Keyword: detector
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MOXGB1 Report on SuperKEKB Phase 2 Commissioning luminosity, MMI, optics, emittance 1
 
  • Y. Ohnishi
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The SuperKEKB electron-positron collider is being commissioned at KEK in three phases. The first phase was successfully completed in 2016, focusing on vacuum scrubbing and single beam studies without final focus optics. The second phase will start in March 2018 and until mid of July 2018. It will be dedicated to achieving the target specific luminosity larger than 4x1031 cm-2s-1/mA2, using the novel "nano-beam" collision scheme. Final focus optics will be installed, as well as the Belle-II detector, but without the vertex detector. The second phase of commissioning will also serve to assess and learn to control backgrounds induced by beam losses near the interaction region, expected to be larger than at KEKB in the past, as a result of the much smaller beams. This will be important before installing the vertex detector for the final phase of commissioning, due to start at the beginning of 2019, when high luminosity needed for data taking with the Belle-II detector should be achieved. The speaker will present the recent progress and performance of SuperKEKB that is enabled by these upgrades.  
slides icon Slides MOXGB1 [28.598 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOXGB1  
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MOPMF011 Beam-Beam Issues With Two Interaction Points in eRHIC proton, electron, simulation, luminosity 102
 
  • Y. Luo, M. Blaskiewicz, A. He, C. Montag, V. Ptitsyn
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
In this article, we study the beam-beam interaction related issues with two interaction points in the current eRHIC ring-ring design. We carried out strong-strong beam-beam simulation in a 2-d bunch intensity scan. We observed coherent beam-beam instability and emittance blowup with 2 collisions per turn at lower bunch intensities than the case with only 1 collision per turn. To deliver collisions to the two experiments simultaneously, we proposed a new bunch filling pattern to avoid 2 collisions per turn for any electron or proton bunch. We proved that the parasitic beam-beam effect with the new bunch filling pattern is negligible.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF011  
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MOPMF016 Progress on RCS eRHIC Injector Design resonance, polarization, emittance, lattice 115
 
  • V.H. Ranjbar, M. Blaskiewicz, J.M. Brennan, S.J. Brooks, D.M. Gassner, H.-C. Hseuh, I. Marneris, F. Méot, M.G. Minty, C. Montag, V. Ptitsyn, K.S. Smith, S. Tepikian, F.J. Willeke, H. Witte, B. P. Xiao, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • I.V. Pogorelov
    Tech-X, Boulder, Colorado, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
We have refined the design for the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) polarized electron injector for eRHIC. The newer design includes bypasses for the eRHIC detectors and definition of the lattice layout in the existing RHIC tunnel. Additionally, we provide more details on the RF, alignment and orbit control, and magnet specifications.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF016  
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MOPMF089 DAΦNE Luminosity Monitor luminosity, experiment, scattering, injection 338
 
  • A. De Santis, C. Bisegni, O.R. Blanco-García, O. Coiro, A. Michelotti, C. Milardi, A. Stecchi
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  This work presents a new method to measure the DAΦNE collider instantaneous luminosity. The method is based on the identification of Bhabha scattering events at low polar angle (∼10 degree) around the beam axis by using two small crystal calorimeters shared with the KLOE-2 experiment. A new experimental setup has been designed and realized in order to implement the fast luminosity monitor, also in view of the DAΦNE future physics runs. Besides total instantaneous luminosity the new diagnostic measures also Bunch-by-Bunch (BBB) luminosity. This peculiarity allows to investigate the beam-beam interaction for the Crab- Waist collisions at DAΦNE and luminosity dependence on the bunch train structure.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF089  
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MOPML002 Status of the JLEIC Ion Collider Ring Design dynamic-aperture, collider, solenoid, survey 394
 
  • G.H. Wei, F. Lin, V.S. Morozov, Y. Zhang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • Y. Cai, Y.M. Nosochkov
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by JSA, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177 and DE-AC02-06CH11357. Work supported also by the US DOE Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
We present an update on the lattice design and beam dynamics study of the ion collider ring of JLEIC (Jefferson Lab Electron Ion Collider). The collider ring consists of two 261.7 degree arcs connected by two straight sections crossing each other. One of the straights houses an interaction region (IR) and is shaped to make a 50 mrad crossing angle with the electron beam at the interaction point (IP) to meet physics requirements. The forward acceptance requirements downstream of the IP in the ion direction lead to an asymmetric IR lattice design. The detector solenoid effects and the multipole fields of the IR magnets further complicate this picture. In this paper, compensation of the detector solenoid effects is considered together with orbit correction and multipole effects. We also study local compensation of the magnet multipoles using dedicated multipole correctors. And an optimization of the betatron tunes is also presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML002  
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MOPML012 Special Collimation System Configuration for the LHC High-Beta Runs background, collimation, simulation, experiment 418
 
  • H. Garcia Morales
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • R. Bruce, H. Burkhardt, M. Deile, S. Jakobsen, A. Mereghetti, S. Redaelli
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Special LHC high-beta optics is required for the forward physics program of TOTEM and ATLAS-ALFA. In this configuration, the beam is de-squeezed (the \beta-function at the collision point is increased) in order to minimize the divergence for measurements at very small scattering angles. In these low beam intensity runs, it is important to place the Roman Pots (RPs) as close as possible to the beam, which demands special collimator settings. During Run I, a significant amount of background was observed in the forward detectors due to particles outscattered from the primary collimator. During Run II, a different collimation configuration was used where a tungsten collimator was used as primary collimator instead of the usual one made of carbon. Using this configuration, a significant reduction of the background at the RPs was observed. In this paper we present a description of the new collimator configuration and the results obtained during the high-beta run carried out in 2016.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML012  
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MOPML024 Implementation of a Non-Invasive Online Beam Monitor at a 60 MeV Proton Therapy Beamline proton, cyclotron, operation, monitoring 449
 
  • R. Schnuerer, C.P. Welsch, S.L. Yap, H.D. Zhang
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • O. Girard, G.J. Haefeli
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
 
  To fully exploit the advantageous dose distribution profiles of ion radiotherapy, an exact knowledge of the beam properties through online beam monitoring is essential, ensuring thus an effective dose delivery to the patient. One potential candidate for an online beam monitor is the LHCb Vertex Locator (VELO). This detector, originally developed for the LHCb experiment, has been adapted to the specific conditions of the clinical environment in a proton therapy centre. The semicircular design and position of its sensitive silicon detector offers a non-invasive way to measure the beam intensity without interfering with the beam core. In this contribution, modifications for VELO are described. The detector is synchronized with the readout of a locally-constructed Faraday Cup and the 25.7 MHz RF frequency of the cyclotron at the Clatterbridge Cancer Centre (CCC). Geant4 Monte Carlo simulations investigate the integration of the detector in the treatment line and behaviour of the beam during delivery. The capability of VELO as a beam monitor will be assessed by measuring the beam current and by monitoring the beam profile along the beamline this summer.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML024  
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MOPML072 Timing Resolution for an Optical Fibre-Based Detector in a 74 MeV Proton Therapy Beam proton, TRIUMF, photon, timing 575
 
  • C.A. Penner
    UBC & TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • C. Duzenli
    UBC, Vancouver, B.C., Canada
  • C.M. Hoehr, C. Lindsay
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
  • S. O'Keeffe
    University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
 
  A Terbium activated Gadolinium Oxysulfide (Gd2O2S:Tb)-filled optical fibre sensor was developed and tested as a proton therapy beam dosimeter on a 74 MeV proton beam. Tests were carried out at the TRIUMF proton therapy centre, where a passively scattered beam is used for treatment. To create a clinically relevant spread-out Bragg peak, a modulator wheel with steps of varying thickness is employed. To determine the sensor's response in a 23 mm spread out Bragg peak, the sensor signal was sampled at depth intervals of 0.79 mm along the beam axis in a water phantom. The resulting data showed a periodic variation in the signal corresponding to the rotation of the modulator wheel and related to the depth in water of the detector. This timing resolution in the sensor response could find application in quality assurance for modulated proton beams.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML072  
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TUXGBD3 Ideas and Concepts for Future Electron Ion Colliders electron, luminosity, collider, polarization 590
 
  • F.C. Pilat
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
 
  Different versions of future electron-ion colliders have been proposed by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory (JLAB), one based on colliding protons in a ring with electrons from an Energy Recovery Linac (ERL), the other two based on ring-ring colliders. To attain the luminosity goal strong hadron cooling is required, as could be provided with several proposed new cooling schemes. Polarization of both colliding beams is essential. This invited talk will compare the various designs and highlight some of the novel ideas and concepts.  
slides icon Slides TUXGBD3 [76.613 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUXGBD3  
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TUXGBF2 Higher-Order-Mode Effects in Tesla-Type Superconducting RF Cavities on Electron Beam Quality HOM, cavity, FEL, electron 612
 
  • A.H. Lumpkin, N. Eddy, D.R. Edstrom, P.S. Prieto, J. Ruan, R.M. Thurman-Keup
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • K. Bishofberger, B.E. Carlsten
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • O. Napoly
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
 
