity, electron, simulation 3993
 
  • Y. Okubo, S. Fujii, K. Suzuki, T.E. Tanaka
    Toshiba Electron Tubes & Devices Co., Ltd (TETD), Tochigi, Japan
 
  TETD (Toshiba Electron Tubes and Devices Co., Ltd.) has been developing a high efficiency klystron improved bunch quality by the multi-stage of core oscillation design. For feasibility study, an S-band 7.5 MW klystron has been designed with the efficiency of more than 60% at 1.8μperveance. The first prototype was fabricated by modifying the interaction section of a commercial model to enhance the efficiency from 45% to 60%. The klystron was tested in June 2017, and 57% of efficiency at 6 MW output power was demonstrated. We are developing the second prototype which has the improved design for the higher efficiency at 7.5 WM output power. The design details and the test results of the first prototypes are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL148  
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THPMF016 Design of a Terahertz Radiation Source for Pump-Probe Experiments undulator, radiation, electron, FEL 4073
 
  • J. Pfingstner, E. Adli
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  • E. Marín
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S. Reiche
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  Narrow-band, tuneable, high-power terahertz radiation is highly demanded for pump-probe experiments at light source facilities. Since the requested radiation properties are not well covered by current terahertz radiation sources, an accelerator-based terahertz source employing the slotted-foil technique in combination with transverse deflecting cavities is proposed in this work. A detailed design has been worked out, and the behaviour of the electron beam and the created terahertz radiation is studied via numerical simulations. The results show that the proposed source produces tuneable terahertz radiation that can meet most of the demanded specifications.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF016  
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THPMF082 Suppression of Microbunching Instability Using a Quadrupole Inserted Chicane in Free-Electron-Laser Linacs linac, electron, laser, FEL 4267
 
  • B. Li, J. Qiang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The microbunching instability (MBI) driven by beam collective effects in a linear accelerator of a free-electron laser (FEL) facility can significantly degrade the electron beam quality and FEL performance. A method exploited longitudinal mixing derived from the natural transverse spread of the beam was proposed several years ago using two dipoles to suppress the instability. In this paper, instead of using bending magnets to introduce the transverse-to-longitudinal coupling, which will lead to an inconvenient deflection of the downstream beam line, we propose a scheme using a quadrupole inserted chicane to introduce the longitudinal mixing inside the accelerator transport system to suppress this instability. And we finally eliminate the transverse-to-longitudinal coupling after the dogleg section.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF082  
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THPMF084 Numerical Shot Noise Modeling and Particle Migration Scheme micro-particles, FEL, radiation, electron 4274
 
  • K. Hwang, J. Qiang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: US Department of Energy under Contract no. DEAC02-05CH11231
In order to model correct statistical properties of shot noise, special particle loading algorithms were developed and used in FEL community. However, the compatibility of such loading algorithms with particle migration scheme across numerical mesh is not well studied. Here, we address the necessity of special particle migration scheme for different loading algorithms and present a possible solution pair.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF084  
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THPMK017 Experimental Study of Coherent THz Sources Driven by the NSRRC High Brightness Photo-injector radiation, electron, undulator, linac 4332
 
  • M.C. Chou, K.T. Hsu, N.Y. Huang, J.-Y. Hwang, W.K. Lau, A.P. Lee, C.C. Liang, G.-H. Luo
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  Accelerator-based coherent THz radiation sources are being studied with the NSRRC high brightness photoinjector which has been installed in the Accelerator Test Area (ATA) recently. This injector is equipped with a laser-driven photocathode rf gun and a 5.2-m long S-band traveling-wave linac for beam acceleration. A few tens MeV, ultrashort bunches of ~100 fs bunch length can be produced from the injector by velocity bunching technique. Tunable narrow-band THz coherent undulator radiation (CUR) can be generated from a U100 planar undulator when it is driven by such beam. One the other hand, broadband THz coherent transition radiation (CTR) generated by passing this beam through a metallic foil is used for determination of bunch length by autocorrelation technique. The experimental setup and results are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK017  
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THPMK019 Generation of Tunable Femtosecond X-Rays from High-Period-Number Resonant Transition Radiation Emitters radiation, electron, linac, photon 4339
 
  • P. Wang, K.C. Leou
    NTHU, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • M.C. Chou, J.-Y. Hwang, W.K. Lau, A.P. Lee
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • C.T. Lee
    ITRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, ROC (Taiwan).
Femtosecond resonant transition radiation (RTR) in x-ray region can be generated from alternatively stacked multilayer structures when they are driven by relativistic ultrashort electron beams. These structures can be fabricated by coating layer pairs of high and low density materials. By increasing the number of these layer pairs, narrow-band x-ray can be generated. In this report, we present our efforts on the development of a 12 keV femtosecond narrow-band x-ray source by driving high-period-number RTR emitters with the NSRRC photoinjector linac system. Radiation wavelength is tunable by varying the incident angle of the beam. A few tens MeV, ultrashort beam has been available from the photoinjector system via velocity bunching in the rf linac. A 100-period (200 layers) Mo/Si multi-layer emitters with thin substrate have been fabricated. For a 100 pC drive beam, the expected photon yield from such emitter is about 4x104.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK019  
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THPMK022 Simulation for THz Coherent Undulator Radiation from Combination of Velocity Bunchings radiation, electron, undulator, simulation 4345
 
