Keyword: dipole
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MOZGBF2 Status of the FAIR Project proton, antiproton, target, cavity 63
 
  • P.J. Spiller, M. Bai, O. Boine-Frankenheim, A. Dolinskyy, F. Hagenbuck, C.M. Kleffner, K. Knie, S. Menke, C. Omet, A. Schuhmann, H. Simon, M. Winkler
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • J. Blaurock, M. Ossendorf
    FAIR, Darmstadt, Germany
  • I. Koop
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • D. Prasuhn, R. Tölle
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
 
  The realization of the new Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, FAIR at GSI, Germany, has advanced significantly. The civil construction process of the Northern part of the building complex, including the excavation of the SIS100 synchrotron tunnel has been launched end of 2017. On site of the GSI campus, major preparations and upgrade measures for the injector operation of the existing accelerator facilities are ongoing and will be completed mid of 2018. The shielding of the SIS18 accelerator tunnel has been enhanced for the booster operation at high repetition rates and high intensity Proton beams. Two new transformer stations were set-up and commissioned which will provide the required pulse and common power for FAIR. All major contracts for series production of SIS100 components have been signed and a large number of the superconducting SIS100 magnets has been produced and accepted. Major testing infrastructures for superconducting magnets of SIS100 and Super-FRS have been set-up at JINR, CERN and GSI. Also for all other FAIR accelerator systems, the procurement of the components is progressing well  
slides icon Slides MOZGBF2 [4.271 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOZGBF2  
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MOPMF004 Spin Dynamics in the JLEIC Alternative Pre-Booster Ring resonance, booster, proton, polarization 87
 
  • J.L. Martinez Marin, B. Mustapha
    ANL, Argonne, USA
 
  In order to reduce the foot-print of the JLEIC ion complex, we have designed a more compact and cost-effective octagonal 3-GeV pre-booster ring half the size of the orig-inal figure-8 design. However, this new ring does not preserve ion polarization by design as the figure-8 shape, making it necessary to study the spin dynamics to find the best solution for spin correction. Different codes, Zgoubi and COSY, are used to model and simu-late the spin dynamics in the octagonal 3 GeV ring, in-cluding spin correction with Siberian snakes.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF004  
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MOPMF018 Numerical Simulation of Spin Dynamics with Spin Flipper in RHIC resonance, simulation, polarization, injection 118
 
  • P. Adams, H. Huang, J. Kewisch, F. Méot, P. Oddo, V. Ptitsyn, V.H. Ranjbar, G. Robert-Demolaize, T. Roser
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Spin flipper experiments during RHIC Run 17 were performed to study its effectiveness as a method for polarization sign reversal during stores. Numerical simulations are reported here, which were performed in accompaniment of these, and are being pursued with the aim of accurately reproducing the experimental conditions and providing thorough insight in the role of various key parameters participating in the dynamics of the spin flip, such as the sweep rate of the AC dipole, chromatic orbit control at RHIC snakes, RF parameters, possible effects of non-linear spin resonances, mirror resonance, tolerance on flipper magnet parameters, etc. The ultimate goal is for these simulations to serve as a guidance toward perfect flip to allow routine use during physics Runs.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF018  
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MOPMF023 Updates on the Optic Corrections of FCC-hh quadrupole, coupling, injection, interaction-region 133
 
  • D. Boutin, A. Chancé, B. Dalena
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • B.J. Holzer, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The FCC-hh (Future Hadron-Hadron Circular Collider) is one of the options considered for the next generation accelerator in high-energy physics as recommended by the European Strategy Group, and the natural evolution of existing LHC. The evaluation of the various magnets mechanical error and field error tolerances in the arc sections of FCC-hh, as well as an estimation of the correctors strengths necessary to perform the error corrections, are important aspects of the collider design. In this study recommended values for the mechanical errors, dipole and quadrupole field errors tolerances are proposed, with the possible consequences on the correctors technological choice and on the beam screen design. Advanced correction schemes of the linear coupling (with skew quadrupoles) and of the beam tunes (with normal quadrupoles) are discussed. Also a combined correction scheme including the interaction regions is tested.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF023  
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MOPMF024 Dipole Field Quality and Dynamic Aperture for FCC-hh injection, alignment, dynamic-aperture, optics 137
 
  • B. Dalena
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • D. Boutin, A. Chancé
    CEA/DRF/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • B.J. Holzer, S. Izquierdo Bermudez, D. Schoerling, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: This Research and Innovation Action project submitted to call H2020-INFRADEV-1-2014-1 receives funding from the European Union's H2020 Framework Program under grant agreement No. 654305.
The Nb3Sn dipole design for the hadron machine option of the Future Circular Colliders enters in an intense and long R&D phase. As a result, more realistic dipole field quality evaluations are available for beam dynamics studies. The paper discusses the impact of the main dipole field quality on the first and second order design of the hadron machine and on its dynamic aperture.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF024  
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MOPMF025 Overview of Arc Optics of FCC-hh quadrupole, optics, insertion, sextupole 141
 
  • A. Chancé, B. Dalena
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • D. Boutin
    CEA/DRF/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • B.J. Holzer, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: The European Circular Energy-Frontier Collider Study (EuroCirCol) project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant No 654305.
The FCC-hh (Future Hadron-Hadron Circular Collider) is one of the options considered for the next generation accelerator in high-energy physics as recommended by the European Strategy Group. In this overview the status and the evolution of the design of optics integration of FCC-hh are described, focusing on design of the arcs, alternatives, and tuning procedures.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF025  
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MOPMF032 Nonlinear Correction Strategies for the LHC Using Resonance Driving Terms resonance, optics, insertion, coupling 161
 
  • F.S. Carlier, E.H. Maclean, T. Persson, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The correction of nonlinearities in future colliders is critical to reach operational conditions and pose a significant challenge for commissioning schemes. Several approaches have been succesfully used in the LHC to correct sextupolar and octupolar sources in the LHC insertion regions. Measurements of resonance driving terms at top energy in the LHC have improved and now offer a new observable to calculate and validate nonlinear corrections. This paper reports on measurements of resonance driving terms in the LHC and the relevant strategies used for nonlinear corrections.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF032  
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MOPMF033 Probing the Forced Dynamic Aperture in the LHC at Top Energy Using AC Dipoles dynamic-aperture, insertion, emittance, resonance 165
 
  • F.S. Carlier, M. Giovannozzi, E.H. Maclean, T. Persson, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Measurements of the dynamic aperture in colliders are a common method to ensure machine performance and offer an insight in the nonlinear content of the machine. Such direct measurements are very challenging for the LHC and High Luminosity LHC. Forced dynamic aperture has been demonstrated for the first time in the LHC at injection energy as a potential new observable to safely probe the nonlinear content of the machine. This paper presents the first measurements of forced dynamic aperture at top energy and discusses the proposed measurement schemes and challenges.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF033  
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MOPMF044 New Coordination Tools to Prepare Programmed Stops in the LHC and its Injectors simulation, hardware, MMI, FEL 200
 
  • S. Chemli, M. Bernardini, T.W. Birtwistle, A. Bolognesi, B. Brito Da Palma, S.E. Bustamante, J. Coupard, K. Foraz, E. Kleszcz, N. Kotsolakos, T. Krastev, P. A. Kulig, Y. Muttoni, B. Nicquevert, L. Pater, A. Patrascoiu, S. Petit, C. Rauser, A. Wardzinska
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The LHC and its Injectors are submitted to an overall lifecycle of three to four years of physics delivery to Experiments with a two-year long stop, also known as Long Shutdown (LS). The years of physics delivery are ended by a programmed stop for the immediate preventive and corrective maintenance, also known as (Extended)-Year-End Technical Stop - (E)YETS. This regular cycle is to be addressed in parallel with other projects: the upgrade projects to the accelerator complex of the LHC (High-Luminosity project) and to its Injectors (LHC Injectors Upgrade), and the "standard" consolidation tasks. This paper describes the way the programmed stops coordination group prepares the activities to take place during the stop with a set of new tools and processes that ease the communication between the stakeholders of the coordination.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF044  
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MOPMF047 Transverse Coupling Measurements With High Intensity Beams Using Driven Oscillations coupling, injection, controls, resonance 208
 
  • T. Persson, G. Baud, X. Buffat, J.M. Coello de Portugal, E. Fol, K. Fuchsberger, M. Gabriel, M. Gąsior, M. Giovannozzi, G.H. Hemelsoet, M. Hostettler, M. Hruska, D. Jacquet, E.H. Maclean, L. Malina, J. Olexa, P.K. Skowroński, M. Solfaroli Camillocci, M.E. Söderén, R. Tomás, D. Valuch, A. Wegscheider, J. Wenninger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Transverse coupling has been linked to instabilities and reduction in dynamic aperture and is hence a crucial parameter to control in the LHC. In this article we describe the development to use driven oscillations to measure the transverse coupling with high intensity beams. The method relies on the use of the transverse damper to drive an oscillation in a similar way as with an AC-dipole. The calculation of the coupling is based on the turn-by-turn data from all available BPMs gated for the excited bunch.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF047  
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MOPMF048 Aperture Measurements with AC Dipole at the Large Hadron Collider optics, MMI, emittance, injection 212
 
  • N. Fuster-Martínez, R. Bruce, J. Dilly, E.H. Maclean, T. Persson, S. Redaelli, R. Tomás
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • L.J. Nevay
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
 
  Global aperture measurements are crucial for a safe operation and to push the performance of the LHC, in particular, the knowledge of aperture at top energy allows pushing the optics to reduce the colliding beam sizes. The standard method used in the LHC commissioning requires using several bunches for one measurement and makes bunches un-usable for other activities. This paper presents first global aperture measurements performed at injection with a new method using the AC dipole. This method consists in exciting large coherent oscillations of the beam without spoiling its emittance. A gentle control of the oscillation amplitude enables re-using the beams for several measurements. These measurements are compared with aperture measurements performed using the standard method and possible benefits, for example for optics measurements, at top energy with squeezed optics, are elaborated.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF048  
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MOPMF056 The Second LHC Long Shutdown (LS2) for the Superconducting Magnets hadron, superconducting-magnet, operation, collider 240
 
  • J.Ph. G. L. Tock, M. Bednarek, L. Bottura, E. Karentzos, S.L.N. Le Naour, F. Meuter, M. Pojer, C.E. Scheuerlein, E. Todesco, D. Tommasini, L. X. Van Den Boogaard, G.P. Willering
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has been delivering data to the physics experiments since 2009. It first operated at a centre of mass energy of 7 TeV and 8 TeV up to the first long shutdown (LS1) in 2013-14. The 13 kA splices between the main LHC cryomagnets were consolidated during LS1. Then, it was possible to increase safely the centre of mass energy to 13 TeV. During the training campaigns, metallic debris caused short circuits in the dipole diode containers, leading to an unacceptable risk. Major interventions can only take place during multiyear shutdowns. To ensure safe operation at higher energies, hence requiring further magnets training, the electrical insulation of the 1232 dipole diodes bus-bars will be consolidated during the second LHC long shutdown (LS2) in 2019-20. The design of the reinforced electrical insulation of the dipole cold diodes and the associated project organisation are presented, including the validation tests, especially at cryogenics temperature. During LS2, maintenance interventions on the LHC cryomagnets will also be performed, following the plan based on a statistical analysis of the electrical faults. It is inscribed in the overall strategy to produce collisions at 14 TeV, the LHC design energy, and to push it further towards 15 TeV. We give a first guess on the impact on the LHC failure rate.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF056  
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MOPMF067 Optimized Arc Optics for the HE-LHC lattice, injection, sextupole, optics 277
 
