Keyword: damping
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MOPMF002 Pre-Booster Ring Considerations for the FCC e+e Injector booster, emittance, wiggler, extraction 83
 
  • O. Etisken
    Ankara University, Faculty of Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
  • F. Antoniou, Y. Papaphilippou
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A.K. Çiftçi
    Izmir University of Economics, Balçova/Izmir, Turkey
 
  The FCC-e+e injector complex needs to produce and to transport a high-intensity e+/e beam at a fast repetition rate for topping up the collider at its collision energy. Two different options are under consideration as pre-accelerator before the bunches are transferred to the high-energy booster: using the existing SPS and a completely new ring. The purpose of this paper is to explore the needs and parameters of the existing SPS and the conceptual design of an alternative accelerator ring with injection and extraction energies of 6 and 20 GeV, respectively. In this study, the basic parameters of both choices are established, including the optics design and layout updates. Consideration for non-linear dynamics optimization and the impact of intra beam scattering are also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF002  
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MOPMF020 Higher Order Mode Coupling Options for the eRHIC Crab Cavity cavity, HOM, coupling, impedance 121
 
  • Q. Wu, I. Ben-Zvi, S. Verdú-Andrés, B. P. Xiao
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • I. Ben-Zvi
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the US Department of Energy via Brookhaven Science Associates LLC under contract no. DE-SC0012704.
The eRHIC crab cavity adopts the double quarter wave structure developed at Brookhaven National Lab for the LHC Hi-Lumi upgrade crab cavities. The cavity's fundamental mode is at 338 MHz with the first higher order mode more than 180 MHz above that. We looked into the higher order mode distribution up to 2 GHz, and considered various locations and geometries of the coupling scheme. The cylindrical outer shell of the cavity allowed various possibilities for coupler port openings on all the walls, which were difficult for the narrow waist of the LHC double quarter wave crab cavities. Beam pipe absorbers are also options for simpler high frequency modes damping. Some preliminary high pass filter design will also be discussed in this paper.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF020  
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MOPMF034 Layout and Performance of the FCC-ee Pre-Injector Chain linac, emittance, injection, cavity 169
 
  • S. Ogur, T.K. Charles, K. Oide, Y. Papaphilippou, L. Rinolfi, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A.M. Barnyakov, A.E. Levichev, P.V. Martyshkin, D.A. Nikiforov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • I. Chaikovska, R. Chehab
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • K. Furukawa, N. Iida, T. Kamitani, F. Miyahara
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • E.V. Ozcan
    Bogazici University, Bebek / Istanbul, Turkey
  • S.M. Polozov
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  The Future Circular e+e Collider pre-injector chain consists of a 6 GeV S-Band linac, a damping ring at 1.54 GeV and pre-booster ring to reach 20 GeV for injection to the main booster. The electron and positron beams use the same accelerator chain alternatively. The e+ beam is generated from a novel low level RF-gun providing 6.5 nC charge at 11 MeV with 0.5 micron geometric emittance. The e+ beam is produced by the impact of a 4.46 GeV e- beam onto a hybrid target, accelerated in the linac up to 1.54 GeV, and injected to the damping ring for emittance cooling. Simulations on the performance of the DR are presented for reaching the required equilibrium emittances at the required damping time. As an alternative option, a 20 GeV linac is considered utilising C-Band cavities and simulations studies have been undertaken regarding the beam transport and transmission efficiency up to that energy.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF034  
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MOPMF058 Status of the LHC Schottky Monitors emittance, injection, octupole, sextupole 247
 
  • T. Tydecks, D. Alves, T.E. Levens, M. Wendt, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) features four transverse Schottky monitors detecting Schottky noise from the beam. From the Schottky noise signal, beam properties like tune, chromaticity, and bunch by bunch relative emittances, can be extracted. Being a non-destructive and purely parasitic method of measurement, the Schottky system is of great interest for real-time determination of beam chromaticities especially. Studies, including a dedicated machine development shift as well as parasitic measurements, concerning its capability to accurately measure the beam chromaticities are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF058  
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MOPMF062 Upgrade of the Dilution System for HL-LHC kicker, operation, Windows, simulation 261
 
  • C. Wiesner, W. Bartmann, C. Bracco, M. Calviani, E. Carlier, L. Ducimetière, M.I. Frankl, M.A. Fraser, S.S. Gilardoni, B. Goddard, T. Kramer, A. Lechner, N. Magnin, A. Perillo-Marcone, T. Polzin, E. Renner, V. Senaj
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The LHC Beam Dump System is one of the most critical systems for reliable and safe operation of the LHC. A dedicated dilution system is required to sweep the beam over the front face of the graphite dump core in order to reduce the deposited energy density. The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) project foresees to increase the total beam intensity in the ring by nearly a factor of two, resulting in a correspondingly higher energy deposition in the dump core. In this paper, the beam sweep pattern and energy deposition for the case of normal dilution as well as for the relevant failure cases are presented. The implications as well as possible mitigations and upgrade measures for the dilution system, such as decreasing the pulse-generator voltage, adding two additional kickers, and implementing a retrigger system, are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF062  
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MOPML048 Design Study of PM Dipole for ILC Damping Ring dipole, permanent-magnet, operation, radiation 505
 