  Funding: *Work at Fermilab supported by FRA, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Dept. of Energy. **Work at LANL supported by U.S. Dept. of Energy through the LANL/LDRD Program.
We report the direct observations of the correlation of higher order modes (HOMs) generated by off-axis electron beam steering in TESLA-type SCRF cavities and sub-macropulse beam centroid shifts (with the concomitant effect on averaged beam size and emittance). The experiments were performed at the Fermilab Accelerator Science and Technology (FAST) facility using its unique configuration of a PC rf gun injecting beam into two separated 9-cell cavities in series with corrector magnets and beam position monitors (BPMs) located before, between, and after them. The ~100-kHz oscillations with up to 300-µm amplitudes at downstream locations were observed in a 3-MHz micropulse repetition rate beam with charges of 500 and 1000 pC/b, although the effects were much reduced at 100 pC/b. The studies were based on HOM detector circuitry targeting the first and second dipole passbands, rf BPM bunch-by-bunch data, and imaging cameras viewing multi-slit images for emittance assessments at 33 MeV. Initial calculations reproduced a key feature of the phenomena. In principle, these results may be scaled to cryomodule configurations of major accelerator facilities.
 
slides icon Slides TUXGBF2 [3.636 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUXGBF2  
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TUYGBD2 A Review of DAΦNE Performances During the KLOE-2 Run luminosity, operation, vacuum, collider 624
 
  • C. Milardi, D. Alesini, S. Bini, O.R. Blanco-García, M. Boscolo, B. Buonomo, S. Cantarella, S. Caschera, A. D'Uffizi, A. De Santis, G.O. Delle Monache, D.G.C. Di Giulio, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, L.G. Foggetta, A. Gallo, R. Gargana, A. Ghigo, S. Guiducci, C. Ligi, M. Maestri, A. Michelotti, L. Pellegrino, R. Ricci, U. Rotundo, A. Stecchi, A. Stella, M. Zobov
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  DAΦNE, the Frascati electron-positron accelerator complex, has almost completed the last and more chanlleging period of operation for the KLOE-2 detector. In this context the performances of the collider, based on the Crab-Waist collision scheme, are reviewed and the limiting factors discussed.  
slides icon Slides TUYGBD2 [9.932 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUYGBD2  
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TUYGBD4 Beam Loss Background and Collimator Design in CEPC Double Ring scattering, background, radiation, simulation 632
 
  • S. Bai, J. Gao, H. Geng, D. Wang, Y. Wang, C.H. Yu, Y. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a proposed Higgs factory with center of mass energy of 240 GeV to measure the properties of Higgs boson and test the standard model accurately. Beam loss background in detectors is an important topic at CEPC. Radiative Bhabha scattering and Beamstrahlung effects are dominant mechanism of the beam induced backgrounds at CEPC due to the beam lifetime. In this paper, we evaluated the beam loss background in simulation and designed a series of collimators to suppress the radiation level on the machine and the detector.  
slides icon Slides TUYGBD4 [0.796 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUYGBD4  
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TUPAF016 Increase of IPHI Beam Power at CEA Saclay rfq, neutron, proton, target 694
 
  • F. Senée, F. Benedetti, E. Giner-Demange, A. Gomes, M. Oublaid
    CEA/DRF/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • P. Ausset, M. Ben Abdillah, C. Joly
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • F. Belloni, B. Bolzon, N. Chauvin, M. Desmons, Y. Gauthier, C. Marchand, J. Marroncle, T. Papaevangelou, G. Perreu, O. Piquet, B. Pottin, Y. Sauce, J. Schwindling, L. Segui, O. Tuske, D. Uriot
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • F. Harrault, R. Touzery
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
 
  For the first time, in April 2016, the SILHI source produced a proton beam for IPHI RFQ. Due to several technical difficulties on the RFQ water cooling skid, a short RF power pulse (100 µs at the beginning until few hundred microseconds) is injected into the RFQ accelerates the high intensity proton beam up to 3 MeV. The repetition rate is tuned between 1 and 5 Hz. Under these conditions, the beam power after the RFQ is lower than 100 W. At the end of 2017, the 352 MHz RFQ conditioning has been completed (with the same duty cycle) and the proton beam has been accelerated. The increase of the beam power is expected to continue in 2018 in order to reach several kilowatts by the end of the year. In addition, two Ionization beam Profile Monitors (IPM) developed for ESS have been tested on the deviated beam line with a very low duty cycle. The IPHI facility should demonstrate the possibility to produce neutrons with a flexible compact accelerator in the framework of the SONATE project. This paper presents the status of the IPHI project in April 2018.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF016  
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TUPAF018 Characterization of Automatic Frequency Control systems for S-band Proton LINAC "TOP-IMPLART" DTL, controls, proton, linac 701
 
  • G. Bazzano, P. Nenzi, L. Picardi, C. Ronsivalle, M. Vadrucci
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  The TOP-IMPLART (Intensity Modulated Proton Linear Accelerator for RadioTherapy) proton linear accelerator is under development at ENEA-Frascati. It is composed by a 7 MeV, 425 MHz injector followed by a sequence of 2997.92 MHz accelerating modules. Four 10 MW klystrons will be used to power all high frequency structures up to a beam energy of 150 MeV. The first section, consisting of 4 SCDTL modules (7 to 35 MeV), is operational at low repetition rate (up to 50 Hz). Whereas beam acceleration is effective even without closed loop control, to ensure high beam current stability the resonance frequency variation must be kept for each SDCTL module within few kHz. This is achieved implementing an automatic frequency control (AFC) loop that detects structure detuning caused by thermal drifts and produce an error signal fed to a tuning motor. A prototype of an AFC custom solution, derived from a medical electron linac, has been tested on TOP-IMPLART accelerator. This was originally designed for magnetron frequency tuning with much larger frequency span. Other AFC systems with different components have been evaluated in order to reach the high required resolution.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF018  
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TUPAF029 Observation of Fast Losses in the LHC Operation in 2017 operation, betatron, beam-losses, monitoring 740
 
  • A.A. Gorzawski, N. Fuster-Martínez, S. Redaelli, C. Xu, C. Zamantzas
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • R.B. Appleby
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • H. Garcia Morales
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  Four diamond detectors that provide beam loss measurements with time resolution in the nanosecond range were added in the vicinity of the primary collimators of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This is a powerful diagnostic tool that provides the unique chance to measure bunch-by-bunch losses. The operation of the LHC in 2017 presented several unusual events of fast, high intensity beam losses, many of them captured by the diamond detectors in the betatron cleaning region. In this paper we review some of the relevant loss cases that were analyzed in the wider scope of determining the source of the instability generating these losses. We show few of the possible applications of this detectors in daily operations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF029  
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TUPAF041 Residual Gas Ions Characterization from the REXEBIS ISOL, rfq, experiment, electron 784
 
  • N. Bidault, M.L. Lozano, J.A. Rodriguez
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Isotope mass Separator On-Line DEvice (ISOLDE) is a user facility located at CERN where Radioactive Ion Beams (RIBs) are produced from proton collisions onto a target, mass separated and transported to user experimental stations either directly at low energy or after being post- accelerated, notably for nuclear physics studies. Prior to acceleration through the REX/HIE-ISOLDE linear acceler- ator, the ion beam is accumulated, bunched and cooled in a Penning trap (REXTRAP) and afterwards charge-bred in an Electron Beam Ion Source (REXEBIS). Multi-charged radioactive species of interest are then selected by a mass-to- charge (A/q) ratio separator dipole in the Low Energy Beam Transfer Line (LEBT). A method is presented to character- ize the Residual Gas Ion (RGI) background contamination for different operational conditions of the REXEBIS. More particularly, a discussion is held about the influence of the confinement time inside the charge-breeder on the residual gas spectrum. Finally, a method to identify sub-pico-Ampere contaminants is demonstrated.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF041  
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TUPAF042 Characterization of the Beam Energy Spread at the REX/HIE-ISOLDE Linac cavity, ISOL, linac, experiment 787
 
  • M.L. Lozano, N. Bidault, E. Fadakis, M.A. Fraser, E. Matli, J.A. Rodriguez
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  ISOLDE is an on-line radioactive isotope separator located at CERN that works by colliding protons accelerated in the PS Booster into a fixed target and by separating the resultant ionized isotopes using a magnetic separator. The completion of the HIE-ISOLDE superconducting linac allows the acceleration of these ions to energy levels that were not reachable before, opening the door to new experiments in different fields. These experiments often have special requirements in terms of beam intensity and purity, transverse emittance or energy spread. A possible way to reduce the energy spread of the beam delivered to the experimental stations is to use one or more of the superconducting cavities as bunchers. The main results of several tests conducted during the last beam commissioning campaign prove that this mode of operation is feasible and will be presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF042  
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TUPAF043 Testing the Double-Crystal Setup for Physics Beyond Colliders Experiments in the UA9-SPS Experiment experiment, proton, collimation, target 790
 