  • Y.M. Nosochkov, Y. Cai
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • M.P. Crouch, M. Giovannozzi, M. Hofer, J. Keintzel, T. Risselada, E. Todesco, R. Tomás, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: Work supported by the European Commission under Capacities 7th Framework Programme project EuCARD-2, grant agreement 312453, and the HORIZON 2020 project EuroCirCol, grant agreement 654305.
The High Energy LHC (HE-LHC) proton-proton collider is a proposed replacement of the LHC in the existing 27-km tunnel, with the goal of reaching the centre-of-mass beam energy of 27 TeV. The required higher dipole field can be realized by using 16-T dipoles being developed for the FCC-hh design. A major concern is the dynamic aperture at injection energy due to degraded field quality of the new dipole based on Nb3Sn superconductor, the potentially large energy swing between injection and collision, and the slightly reduced magnet aperture. Another issue is the field in quadrupoles and sextupoles at top energy, for which it may be cost-effective, wherever possible, to stay with Nb-Ti technology. In this study, we explore design options differed by arc lattice, for three choices of injection energy, with the goal of attaining acceptable magnet field and maximum injection dynamic aperture with dipole non-linear field errors.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF067  
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MOPMF079 The CEPC lattice design with combined dipole magnet sextupole, collider, lattice, dynamic-aperture 315
 
  • D. Wang, S. Bai, F.S. Chen, W. Chou, J. Gao, Y.M. Peng, Y. Wang, M. Yang, C.H. Yu, Y. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  For the lattice of CEPC collider ring, the combined magnet (dipole+sextupole) scheme has been developed to reduce the power consumption of the stand-alone sextu-poles. The power consumption of sextupoles has been decreased by 75% due to 50% reduction of strength. The dynamic aperture for the combined magnet scheme is as good as the original lattice. The magnet design for this kind of combined dipole has been done which provides a good support for this new idea.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF079  
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MOPMK001 Optics for RF Acceleration Section for the High Energy Large Hadron Collider optics, quadrupole, cavity, instrumentation 345
 
  • L. van Riesen-Haupt, J.L. Abelleira
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • J.L. Abelleira, E. Cruz Alaniz, P. Martinez Mirave, A. Seryi
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • M. Hofer, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Horizon 2020 project EuroCirCol, grant 654305 and by the Science and Technology Facilities Council
As part of the FCC study, the design of the High Energy LHC (HE-LHC) is addressed. A proposed layout for the interaction region for the containing the radio frequency (RF) cavities and various beam instrumentation will be discussed. The higher energy requires more RF cavities, which strongly restricts the space available for optics and instrumentation. Another challenge arises because the beam rigidity increases whilst the LHC geometry has to be conserved. To this end, next generation dipoles have to be used in order to achieve sufficient beam to beam separation. A design that provides enough beam stay clear (BSC) in all the magnets will be presented. The design introduces an additional quadrupole on either side of the RF region to be used for phase advance adjustments that can increase the dynamic aperture.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMK001  
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MOPMK002 Integrated Full HE-LHC Optics and Its Performance lattice, injection, insertion, target 348
 
  • M. Hofer
    TU Vienna, Wien, Austria
  • M.P. Crouch, J. Keintzel, T. Risselada, R. Tomás, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Y.M. Nosochkov
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  One possible future hadron collider design investigated in the framework of the Future Circular Collider (FCC) study is the High-Energy LHC (HE-LHC). Using the 16 T dipoles developed for the FCC-hh the center of mass energy of the LHC is set to increase to 27 TeV. To achieve this set energy goal, a new optics design is required, taking into account the constraint from the LHC tunnel geometry. In this paper, two different lattices for the HE-LHC are presented. Initial considerations take into account the physical aperture at the proposed injection energy as well as the energy reach of these lattices. The dynamic aperture at the injection energies is determined using latest evaluations of the field quality of the main dipoles.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMK002  
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MOPMK003 Energy Deposition Studies and Luminosity Evolution for the Alternative FCC-hh Triplet optics, luminosity, quadrupole, radiation 352
 
  • J.L. Abelleira, E. Cruz Alaniz, A. Seryi, L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • J.L. Abelleira, E. Cruz Alaniz, L. van Riesen-Haupt
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: Work supported by EuroCircol, EU's Horizon 2020 grant No 654305 & STFC grant to the John Adams Institute
The international Future Circular Collider (FCC) study comprises the development of a new scientific structure in a tunnel of 100 km. This will allow the installation of a proton collider with a centre of mass energy of 100 TeV, called FCC-hh. An alternative design of the final focus triplet for the FCC-hh has been developed in parallel to the alternative one, and adapted to the constraint of a free length (L*) of 40 m. We discuss in this paper the energy deposition issues as well as the luminosity evolution for two different optics choices: round and flat beams.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMK003  
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MOPMK005 HE-LHC Final Focus: Flat Beam Parameters and Energy Deposition Studies optics, luminosity, cavity, quadrupole 356
 
  • J.L. Abelleira, E. Cruz Alaniz, A. Seryi, L. van Riesen-Haupt
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • J.L. Abelleira, E. Cruz Alaniz, L. van Riesen-Haupt
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: Work supported by EuroCircol, EU's Horizon 2020 grant No 654305 & STFC grant to the John Adams Institute
The High Energy LHC (HE-LHC) project is studying the feasibility of a new proton-proton collider with a beam energy of 13.5 TeV. The nominal optics features a β* of 0.25 m and crab-cavities. Here we present a flat-beam optics that can be used with a non-zero crossing angle, in the absence of crab cavities. This is followed by energy deposition studies for the superconducting quadrupoles and dipole separators. The total dose in these magnets coming from the collision debris is evaluated.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMK005  
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MOPMK006 Experimental Interaction Region Optics for the High Energy LHC optics, quadrupole, shielding, dynamic-aperture 360
 
  • L. van Riesen-Haupt, J.L. Abelleira
    University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • J.L. Abelleira, E. Cruz Alaniz, A. Seryi
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • M.P. Crouch, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: Work supported by the Horizon 2020 project EuroCirCol, grant 654305 and by the Science and Technology Facilities Council
The High Energy LHC (HE-LHC) is one option for a next generation hadron collider explored in the FCC-hh program. The core concept of the HE-LHC is to install FCC-hh technology magnets in the LHC tunnel. The higher beam rigidity and the increased radiation debris, however, impose severe challenges on the design of the triplet for the low beta insertions. In order to achieve 25 cm β* optics and survive a lifetime integrated luminosity of 10 ab-1 a new longer triplet was designed that provides sufficient shielding and enough beam stay clear. This triplet has been designed using complimentary radiation studies to optimise the shielding that will also be presented. The optics for the rest of the interaction region had to be adjusted in order to host this more rigid beam and longer triplet whilst leaving enough room for crab cavities. Moreover, the effects non-linear errors in this triplet have on the dynamic aperture will be outlined.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMK006  
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MOPML048 Design Study of PM Dipole for ILC Damping Ring permanent-magnet, damping, operation, radiation 505
 
  • Y. Iwashita
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • N. Terunuma
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Dipole magnet using permanent magnet technology is under investigation for ILC cost reduction. It can reduce cost of electricity of coil excitation and cooling water pump, thick electric cabling and water piping, power supply, and their maintenance cost. The structure and the field adjustment scheme will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPML048  
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TUYGBF4 Design and Simulation Tools for the High-Intensity Industrial Rhodotron Electron Accelerator cavity, gun, electron, cathode 651
 
  • W.J.G.M. Kleeven, M. Abs, J. Brison, E. Forton, J. M. Hubert, J. Walle
    IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
 
  The Rhodotron is a compact industrial CW recirculating electron accelerator producing intense beams with energies in the range from about 1 to 10 MeV. RF-frequencies are in the range of 100 to 400 MHz. Average beam powers can range from 10 kW to almost 1 MW, depending of the specific type of Rhodotron. Main industrial applications are polymer cross-linking, sterilization, food treatment and container security scanning. Recently, RF pulsing was developed to reduce the average wall power dissipation, thus reducing drastically the energy consumption. Pulsing also permits smaller cavities and higher energies up to 40 MeV, opening the way to applications such as mobile irradiators, or isotopes production by photonuclear reactions, thus offering a compact and high beam duty alternative to linacs. This paper concentrates on some crucial design tools and methods for transverse and longitudinal optics studies, particle tracking with space charge, beam formation studies in the electron gun and dipole magnet design.  
slides icon Slides TUYGBF4 [11.957 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUYGBF4  
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TUPAF004 Status of the MedAustron Beam Commissioning with Protons and Carbon Ions MMI, proton, extraction, synchrotron 665
 
  • C. Kurfürst, L. Adler, A. De Franco, F. Farinon, N. Gambino, G. Guidoboni, G. Kowarik, M. Kronberger, S. Myalski, S. Nowak, M.T.F. Pivi, C. Schmitzer, I. Strašík, P. Urschütz, A. Wastl
    EBG MedAustron, Wr. Neustadt, Austria
  • L.C. Penescu
    Abstract Landscapes, Montpellier, France
 
  MedAustron is a synchrotron-based Particle Therapy Accelerator located in Wiener Neustadt, Austria, which is delivering beams for medical treatment since end of 2016. The accelerator provides clinical proton beams in the energy range 62-252 MeV and is designed to provide carbon ions in the range 120-400 MeV/n to three ion therapy irradiation rooms IRs, including a room with a proton Gantry. Proton beams of up to 800 MeV will be provided to a fourth room dedicated to research. Presently, proton beams are delivered to the fixed horizontal beam lines of three rooms. Beam commissioning of the vertical beam line of the second IR is being completed and the beam line is in preparation for clinical treatment. Commissioning of the accelerator with carbon ions is advancing and first clinical beams have been sent to the IRs, while the preparation for the Gantry beam line is ongoing. A slow extraction 3rd order resonance method is used to extract particles from the synchrotron between 0.1-10 seconds to favor control of the delivered dose during clinical treatments. The main characteristics of the accelerator and results obtained during the latest commissioning activities are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF004  
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TUPAF005 Status of AC-Dipole Project at RHIC Injectors for Polarized Helions booster, resonance, proton, simulation 669
 
  • K. Hock, H. Huang, F. Méot, P. Oddo, N. Tsoupas, J.E. Tuozzolo, K. Zeno
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Polarized helions will be used in the eRHIC collider to collide with polarized electrons. To allow efficient transport of polarized helions in the Booster, to rigidities sufficiently high (B rho=10.8 T.m, |G gamma|=10.5) for minimizing the optical perturbations from the two partial helical dipoles in the AGS, an upgrade for overcoming depolarizing intrinsic resonances is needed. An AC-dipole is being designed to induce spin flips through intrinsic resonances. Booster AC-dipole operation will be established with protons while the polarized helion source is being completed. This paper reports the status of the project (which is now well advanced after two years of theoretical and design studies) and provides an overview of proof of principle experiments to take place after successful installation of the AC-dipole, during RHIC Run 19 with polarized proton beams.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF005  
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TUPAF011 Btrain Calibration with RF-Master Method cavity, synchrotron, injection, pick-up 679
 
  • L. Falbo, E. Bressi, M. Pezzetta, C. Priano
    CNAO Foundation, Milan, Italy
 
  CNAO is the only Italian hadrontherapy facility able to treat tumors with beams of protons and carbon ions. It is based on a synchrotron with a 77 m ring equipped with 16 normal conducting dipoles characterized by a long delay in the field stabilization. B-Train system is a fundamental device of the whole machine; it is used in feedback to the dipole power supply in order to regulate the magnetic field reducing the natural stabilization times that would cause long treatments. B-Train system allows to obtain the magnetic field starting from measurements of magnetic field changes: it works as an integrator and then it needs a system to reset the counts compensating the electronic and numerical drift of the system itself. An innovative method has been implemented at CNAO to reset Btrain counts exploiting beam measurements after the RF cavity trapping. This procedure has the advantage to avoid external and additional element like NMR probes. The paper shows the use of B-train system at CNAO and its calibration with this method, called "RF-master method".  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF011  
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TUPAF022 Studies of a New Optics With Intermediate Transition Energy as Alternative for High Intensity LHC Beams in the CERN SPS optics, proton, multipole, sextupole 713
 
  • M. Carlà, H. Bartosik, M.S. Beck, K.S.B. Li, M. Schenk
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Schenk
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
 
  The LHC injector upgrade project calls for a twofold increase in intensity of the SPS proton beam. In this paper, we present studies with a new SPS optics called Q22, which has a transition energy in between the one of the operationally used Q20 and Q26 optics. This new optics provides a compromise between the stability of Q20, due to the low transition energy, and the reduced requirements in terms of RF voltage and power in Q26. A non-linear effective model of Q22 has been extrapolated from beam based measurements and used to complement the SPS non-linear optics model. Furthermore the studies of the TMCI threshold performed so far are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF022  
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TUPAF026 Higher-Harmonic RF System for Landau Damping in the CERN PS damping, flattop, synchrotron, cavity 728
 