  • Y. Iwashita
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • N. Terunuma
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Dipole magnet using permanent magnet technology is under investigation for ILC cost reduction. It can reduce cost of electricity of coil excitation and cooling water pump, thick electric cabling and water piping, power supply, and their maintenance cost. The structure and the field adjustment scheme will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML048  
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TUPAF026 Higher-Harmonic RF System for Landau Damping in the CERN PS flattop, dipole, synchrotron, cavity 728
 
  • H. Damerau, A. Lasheen, E.N. Shaposhnikova
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Longitudinal coupled-bunch instabilities after transition crossing and at the flat-top limit the intensity of LHC-type beams in the CERN Proton Synchrotron (PS). A dedicated coupled-bunch feedback for dipole oscillation modes, using a Finemet cavity as wide-band longitudinal kicker, suppresses the instabilities up to an intensity of about 2·1011 particles per bunch at extraction. However, dipole and quadrupole coupled-bunch oscillations are observed beyond this intensity. At the flat-top they were damped with a 40 MHz RF cavity operated as a higher-harmonic RF system to increase Landau damping, in addition to the principal RF system at 10 MHz. The existing 40 MHz RF system, designed for RF manipulations at fixed frequency, does not cover the frequency range required during acceleration. It is therefore proposed to install a tunable RF system with a 5% relative frequency swing. This paper summarizes the observations of instability damping at the flat-top and presents preliminary parameters for the higher-harmonic RF system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF026  
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TUZGBD2 Transverse and Longitudinal Bunch-by-Bunch Feedback for Storage Rings feedback, kicker, timing, FPGA 1198
 
  • T. Nakamura
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo-ken, Japan
 
  Digital bunch-by-bunch feedback systems for betatron and synchrotron oscillation are powerful tools for suppression of beam instabilities and are indispensable for stable operation of storage rings. This invited talk reviews the world activities on transvers and longitudinal bunch-by-bunch feedback for storage rings.  
slides icon Slides TUZGBD2 [15.904 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUZGBD2  
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TUPMF021 Investigation of Options for Damping Trapped IVU Resonances resonance, impedance, undulator, simulation 1296
 
  • R.T. Dowd
    AS - ANSTO, Clayton, Australia
  • W.J. Chi, D. Pelz
    RFS, Kilsyth, Australia
 
  Trapped resonances have been observed within the three In-Vacuum Undulators (IVUs) insertion devices at the Australian Synchrotron. These resonances can create vertical beam instability if not controlled through transverse feedback systems. Similar resonances have been observed at other synchrotron light sources around the world. Under certain conditions of undulator gap, these resonances can couple quite strongly to the beam, requiring high feedback gain. An investigation of the resonances has been carried out using 3D eigenmode and wakefield simulations to understand the resonances and determine the effectiveness of various schemes for modifying the damping the resonances.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF021  
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TUPMF075 Lattice Studies of a Booster Synchrotron for PETRA IV lattice, emittance, booster, optics 1436
 
  • H.C. Chao
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Associated with an upgrade study of the PETRA III light source toward ultra low-emittance is an upgrade study of the booster synchrotron. One possible solution obtained from a scaling of the ALBA booster to a circumference of 300 m is considered. It is based on a modified FODO lattice with combined function magnets and achromat straights. In this paper a method utilizing piecewise matchings supervised and optimized with evolutionary algorithm (PMSOEA) was devised to search the lattice. Some preliminary results are shown and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF075  
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TUPMF083 Influence of Intrabeam Scattering on the Emittance of PETRA III emittance, scattering, wiggler, synchrotron 1463
 
  • J. Keil, G. Kube, G.K. Sahoo, R. Wanzenberg
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  PETRA~III is a 6 GeV hard X-ray synchrotron radiation source at DESY in Hamburg (Germany) and is in user operation since~2010. The natural emittance of PETRA III is extremely low with 1.3 nm*rad and the coupling is typically less than 1%. PETRA III is operated with a beam current of 100 mA using two different filling modes: a continuous mode with 960 bunches and a timing mode with 40 bunches. It has been observed that the horizontal emittance depends on the filling pattern and is in timing mode slightly larger compared to the emittance in the continuous mode. Despite the high energy of 6 GeV intrabeam scattering contributes for a slight emittance growth due to the small natural emittance and coupling of the machine. The increase of the emittance as a function of the single bunch current has been measured by using different filling patterns at a fixed beam current of 100 mA. The measurements of the emittance and the lifetime as a function of the single bunch current will be compared with theoretical expectations of the emittance growth due to intrabeam scattering and the Touschek lifetime.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF083  
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TUPML042 Accurate Modeling of the Hose Instability in Plasma Based Accelerators plasma, electron, simulation, wakefield 1638
 