  • S. Montesano
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: on behalf of the UA9 Collaboration
The UA9 experiment is installed in the CERN SPS to study how coherent interaction in crystalline materials can be used to steer particles beams. Recently, new experiments requiring complex beam manipulations by means of crystals have been proposed in the framework of the Physics Beyond Colliders study group at CERN. In particular, it was proposed to use a first crystal to direct protons from the LHC beam halo on a target placed in the beam pipe and to use a second crystal to deflect the particles produced in the target (double-crystal setup), allowing to measure their polarization. The layout of the UA9 experiment in the CERN SPS has been modified to study the feasibility of the proposed scenario and its compatibility with the delicate environment of a superconducting collider. A first set of measurements was performed in 2017 proving that the protons deflected by the first crystal can be intercepted and successfully deflected by a second crystal. A further upgrade of the experiment in 2018 will allow measuring more precisely the combined efficiency of the two crystals and the beam-induced background.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF043  
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TUZGBE2 Final-focus Superconducting Magnets for SuperKEKB solenoid, quadrupole, MMI, operation 1215
 
  • N. Ohuchi, K.A. Aoki, Y. Arimoto, M.K. Kawai, T. Kawamoto, H. Koiso, Y. Kondo, M. Masuzawa, A. Morita, S. Nakamura, Y. Ohnishi, Y. Ohsawa, T. Oki, H. Sugimoto, K. Tsuchiya, R. Ueki, X. Wang, H. Yamaoka, Z.G. Zong
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M. Anerella, J. Escallier, A.K. Jain, A. Marone, B. Parker, P. Wanderer
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • J. DiMarco, T.G. Gardner, J.M. Nogiec, M.A. Tartaglia, G. Velev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • T.-H. Kim
    Mitsubishi Electric Corp, Advanced Technology R & D Center, Hyogo, Japan
 
  The SuperKEKB collider aims at 40 times higher luminosity than that achieved at KEKB, based on the nano-beam scheme. The vertical beta function at the interaction point will be squeezed to 300μmeter. Final-focus superconducting magnet system which consists of eight main quadrupole magnets, 43 corrector windings, and compensation solenoids is a key component to achieve high luminosity. This invited talk presents the construction and commissioning of the final-focus magnet system.  
slides icon Slides TUZGBE2 [4.239 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUZGBE2  
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TUPMF082 FLASHForward: DOOCS Control System for a Beam-Driven Plasma-Wakefield Acceleration Experiment controls, laser, timing, hardware 1460
 
  • S. Karstensen, S. Bohlen, J. Dale, M. Dinter, J.M. Müller, P. Niknejadi, J. Osterhoff, K. Poder, P. Pourmoussavi, V. Rybnikov, L. Schaper, B. Schmidt, J.-P. Schwinkendorf, B. Sheeran, G.E. Tauscher, S. Thiele, S. Wesch, P. Winkler
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The FLASHForward project at DESY is an innovative beam-driven plasma-wakefield acceleration experiment integrated in the FLASH facility, aiming to accelerate electron beams to GeV energies over a few centimetres of ionised gas. These accelerated beams are tested for their capability to demonstrate exponential free-electron laser gain; achievable only through rigorous analysis of both the driver and witness beam's phase space. The thematic priority covered in here the control system part of FLASHForward. To be able to control, read out and save data from the diagnostics into DAQ, the DOOCS control system has been integrated into FLASH Forward. Laser beam control, over 70 cameras, ADCs, timing system and motorised stages are combined into the one DOOCS control system as well as vacuum and magnet controls. Micro TCA for Physics (MTCA.4) is the solid basic computing system, supported from high power workstations for camera read-out and normal Linux computers.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF082  
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TUPML067 Recent Results from the Study of Emittance Evolution in MICE emittance, solenoid, experiment, lattice 1699
 
  • V. Blackmore
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: STFC, DOE, NSF, INFN, and CHIPP
The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) has measured the evolution of emittance due to ionization energy loss. Muons were focused onto an absorber using a large aperture solenoid. Lithium-hydride and liquid hydrogen-absorbers have been studied. Diagnostic devices were placed upstream and downstream of the focus, enabling the phase-space coordinates of individual muons to be reconstructed. By observing the properties of ensembles of muons, the change in beam emittance was measured. Data taken during 2016 and 2017 are currently under study to evaluate the change in emittance due to the absorber for muon beams with various initial emittance, momenta, and settings of the magnetic lattice. The current status and the most recent results of these analyses will be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML067  
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TUPML068 The European Spallation Source Neutrino Super Beam Design Study proton, linac, target, neutron 1702
 
  • M. Dracos
    IPHC, Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
 
  Funding: This project is now supported by the COST Action CA15139/EuroNuNet and EU/H2020 innovation programme ESSnuSB under grant agreement No 777419.
ESSnuSB proposes to use the proton linac of the European Spallation Source (ESS) currently in construction in Lund (Sweden) to produce a very intense neutrino super beam, in parallel with the spallation neutron production. The ESS linac is expected to be operational by 2023 delivering 5 MW average power, 2 GeV proton beam, with 2.86 ms long pulses at a rate of 14 Hz. The primary proton beam-line completing the linac will consist of an accumulator ring to compress the beam pulses to 1.3 µs and a switchyard to distribute the protons onto the target station. The secondary beam-line producing neutrinos will consist of a four-horn/target station, a decay tunnel and a beam dump. A megaton scale water Cherenkov detector will be located at a baseline of about 500 km in one of the existing mines in Sweden and it will measure the neutrino oscillations. ESSnuSB was recently granted by the European H2020-INFRADEV program to start beginning of 2018 a 4-year design study on the feasibility of such facility. This paper presents the objectives, the steps and the organization of the ESSnuSB DS.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML068  
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WEPAF005 A Fast Beam Interlock System for the Advanced Photon Source Particle Accumulator Ring radiation, photon, operation, shielding 1815
 
  • J.C. Dooling, M. Borland, K.C. Harkay, R.T. Keane, B.J. Micklich, C. Yao
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Of- fice of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
A fast beam interlock system for the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Particle Accumulator Ring (PAR) based on the detection of Cerenkov light is proposed for high-charge operations associated with the APS Upgrade (APS-U). Light is generated from lost electrons passing through high-purity, fused-silica fiber optic cable. The cable acts as both radiator and light pipe to a Pb-shielded photomultiplier tube. Results from a prototype installation along the PAR south wall have shown excellent sensitivity, linearity, and reproducibility after 10,000 hours of operation to date with little change in the optical transmission of the fiber. High sensitivity allows more accurate measurement of low-level loss than possible with current monitors. The radiator and detector provide a much faster response than the installed gamma or neutron detectors. A faster, more accurate response to electron loss will be important as we run with higher charge and consider operating at increased energy for APS-U. Initial calibration measurements of the prototype system with radiation monitors for various loss scenarios are discussed. Comparison of the scenarios with simulations are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF005  
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WEPAF006 Fast Photodetector Bunch Duration Monitor for the Advanced Photon Source Particle Accumulator Ring laser, synchrotron, linac, photon 1819
 
  • J.C. Dooling, J.R. Calvey, K.C. Harkay, B.X. Yang, C. Yao
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
A fast photodetector is used to monitor the bunch duration in the Advanced Photon Source (APS) Particle Accumulator Ring (PAR). The Bunch Duration Monitor (BDM) diagnostic provides an accurate measure of the PAR bunch length. PAR BDM data show good agreement with streak camera measurements. The BDM is based on the metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodetector Hamamatsu G4176-03 MSM with specified rise and fall times of 30 ps. The BDM has sufficient frequency response to resolve the PAR bunch near extraction where, under low-charge conditions, minimum rms pulse durations of 200-300 ps are observed. Beam from the PAR is injected into the Booster; for efficient capture, injected rms bunch duration from the PAR must be less than 600 ps. The MSM detector exhibits a ringing response to fast input signals. To overcome this, the BDM output is de-convolved with the impulse response function of the detector-amplifier circuit. Turn-by-turn bunch duration data is presented versus charge and time in the PAR cycle. Charge calibration is used to determine fit parameters for bunch duration measurements in peak-detection mode. Observations relevant to APS Upgrade high-charge studies are presented.
 