  • H. Damerau, A. Lasheen, E.N. Shaposhnikova
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Longitudinal coupled-bunch instabilities after transition crossing and at the flat-top limit the intensity of LHC-type beams in the CERN Proton Synchrotron (PS). A dedicated coupled-bunch feedback for dipole oscillation modes, using a Finemet cavity as wide-band longitudinal kicker, suppresses the instabilities up to an intensity of about 2·1011 particles per bunch at extraction. However, dipole and quadrupole coupled-bunch oscillations are observed beyond this intensity. At the flat-top they were damped with a 40 MHz RF cavity operated as a higher-harmonic RF system to increase Landau damping, in addition to the principal RF system at 10 MHz. The existing 40 MHz RF system, designed for RF manipulations at fixed frequency, does not cover the frequency range required during acceleration. It is therefore proposed to install a tunable RF system with a 5% relative frequency swing. This paper summarizes the observations of instability damping at the flat-top and presents preliminary parameters for the higher-harmonic RF system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF026  
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TUPAF040 Beam Loss Measurements for Recurring Fast Loss Events During 2017 LHC Operation Possibly Caused by Macroparticles proton, simulation, operation, insertion 780
 
  • A. Lechner, B. Auchmann, E. Bravin, A.A. Gorzawski, L. K. Grob, E.B. Holzer, B. Lindstrom, T. Medvedeva, D. Mirarchi, R. Schmidt, M. Valette, D. Wollmann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The availability of the LHC machine was adversely affected in 2017 by tens of beam aborts provoked by frequent loss events in one standard arc cell (16L2). In most of the cases, the dumps were triggered by concurrently developing fast beam instabilities leading to particle losses in the betatron cleaning insertion. Many of the events started with a distinct sub-millisecond loss peak comparable to regular dust particle events, which have been observed along all the LHC since the start-up. In contrast to regular dust events, persistent losses developed in cell 16L2 after the initial peaks which can possibly be explained by a phase transition of macroparticles to the gas phase. In this paper, we summarize the observed loss characteristics such as spatial loss pattern and time profiles measured by Beam Loss Monitors (ionization chambers). Based on the measurements, we estimate the energy deposition in macroparticles and reconstruct proton loss rates as well as the gas densities after the phase transition. Differences between regular dust events and events in 16L2 are highlighted and the ability to induce magnet quenches is discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF040  
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TUPAF059 Design and Evaluation of FCC-hh Injection Protection Schemes injection, kicker, collider, collimation 854
 
  • E. Renner, M.J. Barnes, W. Bartmann, C. Bracco, R. Bruce, F. Burkart, B. Goddard, A. Lechner, L.S. Stoel, F.M. Velotti, C. Wiesner, D. Woog
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The Future Circular Collider (FCC) study considers several injector scenarios for FCC-hh, the proposed 100~TeV centre of mass hadron collider located at CERN. The investigated options include amongst others to use the LHC at 3.3~TeV or a superconducting SPS at 1.3~TeV as a High Energy Booster (HEB). Due to the high energy of the injected proton beam and the short time constant of injection failures, a thorough consideration of potential failure cases is of major importance. Further attention has to be given to the fact that the injection is - as in LHC - located upstream of the side experiments. Failure scenarios are identified for both injector options, appropriate designs of injection protection schemes are proposed and first simulations are conducted to validate the protection efficiency.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF059  
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TUPAF089 Initial Measurements on a New 108 MHz 4-Rod CW RFQ Prototype for the HLI at GSI rfq, simulation, linac, resonance 946
 
  • D. Koser, K. Kümpel, H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • P. Gerhard
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • O.K. Kester
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Funding: Work supported by BMBF Contr. No. 05P15RFBA and HIC for FAIR
The High Charge State Injector (HLI) at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt, Germany, is one of the two injector linacs for the Universal Linear Accelerator (UNILAC) and is also planned to serve as dedicated injector for a proposed superconducting CW linac for heavy element research. Within the scope of an intended CW upgrade of the HLI front end, a replacement for the existing 4-rod RFQ is desirable since its stable operation and performance is severely impeded by mechanical vibrations of the electrodes and a high thermal sensitivity*. With the aim of suppressing mechanical vibrations and providing efficient cooling considering high power CW operation, a completely new and improved 4-rod design was developed** with a focus on structural mechanical simulations using ANSYS. In order to validate the simulated RF performance, thermal behavior and structural mechanical characteristics, a 6-stem prototype was manufactured***. Initial low power RF measurements and basic piezo actuated mechanical investigations were done and the anticipated properties could be confirmed prior to planned high power RF tests and further mechanical vibration studies.
* D. Koser et al., THPIK021, Proc. of IPAC2017
** D. Koser et al., MOPOY020, Proc. of IPAC2016
*** D. Koser et al., TUPLR057, Proc. of LINAC2016
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF089  
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TUPAF090 Measurements of the MYRRHA-RFQ at the IAP Frankfurt rfq, simulation, controls, resonance 949
 
  • K. Kümpel, D. Koser, S. Lamprecht, N.F. Petry, H. Podlech, A. Schempp, D. Strecker
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • A. Bechtold
    NTG Neue Technologien GmbH & Co KG, Gelnhausen, Germany
  • C. Zhang
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by the EU Framework Programme H2020 662186 (MYRTE)
The MYRRHA (Multi-purpose hYbrid Research Reactor for High-tech Applications) Project is a planned accelerator driven system (ADS) which aims to demonstrate the feasibility of large scale transmutation. The first RF structure of the 600 MeV MYRRHA Linac will be a 176.1 MHz 4-Rod RFQ that will accelerate up to 4 mA protons in cw operation from 30 keV up to 1.5 MeV. The voltage along the approximately 4 m long electrodes has been chosen to 44 kV which limits the RF losses to about 25 kW/m. During the design of the structure a new method of dipole compensation has been applied. This paper describes the status of the RFQ and shows the results of the measurements done at IAP Frankfurt such as dipole and flatness measurement, vacuum tests and power tests up to 11 kW.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF090  
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TUPAL011 Low Power Test and Tuning of the LEAF RFQ rfq, quadrupole, cavity, operation 1028
 
  • L. Lu, T. He, Y. He, W. Ma, L.B. Shi, L.P. Sun, C.C. Xing, X.B. Xu, L. Yang, H.W. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
 
  A continuous wave (CW) four-vane radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator is under construction for the Low Energy Accelerator Facility (LEAF) at Institute of Modern Physics (IMP). The 5.96 m RFQ will operate with the capability of accelerating all ion species from proton to uranium from 14 keV/u up to 500 keV/u. In this paper, the low power test and tuning results of the RFQ accelerator, including the test of the separate sections and the whole cavity, will be presented. After the final tuning, the relative error of the quadrupole field is within 2% and the admixture of the dipole modes are below 4% of the quadrupole mode.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAL011  
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TUPAL032 A Variable Field Phase-Shifter for Recirculating Proton Linacs linac, cavity, proton, superconducting-cavity 1072
 
  • Y. Tao, J. Qiang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The recirculating superconducting proton linac that has a potential to substantially save accelerator cost was re-cently proposed. It consists of three sections to accelerate the continues-wave (CW) beam to multiple GeVs. In the first section, the beam passes the linac two times. In the second and third sections, the beam goes through the linac four and six times. A phase-shifter is needed to meet the synchronous acceleration condition for multi-pass accel-eration using the same RF cavity due to the phase slip-page of the proton beam. Here we present the design of a variable field rectangular bend phase-shifter in which the beam goes to a different path in each pass inside the mag-net to meet the synchronous condition.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAL032  
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TUPAL039 Commissioning of the FRIB RFQ rfq, controls, MMI, cavity 1090
 
  • H.T. Ren, J.F. Brandon, N.K. Bultman, M.G. Konrad, H. Maniar, D.G. Morris, P. Morrison, G. Pozdeyev, X. Rao, R. Walker, S. Zhao
    FRIB, East Lansing, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661 #wei@frib.msu.edu
The radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) at the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a 4-vane type cavity designed to accelerate heavy ion beams with charge states Q/A between 1/7 and 1/3 from 12 keV/u to 0.5 MeV/u. The RFQ was assembled in the FRIB tunnel in November 2016. Bead-pull measurements and tuning were performed with low RF power. The RFQ has been conditioned to 59 kW in August 2017, which is sufficient to accelerate the Key Performance Parameter (KPP) beams, Argon and Krypton. The RFQ has been successful-ly commissioned with KPP beams in CW regime in Octo-ber 2017. 40Ar9+ and 86Kr17+ beams were accelerated by the FRIB RFQ in the CW regime to the designed energy of 0.5 MeV/u. With the multi-harmonic buncher operation-al, the FRIB RFQ commissioning has been completed with bunched beam in February 2018. The beam trans-mission efficiency through the RFQ was in good agree-ment with PARMTEQ simulation results. The detailed results from the FRIB RFQ tuning, high power condition-ing and beam commissioning will be presented in this paper.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAL039  
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TUPAL044 Technical Workings of the 6D Phase Measurement at SNS electron, diagnostics, data-analysis, beam-transport 1107
 
  • B.L. Cathey
    ORNL RAD, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  • A.V. Aleksandrov, S.M. Cousineau, A.P. Zhukov
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
 
  Funding: SNS is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 for the U.S. Department of Energy. This work has been partially supported by NSF Accelerator Science grant 1535312.
The Beam Test Facility (BTF) is a functional duplicate of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) frontend with a 2.5 MeV beam on which the first six-dimensional phase space measurement has been completed. This presentation will show the technical underpinnings involved in performing the 6D scan with the BTF. The first part will examine the diagnostic setup involving apertures, a screen, and a bunch shape monitor and how the integrated system functions. The next part will cover the scan logic used in the software. The last part will briefly discuss ongoing efforts to analyze 6D measurements and identify correlations.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAL044  
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TUPAL059 Commissioning of Shanghai Advance Proton Therapy extraction, proton, MMI, injection 1151
 
  • M.Z. Zhang, D.M. Li, K. Wang, Q.L. Zhang, Z.T. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • X.C. Xie
    Shanghai APACTRON Particle Equipment Company Limited, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  Shanghai advance proton therapy (SAPT) is a dedicate facility for cancer treatment. The commissioning of the accelerator started at the end of April 2017, and the proton beam has been already transported to the treatment room. This paper shows the commissioning results of synchrotron and transport line.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAL059  
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TUZGBD5 Performance of Nanometre-Level Resolution Cavity Beam Position Monitors at ATF2 cavity, feedback, electron, kicker 1212
 
  • T. Bromwich, D.R. Bett, N. Blaskovic Kraljevic, R.M. Bodenstein, P. Burrows, G.B. Christian, C. Perry, R.L. Ramjiawan
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • S. Araki, A. Aryshev, T. Tauchi, N. Terunuma
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • P. Bambade, S. Wallon
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • S.W. Jang
    Korea University Sejong Campus, Sejong, Republic of Korea
 
  A system of three low-Q cavity beam position monitors (BPMs), installed in the interaction point (IP) region of the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF2) at KEK, has been designed and optimised for nanometre-level beam position resolution. The BPMs are used to provide an input to a low-latency, intra-train beam position feedback system deployed in single-pass, multi-bunch mode with the aim of demonstrating intra-train beam stabilisation on electron bunches of charge ~1 nC separated in time by 280 ns. In 2016 the BPM resolution was demonstrated to be below 50 nm using the raw measured vertical positions at the three BPMs. New results will be presented utilising integrated sampling of the raw waveforms, improved BPM alignment and modified cavities to demonstrate a vertical position resolution on the order of 20 nm.  
slides icon Slides TUZGBD5 [8.561 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUZGBD5  
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TUZGBF1 Superconducting Gantry for Carbon-Ion Radiotherapy superconducting-magnet, quadrupole, radiation, MMI 1232
 