  • T.J. Mehrling, C. Benedetti, E. Esarey, W. Leemans, C.B. Schroeder
    LBNL, Berkeley, USA
 
  Funding: US Department of Energy Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231
The hose instability is a long standing challenge for plasma-based accelerators. It is seeded by initial transverse asymmetries of the beam or plasma phase space distributions. The beam centroid displacement is thereby amplified during the propagation in the plasma, which can lead to an unstable acceleration process. A witness beam can itself cause hosing and/or may be affected by the hosing of the drive beam. The accurate study of hosing including a witness beam is of utmost importance to facilitate stable plasma-based accelerators. In this contribution, we discuss novel methods for the mitigation of hosing and present a new model for the evolution of the plasma centroid, which enables the accurate investigation of the hose instability of drive and witness beam pair in the nonlinear blowout regime. This work enables more precise and comprehensive studies of hosing and hence, for the potential stabilization of future compact plasma-based accelerators.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML042  
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WEXGBE3 IBS Studies at BESSY II and MLS simulation, emittance, scattering, radiation 1755
 
  • T. Mertens
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (HZB), Berlin, Germany
  • T. Atkinson, J. Feikes, P. Goslawski, J.G. Hwang, A. Jankowiak, J. Li, D. Malyutin, Y. Petenev, M. Ries, I. Seiler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  Intrabeam Scattering (IBS) effects will become a limiting factor for the attainable emittances and single-bunch currents in future electron storage rings and light sources. IBS studies were performed for BESSY II at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) and for the Metrology Light Source (MLS) at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) to quantify the IBS contributions to equilibrium beam sizes in these machines and make predictions for the BESSY II upgrade project, BESSY VSR. The energy dependence of IBS effects (γ −4 ) makes especially the MLS machine susceptible to IBS effects due to the relatively low energy ranges at which it can be operated (50 MeV-630 MeV). We compare experimental data with simulations and present IBS simulation results for BESSY VSR.  
slides icon Slides WEXGBE3 [0.922 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEXGBE3  
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WEPAF072 Transverse Feedback System for the CERN FCC-hh Collider injection, feedback, kicker, emittance 1997
 
  • W. Höfle, J. Komppula, G. Kotzian, K.S.B. Li, D. Valuch
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  For the future hadron Collider (FCC-hh) being studied at CERN a strong transverse feedback system is required to damp coupled bunch instabilities. This system is also planned to be used for injection damping. Based on the LHC transverse feedback design we derive requirements for power and kick strength for this system for the different options of bunch spacing, 25 ns and 5 ns, and injection energy. Operation at high gain and close to a half integer tune is being considered and constrains the layout and signal processing. Requirements for the pick-up resolution are derived from the need to keep the emittance increase small. The performance is evaluated using numerical simulations based on the headtail code. Future areas of research and development and possible prototype developments are outlined.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF072  
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WEPAL079 Control of Intra-Bunch Vertical Motion in the SPS with GHz Bandwidth Feedback feedback, controls, injection, kicker 2365
 
  • J.D. Fox, J.E. Dusatko, C.H. Rivetta, O. Turgut
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • H. Bartosik, E.R. Bjørsvik, W. Höfle, G. Kotzian, K.S.B. Li, E. Métral, B. Salvant, U. Wehrle
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S. De Santis
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy DE-AC02-76SF00515, US LHC Accelerator Research program, CERN LHC Injector Upgrade Project and the US-Japan Cooperative Program in High Energy Physics.
A GHz bandwidth vertical beam feedback system has been in development at the CERN SPS to explore control of unstable beam motion in single bunch and bunch train configurations. We present measurements and recent studies of stable and unstable motion for intensities up to 2x1011 p/bunch. The system has been operated at 3.2GS/s with 16 samples across a 5 ns RF bucket (4.2 ns 3 σ bunch at injection). Experimental results confirm damping of intra-bunch instabilities in Q20, Q22 and Q26 optics configurations. Instabilities with growth times of 200 turns are well-controlled from injection, consistent with the achievable gains for the 2 installed stripline kickers with 1 kW broadband total power. Studies of the damping achieved with the diagonal FIR controllers and existing system noise floors are highlighted to evaluate benefits of MIMO feedback controllers. The work is motivated by anticipated intensity increases from the LIU and HL-LHC upgrade programs, and has included the development of a new 1 GHz bandwidth slotline kicker structure and associated amplifier system
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL079  
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WEPMF071 Dynamic Testing and Characterization of Advanced Materials in a New Experiment at CERN HiRadMat Facility experiment, target, site, proton 2534
 
  • A. Bertarelli, C. Accettura, E. Berthomé, L. Bianchi, F. Carra, C. Fichera, M.I. Frankl, G. Gobbi, P. Grosclaude, M. Guinchard, A. Lechner, M. Pasquali, S. Redaelli, E. Rigutto, O. Sacristan De Frutos
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Ph. Bolz, P. Simon
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • T.R. Furness
    University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
  • J. Guardia Valenzuela
    Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
  • P. Mollicone, M. Portelli
    UoM, Msida, Malta
 