  • Y. Sumitomo, K. Hayakawa, Y. Hayakawa, K. Nogami, T. Sakai, Y. Takahashi, T. Tanaka
    LEBRA, Funabashi, Japan
 
  We study the effect of a combination of velocity bunchings and its application to THz coherent undulator radiation at LEBRA, Nihon U. by simulations. The velocity bunching is a technique that is commonly used to make the bunch length shorter at lower energies. However, since one velocity bunching has a correlation between bunch energy and length, we may not have so much room to change energies to obtain different coherent radiation wavelengths. Hence we propose a combination of velocity bunchings, that relaxes the restrictive correlation. We have three 4m traveling-wave accelerator tubes at LEBRA, Nihon U. The undulator is installed after the acceleration tubes and 2 x 45 degree bending magnets. Since the design of current undulator requires less than 25 MeV beam energy to obtain the radiation at THz region, the velocity bunching is reasonable for coherent radiation. We show the simulation results of a combination of velocity bunchings of the three tubes and the magnetic bunching at bending magnets, suitable for the coherent undulator radiation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK022  
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THPMK061 Isolated Few-Cycle Pulse Generation in X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers electron, FEL, laser, free-electron-laser 4434
 
  • D.J. Dunning, L.T. Campbell, N. Thompson
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • L.T. Campbell, B.W.J. MᶜNeil
    USTRAT/SUPA, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • D.J. Dunning, B.W.J. MᶜNeil, N. Thompson
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J.D.A. Smith
    TXUK, Warrington, United Kingdom
 
  X-ray free-electron lasers are promising candidates to deliver high-brightness radiation pulses with duration significantly shorter than the present leading technique, high harmonic generation (HHG). This would extend attosecond science to probe ultrafast dynamics with even finer resolution. To do so requires breaking below a characteristic FEL timescale of typically a few hundred optical cycles, dictated by the relative slippage of the radiation and electrons during amplification. The concept of mode-locking enables this, with the mode-locked afterburner configuration predicted to deliver few-cycle pulses (~ 1 attosecond at hard X-ray). However such techniques would produce a train of closely separated pulses, while an isolated pulse would be preferable for some types of experiment. Building on previous techniques, a new concept has been developed for isolated few-cycle pulse generation and it is presented alongside simulation studies.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK061  
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THPMK075 A Possible Scheme for Generating High-harmonic Coherent Radiation in Storage Rings electron, laser, radiation, storage-ring 4473
 
  • X.F. Wang, C. Feng, Z.T. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  A possible scheme for storage ring FEL which can introduce small energy dispersion and emittance simultaneously to generate intense coherent light in the storage rings is described. Based on a modified version of echo-enabled harmonic generation from free-electron lasers, the technique uses a dogleg and a wave-front tilted seed laser, one normal seed laser and two chicanes to make three-dimensional manipulation of the electron beam phase space, producing high-harmonic microbunching of a relativistic electron beam. Due to small energy dispersion and emittance growth, the storage rings do not need long damping time to recover the quality of the electron beams, so this scheme will significantly improve the performance of FELs based on rings. Theoretical analysis and numerical simulations demonstrate the capability of the proposed technique in Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK075  
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THPMK105 PERLE - Lattice Design and Beam Dynamics Studies linac, lattice, injection, electron 4556
 
  • S.A. Bogacz, D. Douglas, F.E. Hannon, A. Hutton, F. Marhauser, R.A. Rimmer, Y. Roblin, C. Tennant
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • D. Angal-Kalinin, J.W. McKenzie, B.L. Militsyn, P.H. Williams
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • G. Arduini, O.S. Brüning, R. Calaga, K.M. Dr. Schirm, F. Gerigk, B.J. Holzer, E. Jensen, A. Milanese, E. Montesinos, D. Pellegrini, P.A. Thonet, A. Valloni
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S. Bousson, D. Longuevergne, G. Olivier, G. Olry
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • I. Chaikovska, W. Kaabi, A. Stocchi, C. Vallerand
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • B. Hounsell, M. Klein, U.K. Klein, P. Kostka, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • E.B. Levichev, Yu.A. Pupkov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  Funding: Work has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
PERLE (Powerful ERL for Experiments) is a novel ERL test facility, initially proposed to validate choices for a 60 GeV ERL foreseen in the design of the LHeC and the FCC-eh. Its main thrust is to probe high current, CW, multi-pass operation with superconducting cavities at 802 MHz (and perhaps testing other frequencies of interest). With very high virtual beam power (~ 10 MW), PERLE offers an opportunity for controllable study of every beam dynamic effect of interest in the next generation of ERL design; becoming a ‘stepping stone' between present state-of-art 1 MW ERLs and future 100 MW scale applications. PERLE design features Flexible Momentum Compaction lattice architecture for six vertically stacked return arcs and a high-current, 6 MeV, photo-injector. With only one pair of 4 cavity cryomodules, 400 MeV beam energy can be reached in 3 re-circulation passes, with beam currents in excess of 15 mA. The beam is decelerated in 3 consecutive passes back to the injection energy, transferring virtually stored energy back to the RF. This unique facility will serve as a test-bed for high current ERL technologies, as well as a user facility in low energy electron and photon physics.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK105  
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THPMK113 From Coherent Harmonic Generation to Steady State Microbunching storage-ring, radiation, experiment, electron 4583
 