  • Y. Iwata, T. Furukawa, Y. Hara, S. Matsuba, T. Murakami, K. Noda, N. S. Saotome, S. Sato, T. Shirai
    NIRS, Chiba-shi, Japan
  • N. Amemiya
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • H. Arai, T. Fujimoto
    AEC, Chiba, Japan
  • T.F. Fujita, K. Mizushima, Y. Saraya
    National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
  • S. Matsuba
    HSRC, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • T. Obana
    NIFS, Gifu, Japan
  • T. Ogitsu
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Orikasa, S. Takayama
    Toshiba, Yokohama, Japan
  • R. Tansho
    QST-NIRS, Chiba, Japan
 
  A superconducting magnet gantry has been used at HIMAC in NIRS, transporting beams for carbon ion radiotherapy. A second superconducting gantry, with a different design, is under construction in Yamagata University. This invited talk presents an overview of these gantry designs, their advantages for light ion radiotherapy, their operational experiences, and future perspectives for superconducting radiotherapy gantries.  
slides icon Slides TUZGBF1 [26.683 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUZGBF1  
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TUPMF017 Transport Line Design and Injection Configuration Optimization for the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade injection, septum, kicker, emittance 1287
 
  • A. Xiao, M. Borland
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
On-axis swap-out injection was chosen for the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade (APS-U) to allow pushing the beam emittance to an extremely low value. The injection section configuration was optimized within a multi-dimensional parameter space and made consistent with up-to-date technical developments. The booster-to-storage ring (BTS) transport line was designed to bring the electron beam from the existing Booster to the new storage ring (SR). Due to various limitations, this new BTS line is twisted both horizontally and vertically when approaching the injection point, which introduces challenges in both geometrical and optical matching. This paper presents our simple solution to these issues. The coupling effect caused by the twisted BTS line is also discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF017  
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TUPMF027 Impedance Modeling for eRHIC impedance, vacuum, quadrupole, electron 1309
 
  • A. Blednykh, G. Bassi, M. Blaskiewicz, C. Hetzel, V. Ptitsyn, V.V. Smaluk, F.J. Willeke
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the US DOE under contract number DE-SC0012704
The impedance budget for the eRHIC project is discussed at its earlier stage of development. As a first step, with the eRHIC lattice and beam parameters , we use the geometric impedances of the vacuum chamber components simulated for the NSLS-II project. The impedance budged will be updated next with more impedance data simulated for the optimized eRHIC vacuum components. It will allows us to keep track on the collective effects changes with more realistic components added to the ring.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF027  
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TUPMF042 Design of a High Dose Rate Micro-Focused X-Ray Source electron, target, emittance, cavity 1346
 
  • X. He, S.Q. Liao, J. Long, J. Shi, W. Wang, L. Yang
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
 
  High energy X-ray computer tomography has wide application in industry, especially in quality control of complicated high-tech equipment. In many applications, higher spatial resolution is needed to discover smaller defects. Decreasing the spot size of the X-Ray source is a promising way to get higher spatial resolution. Rhodotron have been used to produce high power CW electron beam in hundreds of kilowatts level. In this paper, we propose to use an improved Rhodotron to generate high brightness electron beam with high average power. Beam dynamics study shows that when producing tens of kilowatts electron beam, the normalized RMS emittance can be lower than 10 μm, and the relative RMS energy spread can be lower than 0.2%. The beam can be focused to a spot size of about 100μm by using a series of quadruple, and converted to X-Ray by using a rotating target within several kilowatts beam power. Improved Rhodotron proposed in this paper is a good candidate of X-ray source for high resolution high energy industrial CT systems.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF042  
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TUPMF054 Performance Comparison of Different Ultralow Emittance Unit Cells emittance, lattice, storage-ring, quadrupole 1382
 
  • Y. Jiao, X.Y. Li, G. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The available minimum emittance of a storage ring and the ring performance is closely related to the unit cell of the lattice. Up to now, several ultralow-emittance unit cells have been proposed and applied in the lattice design of the diffraction-limited storage ring light sources. In this study we quantitatively compared the performance of three typical unit cells, based on mainly the parameters of the High Energy Photon Source. The results indicate that the modified-TME unit cell with antibend and longitudinal gradient dipole allows the lowest possible emittance, given a long enough cell length.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF054  
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TUPMF058 Conceptual Design of HEPS Injector booster, storage-ring, injection, linac 1394
 
  • J.L. Li, H. Dong, Z. Duan, Y.Y. Guo, D.Y. He, Y. Jiao, W. Kang, C. Meng, S. Pei, Y.M. Peng, J.R. Zhang, P. Zhang, Z.S. Zhou
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Abstract The High Energy Photon Source (HEPS) will be constructed in the following few years. The light source is comprised of an ultra-low emittance storage ring and a full energy injector. The energy of the storage ring is 6 GeV. The injector is comprised of a 500 MeV linac, a 500 MeV to 6 GeV booster synchrotron and transport lines connecting the machines. In the present design, the linac uses normal conducting S-band bunching and accelerating structures. The booster adopts FODO cells, has a circumference of about 454 m and an emittance lower than 40 nmrad. The injector can provide a single-bunch charge up to 2 nC at 6 GeV for the storage ring. This paper briefly introduces the conceptual design of the injector of the HEPS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMF058  
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TUPMK005 CSR Shielding Effect in Dogleg and EEX Beamlines shielding, experiment, simulation, emittance 1498
 
  • G. Ha, M.E. Conde, J.G. Power, E.E. Wisniewski
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Department of Energy, Office of HEP and BES under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
CSR shielding is a well-known CSR suppression scheme which works by cutting off the low frequency CSR radiation. Although the shielding scheme is well known, its effects on the beam has been rarely studied. We investigate the CSR effect on the beam emittance when passing through a dogleg and a double dogleg type EEX beamline. An experimental study is planned at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator facility where we can generate a 0.1-100 nC electron beam with an energy of 50 MeV and have a double dogleg EEX beamline. Tunable shielding plates are installed at the dipole magnet chambers of the EEX beamline to vary the shielding condition. Transverse and longitudinal phase space measurement systems are prepared to characterize the beam-CSR interaction, and bolometer and interferometry are prepared to characterize CSR. We present simulation results and preliminary experimental results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK005  
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TUPMK009 Electron Beam Optics for the ASU Compact XFEL FEL, simulation, electron, laser 1507
 
  • C. Zhang, W.S. Graves, M.R. Holl, L.E. Malin
    Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
  • E.A. Nanni
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: National Science Foundation Division of Physics (Accelerator Science) award 1632780, award 1231306. DOE grant DE-AC02-76SF00515.
Arizona State University (ASU) is pursuing a new concept for a compact x-ray FEL (CXFEL) as a next phase of compact x-ray light source (CXLS). We describe the electron beam optics design for the ASU compact XFEL. In previous experiments we introduced a grating diffraction method to generate a spatially modulated beam. We plan to combine a telescope imaging system with emittance exchange (EEX) to magnify/demagnify the modulated beam and transfer it from transverse modulation into a longitudinal one to make it an ideal seed for phase-coherent XFEL. The simulation results of the beam line setup will be demonstrated. Our first goal is to successfully image the modulated beam with desired magnification then we will investigate various magnification and magnets combinations and optimize aberration correction.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK009  
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TUPMK014 Dipole Fringe Field Analysis of the NSLS-II Storage Ring storage-ring, optics, lattice, simulation 1519
 
  • J. Choi, Y. Hidaka, T.V. Shaftan, C.J. Spataro, G.M. Wang
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: DOE Contract No. DE-SC0012704
In the NSLS-II storage ring, the effect of the dipole fringe field is not negligible and was considered already at the design phase. Especially in the vertical direction, the standard simulation codes are using the parameter called FINT (fringe Field INTegral) and, if there is no specific information, it is usually set to 0.5 which is considered as the reasonable average. With the hall-probe measurement data of the NSLS-II storage ring dipoles, we evaluated measured FINTs and applied them to the beam simulation. The paper shows the resulting FINTs and their effects.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPMK014  
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TUPML017 Longitudinal Phase Space Reconstruction at FLASHForward Using a Novel Transverse Deflection Cavity, PolariX-TDS plasma, experiment, simulation, lattice 1567
 
  • R.T.P. D'Arcy, A. Aschikhin, P. González Caminal, V. Libov, J. Osterhoff
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The FLASHForward project at DESY is an innovative beam-driven plasma-wakefield acceleration (PWFA) experiment, aiming to accelerate electron beams to GeV energies over a few centimeters of ionized gas. These accelerated beams are assessed for their capability to drive a free-electron laser. The ultra short, low emittance, and low energy spread properties of bunches produced from certain PWFA injection schemes naturally lend themselves to this task. However, these bunch lengths, typically in the few femtosecond range, are difficult to temporally resolve with traditional diagnostic methods. In order to longitudinally diagnose these bunches it is necessary to utilise the properties of a transverse RF deflecting cavity operating in a high-frequency regime. It is proposed that this type of X-band transverse deflection system, styled the PolariX-TDS due to its novel variable polarisation feature, will be introduced to the FLASHForward beam line in order to perform these single-shot longitudinal phase space measurements. This paper will concern itself with the efficacy of longitudinally reconstructing PWFA-bunches expected at FLASHForward with this TDS, with a focus on the variable bunch properties expected from early commissioning of the experiment.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML017  
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TUPML030 Optimisation of D- Ion Production in a Multicusp Ion Source plasma, ion-source, electron, extraction 1609
 
  • A.M. George, M.P. Dehnel, S.V. Melanson, D.E. Potkins
    D-Pace, Nelson, British Columbia, Canada
  • N. Broderick
    University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
  • H.C. McDonald, C. Philpott
    BSL, Auckland, New Zealand
 
  D-Pace's multicusp ion source achieves high beam cur-rents for negative hydrogen ions in both the TRIUMF-licensed filament-powered ion source (~18 mA) and the University of Jyväskylä-licensed RF-powered ion source (~8 mA) [1]. It is well known that ion sources producing negative deuterium ions achieve lower beam currents compared to similar negative hydrogen ion sources and indeed we have found that negative deuterium ion beam currents in our sources are typically 1/3 that of negative hydrogen beam currents. The reasons behind this are not completely understood, but factors such as the magnetic field strength and the electron temperature are believed to play a major role and offer the potential for significant optimisation. In this paper, we look into the issues surrounding swapping of deuterium for hydrogen in our ion source by studying the properties of plasmas and extracted currents with different magnetic field strengths and gas flows.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPML030  
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WEYGBE1 Suppressing CSR Microbunching in Recirculation Arcs bunching, lattice, emittance, radiation 1784
 
  • C.-Y. Tsai
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  We provide sufficient conditions for suppression of CSR-induced microbunching instability along transport or recirculation arcs. The example lattices include low-energy (∼100 MeV) and high-energy (∼1 GeV) recirculation arcs, and medium-energy compressor arcs. Our studies show that lattices satisfying the proposed conditions indeed have microbunching gain suppressed. Beam current dependencies of maximal CSR microbunching gains are also demonstrated, which should help outline a beam line design for different scales of nominal currents. We expect this analysis can improve future lattice design.  
slides icon Slides WEYGBE1 [10.979 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEYGBE1  
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WEPAF027 Low Q Cavity BPM Study for the Beam Position Measurement of Nanosecond Spaced Electron Bunches cavity, FEL, electron, coupling 1881
 
  • L. Yang, X. He, L.W. Zhang
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
  • S.S. Cao, Y.B. Leng, L.Y. Yu, R.X. Yuan
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: National natural science foundation of China, 11705184
Low Q cavity BPM is a key to distinguish closely spaced electron bunches allowing precise beam handling for XFEL facilities operating in a multi-bunch mode at high repetition rate up to hundreds MHz. The inter-bunch signal pollution issue becomes significant when bunch separation is down to nanosecond and causes the position detection to be increasingly overestimated. Solely relying on extreme low Q to achieve sufficient decay within bunch interval leads to appreciable interference from non-signal modes due to strong overcoupling of antenna design is required. The error imposed on measured position raises a challenge to meet the goal of high resolution. Alternatively, a concept is proposed to remove the dominant part of signal pollution at the moment of sampling by intentionally shifting the phase of the last bunch signal 90degree respect to that of current bunch signal, where signal sampling is normally taken for nanosecond spaced bunches. This quadrature phase shift is defined by properly choosing the operational frequency of dipole mode regarding to the bunch frequency. A low Q cavity BPM prototype to identify technical challenges and verify this concept is under development in the R&D plan for future XFEL with high repetition rate
 