  Funding: This work has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 730871.
An innovative and comprehensive experiment (named "Multimat") was successfully carried out at CERN HiRadMat facility on 18 different materials relevant for Collimators and Beam Intercepting Devices. Material samples, tested under high intensity proton pulses of 440 GeV/c, exceeding the energy density expected in HL-LHC, ranged from very light carbon foams to tungsten heavy alloys, including novel composites as graphite/carbides and metal/diamond without and with thin-film coatings. Experimental data were acquired relying on extensive integrated instrumentation (strain gauges, temperature sensors, radiation-hard camera) and on laser Doppler vibrometer. This allows investigating relatively unexplored and fundamental phenomena as dynamic strength, internal energy dispersion, nonlinearities due to inelasticity and inhomogeneity, strength and delamination of coatings and surfaces. By benchmarking sophisticated numerical simulations against these results, it is possible to establish or update material constitutive models, which are of paramount importance for the design of devices exposed to interaction with particle beams in high energy accelerators such as the HL-LHC or FCC-hh.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF071  
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WEPMF077 Demonstration of Feasibility of the CLIC Damping Ring Extraction Kicker Modulators kicker, flattop, extraction, collider 2557
 
  • J. Holma, M.J. Barnes, A. Ferrero Colomo
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The CLIC study is investigating the technical feasibility of an electron-positron collider with high luminosity and a nominal centre-of-mass energy of 3 TeV. Pre-damping rings and damping rings (DRs) will produce ultra-low emittance beam with high bunch charge. The DR kicker systems must provide extremely stable field pulses to avoid beam emittance increase. The DR extraction kicker system consists of a stripline kicker and two pulse modulators. Specifications for the electromagnetic field pulses require that the modulator produce pulses of 160 or 900 ns flattop duration, ±12.5 kV and 305 A, with ripple and droop of not more than ±0.02 % (±2.5 V) with respect to an ideal waveform. Inductive adder topology has been chosen for the pulse modulators where the output waveform can be adjusted by applying analogue modulation methods. Two full-scale, 20-layer, 12.5 kV prototype inductive adders have been designed and built, and they are being tested at CERN. These modulators will be tested with a prototype stripline kicker, installed in a beamline at ALBA Synchrotron Light Source in Spain. The results of the laboratory tests and measurements are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF077  
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WEPML012 Progress on the Construction of the Perpendicularly Biased 2nd Harmonic Cavity for the Fermilab Booster cavity, HOM, booster, impedance 2703
 
  • R.L. Madrak, J.E. Dey, K.L. Duel, M.R. Kufer, J. Kuharik, A.V. Makarov, R.D. Padilla, W. Pellico, J. Reid, G.V. Romanov, M. Slabaugh, D. Sun, C.-Y. Tan, I. Terechkine
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  A perpendicularly biased tuneable 2nd harmonic cavity, designed for the Fermilab Booster, is being assembled for testing this summer (2018). The cavity will work at twice the frequency of the fundamental cavities, and will be on only during the injection and transition (or extraction) periods. The main purpose of adding this cavity is to improve beam capture and reduce losses as required by Fermilab's Proton Improvement Plan (PIP). After three years of testing and optimization, the cavity design has now been finalized and all constituent parts have been received. We report on the cavity final design and on the status of the construction.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML012  
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WEPML055 Simulation Study of Parasitic-Mode Damping Methods for a 1.5-GHz TM020-Mode Harmonic Cavity cavity, impedance, coupling, radiation 2822
 
  • N. Yamamoto, S. Sakanaka, T. Takahashi
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Design study of parasitic-mode (PM) damped structures has been conducted for the purpose to realize a normal conducting 1.5 GHz harmonic cavity which is based on the TM020 resonant mode*. We have investigated the performances of two PM-damping mechanisms, that are, rod-type antennas** and annular slots. The rod-type antennas locate at the node of electric field of the TM020 mode while the annular slots locate at the node of magnetic field. As a result of 3D electromagnetic simulations, suitable performances of PMs were confirmed by employing either of the PM-damping mechanisms. It was also shown that the slot-type structure is superior in PM-damping performance and in the unloaded Q of the TM020 mode.
* N. Yamamoto et al., IPAC'17, paper THOPIK037; N. Yamamoto Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams, 21, 1, 012001.
** T. Takahashi et al., IPAC'17, paper THPIK036.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML055  
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THPAF011 Design of 4 Ampere S-Band LINAC Using Slotted Iris Structure for HOM Damping linac, HOM, target, dipole 2965
 