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WEPAF025 Fast Intensity Monitor Based on Channeltron Electron Multiplier electron, electronics, proton, high-voltage 1873
 
  • G.M.A. Calvi, V. Lante, L. Lanzavecchia, G. Magro, A. Parravicini, E. Rojatti, C. Viviani
    CNAO Foundation, Milan, Italy
 
  The paper concerns the Fast Intensity Monitor (FIM) designed for the CNAO (Centro Nazionale di Adroterapia Oncologica), the Italian facility of Oncological Hadrontherapy. The FIM detector has been designed with the purpose of having a continuous and non-destructive measurement of the beam intensity in the High Energy Beam Transfer (HEBT) line. The passage of the beam through a thin aluminum foil produces secondary electrons whose yield depends on beam species (protons or carbon ions), intensity and energy. Secondary electrons are focused on the Channeltron Electron Multiplier (CEM) input, multiplied and sensed over a precision resistor. In order to minimize the perturbation to the beam, the foil is grounded and the read out electronics is floating. This makes electronics design harder but it is a key point to make FIM use possible continuously even during patients treatment. Measurements performed with the FIM are discussed and checked against reference detectors.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF025  
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WEPAF026 Beam Induced Fluorescence Measurements of 100 keV Deuterons in LIPAc Accelerator electron, injection, plasma, emittance 1877
 
  • R. Varela, A. Guirao, L.M. Martínez, J. Mollá, I. Podadera
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  • T. Akagi, R. Ichimiya, Y. Ikeda, M. Sugimoto
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • B. Bolzon, N. Chauvin
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • P. Cara
    Fusion for Energy, Garching, Germany
  • H. Dzitko
    F4E, Germany
  • J. Knaster
    IFMIF/EVEDA, Rokkasho, Japan
 
  Funding: Work partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation under project FIS2013-40860-R
The LIPAc accelerator will be a linear CW deuteron accelerator capable of delivering a 9 MeV, 125 mA beam which aims to validate the technology that will be used in the future high power accelerator-driven neutron source, IFMIF. In summer 2017 a campaign of measurements was done during the injector commissioning, in which a Fluorescence Profile Monitor based on an Intensified CID camera (ICID) was used to measure the beam transverse profile at the extraction of the ion source. In this contribution we review the design of the ICID, its performance and discuss the measurements carried out. The performance of ICID monitors for its use in future accelerators will be assessed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF026  
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WEPAF035 Coherent Diffraction Radiation Imaging as an RMS Bunch Length Monitor radiation, FEL, target, experiment 1895
 
  • J. Wolfenden, R.B. Fiorito, C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • R.B. Fiorito, C.P. Welsch, J. Wolfenden
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • T.H. Pacey, T.H. Pacey
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • A.G. Shkvarunets
    UMD, College Park, Maryland, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the EU under Grant Agreement No. 624890 and the STFC Cockcroft Institute core Grant No. ST/G008248/1.
High-resolution bunch length measurement is of the utmost importance for current and future generations of light sources and linacs. It is also key to the optimisation of the final beam quality in plasma-based acceleration. We present progress in the development of a novel RMS bunch length monitor based on imaging the coherent diffraction radiation (CDR) produced by a non-invasive circular aperture. Due to the bunch lengths involved, the radiation produced is in the THz range. This has led to the development of a novel THz imaging system, which can be applied to low energy electron beams. For high energy beams the imaging system can be used as a single shot technique. Simulation results show that the profile of a CDR image of a beam is sensitive to bunch length and can thus be used as a diagnostic. The associated benefits of this imaging distribution methodology over the typical angular distribution measurement are discussed. Plans for experiments conducted at the SwissFEL (PSI, Switzerland), along with plans for future high energy single shot measurements are also presented.
 
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WEPAF043 Commissioning and Long-Term Results of a Fully-Automated Pulse-Based Optical Timing Distribution System at Dalian Coherent Light Source timing, laser, electron, operation 1909
 
  • H.P.H. Cheng, A. Berlin, E. Cano, A. Dai, J. Derksen, D. Forouher, W. Nasimzada, M. Neuhaus, P. Schiepel, E. Seibel, K. Shafak
    Cycle GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
  • Z. Chen, H.L. Ding, Z.G. He, Y.H. Tian, G.R. Wu
    DICP, Dalian, People's Republic of China
  • F.X. Kärtner
    Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (DESY) and Center for Free Electron Science (CFEL), Hamburg, Germany
  • B. Liu, X.Q. Liu
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  New generation light sources such as X-ray free-electron lasers* and attoscience centers** require high demand for timing synchronization, on the order of few femtoseconds or below, to generate ultrashort X-ray pulses that enables attosecond temporal and subatomic spatial resolution. The challenge in achieving this scientific dream lies in part in a reliable, high-precision timing distribution system that can synchronize various optical and microwave sources across multi-km distances with good long-term stability. It was shown that the pulsed-optical timing distribution system can deliver sub-fs long-term timing precision between remotely synchronized lasers and microwave sources in laboratory environment.*** We present the latest results from the commissioning of China's first multi-link pulse-based optical timing distribution system (TDS) installed at Dalian Coherent Light Source. Long term operating results of the fully-automated polarization-maintaining TDS, as well as lessons learned and recommendations for future improvements, are presented, including performance of the timing-stabilized PM fiber links, microwave end-stations and ultrafast laser synchronization end-stations.
*http://www.xfel.eu/news/2017/europeanxfelgeneratesitsfirstlaserlight
**G. Mourou and T. Tajima, Science, 331, pp. 41-42, 2011.
***M. Xin et al., Light Sci. Appl., 6, e16187, 2017.
 
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WEPAF047 Status and Commissioning of the Wire Scanner System for the European XFEL FEL, undulator, MMI, emittance 1919
 
  • T. Lensch, S. Liu
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The European-XFEL (E-XFEL) is an X-ray Free Electron Laser facility located in Hamburg (Germany). The superconducting accelerator for up to 17.5 GeV electrons will provide photons simultaneously to several user stations. Currently 12 Wire Scanner stations are used to image transverse beam profiles in the high energy sections. These scanners provide a slow scan mode which is currently used to measure beam emittance and beam halo distributions. When operating with long bunch trains (>100 bunches) also fast scans are planned to measure beam sizes in an almost nondestructive manner. This paper describes the current installations and the latest developments of the system at European-XFEL. Furthermore, the commissioning status of the system and first results of beam halo studies will be shown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF047  
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WEPAF060 Non-Invasive Bunch Length Diagnostics for High Intensity Beams radiation, electron, real-time, simulation 1964
 
  • S.V. Kuzikov, S.P. Antipov
    Euclid TechLabs, LLC, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • S.V. Kuzikov, A.A. Vikharev
    IAP/RAS, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
 
  Modern particle accelerators utilize photoinjectors and compression schemes to produce short high peak current electron bunches for various applications like x-ray free electron lasers, high gradient beam driven acceleration and others. Bunch length detection is a desired diagnostics for such machines. In this paper we describe a non-invasive, real-time detector which can be retrofitted into an existing beamline and measure the bunch length in real time using interferometric methods. Diffraction radiation is the mechanism to be used to produce a measurable signal without intercepting the beam. This became possible as sensitivity of pyrodetectors improved over the years, while peak beam power grew. For high peak current beams there is a possibility of a single shot measurement. This can be done with a pair of closely placed vacuum breaks that create a spatial correlation of the generated signals which can be measured by a pyro-detector array or a THz camera. The bunch length is determined from the correlation data using an iterative beam profile recovery algorithm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF060  
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WEPAF067 Alignment and Monitoring Systems for Accelerators and Experiments Based on BCAM - First Results and Benefits of Systems Developed for ATLAS, LHCb and HIE-ISOLDE alignment, monitoring, ISOL, target 1983
 
  • J. Gayde, B. Di Girolamo, Y. Kadi, G. Kautzmann, F. Klumb, R. Lindner, D. Mergelkuhl, L. Pontecorvo, M. Raymond, P. Sainvitu, E. Thomas
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • F. Blanc, P. Stefko
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
 
  In the last few years alignment and monitoring systems based on BCAM* cameras active sensors, or their HBCAM evolution, have been developed at the request of the Technical Coordination of LHC experiments and HIE-ISOLDE facility Project Leader. ADEPO (ATLAS DEtector POsition) has been designed to speed up the precise closure - 0.3 mm - of large detector parts representing in total ~2500 tons. For LHCb a system has been studied and installed to monitor the positions of the Inner Tracker stations during the LHCb dipole magnet cycles. The MATHILDE (Monitoring and Alignment Tracking for HIE-ISOLDE) system has been developed to fulfil the alignment and monitoring needs for components of the LINAC enclosed in successive Cryo-Modules. These systems have been in each case configured and adapted to the objectives and environmental conditions: low space for integration; presence of magnetic fields; exposure to non-standard environmental conditions such as high vacuum and cryogenic temperatures. After a short description of the different systems and of the environmental constraints, this paper summarizes their first results, performances and their added value.
* BCAM: Brandeis CCD Angle Monitor, http://alignment.hep.brandeis.edu/Devices/BCAM/
 
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WEPAF074 Non-invasive Beam Diagnostics with Cherenkov Diffraction Radiation photon, radiation, electron, plasma 2005
 