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WEPAF046 RF Electronics for the Measurement of Beam Induced Higher Order Modes (HOM) Implemented in the MicroTCA.4 Form Factor HOM, cavity, electron, electronics 1916
 
  • S. Jabłoński, N. Baboi, U. Mavrič, H. Schlarb
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Higher order modes (HOM) excited in RF accelerating cavities by a particle beam can be used for electron beam diagnostics. Phase of a monopole HOM provides information about the beam phase relative to the externally induced RF field in a cavity (BPhM) [1]. Furthermore, the amplitude of a dipole mode is proportional to the beam position in the cavity, hence it can be used for beam position monitoring (BPM). In this paper we present a prototype of an instrument implemented in the MicoTCA.4 form factor for the measurement of the HOMs at FLASH and Eu-XFEL. The prototype consists of an analog module, which is used for filtering and conditioning of the selected modes, and a digital module responsible for digitization and signal processing. We present the instruments performance and discuss its influence on the precision of the HOM-based diagnostics.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF046  
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WEPAF068 Frequency Scanning Interferometry as New Solution for on-Line Monitoring Inside a Cryostat for the HL-LHC project cavity, target, vacuum, monitoring 1986
 
  • H. Mainaud Durand, T. Dijoud, J. Gayde, F. Micolon, M. Sosin
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Duquenne, V. Rude
    ESGT-CNAM, Le Mans, France
 
  Funding: Research supported by the HL-LHC project
For the HL-LHC project, the cryostats of the key components will be equipped permanently with an on-line position monitoring system based on Frequency Scanning Interferometry (FSI). Such a system, based on absolute distance measurement, will determine the position of the inner triplet cold masses w.r.t. their cryostat and the position of the crab cavities also inside their cryostat, within an uncertainty of measurement of 0.1 mm, in a harsh environment: cold temperature of 2 K and high radiation level of the order of 1 MGy. The FSI system was validated first successfully on one LHC dipole cryostat and its associated cold mass to undergo qualification tests under different conditions: warm, vacuum and cold (2K). The FSI system also equips the first crab cavities prototype cryostat. The configuration of the FIS system chosen after simulations, the conditions of tests as well as their results and analysis are presented in this paper.
 
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WEPAG004 Automating Orbit Correction in the Main Injector 8 GeV Line controls, booster, data-acquisition, operation 2070
 
  • K.J. Hazelwood, I. Kourbanis, G.E. Krafczyk, M.-J. Yang
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The Main Injector 8 GeV line (MI8 line) transports beam from Fermilab's Booster accelerator to either the Booster Neutrino experiments (BNB), the Recycler or the Main Injector. Often the orbit of the beam through the MI8 line differs depending on the beam destination. The beam is collimated in the MI8 line, so increasing intensities and repetition rates make controlling orbits through the collimators a necessity. The current method of regulating the MI8 line orbit with DC corrector settings is insufficient. A system named MITUNE is being developed to sample and categorize all beams through the MI8 line and automatically calculate and apply proper dipole corrector ramps to maintain desired orbits for pulses to any destination.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAG004  
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WEPAK011 Development of the Electron-Beam Diagnostics for the Future BESSY-VSR Storage Ring electron, diagnostics, laser, storage-ring 2110
 
  • G. Schiwietz, J.G. Hwang, M. Koopmans, M. Ries, A. Schälicke
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  This contribution focusses on the different types of new or improved electron-beam monitors at BESSY II for bunch resolved measurements under future BESSY-VSR conditions. A new diagnostics platform, involving three different dipole beam lines will be built for different di-pole-related optical and THz methods. Our main concepts for robust future monitors for bunch length, beam size and position are presented in the following.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAK011  
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WEPAL020 Measurement of Transverse Dipole and Quadrupole Moments with the BPMS in the J-PARC 3-50 BT quadrupole, emittance, beam-transport, optics 2197
 
  • T. Toyama
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • H. Kuboki, K. Satou, M. Tejima
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  We measure dipole and quadrupole moments of the beam using the BPMs in the beam transport line 3-50BT of J-PARC and obtain differences of squared horizontal- and vertical-rms-sizes for those BPMs. Then we obtain rms emittances and rms momentum by fitting with given Twiss parameters.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL020  
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WEPAL025 Development of a Low-Latency, High-Precision, Beam-Based Feedback System Based on Cavity BPMs at the KEK ATF2 feedback, cavity, kicker, extraction 2212
 
  • R.L. Ramjiawan, D.R. Bett, N. Blaskovic Kraljevic, R.M. Bodenstein, T. Bromwich, P. Burrows, G.B. Christian, C. Perry
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  A low-latency, intra-train feedback system employing cavity beam position monitors (BPMs) has been developed and tested at the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF2) at KEK. The feedback system can be operated with either position information from a single BPM to provide local beam stabilisation, or by using position information from two BPMs to stabilise the beam at an intermediate location. The correction is implemented using a stripline kicker and a custom power amplifier, with the feedback calculations being performed on a digital board built around a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The addition of indium sealing to the BPMs to increase the cavities' Q-values has led to improvements to the BPM system resolution, with current measurements of the resolution of order 20 nm. The feedback performance was tested with beam trains of two bunches, separated by 280 ns and with a charge of ~1 nC. For single- (two-)BPM feedback, stabilisation of the beam has been demonstrated to below 50 nm (41 nm). Ongoing work to improve the feedback performance further will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL025  
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WEPMF001 Upgrade of the ALBA Magnetic Laboratory for Measuring LIPAc HEBT Quadrupoles and Dipole controls, quadrupole, hardware, software 2369
 
  • J. Campmany, F. Becheri, L.G.O. Garcia-Orta, J. Marcos, V. Massana, R. Petrocelli
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  • B. Brañas, J. Castellanos
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
 
  Along 2017 ALBA magnetic measurements facility has measured LIPAc HEBT quadrupoles and dipole designed by CIEMAT and built by ELYTT company. ALBA magnetic measurements laboratory has been improved through an upgrade program of its measurement benches to complete their measurements. One of the main aims of the upgrade has been to standardize both the hardware and software and therefore ensure an easy maintenance. Especially relevant has been the upgrade of the flipping coil bench, in which the DC motors and the obsolete controller have been replaced by step-motors and ICEPAP controller. Also, software has been migrated to Tango package. Hardware and software of Hall probe bench has been upgraded as well, using the last DeltaTau motion controller. Tango has been upgraded too, using Devian 8 as operative system. Next step will be the upgrade of the rotating coil hardware and software using also step-motor and ICEPAP controller. In parallel, new shafts have been build and tested, with specific designs to improve the sensitivity and minimize the noise to signal ratio. In this contribution we detail the upgrades and the results of performance tests.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF001  
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WEPMF017 Options for the Spectrometer Magnet of the eRHIC IR hadron, shielding, septum, detector 2401
 
  • H. Witte, R.B. Palmer, B. Parker
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Presently the electron-ion collider eRHIC is under design, which aims to provide a facility with a peak luminosity of 1034cm-2sec-1. This paper outlines different concepts for the so-called B0 magnet, which is the first bending magnet after the interaction region. The B0 magnet has to provide a 1.3 T dipole field to the hadron beam, while the nearby electron beam should not be exposed to any field. Several possible solutions have been evaluated, each with their specific strengths and shortcomings. This paper presents an overview of the solutions.
 
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WEPMF018 Magnet Designs for the eRHIC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron quadrupole, sextupole, synchrotron, magnet-design 2404
 
  • H. Witte, I. Marneris, V.H. Ranjbar
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Presently the electron-ion collider eRHIC is under design, which aims to provide a facility with a peak luminosity of 1034cm-2sec-1. Part of the eRHIC design is a rapid cycling synchrotron, which accelerates electrons from 1-18 GeV. In this paper we present conceptual designs of the required dipole, quadrupole and sextupole magnets. The magnets meet the specifications in terms of performance and field quality with an acceptable power dissipation. The power supply requirements are also discussed.
 
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WEPMF019 Conceptual Design of the eRHIC Storage Ring Magnets storage-ring, sextupole, quadrupole, simulation 2407
 
  • H. Witte, J.S. Berg, S. Tepikian
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Presently the electron-ion collider eRHIC is under design, which aims to provide a facility with a peak luminosity of 1034cm-2sec-1. Part of the eRHIC accelerator is the addition of an electron storage ring to the existing tunnel. This paper describes the magnets required for this storage ring. The necessary bending is provided by a triplet of dipole magnets, which generate excess bending to create additional radiation damping to allow a larger beam-beam tune shift. Each triplet consists of two long, low field magnets and a short, high-field magnet. This paper also describes the quadrupole and sextupole magnets necessary for this machine. All magnets require a large aperture to accommodate the beam-pipe.
 
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WEPMF072 Magnet Power Supplies for ALS-U power-supply, storage-ring, magnet-design, sextupole 2538
 
  • G.C. Pappas, J.-Y. Jung, C.A. Swenson
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The ALS-U project is an upgrade to the existing Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to a diffraction limited light source. To be able to achieve the small horizontal emittance of the ALS-U, the three bend achromats in the ALS will be replaced with nine bend achromats. Because the lifetime of the ALS-U beam will be significantly reduced, the plan is to use a swap out injection scheme between the storage ring and a new accumulator ring. The present plan is to use individual power supplies for each magnet in the storage ring, and series connected magnet strings for the accumulator ring. The sheer number of supplies needed, along with the tighter stability requirements for the ALS-U, is demanding in terms of the power supply requirements for stability and reliability. This paper will discuss the ALS-U magnet power supply requirements, and possible options to meet them.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF072  
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WEPMF083 Comparison of Superconducting Septa Topologies and Parameter Space Exploration septum, experiment, shielding, target 2578
 
  • M.G. Atanasov, J.C.C.M. Borburgh, M. Hourican, A. Sanz Ull
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The unprecedented energy scale of the FCC poses challenging requirements for its magnetic elements including the septum magnets for injection and extraction. With an ambitious target field of 4 T and an apparent septum thickness of only 25 mm, different superconducting septa topologies have been investigated to explore their limitations. This article will cover the currently feasible topologies, amongst which the truncated cosine-theta, the double truncated cosine-theta, the superconducting shield (SuShi) and the so called stealth dipole. A performance figure of merit will be proposed, taking into account the maximum achievable magnetic field, the septum thickness and the leak field magnitude.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF083  
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WEPMK009 Status of the ESRF-EBS Magnets quadrupole, SRF, sextupole, octupole 2648
 
  • C. Benabderrahmane, J.C. Biasci, J-F. B. Bouteille, J. Chavanne, L. Eybert, L. Goirand, G. Le Bec, L. Lefebvre, S.M. Liuzzo, D. Martin, C. Penel, P. Raimondi, J.-L. Revol, F. Villar, S.M. White
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
 
  The ESRF-EBS (Extremely Brilliant Source) is an upgrade project planned at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in the period 2015-2022. A new storage ring will be built, aiming to decrease the horizontal emittance and to improve the brilliance and coherence of the X-ray beams. The lattice of the new storage ring relies on magnets with demanding specifications: dipoles with longitudinal gradient (field ranging from 0.17 T up to 0.67 T), strong quadrupoles (up to 90 T/m), combined function dipole-quadrupoles with high gradient (0.57 T and 37 T/m), strong sextupoles and octupoles. The design of these magnets is based on innovative solutions; in particular, the longitudinal gradient dipoles are permanent magnets and the combined dipole-quadrupoles are single-sided devices. The longitudinal gradient dipoles have been assembled and measured in house. The design of the magnets, production status and magnetic measurement results will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMK009  
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WEPML009 Superconducting Magnet Performance in LCLS-II Cryomodules cryomodule, quadrupole, superconducting-magnet, operation 2693
 
  • V.S. Kashikhin, S. Cheban, J. DiMarco, E.R. Harms, A.V. Makarov, T. Strauss, M.A. Tartaglia
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Abstract' New LCLS-II Linear Superconducting Accelerator Cryomodules under construction at Fermilab. Inside each SCRF Cryomodule installed superconducting magnet package to focus and steer an electron beam. The magnet package has the iron dominated configuration with racetrack type quadrupole and dipole conductively cooled coils. For easier installation the magnet could be split in the vertical plane. Initially the magnet was tested in a liquid helium bath, and were performed high precision magnetic field measurements. Several Cryomodules with magnets inside were built and successfully tested at Fermilab test facility. In the paper presented Cryomodule magnet packages test results, discussed the magnet, and current leads conduction cooling performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML009  
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WEPML026 Large-Aperture High-Field Nb3Sn Dipole Magnets collider, luminosity, operation, magnet-design 2738
 
  • A.V. Zlobin, V.V. Kashikhin, I. Novitski
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work is supported by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy
Large-aperture high-field dipole magnets based on Nb3Sn superconductor are necessary for various accelerator systems of future hadron and muon colliders. In hadron colliders, they are used needed for beam separation before and after interaction points. In a muon collider, they are considered for both the arc and the interaction regions to provide room for internal absorbers protecting magnets from the muon decay products. These magnets can also be used in test facilities to produce a background magnetic field for testing conductor samples or insert coils. High level of magnetic field and large aperture size lead to large Lorentz forces and mechanical strains and stresses which can damage brittle Nb3Sn coils. This paper describes conceptual designs of 120-mm aperture dipoles with magnetic fields up to 15 T based on cos-theta coils. Stress management technique and magnet parameters are also presented and discussed.
 