  • J. Pang, S. Chen, X. He, L.W. Zhang
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
  • S. Pei, H. Shi, J.R. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power, CAEP (Contract NO. PPLF2014PZ05) Key Laboratory of Particle Acceleration Physics &Technology,IHEP, CAS (Contract Y5294109TD)
An S-band LINAC with the operating frequency of 2856 MHz and beam current of 4 A was designed for flash X-ray radiography for hydrodynamic test. The optimization of the parameters of the LINAC was processed to obtain the minimum beam radius and the maximum energy efficiency. For the purpose of reducing the beam orbits offset at the exit of LINAC, a slotted iris accelerating structure would be employed to suppress the transverse Higher Order Modes (HOMs) by cutting four radial slots in the iris to couple the HOMs to SiC loads. In this paper, we present the design of the LINAC and the results of beam dynamic analysis.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF011  
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THPAF012 The Influence of Chromaticity on Transverse Single-Bunch Instability in the Booster of HEPS simulation, booster, injection, radiation 2968
 
  • H.S. Xu, N. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The study of the transverse single-bunch instability has been carried out for the HEPS booster to double check whether the required single-bunch charge can be achieved. The chromaticity has been varied in our study to see how the threshold changes accordingly. Usually, the slightly positive chromaticity is expected for stabilizing the beam. However, our simulations show that the single-bunch threshold current drops significantly when the chromaticity becomes non-zero. We present the simulation methods and results in details in this paper. The analysis of the simulation results is also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF012  
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THPAF031 A PETRA IV Lattice based on Hybrid Seven Bend Achromats emittance, lattice, wiggler, sextupole 3021
 
  • J. Keil, I.V. Agapov, R. Brinkmann, X.N. Gavaldà, R. Wanzenberg
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  For the PETRA IV project at DESY it is planned to convert the 6 GeV synchrotron light source PETRA III into a diffraction limited storage ring with ultra-low emittances. PETRA IV should provide a natural emittance two orders of magnitude smaller as now. The energy and the current of 100 mA should be unchanged. Currently different lattice options are investigated to achieve an emittance in the range of 10-30 pm*rad. As one candidate for a lattice of PETRA IV a ring based on the concept of hybrid multi-bend achromats (HMBA) has been studied in detail. Due to the unique layout of PETRA III with long straight sections it is possible to use damping wigglers to reduce the emittance further. While this helps to mitigate intrabeam scattering it has the disadvantage of an increased energy spread. The linear and nonlinear parameters of this HMBA-based lattice and the influence of damping wigglers on beam parameters are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF031  
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THPAF034 Studies of Horizontal Instabilities in the CERN SPS simulation, octupole, optics, impedance 3032
 
  • M.S. Beck, H. Bartosik, M. Carlà, K.S.B. Li, G. Rumolo, M. Schenk
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • U. van Rienen
    Rostock University, Faculty of Engineering, Rostock, Germany
 
  In the framework of the LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU), beams with double intensity with respect to the present values will have to be successfully accelerated by the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) and extracted towards the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). However, first experience running with intensity higher than the nominal LHC beam has shown that coherent instabilities in the horizontal plane may develop, becoming a potential intensity limitation for the future high intensity operation. To understand the mechanism of these instabilities, the PyHEADTAIL code has been used to check if the SPS impedance model reproduces the observations. The instability growth rates have been studied for different machine models and different chromaticity settings. In addition, the effect of other stabilizing methods, like the octupoles and the transverse damper, has also been investigated. Measurements are presented to benchmark the simulations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF034  
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THPAF037 Bunch Compression and Turnaround Loops Design in the FCC-ee Injector Complex emittance, dipole, sextupole, linac 3044
 
  • T.K. Charles, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M.J. Boland
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • K. Oide
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Future Circular e+e Collider (FCC-ee) requires two 180-degree turnaround loops to transport the positron beam from the damping ring to the lower energy section of the linac. In addition bunch compression is required to reduce the RMS bunch length from 5 mm to 0.5 mm, prior to injection into the linac. A dogleg bunch compressor comprised of two triple bend achromat (TBAs) can achieve this compression. Sextupole magnets are incorporated into the bunch compressor design for chromaticity correction as well as optimisation of the second-order longitudinal dispersion, T566, and to linearize the longitudinal phase space distribution. In this paper we present the design of the transport line and the bunch compressor. Measures to limit emittance growth due to coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) are also discussed, because despite the relatively long bunch length, the large degree of bending required introduces cause for consideration of CSR.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF037  
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THPAF048 Destabilising Effect of the LHC Transverse Damper coupling, impedance, feedback, synchrotron 3076
 
  • E. Métral, D. Amorim, S. A. Antipov, N. Biancacci, X. Buffat, K.S.B. Li
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Three questions motivated this study for the CERN Large Hadron Collider in terms of beam stability: (i) why a chromaticity close to zero seemed more critical than predicted during Run 1 (in 2011 and 2012) and during Run 2 (in 2015)?; (ii) why some past simulations with a chromaticity close to zero revealed a more critical situation with the transverse damper than without?; (iii) what should be the minimum operational chromaticity in the future in the LHC and High-Luminosity LHC? A new Vlasov solver (called GALACTIC) was developed to shed light on the destabilising mechanism of the transverse damper, which is a potential contributor to explain the LHC observation. Due to the features, which are discussed in this paper, the name 'ISR (for Imaginary tune Split and Repulsion) instability' is suggested for this new kind of single-bunch instability with zero chromaticity.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF048  
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THPAF068 Suppression of Instabilities Generated by an Anti-Damper With a Nonlinear Magnetic Element in IOTA simulation, experiment, lattice, optics 3134
 