  • T. Lefèvre, M. Bergamaschi, O.R. Jones, R. Kieffer, S. Mazzoni
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • L.Y. Bartnik, M.G. Billing, Y.B.P. Bordlemay Padilla, J.V. Conway, M.J. Forster, J.P. Shanks, S. Wang
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • M. Bergamaschi, P. Karataev
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • V.V. Bleko, A.S. Konkov, J.S. Markova, A. Potylitsyn
    TPU, Tomsk, Russia
  • L. Bobb
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
  • K. Lekomtsev
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  Based on recent measurements of incoherent Cherenkov Diffraction Radiation (ChDR) performed on the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we present here a concept for the centering of charged particle beams when passing close to dielectric material. This would find applications as beam instrumentation in dielectric capillary tubes, typically used in novel accelerating technologies, as well as in collimators using bent crystals for high-energy, high-intensity hadron beams, such as the Large Hadron Collid-er or Future Circular Collider. As a charged particle beam travels at a distance of a few mm or less from the surface of a dielectric material, incoherent ChDR is produced inside the dielectric. The photons are emitted at a large and well-defined angle that allows their detection with a limited contribution of background light. A set of ChDR detectors distributed around a dielectric would enable both the beam position and tilt angle to be measured with a good resolution.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF074  
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WEPAK001 Intense Neutrino Source Front End Beam Diagnostics System R&D cavity, plasma, target, hadron 2077
 
  • K. Yonehara, M.D. Balcazar, A. Moretti, A.V. Tollestrup, A.C. Watts, R.M. Zwaska
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • M.A. Cummings, A. Dudas, R.P. Johnson, G.M. Kazakevich, M.L. Neubauer
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Fermilab Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 and DOE STTR Grant, No. DE-SC0013795.
We overview the front end beam diagnostic system R&D to prepare operation of a multi-MW proton beam for intensity frontier Neutrino experiments. One of critical issues is shorter life time of a detector with higher beam intensity due to radiation damage. We show a possible improvement of the existing ion chamber based detector, and a study of a conceptually new radiation-robust detector which is based on a gas-filled RF resonator.
 
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WEPAK004 Beam Instrumentation for CRYRING@ESR injection, instrumentation, rfq, hardware 2084
 
  • A. Reiter, C. Andre, H. Bräuning, C. Dorn, P. Forck, R. Haseitl, T. Hoffmann, W. Kaufmann, N. Kotovski, P. Kowina, K. Lang, R. Lonsing, P.B. Miedzik, T. Milosic, A. Petit, H. Reeg, C. Schmidt, M. Schwickert, T. Sieber, R. Singh, G. Vorobjev, B. Walasek-Höhne, M. Witthaus
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  We present the beam instrumentation of CRYRING@ESR, a low-energy experiment facility at the GSI Helmholtz-Centre for heavy ion research. The 1.44 Tm synchrotron and storage ring, formerly hosted at the Manne Siegbahn laboratory in Stockholm, Sweden, was modified in its configuration and installed behind the existing ESR, the experimental storage ring. As the first machine within the ongoing FAIR project, the facility for antiproton and ion research, it is built on the future timing system and frameworks for data supply and acquisition. Throughout the past year CRYRING was commissioned including its electron cooler with hydrogen beams from the local linear accelerator. Storage, acceleration and cooling have been demonstrated. The contribution provides an overview of the beam instrumentation. The design of the detector systems and their current performance are presented. Emphasis is given to beam position monitors, detectors for intensity measurements, and the ionization profile monitors.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAK004  
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WEPAL011 iPipe: An Innovative Fiber Optic Monitoring System for Beam Induced Heating on Accelerator Pipes monitoring, experiment, radiation, operation 2166
 
  • F. Fienga, S. Buontempo, M.R. Masullo
    INFN-Napoli, Napoli, Italy
  • A. Ball, N. Beni, B. Salvant, W. Zeuner
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • G. Breglio, A. Irace
    University of Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
  • Z. Szillasi
    ATOMKI, Debrecen, Hungary
  • V.G. Vaccaro
    Naples University Federico II and INFN, Napoli, Italy
 
  The iPipe project consists in the instrumentation, with Fiber Bragg Grating sensors (FBGs), of the beam pipe of the CMS experiment, which is part of the LHC. Being spectrally encoded, the FBGs are not sensitive to electromagnetic interference and broadband-radiation-induced losses. These characteristics allow to realize long distance punctual sensing systems, capable to operate in harsh environments like the underground experimental and accelerator facilities at CERN. The iPipe secures the measurement of any deformation induced on the central beam pipe by any motion in the CMS detector due to element displacement or to magnetic field induced deformations. Moreover, the iPipe FBG temperature sensors represent a unique solution to monitor the beam pipe thermal behavior during the various operational and maintenance phases. This paper reports the use of the iPipe to measure the beam induced heating on the CMS vacuum chamber throughout 2016 and 2017. A first comparison between the measurements and the heat load predicted from beam induced RF heating due to the coupling impedance of the CMS pipe is also reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL011  
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WEPAL019 A Novel Field Cage Design for the CPS IPM and Systematic Errors in Beam Size and Emittance electron, cathode, extraction, emittance 2193
 
  • K. Satou
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • D. Bodart, S. Levasseur, G. Schneider, J.W. Storey
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Sapinski
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  An ionization profile monitor has been recently installed in the CERN proton synchrotron. We design a novel and simple structure field cage that suppresses the secondary electrons that are induced by the ionized ions. We discuss a field cage design, and the systematic error on the basis of beam size and emittance, considering the non-uniformity of the fields, the space-charge effect of the beam, and the lattice parameter errors.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL019  
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WEPAL034 Bunch Length Measurements Using Coherent Smith-Purcell Radiation With Several Gratings at CLIO booster, radiation, laser, experiment 2239
 
  • N. Delerue, S. Jenzer, V. Khodnevych, A. Migayron
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • J.P. Berthet, N. Jestin, J.-M. Ortega, R. Prazeres
    CLIO/ELISE/LCP, Orsay, France
 
  Funding: Financially supported by the Université Paris-Sud (programme "attractivité"), by the French ANR (contract ANR-12-JS05-0003-01) and by IN2P3.
Coherent Smith Purcell radiation allows the measurement of a beam longitudinal profile through the study of the emission spectrum of the radiation emitted when a grating is brought close from the beam. In order to increase the dynamic range of our measurements we have used several gratings and we report on the measured bunch form factor using this technique. We report on these measurements and on the background rejection used.
 
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WEPAL038 First Tests of Superkekb Fast Luminosity Monitors During 2018 Phase-2 Commissioning luminosity, monitoring, simulation, feedback 2254
 
  • C.G. Pang, P. Bambade, S. Di Carlo, D. Jehanno, V. Kubytskyi, Y. Peinaud, C. Rimbault
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • Y. Funakoshi, S. Uehara
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The SuperKEKB e+e- collider aims to reach a very high luminosity of 8× 1035 cm-2s-1, by using highly focused ultra-low emittance bunches colliding every 4 ns, it is essential to have an orbit feedback system at the Interaction Point (IP) to maintain the optimum overlap between two colliding beams. Luminosity monitoring systems including LumiBelle2 and ZDLM as input to dithering feedback system used to stabilize the horizontal orbit at the IP were developed and will be described, including the detectors, mechanical set-up, DAQ. Preliminary measurements and analysis of background and first stage luminosity monitoring data collected will be reported and compared with simulation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL038  
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WEPAL065 Development of a Gas Sheet Beam Profile Monitor for IOTA simulation, space-charge, proton, plasma 2326
 
  • S. Szustkowski, B.T. Freemire
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • S. Chattopadhyay
    Northern Illinois Univerity, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • D.J. Crawford
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: US Department of Energy, Office of High Energy Physics, General Accelerator Research and Development (GARD) Program
A nitrogen gas sheet will measure the two dimensional transverse profile of the 2.5 MeV proton beam in IOTA. The beam lifetime is limited by the interaction with the gas, thus a minimally invasive instrument is required. To produce a gas sheet with the desired density and thickness, various nozzle types are being investigated, including rectangular capillary tubes for gas injection and skimmers for final shaping of the gas. It is essential to meet vacuum requirements in the interaction chamber while maintaining the precise thickness and density of the gas, without significantly affecting the beam lifetime. The current design of a gas sheet beam profile monitor and present status will be discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL065  
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WEPAL072 A Novel Longitudinal Laserwire to Non-Invasively Measure 6-Dimensional Bunch Parameters at High Current Hydrogen Ion Accelerators laser, emittance, linac, simulation 2349
 
  • S.M. Gibson, A. Bosco
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • S.E. Alden, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • A.P. Letchford
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • J.K. Pozimski
    Imperial College of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, London, United Kingdom
  • J.K. Pozimski
    STFC/RAL, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: We acknowledge funding by the STFC Grant ST/P003028/1 and the John Adams Institute at Royal Holloway, University of London.
Optical methods for non-invasive beam diagnostics of high current H ion accelerators have been developed in recent years*, **. Such laserwires typically measure a 1D beam profile and/or 2D transverse emittance from the products of photo-detached ions as a laser beam is scanned across the H beam. For laser pulse durations (~80ns) longer than the RF period (~3ns), the detector integrates many complete bunches, enabling only transverse beam monitoring. This paper presents a new technique to capture a series of time resolved transverse emittance measurements along the bunch train. A fast (~10ps) pulsed laser photo-detaches ions within each bunch and is synchronized to sample consecutive bunches at certain longitudinal positions along each bunch. A fast detector records the spatial distribution and time-of-flight of the neutralized H0, thus both the transverse and longitudinal emittance are reconstructed. We present simulations of a time varying pulsed laser field interacting within an H bunch, and estimate the yield, spatial and time distributions of H0 arriving at the detector. We summarise the design of a recently funded longitudinal laserwire being installed in FETS at RAL, UK.
* NIM-A, 830, p526-531, T. Hofmann et al
** T. Hofmann et al, 'Commissioning of the Operational Laser Emittance Monitors for LINAC4 at CERN' IPAC18.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL072  
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WEPAL074 Commissioning of the Operational Laser Emittance Monitors for LINAC4 at CERN laser, electron, emittance, linac 2357
 