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WEPML027 Conceptual Design of a 17 T Nb3Sn Accelerator Dipole Magnet magnet-design, collider, luminosity, quadrupole 2742
 
  • A.V. Zlobin, J.R. Carmichael, V.V. Kashikhin, I. Novitski
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work is supported by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy
Nb3Sn dipole magnets with a nominal field of 16 T and sufficient operation margins are being considered for the LHC energy upgrade or a future Very High Energy Hadron Collider. Magnet design studies are being performed in the framework of the US Magnet Development Program to explore the limits of the Nb3Sn accelerator magnet technology and feasibility of such magnets, as well as to optimize the magnet design, performance parameters and cost. This paper describes the conceptual design of a 17 T dipole magnet with 60 mm aperture and 4-layer cos-theta coil being developed at Fermilab. The results of magnetic and mechanical analyses, including the non-linear effects in magnetic field and the possible stress management techniques, are also presented and discussed.
 
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WEPML028 NEG Coated Vacuum Chambers and Bake-Out-Concept for the HESR at FAIR quadrupole, vacuum, heavy-ion, storage-ring 2745
 
  • H. Jagdfeld, N.B. Bongers, J. Böker, P. Chaumet, F.M. Esser, F. Jordan, F. Klehr, G. Langenberg, D. Prasuhn, L. Semke, R. Tölle
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
  • A. Mauel, G. Natour, U. Pabst
    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Central Institute of Engineering, Electronics and Analytics, Jülich, Germany
 
  The High-Energy Storage Ring (HESR) is part of the international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at GSI Darmstadt. Forschungszentrum Jülich (IKP and ZEA-1) is responsible for the design and installation of the HESR. The HESR is designed for antiprotons and heavy ion experiments as well. Therefore the vacuum is required to be 10-11 mbar or better. To achieve this extreme high vacuum (XHV), NEG coated chambers will be used in combination with common vacuum pumps to reach the needed pumping speed and capacity everywhere in the accelerator ring. For activation of the NEG material a bake-out system will be developed and installed. A bake-out test bench was used for checking the achievable end pressure and developing the bake-out system for the NEG coated chambers of the HESR. The results of the tests and the bake-out concept including the layout of the control system are presented. In addition, the temperature distribution of the dedicated heater jackets inside the dipole and quadrupole magnets are shown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML028  
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WEPML029 Vacuum System of the HESR at FAIR, Status of Tests, Layout and Manufacturing vacuum, kicker, injection, controls 2748
 
  • F.M. Esser, N.B. Bongers, J. Böker, P. Chaumet, R. Gebel, R. Greven, S. Hamzic, H. Jagdfeld, F. Klehr, B. Laatsch, G. Langenberg, D. Marschall, A. Mauel, G. Natour, D. Prasuhn, L. Reifferscheidt, M. Schmitt, L. Semke, R. Tölle
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
 
  The Research Center Jülich is leading a consortium being responsible for the design and manufacturing of the High-Energy Storage Ring (HESR) which is part of the FAIR project in Darmstadt, Germany. The HESR is designed for antiprotons within a momentum range of 1.5-15 GeV/c but can also be used for heavy ion experiments. Therefore the vacuum quality is expected to be 10-11 mbar or better which is a great challenge on the overall vacuum layout as well as on the surface quality of the chambers and beam tubes. Whereas all bent dipole chambers are installed, the manufacturing of the pumping bodies with integrated RF meshes as well as several diagnostic chambers are in the focus of investigation. To validate the intended pumping concept of both the bake-out arc sections and the non-bakable straight sections, final tests at the operational test benches are planned. In parallel, the purchasing of valves and first pumps will be prepared. The actual layout of the HESR vacuum system and its components will be presented as well as the progress of manufacturing of several vacuum chambers. The latest experimental test results will be presented also.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML029  
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WEPML030 First Tests of the Main Quadrupole and Corrector Magnets for the SIS100 Synchrotron of FAIR quadrupole, operation, sextupole, cryogenics 2751
 
  • E.S. Fischer, A. Bleile, V.I. Datskov, V.M. Marusov, J.P. Meier, C. Omet, P.J. Spiller, K. Sugita
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • P.G. Akishin, V.V. Borisov, H.G. Khodzhibagiyan, S.A. Kostromin, D.N. Nikiforov, M.M. Shandov, A.V. Shemchuk
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  The heavy ion synchrotron SIS100 is the main accelerator of the FAIR complex (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) in Darmstadt, Germany. Currently the construction site and facility are advancing fast. The series production of the main dipoles was already started in 2017. In parallel, the first two quadrupoles, a chromaticity sextupole and a steerer were built and tested in cooperation between GSI and JINR at the cryogenic test facility in Dubna. We present the operation performance of these two first of series quadrupole units (consisting both of a corrector magnet mechanically and hydraulically combined with a quadrupole). Besides the thermal stability of the fast ramped superconducting magnets special attention is directed to their magnetic field properties. The obtained results provide the basis for starting the series production of all SIS100 quadrupole and corrector magnets in 2018.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML030  
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WEPML035 Superconducting Dipoles for SIS100 operation, synchrotron, controls, superconducting-magnet 2768
 
  • C. Roux, P. Aguar Bartolome, A. Bleile, E.S. Fischer, G. Golluccio, F. Kaether, J. Ketter, J.P. Meier, A. Mierau, C. Omet, P.J. Spiller, K. Sugita, P.B. Szwangruber, A. Warth, H.G. Weiss
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The international facility for antiproton and ion research (FAIR) is currently being developed in Darmstadt, Germany, for fundamental research in various fields of modern physics. Its main accelerator, the SIS100 heavy ion synchrotron, utilizes fast-cycling superconducting magnets operated at cryogenic temperatures. An intense measurement program of first of series (FoS) module revealed excellent behaviour with respect to, e.g., quench performance and AC losses. With an optimized fabrication technique, the geometrical accuracy was improved to be sufficient to provide a highly homogeneous field. Consequently, the series production of 110 dipoles was released. First significant results on the reproducibility and the variation of physical properties along the series production gained at the test facility of GSI are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML035  
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WEPML070 The Status of the CSNS/RCS Power Supply System power-supply, neutron, network, resonance 2850
 
  • X. Qi, Z. Hao, W. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The 1.6GeV proton synchrotron proposed in the CSNS Project is a 25Hz rapid-cycling synchrotron (RCS) with injection energy of 80MeV. Beam power is aimed to 100kW at 1.6GeV. In this year, the neutron beam was successfully obtained for the first time. This paper will introduce the commission statues of RCS Power Supply System status in the last year.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML070  
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WEPML076 The Magnetic Measurement of Enhancer-Dipole Magnet for CEPC collider, positron, collimation, electron 2866
 
  • Z. Zhang, H. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The CEPC (Circular Electron Positron Collider) project is in the pre-research stage. When the beam energy of booster is 120 GeV, the magnetic field of deflection magnet is 640 Gs. In order to save funds for scientific research, we also consider the injection energy of 6 GeV, the magnetic field of deflection magnet is 32 Gs. At the different current, the magnetic field value of the enhancer-dipole magnet can reach the beam energy range of 6 Gev-120 GeV. In such a requirements of magnetic field, the stability of the magnetic field value, repeatability, magnet magnetism, has become an important data for the design parameters of enhancer-dipole magnet. The magnet is measured with the Hall-Probe measurement facility by IHEP. In this paper, first written the procedure of motor control and collection by Labview software, then hen the excitation curve(repeat the measurement six times), transverse field distribution(repeat the measurement three times), and integral field distribution are measured. Based on the results of the analysis of large amounts of data, the stability and repeatability of the enhance-dipole magnet in different magnetic fields has summarized and analyzed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML076  
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THXGBD3 Status of the ESRF-Extremely Brilliant Source Project SRF, vacuum, operation, injection 2882
 
  • J.-L. Revol, C. Benabderrahmane, P. Berkvens, J.C. Biasci, J-F. B. Bouteille, T. Brochard, N. Carmignani, J.M. Chaize, J. Chavanne, F. Cianciosi, A. D'Elia, R.D. Dimper, M. Dubrulle, D. Einfeld, F. Ewald, L. Eybert, G. Gautier, L. Goirand, L. Hardy, J. Jacob, B. Joly, M.L. Langlois, G. Le Bec, I. Leconte, S.M. Liuzzo, C. Maccarrone, T.R. Mairs, T. Marchial, H.P. Marques, D. Martin, J.M. Mercier, A. Meunier, M. Morati, J. Pasquaud, T.P. Perron, E. Plouviez, E. Rabeuf, P. Raimondi, P. Renaud, B. Roche, K.B. Scheidt, V. Serrière, P. Van Vaerenbergh, R. Versteegen, S.M. White
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
 
  The ESRF - the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility - is a user facility in Grenoble, France, and the source of intense high-energy (6 GeV) X-rays. In 2019, the existing storage ring will be removed and a new lattice will be installed in its place, dramatically reducing the equilibrium horizontal emittance. This 'fourth-generation' synchrotron will produce an X-ray beam 100 times more brilliant and coherent than the ESRF source today. The Extremely Brilliant Source (EBS) project was launched in 2015 and is now well underway, on track for its scheduled completion in 2020. The design is completed, the procurement in full swing, the assembly has started, and critical installation activities are being prepared. The current status, three years into the project, will be revealed, along with the expected performance of the accelerator and the technical challenges involved. This paper will focus on the implementation of the project.  
slides icon Slides THXGBD3 [13.552 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THXGBD3  
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THPAF010 Reduction of Coherent Betatron Oscillations Using RF Electric Fields in the Fermilab Muon g-2 Experiment quadrupole, experiment, simulation, betatron 2961
 
  • O. Kim, S. Hacıömeroğlu, Y.I. Kim, Y.K. Semertzidis
    CAPP/IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • Y.F. Orlov
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  The Fermilab Muon g-2 experiment aims to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment with a 140 parts-per-billion precision to investigate the greater than 3 standard deviation difference between the Standard Model prediction and the previous measurement by the BNL Muon g-2 experiment. The coherent betatron oscillation (CBO) beam effects must be corrected for in the decay-positron time spectra fits used in high precision muon storage ring based anomalous magnetic moment measurements. This MC simulation study indicates that the application of radio frequency (RF) electric fields to the muon storage ring beam can reduce the CBO amplitude by up to a factor of 10, as well to increase the symmetry of the beam phase space. This is achieved by correcting the mismatched oscillation phases between the high and low momentum muon populations by modulating the muon beam betatron oscillation frequencies with off-resonance RF fields.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF010  
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THPAF011 Design of 4 Ampere S-Band LINAC Using Slotted Iris Structure for HOM Damping linac, HOM, damping, target 2965
 
  • J. Pang, S. Chen, X. He, L.W. Zhang
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
  • S. Pei, H. Shi, J.R. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power, CAEP (Contract NO. PPLF2014PZ05) Key Laboratory of Particle Acceleration Physics &Technology,IHEP, CAS (Contract Y5294109TD)
An S-band LINAC with the operating frequency of 2856 MHz and beam current of 4 A was designed for flash X-ray radiography for hydrodynamic test. The optimization of the parameters of the LINAC was processed to obtain the minimum beam radius and the maximum energy efficiency. For the purpose of reducing the beam orbits offset at the exit of LINAC, a slotted iris accelerating structure would be employed to suppress the transverse Higher Order Modes (HOMs) by cutting four radial slots in the iris to couple the HOMs to SiC loads. In this paper, we present the design of the LINAC and the results of beam dynamic analysis.
 