  • E.G. Stern, J.F. Amundson, A. Macridin
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: US Department of Energy
The Integrable Optics Test Accelerator (IOTA) storage ring is being constructed at Fermilab as a testbed for new accelerator concepts. One important series of experiments tests the use of a novel nonlinear magnetic insert to damp coherent instabilities. To test the damping power of the ele- ment, an instability of desired strength may be intentionally excited with an anti-damper. We report on simulations of beam stabilization using the Synergia modeling framework over ranges of driving and damping strengths.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF068  
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THPAF069 Particle Tracking Simulation of Collective Modes - Parametric Landau Damping Off Coupling Resonance coupling, simulation, resonance, synchrotron 3137
 
  • A. Macridin, J.F. Amundson, A.V. Burov, P. Spentzouris, E.G. Stern
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Employing Synergia simulations with the DMD method we investigate the Landau damping of space charge modes in bunched beams. The simulations reveal two instances of the parametric damping mechanism in bunched beams. The first example occurs in the proximity of coupling resonance and is due to the oscillation of particles' amplitudes in the transverse plane. This oscillation modulates the mode-particle coupling with particle dependent trapping frequency. The second example is due to the modulation of the mode-particle coupling in one transverse plane by the oscillatory motion in the other plane.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF069  
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THPAF074 Landau Damping Studies for the FCC: Octupole Magnets, Electron Lens and Beam-Beam Effects octupole, flattop, feedback, betatron 3150
 
  • C. Tambasco, J. Barranco García, T. Pieloni, L. Rivkin
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • S. Arsenyev, X. Buffat, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation SERI.
Stability studies for the FCC-hh operational cycle are explored using Landau octupoles and electron lenses alone and in the presence of long-range as well as head-on beam-beam effects. Pros and cons of the various methods are compared and an optimum operational scenario to guarantee the maximum stability is proposed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF074  
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THPAF079 Landau Damping and Tune-Spread Requirements for Transverse Beam Stability octupole, simulation, impedance, quadrupole 3168
 
  • V. Kornilov, O. Boine-Frankenheim
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Passive mitigation methods are effective cures for collective instabilities in ring accelerators. For decades, octupole magnets have been used as an established and well-understood passive mitigation method. Present and the future accelerator facilities, like FAIR or FCC, impose new challenges on the passive mitigation due to higher energies and smaller beam emittances. Lattice resonances usually restrict the tolerable tune-spreads which are essential for the passive mitigation methods. We study the stability of transverse bunch oscillations provided by octupole magnets and radio-frequency quadrupoles. The special focus of our study is on the interplay and role of decoherence, phase-mixing and Landau damping for the different mitigation schemes. Particle tracking simulations are performed and the tune spreads for the different mechanisms are compared with each other and also with analytical dispersion relations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF079  
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THPAK014 Analytical Estimation of the Beam Ion Instability in HEPS simulation, operation, brightness, electron 3231
 
  • N. Wang, Z. Duan, S.K. Tian, H.S. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) is a new designed photon source at beam energy of 6 GeV, with natural beam emittance less than 100pm. Due to the small transverse beam size, beam ion instability is one of the potential issues for HEPS. The growth time of the instability is estimated analytically for different operation scenarios. The results show considerably good agreement with the wake strong simulations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK014  
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THPAK029 Studies of the Micro-Bunching Instability in the Presence of a Damping Wiggler wiggler, radiation, synchrotron, bunching 3273
 
  • M. Brosi, A. Bernhard, J. Gethmann, B. Kehrer, A.-S. Müller, A.I. Papash, P. Schreiber, P. Schönfeldt, J.L. Steinmann
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Funding: Funded by BMBF (grant: 05K16VKA) & Helmholtz (contract: VH-NG-320). Supported by the Helmholtz International Research School for Teratronics & Karlsruhe School of Elementary and Astroparticle Physics.
At the KIT storage ring KARA (KArlsruhe Research Accelerator), the momentum compaction factor can be reduced leading to natural bunch lengths in the ps range. Due to the high degree of longitudinal compression the micro-bunching instability arises. During this longitudinal instability the bunches emit bursts of intense coherent synchrotron radiation in the THz frequency range caused by the complex longitudinal dynamics. The temporal pattern of the emitted bursts depends on given machine parameters, like momentum compaction factor, acceleration voltage, and damping time. In this paper the influence of the damping time is studied by utilizing the CLIC damping wiggler prototype installed in KARA as well as by simulations using the Vlasov-Fokker-Planck solver Inovesa.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK029  
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THPAK031 Suppression of Longitudinal Coupled Bunch Instability by Harmonic Cavity in UVSOR Electron Storage Ring synchrotron, storage-ring, HOM, cavity 3280
 