  • T. Hofmann, G.E. Boorman, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • F. Roncarolo
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  A laser-based emittance monitor has been developed to non-invasively measure the transverse emittance of the LINAC4 H beam at its top energy of 160MeV. After testing several sub-systems of the instrument during linac commissioning at intermediate energies, two instruments are now permanently installed. These instruments use a pulsed laser beam delivered to the accelerator tunnel by optical fibres before final focusing onto the H beam. The photons in the laser pulse detach electrons from the H ions, which can then be deflected into an electron multiplier. In addition, the resulting neutral H0 atoms can be separated from the main beam by a dipole magnet before being recorded by downstream diamond strip-detectors. By scanning the laser in the horizontal and vertical plane the beam profiles are obtained from the electron signals and the emittance can be reconstructed by the H0 profiles at the diamond detectors. This paper describes the final system layout that consists of two independent instruments, each measuring profile and emittance of the H beam in the horizontal and vertical plane and discusses the preliminary commissioning results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL074  
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WEPAL075 Time-Resolved Transverse Beam Profile Measurements with a Rest Gas Ionisation Profile Monitor Based on Hybrid Pixel Detectors electron, background, proton, site 2361
 
  • S. Levasseur, S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • W. Bertsche, H. Sandberg
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • D. Bodart, A. Huschauer, G. Schneider, J.W. Storey, R. Veness
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Sapinski
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Satou
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  A novel rest gas ionisation profile monitor which aims to provide continuous, bunch-by-bunch and turn-by-turn measurement of the transverse beam profile has recently been in- stalled in the CERN Proton Synchrotron (PS) as part of the LHC Injector Upgrade (LIU) project. The instrument consists of an electric drift field to transport ionisation electrons produced by beam-gas interaction onto a measurement plane, and a magnetic field to maintain the transverse position of the ionisation electrons. The electron detector located at the measurement plane is based on four in-vacuum hybrid pixel detectors. The detectors record the position, time and energy of single ionisation electrons with unprecedented precision compared to traditional MCP based techniques. Continuous transverse beam profile measurements for LHC-type beams in the PS will be presented, demonstrating the unique capabilities of the instrument to provide new insights into beam dynamics throughout the acceleration cycle.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL075  
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WEPMF017 Options for the Spectrometer Magnet of the eRHIC IR dipole, hadron, shielding, septum 2401
 
  • H. Witte, R.B. Palmer, B. Parker
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Presently the electron-ion collider eRHIC is under design, which aims to provide a facility with a peak luminosity of 1034cm-2sec-1. This paper outlines different concepts for the so-called B0 magnet, which is the first bending magnet after the interaction region. The B0 magnet has to provide a 1.3 T dipole field to the hadron beam, while the nearby electron beam should not be exposed to any field. Several possible solutions have been evaluated, each with their specific strengths and shortcomings. This paper presents an overview of the solutions.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF017  
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WEPMF032 Experimental Studies on Secondary Electron Emission Characteristics for Chamber Materials of Accelerators electron, experiment, vacuum, neutron 2425
 
  • Y. Jiao, Z. Duan, W.B. Liu, Y.D. Liu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • Liu. S. Liu
    Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), People's Republic of China
  • P.C. Wang
    DNSC, Dongguan, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China (11275221) and Key Laboratory Foundation of Particle Acceleration Physics &Technology (Y5294106TD)
Secondary electron emission (SEE) of surface is origin of multipacting effect which could seriously deteriorate beam quality and even perturb the normal operation of particle accelerators. Experimental measurements on secondary electron yield (SEY) on different materials and coating have been developed in many accelerator laboratory. In fact, the SEY is just one parameter of secondary electron emission characteristics which include spatial and energy distribution of emitted electrons. A novel experimental apparatus was set up in China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) and innovative measurement methods were applied to obtain the whole characteristics of SEE. With some traditional accelerator chamber materials such as Cu, Al, TiN, SEY dependence on primary electron energy and beam injection angle, spatial and energy distribution of emitted secondary electrons were achieved with this measurement apparatus. This contribution also tries to give all the experimental results a reasonable theoretical analysis.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF032  
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WEPMF079 Experimental Modal Analysis of Lightweight Structures used in Particle Detectors: Optical non-contact Method laser, experiment, operation, GUI 2565
 
  • M. Guinchard, M. Angeletti, F.B. Boyer, A. Catinaccio, C.G. Gargiulo, L.L. Lacny, E.L. Laudi, L.S. Scislo
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  CERN's specialized structures such as particle detectors are built to have high rigidity and low weight, which comes at a cost of their high fragility. Shock and vibration issues are a key element for their successful transport, handling operations around the CERN infra-structure, as well as for their operation underground. The experimental modal analysis measurement technique is performed to validate the Finite Element Analysis in the case of complex structures (with cables and substructure coupling). In the case of lightweight structures, standard contact measurements based on accelerometers are not possible due to the high mass ratio between the accelerometers and the structure itself. In such a case, the vibration of the structure can be calculated based on the Doppler shift of the laser beam reflected off the vibrating surface. This paper details the functioning and application of an advanced laser-scanning vibrometry system, which utilizes the fore-mentioned non-contact method. The results of the Experimental Modal Analysis of selected lightweight structure using this instrument is also presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF079  
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WEPMF090 Upgrade of the CMS Experimental Beam Vacuum During LS2 vacuum, experiment, operation, luminosity 2596
 
  • J.S. Sestak, G. Bregliozzi, P. Chiggiato, C. Di Paolo
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Starting from December 2018, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is going to interrupt its physic operations for more than two years within the period called second long shutdown (LS2). The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment will undergo the biggest upgrade of its experimental beam vacuum system since the first operations in 2008. The new experimental vacuum layout should comply with demanding structural, vacuum, integration and physics requirements. Moreover, the new layout should be compatible with foreseen engineering changes of the detector and the machine during the upgrade phase of High-Luminosity LHC in LS3. This paper gives an overview of the CMS LS2 experimental vacuum sectors upgrades. Both design and production phase of the new vacuum layout is discussed in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF090  
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WEPML067 Second Sound Quench Detection on Superconducting Cavities cavity, site, SRF, superconducting-cavity 2843
 
  • Z.C. Liu, S. Bai, J. Gao, F.S. He, H.Y. Lin, P. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Second sound is an effective way to detect the quench position on superconducting cavity. A second sound quench site detection system is under developing for the PAPS. High gradient is very important for superconducting cavity, however it may be limited by quench on the cavity high field region. Quench can be caused by various reasons. To locate the position is the key to reveal the mysteries of quench. Now we are developing the quench position detection system by RTD sensors such as Cernox and OST sensors.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML067  
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WEPML072 Gas Permeability Measurement of Graphene Films vacuum, background, experiment, neutron 2856
 
  • P.C. Wang, X. Sun
    DNSC, Dongguan, People's Republic of China
  • Liu. S. Liu
    Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), People's Republic of China
  • C. Meng, H. Wang, D.H. Zhu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Graphene has extremely high strength and thermal conductivity, which can possibly be used for high-power beam window in accelerator. In this paper, gas permeabilities of different graphene films have been measured by the permeation measurement facility. According to the results, the possibility of the graphene-made beam windows will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML072  
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THPAK106 400 MHz Frequency/phase Detector and Counter controls, LLRF, FPGA, TRIUMF 3481
 
  • X.L. Fu, B. Ji, Z.G. Yin, T.J. Zhang
    CIAE, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • G. Dennison
    UBC & TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • K. Fong, M.P. Laverty, Q. Zheng
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  To enhance the performance and precision of TRIUMF Low Level RF system, a frequency/phase detector and counter based on FPGA is developed. The frequency/phase detector and counter is designed as a daughter board of the low level RF control system, and is connected to the mother board with mixed signal connectors. It sends the frequency error data to the PC though VXI databus, and provides two analog phase errors outputs. In current design, one single unit supports four channel discriminations of RF frequencies/phases. Preliminary tests show that the reported phase detector has a bandwidth of 400MHz. A unique implementation of frequency discrimination was carefully carried out to ensure the resolution can reach as high as 1Hz. The phase-frequency detector has been successfully applied to the Accelerator Cryo Module (ACM) system and the requirement of the low level RF control system is satisfied. After a long-term running test, the stability and reliability of the phase-frequency detector are verified.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK106  
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THPAK140 Pyroelectric Detection of Coherent Radiation on the CLARA Phase 1 Beamline radiation, electron, dipole, simulation 3577
 