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THPAF019 Initial Performance of the Magnet System in the Splitter/Combiner Section of the Cornell-Brookhaven Energy-Recovery Linac Test Accelerator linac, quadrupole, cavity, optics 2986
 
  • J.A. Crittenden, A.C. Bartnik, R.M. Bass, D.C. Burke, J. Dobbins, C.M. Gulliford, Y. Li, D. Sagan, K.W. Smolenski, Turco, J. Turco
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • J.S. Berg
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • D. Jusic
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by NSF award DMR-0807731, DOE grant DE-AC02- 76SF00515, and New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.
The Cornell-Brookhaven Energy-recovery Linac Test Accelerator is a four-pass, 150-MeV electron accelerator with a six-cell 1.3 GHz superconducting-RF linear accelerator and a fixed-field alternating-gradient (FFAG) return loop made up of Halbach-style quadrupole magnets. The optics matching between the linear accelerator and the return loop is achieved with a conventional magnet system comprised of 50 dipole magnets and 64 quadrupole magnets in four beamlines at each end of the linac. The 42-, 78-, 114- and 150-MeV electron beams are separated into independent vacuum chambers in order to allow for the path-length adjustment required by energy recovery. We report on the first beam tests of the initial installation of the splitter/combiner section at the exit of the linac. The vacuum system of the 42-MeV S1 line was installed during the first week of April. Nine dipole and four quadrupole magnets were installed and surveyed into position the following week, and the water cooling system was commissioned. A 6-MeV beam passed through the line on April~11 with no need for adjusting pre-set magnet excitation currents. One week later, time-of-flight measurements were used to calibrate and phase the individual superconducting RF cavities. The S1 magnet settings were then scaled up to achieve 5-cavity, 42-MeV operation through the first nine FFAG permanent-magnet quadrupoles. This initial Fractional Arc Test will conclude on May 18, when the installation of the remaining seven splitter/combiner lines and the return loop will begin. CBETA operations are scheduled to begin in early 2019.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF019  
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THPAF022 Beam Breakup Studies for the 4-Pass Cornell-Brookhaven Energy Recovery Linac Test Accelertor HOM, simulation, cavity, lattice 2996
 
  • W. Lou, G.H. Hoffstaetter
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Cornell University and Brookhaven National Laboratory are currently designing the Cornell-BNL ERL-FFAG Test Accelerator (CBETA). To be built at Cornell Wilson Lab, CBETA utilizes the existing ERL injector and main linac cryomodule (MLC). As the electron bunches pass through the MLC cavities, higher order modes (HOMs) fields are excited. The recirculating bunches interact with the HOMs, which can give rise to beam-breakup instability (BBU). We would present simulation results on how BBU limits the maximum achievable current, and potential ways to improve the threshold current.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF022  
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THPAF025 Progress in Measurement and Modeling of Electron Cloud Effects at CesrTA electron, simulation, emittance, positron 3007
 
  • S. Poprocki, S.W. Buechele, J.A. Crittenden, D. L. Rubin
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the US National Science Foundation PHY-0734867, PHY-1002467 and the US Department of Energy DE-FC02-08ER41538, DE-SC0006505.
The synchrotron-radiation-induced buildup of low-energy electron densities in positron and proton storage rings limits performance by causing betatron tune shifts and incoherent emittance growth. The Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR) Test Accelerator project includes extensive measurement and modeling programs to quantify such effects and apply the knowledge gained to the design of future accelerator projects. We report on improved measurements of betatron tune shifts along a train of positron bunches, now accurate in both horizontal and vertical planes. Improved electron cloud buildup modeling uses detailed information on photoelectron production properties obtained from recently developed simulations and successfully describes the measurements after determining ring-wide secondary-yield properties of the vacuum chamber by fitting the model to data with a multi-objective optimizer. Cloud splitting in dipole magnetic fields is seen to be the source of horizontal tune shifts decreasing at higher bunch populations.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF025  
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THPAF037 Bunch Compression and Turnaround Loops Design in the FCC-ee Injector Complex emittance, sextupole, linac, damping 3044
 
  • T.K. Charles, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M.J. Boland
    CLS, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • K. Oide
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Future Circular e+e Collider (FCC-ee) requires two 180-degree turnaround loops to transport the positron beam from the damping ring to the lower energy section of the linac. In addition bunch compression is required to reduce the RMS bunch length from 5 mm to 0.5 mm, prior to injection into the linac. A dogleg bunch compressor comprised of two triple bend achromat (TBAs) can achieve this compression. Sextupole magnets are incorporated into the bunch compressor design for chromaticity correction as well as optimisation of the second-order longitudinal dispersion, T566, and to linearize the longitudinal phase space distribution. In this paper we present the design of the transport line and the bunch compressor. Measures to limit emittance growth due to coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) are also discussed, because despite the relatively long bunch length, the large degree of bending required introduces cause for consideration of CSR.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF037  
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THPAF039 IP Orbit Correction Update for HL-LHC alignment, quadrupole, optics, cavity 3048
 
  • D. Gamba, R. De Maria
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Research supported by the HL-LHC project.
The HL-LHC design foresees a substantial modification of the LHC layout next to the low beta Interaction Points (IPs), namely IP1 and IP5. The inner triplets will be replaced by larger aperture ones to achieve lower beta at the IPs and crab cavities (CCs) will be installed. This will add new constraints to the orbit control, which required a careful choice of location and strength of the new orbit correctors to be installed in the area. The new orbit correction system will need to correct for the unavoidable imperfections, but also provide the necessary flexibility for implementing and optimising the crossing scheme. Detailed studies of the HL-LHC layout versions HLLHCV1.0 and HLLHCV1.1 were already performed. This paper is the continuation of these works and is based on the latest layout HLLHCV1.3. A simplification of the previous analysis is proposed that helps to identify the dominant imperfections. The expected performance and tolerances of the present layout are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF039  
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THPAF046 Optics Measurements in Storage Rings Based on Simultaneous 3-Dimensional Beam Excitation optics, synchrotron, betatron, storage-ring 3068
 
  • L. Malina, J.M. Coello de Portugal
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J.M. Coello de Portugal
    UPC, Barcelona, Spain
 
  Optics measurements in storage rings usually employ excitation in both transverse directions. This needs to be repeated at several different beam energies and is time-consuming. In this paper, we develop a new optics measurement technique, which excites the beam in all three spatial dimensions simultaneously. It allows measuring the linear optics and chromatic properties at the same time, leading to speed up of the optics measurements. The measurement method has been successfully demonstrated in the LHC using AC-dipoles and RF frequency modulation. Analysis methods have been derived for the 3-dimensional beam excitation case. We quantify the resolution of the measured optical quantities. The first results suggest that the added complexity does not deteriorate the resolution of the linear optics measurement. In the future, this method can serve as an operational tool to check the optics or even to correct it.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF046  
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THPAF047 Measurements and Impact of Stray Fields on the 380 GeV Design of CLIC site, emittance, collider, background 3072
 
  • C.G. Gohil, M.C.L. Buzio, E. Marín, D. Schulte
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • P. Burrows
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
 
  Previous studies of the 3 TeV Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) design have shown a sensitivity to external dynamic magnetic fields (stray fields) on the nanoTesla level. In this paper the obtained tolerances for stray fields in the 380 GeV CLIC design are presented. In order to determine potential stray field sources, a measurement sensor has been acquired and used to investigate the magnetic contamination from technical equipment. The collected measurements, as well as details of the sensor, are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF047  
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THPAF062 Impact of Superconducting Magnet Protection Equipment on the Circulating Beam in HL-LHC quadrupole, simulation, shielding, experiment 3115
 
  • M. Valette, L. Bortot, A.M. Fernandez Navarro, B. Lindstrom, M. Mentink, R. Schmidt, E. Stubberud, A.P. Verweij, D. Wollmann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • E. Ravaioli
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the HL-LHC project.
The new superconducting quadrupole and dipole magnets for the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) will rely on quench heaters or Coupling-Loss Induced Quench (CLIQ) units or a combination of both to protect the magnet coils in case of a quench. After the detection of a quench, the quench heater power supplies will discharge currents of several hundreds of amperes into the quench heater strips glued to the coils, and the CLIQ units will discharge an oscillating current in the order of 1~kA directly into the coils. These currents can have a significant effect on the circulating beam if the discharge occurs before the beam is dumped. In the HL-LHC inner triplet quadrupole magnets and 11 T dipole magnets, which will be installed in the collimation region dispersion suppressor, this effect will even be stronger due to the larger number of quench heaters and use of CLIQ units (triplet magnets only) as well as due to the greater value of beta function in comparison with the present LHC. In this paper, the expected effects of quench heater and CLIQ discharges on the circulating beam are summarized, and several mitigation methods are proposed and evaluated.
Matthieu. Valette@cern.ch
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF062  
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THPAF080 SIS100 Beam Dynamics Challenges Related to the Magnet System quadrupole, resonance, sextupole, extraction 3172
 
  • V. Kornilov, O. Boine-Frankenheim, V. Chetvertkova, S. Sorge, P.J. Spiller
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The SIS100 synchrotron is the central accelerator of the upcoming FAIR project at GSI, Darmstadt, Germany. The major challenges of the future operation are related to high-intensity, low beam loss operation for a wide range of ion species and charge states, for different operational cycles and extraction schemes. The magnet system consists of 108 dipole, 166 quadrupole and additional correction superconducting superferric magnets. The magnets are presently under production and testing, with detailed measurements of the magnetic field imperfections. This results in the construction of a complete database for the SIS100 magnet system. We analyse implications of the magnetic field imperfections for the single-particle stability, space charge induced tune-shifts and resonance crossing for the different SIS100 operation modi. Resonance compensation and magnet sorting schemes are discussed as possible measures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF080  
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THPAF089 Mode Coupling Theory in Collisions With a Large Crossing Angle coupling, synchrotron, collider, positron 3197
 
  • N. Kuroo
    UTTAC, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Hirosawa, K. Ohmi, D. Zhou
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Oide, F. Zimmermann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  We discuss a novel coherent beam-beam instability in collisions with a large crossing angle. The instability appears in the correlated head-tail motion of the two colliding beams. Cross wake force is introduced to represent the head-tail correlation between colliding beams. The cross wake force is localized at the collision point. Mode coupling theory based on the cross wake force is developed. Collision scheme with a large crossing angle is being very popular in design of electron positron collider. In SuperKEKB project, a collision with a large crossing angle is performed to boost the luminosity ~ 1036 cm-2s−1. Future circular collider, FCC is also designed with a large crossing angle. Strong-strong simulations have shown a strong coherent head-tail instability, which can limit the performance of proposed future colliders. The mode coupling theory using the cross wake force explains the instability. The instability may affect all colliders designs based on the crab waist scheme.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF089  
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THPAK017 Higher Order Modes in China-ADS Demo Linac HOM, cavity, linac, higher-order-mode 3240
 
  • C. Zhang, Y. He, T.C. Jiang, R.X. Wang, S.H. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by Natural Science Foundation of China,No.11505253
The study of higher order modes excited in the China-ADS Linac has been presented in this paper. The effects of the cryogenic losses and the influence on beam of the higher order modes have been investigated.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK017  
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THPAK020 Optics Model and Measurements of the DAΦNE Transfer Lines injection, operation, optics, positron 3249
 
  • O.R. Blanco-García, A. De Santis, G. Di Pirro, C. Milardi, D. Pellegrini, A. Stecchi, A. Stella
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
 