  • X.J. Deng, W.-H. Huang, T. Rui, C.-X. Tang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • A. Chao, D.F. Ratner
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • J. Feikes, M. Ries
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • R. Klein
    PTB, Berlin, Germany
 
  Steady state microbunching (SSMB) is an electron storage ring based scheme proposed by Ratner and Chao to generate high average power narrow band coherent radiation with wavelength ranging from THz to EUV. One key step towards opening up the potential of SSMB is the experimental proof of the SSMB principle. In this paper, the SSMB experiment planned and prepared by a recently established collaboration is presented starting from a modified coherent harmonic generation (CHG). Single particle dynamics of microbunching in an electron storage ring are analyzed. Though oriented for CHG and SSMB, some of the effects analyzed are also important in cases like bunch slicing, bunch compression, FEL beam transport lines etc, in which precise longitudinal phase space manipulations are involved. These dynamics together with some SSMB related collective effects are to be investigated on the storage ring MLS in Berlin.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK113  
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THPMK123 Initial Design on the High Quality Electron Beam for the Hefei Advanced Light Source electron, emittance, laser, solenoid 4605
 
  • R. Huang, Z.G. He, Q.K. Jia, Y. Lu, L. Wang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work is supported by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 51627901) and Chinese Universities Scientific Fund (Contract WK2310000063)
The Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS) was proposed as a future soft X-ray diffraction-limited storage ring with a Free Electron Laser (FEL) at National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (NSRL). We present a design for a high brightness electron source as an injector of a 2.4 GeV linac-based diffraction limited storage ring and a free electron laser. The electron beams with low emittance and high peak current will be generated from a photoinjector and designed to fulfill the requirement of the HALS. To compress the bunch length and enhance the pulse current, velocity bunching scenario by a deceleration injection phase is designed. Owing to a linear compression, the electron beam is expected to be extremely short with a further magnetic compression.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK123  
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THPMK127 Terahertz Smith-Purcell Radiation From the High-Harmonic Component of Modulated Electron Beam From Dielectric Structure radiation, electron, wakefield, simulation 4617
 
  • S.M. Jiang, Z.G. He, Q.K. Jia, W.W. Li, L. Wang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
  • D. He
    Anhui Electrical Engineering Professional Technique College, Hefei, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Supported by National Nature Science Foundation of China(11705198, 11775216)
In this paper, a new radiation scheme, which adopts the high order harmonic of modulated electron beam from dielectric loaded waveguide to excite the Smith-Purcell terahertz (THz) radiation, is proposed and in-vestigated by numerical simulations. The results show that the radiation with frequency close to 1.0 THz is generated, while, the fundamental bunching frequency of electron beam is 0.28 THz. Thus, this scheme offer a new method to get the higher frequency THz radiation.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK127  
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THPMK139 Design of 9/6 MeV S-band Electron Linac Structure with 1.5 Bunching Cells coupling, linac, electron, simulation 4635
 
  • Y. Joo, P. Buaphad, H.R. Lee
    University of Science and Technology of Korea (UST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • S.C. Cha, Y. Kim
    KAERI, Daejon, Republic of Korea
 
  Funding: University of Science and Technology of Korea
The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has been developing several 9/6 MeV dual energy S-band RF electron linear accelerators (linacs) for non-destructive testing such as container inspection system. Until now the bunching cell of the linac has a full-cell geometry. However, to maximize the acceleration of electrons after emission from the electron gun, the geometry of the first bunching cell is modified from a full-cell to a half-cell. The optimization of Q-factor and flatness of electric field along the linac structure can be obtained by adjusting diameters of bunching and power coupling cells. By adjusting gap of the first side-coupling cell, we can optimize the field ratio between the bunching cells and normal accelerating cells. In this paper, we describe design concepts of a 9/6 MeV linac with 1.5 bunching cells as well as optimization of RF parameters such as the quality factor, resonance frequency, and electric field distribution.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK139  
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