  • B.S. Kyle
    University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • R.B. Appleby, T.H. Pacey
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • P.H. Williams
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J. Wolfenden
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
 
  The impacts of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) and space charge in the bunch compressor section of the CLARA Free Electron Laser (FEL) are expected to be significant, given the relatively high charge and short bunch lengths expected. The General Particle Tracer (GPT) code allows for the modelling of these effects in tandem, presenting an opportunity to more reliably estimate their effects on the CLARA beam. To provide confidence in future studies using GPT, a benchmarking study on the CLARA Phase 1 beamline is presented alongside relevant simulations. This study will make use of pyroelectric detectors to measure the emitted coherent power of the CLARA beam as it passes through a dispersive section whilst varying the chirp imparted on the bunches longitudinal phase space (LPS). Simulations presented demonstrate the viability of such a study, with energies between ∼ 10-100 nJ per pulse expected to be incident upon the detector face.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK140  
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THPAL025 New Drift-Tube Linac RF Systems at LANSCE DTL, controls, LLRF, cavity 3680
 
  • J.T.M. Lyles, R.E. Bratton, M.S. Prokop, D. Rees
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the United States Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Agency, under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396.
LANSCE has restored the proton drift-tube linac (DTL) to high-power capability after the original RF-power tube manufacturer could no longer supply devices that consistently met our high-average power requirement. Thales TH628L Diacrodes® now supply RF power to three of the four DTL tanks. These tetrodes reused the existing infrastructure including water-cooling systems, coaxial transmission lines, high-voltage power supplies and capacitor banks. Each transmitter uses a combined pair of power amplifiers to produce up to 3- MW peak and 360- kW of mean power. A new intermediate power amplifier was simultaneously developed using a TH781 tetrode. Design and prototype testing of the high-power stages was completed in 2012, with commercialization following in 2013. Each installation was accomplished during a 4 to 5 month beam outage each year from 2014-2016. A new digital low-level RF control system was designed, built and placed into operation in 2016. The interaction of the dual power amplifiers, the I/Q LLRF, and the DTL cavities provided many challenges that were overcome. The replacement RF systems have completely met our accelerator requirements.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL025  
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THPAL142 Surface Characterization of NbTiN Films for Accelerator Applications site, SRF, FEL, lattice 3975
 
  • D.R. Beverstock, M.J. Kelley, C.E. Reece, J.K. Spradlin, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
The development of next-generation SRF cavities requires the deployment of innovative material solutions with RF performance beyond bulk Nb. Theoretical interest has stimulated efforts to grow and characterize thin multi-layer superconductor/insulator/superconductor (SIS) structures for their potential capability of supporting otherwise inaccessible surface magnetic fields in SRF cavities *. The ternary B1-compound NbTiN is among the candidate superconducting materials for SIS structures. Single crystal NbTiN films with thicknesses below 15 nm are also of interest for the development of high resolution, high sensitivity (SNSPD) detectors for particle physics application. Using DC reactive magnetron sputtering, NbTiN can be deposited with nominal superconducting parameters. This contribution presents the on-going material surface and superconducting properties characterization in order to optimize the NbTiN films for each application.
* A Gurevich, "Maximum screening fields of superconducting multilayer structures", AIP ADVANCES 5, 017112 (2015)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL142  
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THPMF062 Smith-Purcell Radiation for Bunch Length Measurements at the Injection of MESA radiation, electron, operation, cavity 4213
 
  • P. Heil
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
 
  Funding: Federal Ministry of Education and Research
MELBA is a test apparatus for the injector of the energy recovering, superconducting accelerator MESA in Mainz. A chopper-buncher system containing two circularly deflecting cavities and a first and second harmonic buncher cavity have been built. They serve to produce short bunches with a longitudinal extension < 600 μm (one degree of RF-phase) in the longitudinal focus for beam currents of up to 10mA. We intend to use Smith-Purcell Radiation (SPR) to test this arrangement. SPR is generated if a charged particle passes close to a periodic metallic structure, e.g. a grating. The signal has a coherent part which increases its intensity quadratically with the bunch charge if the bunch length is smaller than or comparable to the grating period. Different gratings can be placed below the electron beam to determine the length of the electron bunches. This measurement is non-destructive. The generated THz radiation will be observed with a bolometer cooled down to 4.2K which offers sufficient sensitivity in our regime of operation.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF062  
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THPMK023 Coherent Transition Radiation Generated from Transverse Electron Density Modulation radiation, electron, simulation, experiment 4348
 
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • A.I. Benediktovitch
    BSU, Minsk, Belarus, Belarus
  • S.N. Galyamin, A.V. Tyukhtin
    Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Coherent Transition radiation (CTR) of a given frequency is commonly generated with longitudinal electron bunch trains. In this paper we present a study of CTR production from electron transverse density modulation. We demonstrate via numerical simulations a simple technique to generate THz-scale frequencies from mm-scale transversely separated electron beamlets. The results and a potential experimental setup are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK023  
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THPMK062 Transverse Energy Distribution Measurements for Polycrystalline and (100) Copper Photocathodes with Known Levels of Surface Roughness cathode, electron, emittance, experiment 4438
 
  • L.B. Jones, B.L. Militsyn, T.C.Q. Noakes
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • L.B. Jones, D.P. Juarez-Lopez, B.L. Militsyn, T.C.Q. Noakes, C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • D.P. Juarez-Lopez, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: This work is part of EuCARD-2, partly-funded by the European Commission, GA 312453.
The minimum achievable emittance in an electron accelerator depends strongly on the intrinsic emittance of the photocathode electron source. This is measureable as the mean longitudinal and transverse energy spreads in the photoemitted electrons. ASTeC's Transverse Energy Spread Spectrometer (TESS)* experimental facility can be used with III-V semiconductor, multi-alkali and metal photocathodes to measure transverse and longitudinal energy distributions. Our R&D facilities also include in-vacuum quantum efficiency measurement, XPS, STM, plus ex-vacuum optical and STM microscopy for surface metrology. Intrinsic emittance is strongly affected by the photocathode surface roughness**, and the development of techniques to manufacture the smoothest photocathode is a priority for the electron source community. We present energy distribution measurements for electrons emitted from copper photocathodes with both defined single-crystal (100) and polycrystalline surfaces with measured levels of surface roughness.
* Proc. FEL'13, TUPPS033, pp. 290-293.
** Proc. FEL'06, THPPH013, pp. 583-586.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK062  
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THPMK086 Low Intensity Electron Beam Measurement at SLRI Beam Test Facility electron, synchrotron, booster, target 4502
 
  • K. Kittimanapun, N. Chanlek, A. Lakrathok, N. Laoiamnongwong
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) under contract FDA-C0-2558-855-TH.
The SLRI Beam Test Facility (SLRI-BTF), the latest extension of the existing accelerator complex, has recently been in operation at the Synchrotron Light Research Institute (SLRI). SLRI-BTF is capable of providing electron test beams with desired intensity and energy. By means of a wedge target downstream of the 40-MeV linac, the electron intensity of the test beam produced is variable between a few to millions of electrons per burst. The test beam energy is adjustable from 40 MeV to 1.2 GeV, depending on the acceleration time of the synchrotron booster. SLRI-BTF targets to service electron test beams to the development of the high-energy particle detectors and diagnostic instrumentations. In this paper, the measurement of the low intensity electron beam will be discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK086  
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THPMK096 Tuners Alignment on Two 9-Cell Cavities with Single Amplifier under Self-Excited Loop cavity, TRIUMF, linac, cryomodule 4527
 
  • K. Fong, Z.T. Ang, M.P. Laverty, Q. Zheng
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  The TRIUMF eLinac ACM consists of two 9-cell cavities which are driven by a single klystron. The output power from the klystron are split by a variable power divider and send down 2 independently phase adjustable transmission lines to their respective cryomodules. The vector sum of the fields from both cryomodules is used for phase-locked self-excited loop regulation. A semi-automatic procedure to tune the 2 cyromodules to provide the correct amplitudes and phases for self-excitation as well as beam acceleration is described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK096  
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THPMK098 A Tunable Narrowband Source in the Sub-THz and THz Range at DELTA laser, radiation, electron, storage-ring 4534
 
  • C. Mai, B. Büsing, S. Khan, A. Meyer auf der Heide, B. Riemann, B. Sawadski, P. Ungelenk
    DELTA, Dortmund, Germany
  • M. Brosi, J.L. Steinmann
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • F. Frei
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • C. Gerth
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Laabs, N. Neumann
    TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany
  • N.M. Lockmann
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by the DFG (INST 212/236-1 FUGG), the BMBF (05K13PEC, 05K16PEB) and the state of NRW.
At DELTA, a 1.5-GeV electron storage ring operated as a synchrotron light source by the TU Dortmund University, an interaction of ultrashort laser pulses with electron bunches is used to generate broadband as well as tunable narrowband radiation in the frequency range between 75 GHz and 5.6 THz. The performance of the source was studied using two different Fourier-transform spectrometers. It was demonstrated that the source can be used for the characterization and comparison of Schottky-diode based detectors, e.g., an on-chip spectrometer enabling single-shot applications.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK098  
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THPML021 Individual Acceptance Testing and Comprehensive Testing of NSC KIPT SCA Neutron Source Technological Systems and Equipment neutron, target, electron, MMI 4696
 