  • A. Mochihashi
    KIT, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
  • M. Fujimoto, K. Hayashi, M. Katoh
    UVSOR, Okazaki, Japan
  • J. H. Hasegawa, M. Hosaka, M. Hosaka, Y. Takashima, Y. Takashima
    Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
  • M. Hosaka, Y. Takashima
    Aichi Synchrotron Radiation Center, Aichi, Japan
  • M. Katoh
    Sokendai - Okazaki, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
 
  In the UVSOR electron storage ring, which is dedicated for a VUV synchrotron radiation light source, a longitudinal coupled bunch instability (LCBI) is observed in multi-bunch operation. To suppress the LCBI, we routinely operate a third harmonic cavity (HCV) in a passive mode. By properly tuning HCV, the instability is almost completely suppressed. Because of the lower beam energy (750 MeV) and brilliant beam emittance (17.5 nm-rad), the Touschek effect becomes severe in the UVSOR. To guarantee enough beam lifetime, we also apply HCV for lengthening the bunch. The suppression of the instability and increasing the beam lifetime are crucial benefits by HCV for the UVSOR. However, not only the origin of the LCBI but also the Landau damping effect by HCV has not been understood systematically yet. We have noticed that one of the HOMs at HCV itself could cause the LCBI and observed the behavior of the instability, which strongly depends on the beam current. From the experiment we have discussed the cause of the instability with the HOM theory. We have also tried to observe synchrotron tune spread and discussed a competition between the Landau damping and the instability growth.
Present affiliation of the first auther : Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
 
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THPAK032 Elaborated Modeling of Synchrotron Motion in Vlasov-Fokker-Planck Solvers simulation, synchrotron, electron, storage-ring 3283
 
  • P. Schönfeldt, T. Boltz, A. Mochihashi, A.-S. Müller, J.L. Steinmann
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
 
  Funding: Funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Grant No. 05K16VKA) & Initiative and Networking Fund of the Helmholtz Association (contract number: VH-NG-320).
Solving the Vlasov-Fokker-Planck equation is a well-tested approach to simulate dynamics of electron bunches self-interacting with their own wake-field. Typical implementations model the dynamics of a charge density in a damped harmonic oscillator, with a small perturbation due to collective effects. This description imposes some limits to the applicability: Because after a certain simulation time coherent synchrotron motion will be damped down, effectively only the incoherent motion is described. Furthermore - even though computed - the tune spread is typically masked by the use of a charge density instead of individual particles. As a consequence, some effects are not reproduced. In this contribution, we present methods that allow to consider single-particle motion, coherent synchrotron oscillation, non-linearities of the accelerating voltage, higher orders of the momentum compaction factor, as well as modulations of the accelerating voltage. We also provide exemplary studies - based on the KIT storage ring KARA (KArlsruhe Research Accelerator) - to show the potential of the methods.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK032  
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THPAK055 Suppression of Transverse Beam Instabilities by Stripline Kickers at TPS kicker, impedance, feedback, storage-ring 3346
 
  • P.J. Chou, C.K. Chan, C.-C. Chang, K.T. Hsu, K.H. Hu, C.K. Kuan, I.C. Sheng, F.H. Tseng
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  Collective beam instabilities could limit the accelerator performance if proper countermeasures are not in place. Active beam feedback systems are commonly used to suppress beam instabilities. The resistive wall impedance including phase-II insertion devices at TPS are calculated with analytical formulas. The growth rate of transverse coupled bunch instabilities due to wall impedance is estimated by theory. The RF properties of existing stripline kickers in TPS are analyzed with a 3-D electromagnetic simulation code GdfidL. Based on the above analysis, the requirements for a beam feedback system are calculated and the results are reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK055  
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THPAK057 Simulations of Optical Stochastic Cooling with ELEGANT undulator, pick-up, kicker, radiation 3354
 
  • M.B. Andorf, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • V.A. Lebedev, V.A. Lebedev, P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Fermilab is pursuing a proof-of-principle test of the Optical Stochastic Cooling (OSC) of 100 MeV electrons in the Integrable Optics Test Accelerator. In support of this we present simulations of horizontal damping with OSC. We find excellent agreement with theory on the amplitude dependent damping rates. Additionally particle tracking is used to confirm the necessity and effectiveness of sextupoles used to correct non-linear path lengthening in the OSC chicane.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK057  
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THPAK115 Numerical Multiparticle Tracking Studies on Coupled-Bunch Instabilities in the Presence of RF Phase Modulation wakefield, cavity, impedance, synchrotron 3511
 