  • A.Y. Zelinsky, O.V. Bykhun, I.M. Karnaukhov, A. Mytsykov, I. Ushakov
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine
  • I. Bolshinsky
    INL, Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA
  • Y. Gohar
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  During 2016-2017 the installation, assembling and commissioning of the NSC KIPT SCA Neutron Source technological systems were completed. The facility was designed and developed by NSC KIPT of Ukraine in collaboration with ANL of USA. The construction of the neutron source facility was started in 2012. The neutrons of the subcritical assembly are generated by 100 MeV/ 100 kW electron beam uniformly distributed at the surface of the tungsten target. It is supposed that the facility will be used to perform basic and applied nuclear research, produce medical isotopes, and train nuclear specialists. The individual acceptance testing and comprehensive testing were conducted for the technological and engineering systems of the neutron source. The tests were performed in compliance with programs and methodologies agreed by the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine. The testing results confirmed compliance of the equipment with technical specifications, standards, regulations and rules on nuclear and radiation safety and preparedness of these systems for trial operation with the KIPT neutron source. The trial operation of the NSC KIPT SCA 'Neutron Source' has been started.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML021  
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THPML058 Recent Results from MICE on Multiple Coulomb Scattering and Energy Loss scattering, emittance, acceleration, lepton 4766
 
  • P. Franchini
    University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: STFC, DOE, NSF, INFN, and CHIPP
Multiple Coulomb scattering and energy loss are well known phenomena experienced by charged particles as they traverse a material. However, from recent measurements made by the MuScat collaboration, it is known that the available simulation codes (GEANT4, for example) overestimate the scattering of muons in low Z materials. This is of particular interest to the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment* (MICE) collaboration which has the goal of measuring the reduction of the emittance of a muon beam induced by energy loss in low Z absorbers. MICE took data without magnetic field suitable for multiple scattering measurements in the autumn of 2015 with the absorber vessel filled with xenon and in the spring of 2016 using a lithium-hydride absorber. In the autumn of 2016 MICE took data with magnetic fields on and studied the energy loss of muons in a lithium-hydride absorber. These data are all compared with the Bethe-Bloch formula and with the predictions of various models, including the default GEANT4 model.
*Submitted by the MICE Speakers bureau, to be prepared and presented by a MICE member to be selected in due course
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML058  
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THPML074 Image Reconstruction Technique Based on Coded Aperture Imaging for SuperKEKB X-ray Beam Size Monitor optics, synchrotron, luminosity, electron 4819
 
  • E. Mulyani, J.W. Flanagan
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • J.W. Flanagan, H. Fukuma, H. Ikeda, M. Tobiyama
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The fast reconstruction techniques based on principles originally developed for coded aperture imaging have been investigated for SuperKEKB accelerator. The establishment of this technique will very important for measuring the beam sizes of all 2500 bunches in the SuperKEKB accelerator over thousands of turns, as needed for instability studies and luminosity tuning, due to the vast quantity of data that needs to be processed in a timely manner.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML074  
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THPML098 Design of Beam Profile Monitor Used at the Xi'an Proton Application Facility (XiPAF) proton, radiation, experiment, synchrotron 4892
 
  • D. Wang, Z.M. Wang
    State Key Laboratory of Intense Pulsed Radiation Simulation and Effect, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Shannxi, People's Republic of China
  • W. Chen
    NINT, Xi'an, People's Republic of China
  • P.F. Ma, Y.G. Yang
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • W. Wang
    Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  A pixel ionization chamber for beam profile monitor (BPrM) is designed and manufactured by a new technology .The detector will be installed on the beam line just upstream of the target device of XiPAF. It has many advantages such as high resolution, high radiation hardness and it can work as a real-time monitor to show the distribution of the delivered relative dose. The physics design and construction of the detector are described in this paper, and its performances are tested offline.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML098  
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THPML106 Electron Microscopy Inspired Setup for Single-Shot 4-D Trace Space Reconstruction of Bright Electron Beams emittance, electron, focusing, experiment 4909
 
  • J. Giner Navarro, D.B. Cesar, P. Musumeci
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • R.W. Aßmann, B. Marchetti, D. Marx
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: This work has been partially supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1549132 and Department of Energy under award No. DE-SC0009914.
In the development of low charge, single-shot diagnostics for high brightness electron beams, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) grids present certain advantages compared to pepper pot masks due to higher beam transmission. In this paper, we developed a set of criteria to optimize the resolution of a point projection image. However, this configuration of the beam with respect to the grid and detector positions implies the measurement of a strongly correlated phase space which entails a large sensitivity to small measurement errors in retrieving the projected emittance. We discuss the possibility of an alternative scheme by inserting a magnetic focusing system in between the grid and the detector, similar to an electron microscope design, to reconstruct the phase space when the beam is focused on the grid.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML106  
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THPML115 Introduction of the Laser Intensity Measurement System for the FELiChEM laser, FEL, electron, electronics 4936
 
  • F.L. Gao, L.T. Huang, P. Lu, B.G. Sun, J.G. Wang, F.F. Wu, Y.L. Yang, T.Y. Zhou
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  The FELiChEM is a new infrared free electron laser (IR-FEL) facility, which is being built in the National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) in Heifei, China. The facility will provide continuously tunable pulsed laser radiation covering the mid-infrared (MIR) wavelength range from 2.5 to 50μm and the far-infrared (FIR) range from 40 to 200μm. The output macro pulsed laser width is 5-10μs and pulsed laser power is 2-10kW. In order to evaluate pulsed laser saturation time and FEL optical cavity losses, the rise time and fall time of macro pulsed laser need to be measured. Laser intensity measurement system for the FELiChEM is being designed. This system is composed of optical system, pyroelectric detector and electronics. Each module will be described in detail in this paper. The laser intensity measurement system was tested under offline and online conditions. The results showed that pulsed laser of 10μs width can be measured and the design requirement can be met with this system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML115  
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THPML130 Applications of a Distributed Beam Loss Monitor at the Australian Synchrotron storage-ring, synchrotron, target, injection 4986
 
  • P.J. Giansiracusa, T.G. Lucas, R.P. Rassool, M. Volpi
    The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • M.J. Boland
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • G. LeBlanc
    SLSA, Clayton, Australia
 
  A distributed beam loss monitoring system, based on Cherenkov silica fibres, has been installed at the Australian Synchrotron. The fibres are installed parallel to the beam pipe and cover the majority of the injection system and storage ring. Relativistic charged particles from beam loss events that have a velocity above the Cherenkov threshold produce photons in the fibres. These photons are then guided along the fibres to detectors outside of the accelerator tunnels. Originally the system was installed to determine its suitability for measuring losses at a future linear collider, such as the Compact Linear Collider, with single pass 150 ns bunch trains. This study builds on these results and attempts to use the system to measure loss locations with a circulating beam. We present the preliminary results and describe how the system could be improved.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML130  
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THPML140 Radiation Monitoring System of HLSII radiation, monitoring, operation, storage-ring 5011
 
  • Lin, H.S. Lin, Y.Q. Cai, S.P. Jiang, Z.B. Sun, Z.R. Zhou
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Supported by the National Science Foundation of China 11675170 By the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities WK2310000056
Monitoring of ionizing radiation of synchrotron radiation facility is very important for the safety of staff and users of the light source. Radiation monitoring system of HLSII has been built and the whole system consists of local radiation monitoring spots and central control system, and a web-based monitoring dynamic release system. The local radiation monitoring spot consists of a high air pressure ionization type gamma detector and a BF3 counting tube neutron detector, and the radiation data are calculated by microcontroller locally and acquired by the data server for further processing. The dynamic release system is integrated with EPICS interface and radiation safety interlock system. Other accelerator systems could obtain radiation data from the server and the interlock system is triggered by the radiation data to shut down the machine in case the radiation exceeds the safety threshold.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML140  
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FRXGBE3 First Demonstration of Ionization Cooling in MICE emittance, electron, experiment, solenoid 5035
 
  • T.A. Mohayai
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
 
  The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory has studied ionization cooling of muons. Several million individual muon tracks have been recorded passing through a series of focusing magnets and a liquid hydrogen or lithium hydride absorber in a variety of magnetic configurations. Identification and measurement of muon tracks upstream and downstream of the absorber are used to study the evolution of the 4D (transverse) emittance. This paper presents and discusses these results.  
slides icon Slides FRXGBE3 [77.083 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-FRXGBE3  
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