  • M. Sommer, B.D. Isbarn, S. Koetter, B. Riemann, T. Weis
    DELTA, Dortmund, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by the BMBF under contract no. 05K13PEB.
Since 2008, longitudinal coupled-bunch instabilities are suppressed at DELTA by a modulation of the phase of the accelerating RF field inside the cavity. To achieve a deeper understanding of the interaction of both effects, experimental studies have been made in 2016. These studies show a quadratic dependency of the coupled-bunch mode damping rates on the phase modulation amplitude. Recently, a numerical particle tracking code has been developed to confirm the experimental results. It is based on long range wake field effects produced inside an RF cavity acting on multi particle bunches of arbitrary charge, together with phase focusing by a phase modulated accelerating field. The numerical results confirm the quadratic dependency of damping rates on the phase shift obtained in experimental studies before.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK115  
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THPAL144 952.6 MHz SRF Cavity Development for JLEIC cavity, HOM, electron, SRF 3982
 
  • R.A. Rimmer, W.A. Clemens, F. Fors, J. Guo, F.E. Hannon, J. Henry, F. Marhauser, L. Turlington, H. Wang, S. Wang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177
JLab is developing new SRF cavity designs at 952.6 MHz for the proposed Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC). New cavities will be required for the ion ring, cooler ERL and booster and eventually for an upgrade of the electron ring to allow the highest possible bunch collision rate. The challenges include the need for high fundamental mode power couplers and strong HOM damping, with high HOM power capability. Initial focus is on the cooler ERL 5-cell cavity as this is a critical component for the strong, high energy, bunched-beam cooling concept. 1-cell and 5-cell Nb prototype cavities have been designed and fabricated. Details concerning the cavity fabrication and test results will be presented.
 
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THPAL154 High-Gradient Performance of X-Band Choke-Mode Structures ECR, GUI, experiment, HOM 4011
 
  • X.W. Wu, D.Z. Cao, H.B. Chen, J. Shi, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • T. Abe, T. Higo, S. Matsumoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11135004)
The choke-mode accelerating structure is one of the higher-order-mode (HOM) damping structures. It has the advantage of relatively simple fabrication and low surface magnetic field. C-band choke-mode accelerating structures have been successfully applied in multibunch XFEL. However, the X-band choke-mode study remains in the theoretical design stage. The high-gradient performance of the choke is still unknown. Five different single-cell choke-mode accelerating structures were designed, fabricated and high-gradient tested to study the related RF breakdown characteristics. It was observed that high electric field and small choke dimension caused serious breakdowns in the choke which was the main limitation of the high-gradient performance. The Choke-mode accelerating structures reached 130 MV/m by decreasing the electric field and increasing the choke gap. A new quantity was proposed to give the high-gradient performance limit of choke-mode accelerating structures due to RF breakdown. The new quantity was obtained from the summary of the high-gradient experiments and could be used to guide high-gradient choke-mode accelerating structure design.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL154  
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THPML052 Excitation of Plasma Wave by Lasers Beating in a Collisional and Mild-Relativistic Plasma plasma, laser, electron, ECR 4752
 
  • M. Kaur, D.N. Gupta
    University of Delhi, Delhi, India
 
  Funding: Work supported by Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India.
Excitation of plasma wave by two lasers beating in a collisional dominated relativistic plasma is investigated. We study the energy exchange between a plasma wave and two co-propagating lasers in plasma including the effect of relativistic mass change and electron-ion collisions. Two lasers, having frequency difference equal to the plasma frequency, excite a plasma beat wave resonantly by the ponderomotive force, which obeys the energy and momentum conservation*. The relativistic effect and the electron-ion collision both contribute in energy exchange between the interacting waves in the beat-wave acceleration mechanism. Our study shows that the initial phase difference between interacting waves generates a phase mismatch between lasers and plasma wave, which alters the rate of amplitude variations of the interacting waves and, hence, affects the energy exchange between the interacting waves**. This study may be crucial to design a compact plasma accelerator in low-intensity regime***.
*T. Tajima, and J. Dawson, Phys. Rev.Lett. 43, 267(1979)
**D. N. Gupta, M. S. Hur, and H. Suk, J.Appl. Phys. 100, 103101 (2006)
***M. Kaur and D. N. Gupta, EuroPhysics letter 116, 35001 (2016).
 
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THPML072 Injection Comparison using Bunch-by-Bunch Beam Size Measurement System at SSRF injection, SRF, storage-ring, betatron 4811
 
  • H.J. Chen, J. Chen, B. Gao, Y.B. Leng
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  Injection transient process happens every 5-10 minutes in storage ring during normal top-up operating mode at SSRF, which is a proper window for machine status and injection performance evaluation. In the recent year, a bunch-by-bunch beam size measurement system has been implemented at SSRF, which has the capability to offer transverse bunch-by-bunch position and size information and is a powerful tool for injection study. In this paper, we summarize three injection study results from July 2017 to April 2018, including betatron oscillation amplitude, spectrum, horizontal tune and damping time comparison. The oscillation amplitude and temporal behavior of recent injection are all better than results before contributed to the injection optimization work during maintenance in 2018 winter. In addition, the principal component analysis method is also applied to further study the injection behavior in turn-by-turn or bunch-by-bunch direction to the refilled bucket.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML072  
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