  The different components of the DAΦNE accelerator complex: LINAC, Damping Ring and two colliding rings are connected by a composite system of Transfer Lines which, thanks to adaptive configurations, are able to transport electron and positron beams at 510~MeV. Recently, thanks to the introduction of new diagnostics tools, the optics model of the DAΦNE Transfer Lines has been improved and succesfully used to make the collider operations more efficient. The measurements done by using the new tools and their impact on the optics model optimization process are presented and discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK020  
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THPAK021 Design of High Resolution Mass Spectrometer for SPES HOM, simulation, emittance, high-voltage 3252
 
  • M. Comunian, C. Baltador, L. Bellan, M. Cavenago, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • E. Khabibullina
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • E. Khabibullina
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  Within the framework of the SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) project at National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN laboratory, Legnaro, Italy) the High Resolution Mass Spectrometer (HRMS) will be build. HRMS needs to provide full separation of the ions with mass resolution 1/20000 for the following breeding and acceleration on ALPI Linac. In this article the main design choice of the HRMS and of the transport channel will be reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK021  
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THPAK024 A new method to measure the Beta function in a Paul trap experiment, lattice, emittance, resonance 3262
 
  • L. Martin, S.L. Sheehy
    JAI, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • K. Ito, H. Okamoto
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • D.J. Kelliher
    STFC/RAL/ASTeC, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • S. Machida
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  The Simulator of Particle Orbit Dynamics (S-POD) is a linear Paul trap at Hiroshima University, Japan, used to study beam physics. S-POD has so far been used to study resonances in high intensity beams, predominantly using a simple alternating gradient lattice configuration. Recently a similar apparatus, the Intense Beam Experiment (IBEX), has been constructed at the Rutherford Appleton Lab in the UK. To use either of these experiments to study beam dynamics in more complex lattice configurations in the future further diagnostic techniques must be developed for Paul traps. Here we describe a new method to measure the beta function and emittance at a given time in a Paul trap.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK024  
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THPAK025 Recent Developments in Beam Delivery Simulation - BDSIM simulation, radiation, sextupole, interface 3266
 
  • L.J. Nevay, A. Abramov, S.T. Boogert, H. Garcia Morales, S.M. Gibson, W. Shields, S.D. Walker
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • J. Snuverink
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Work supported by Science and Technology Research council grant 'The John Adams Institute for Accelerator Science' ST/P00203X/1 and Impact Acceleration Account.
Beam Delivery Simulation (BDSIM) is a program to seamlessly simulate the passage of particles in an accelerator, the surrounding environment and detectors. It uses a suite of high energy physics software including Geant4, CLHEP and ROOT to create a 3D model from an optical description of an accelerator and simulate the interaction of particles with matter as well as the production of secondaries. BDSIM is used to simulate energy deposition and charged particle backgrounds in a variety of accelerators worldwide. The latest developments are presented including low-energy tracking extension, more detailed geometry, support for ion beams and improved magnetic fields. A new analysis suite that allows scalable event by event analysis is described for advanced analysis such as the trace back of energy deposition to primary particle impacts.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK025  
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THPAK053 Side Effects of Local Bump in TPS Storage Ring sextupole, quadrupole, radiation, storage-ring 3340
 
  • M.-S. Chiu, C.H. Chen, J.Y. Chen, P.J. Chou, F.H. Tseng
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  The Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) is a low-emittance 3-GeV light source at National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center. Five in-vacuum undulator beamlines were delivered to users on Sep. 22, 2016. Another 2 EPU beamlines will be open to user in near future. In the beginning, the local bump was used to do ID spectrum optimization since 2016. After this procedure, the ID spectrum are consistent between theoretical simulation and measurement. Recently, we found the local bump will cause tune shift and orbit distortion. In this paper, we will present the effect of local bump in TPS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK053  
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THPAK079 New Algorithms in Zgoubi proton, polarization, simulation, factory 3418
 
  • D.T. Abell
    RadiaSoft LLC, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • F. Méot
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported in part by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics under Award No. DE-SC0017181.
The particle tracking code Zgoubi*,** is used for a broad array of accelerator design studies, including FFAGs*** and EICs****,*****. In this paper, we describe recent work aimed at improving Zgoubi's speed and flexibility. In particular, we describe a new implementation of the Zgoubi tracking algorithm that requires significantly less memory and arithmetic. And we describe a new algorithm that performs symplectic tracking through field maps. In addition, we describe the current efforts to parallelize Zgoubi.
*https://sourceforge.net/projects/zgoubi/
**F. Méot, FERMILAB-TM-2010, 1997
***F. Lemuet et al., NIM-A, 547:638, 2005
****F. Méot et al., eRHIC/45, 2015
*****F. Lin et al., IPAC17, WEPIK114, 2017
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK079  
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THPAK090 Symbolic Presentation of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems in Terms of Lego-Objects quadrupole, octupole, database, controls 3441
 
  • E. Sboeva, E. Krushinevskii
    Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • S.N. Andrianov, A.N. Ivanov
    St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia
 
  In this paper we propose a symbolic representation of the solutions of the equations of evolution of dynamical systems in the framework of matrix formalism and Lie algebra for a number of elements of the accelerator (in particular, dipole, quadrupole and octupole) up to the 4th order. The considered solutions are Lego-objects*, which are include into the general scheme of the representation beam dynamics. It allows modeling of schemes of various accelerators and thereby to increasing performance of parametrical optimization. Let us note that the symbolic approach to solving such problems is more preferable than the numerical one, which is widely used. This leads to a reduction in the time and resources spent on solving optimization problems, as well as the ability to create universal Lego objects. The paper considers the verification of the obtained formulas from the experimental data. The corresponding Lego objects are the main components of the special software for both symbolic and numerical dynamics analysis. This software is planned to be used for modeling within the framework of the NICA accelerator project.
*S.N. Andrianov. Dynamic Modeling of Particle Beam Control Systems.
Saint Petersburg State University, 2002.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK090  
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THPAK100 Design and Fabrication of a Combined Function Magnet Prototype for Siam Photon Source quadrupole, simulation, multipole, synchrotron 3466
 
  • P. Sunwong, B. Boonwanna, S. Chaichuay, P. Klysubun, A. Kwankasem, C.P. Preecha, V. Sooksrimuang
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
 
  A prototype of combined function magnet has been developed for a new facility of Siam Photon Source (SPS). The magnet is a combined dipole and quadrupole with the required dipole field and quadrupole gradient of 0.6 T and 30 T/m, respectively. The high field gradient is attained from an offset quadrupole design pioneered by the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). The prototype magnet is fabricated and tested in-house. Magnetic field quality is characterized by the field homogeneity in the central field region and multipole components of the magnetic field. Calculated results show that the gradient deviation and the normalized multipole error are less than 0.01 within the good field region of ±8 mm. Preliminary measurements show a good agreement with the calculation, although further measurements are required to verify the results and the multipole error of magnetic field.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK100  
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THPAK118 Beam Dynamics Studies for a Strong-Focusing Cyclotron cavity, focusing, cyclotron, betatron 3522
 
  • J. Gerity, S. Assadi, P.M. McIntyre, A. Sattarov
    Texas A&M University, College Station, USA
 
  Results are presented from end-to-end simulation of a 100 MeV strong focusing cyclotron (SFC). The develop-ment of the high-current SFC is motivated by applica-tions for production of medical isotopes and for a proton driver for subcritical fission. It uses a novel superconducting cavity to provide suffi-cient energy gain to fully separate all turns. An arc-contour F-D doublet, trim dipole winding, and sextupole are located along each turn within the aperture of each sector dipole to control the betatron and synchrotron motion and to stabilize non-linear dynamics with high-current operation. The phase space evolution of a proton bunch in the SFC was simulated using both the code OPAL and an ad hoc Runge-Kutta tracker. Iterative optimization of the dipole, quadrupole, and sextupole fields was used to provide precise isochronicity, favorable betatron phase advance, and cancellation of dispersion in each cell.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK118  
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THPAK133 Magnetic Field Tolerances of Dipole and Quadrupole Magnets for XiPAF Synchrotron quadrupole, multipole, dynamic-aperture, synchrotron 3551
 
  • H.J. Zeng, X. Guan, P.F. Ma, X.W. Wang, H.J. Yao, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • H. Ning
    NINT, Xi'an, People's Republic of China
 
  The magnets are being constructed for Xi'an Proton Application Facility (XiPAF) synchrotron. A study is started to obtain the specifications and tolerances of the magnets to avoid beam lost by the excessive magnetic field errors. The study includes the effect of field and alignment errors of the magnets on the closed orbit and beam optics. Also a preliminary study of effect due to multipole components in dipole and quadrupole magnets on dynamic aperture has been done. The tolerances of dipole and quadrupole magnets on field errors, including multipole components, and alignment errors are described in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK133  
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THPAK140 Pyroelectric Detection of Coherent Radiation on the CLARA Phase 1 Beamline radiation, electron, detector, simulation 3577
 
  • B.S. Kyle
    University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • R.B. Appleby, T.H. Pacey
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • P.H. Williams
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J. Wolfenden
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
 
  The impacts of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) and space charge in the bunch compressor section of the CLARA Free Electron Laser (FEL) are expected to be significant, given the relatively high charge and short bunch lengths expected. The General Particle Tracer (GPT) code allows for the modelling of these effects in tandem, presenting an opportunity to more reliably estimate their effects on the CLARA beam. To provide confidence in future studies using GPT, a benchmarking study on the CLARA Phase 1 beamline is presented alongside relevant simulations. This study will make use of pyroelectric detectors to measure the emitted coherent power of the CLARA beam as it passes through a dispersive section whilst varying the chirp imparted on the bunches longitudinal phase space (LPS). Simulations presented demonstrate the viability of such a study, with energies between ∼ 10-100 nJ per pulse expected to be incident upon the detector face.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK140  
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THPAL010 Sector DC Dipoles Design for the Beam Test Facility Upgrade linac, quadrupole, electron, experiment 3634
 
  • A. Vannozzi, S. Lauciani, L. Pellegrino, L. Sabbatini, C. Sanelli, G. Sensolini
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • P. Valente
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
 
  The Beam Test Facility is part of the DAΦNE accelerators system of INFN Frascati National Laboratory. It is a transfer-line optimized for electrons and positrons extracted from the DAΦNE LINAC. An upgrade of the line is scheduled for two purposes: reach a beam energy of 920 MeV (with respect to the actual 750 MeV) and add a new branch to the present transfer line. This new layout foresees six new quadrupoles one fast ramped dipole, two H-shape and one C-shape sector dipoles. The design of the magnets has been completely performed at INFN involving Electromechanical Enterprise partner in the design phase in order to optimise the manufacturing process. This effort lead to a complete set of detailed CAD drawings that can be directly used by manufacturer to build the magnets. The goal is to boost the manufacturing of prototypes and small series from Small and Medium Enterprises. Magnetic measurements will be performed at INFN. This poster is focused on the realization of the two full iron yoke H-shape and C-shape dipoles, respectively with 45 and 15 bending angle. They are characterized by a high flux density of 1.7 T in a gap of 35 mm. They have a bending radius of 1.8 m  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL010  
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THPAL011 Fast Ramped Dipole and DC Quadrupoles Design for the Beam Test Facility Upgrade quadrupole, linac, electron, positron 3638
 
  • L. Sabbatini, E. Di Pasquale, L. Pellegrino, C. Sanelli, G. Sensolini
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • P. Valente
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
  • A. Vannozzi
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
 
  The Beam Test Facility (BTF) is part of the DAΦNE accelerators system of INFN Frascati National Laboratory. It is a transfer-line optimized for electrons and positrons extracted from the DAΦNE LINAC. An upgrade of the line is planned in order to reach a beam energy of 920 MeV (with respect to the present 750 MeV), adding a new branch to the present transfer line. The design of the magnets for this new layout has been completely performed at INFN, including electromagnetic, mechanical, thermal and hydraulic aspects. This effort lead to a complete set of detailed CAD drawings that can be used by Industrial partners to build the magnets. The manufacturing processes have been studied in detail: the goal is to boost the manufacturing of prototypes and small series from Small and Medium Enterprises. Magnetic measurements will be performed at our Institute. In this report we describe two types of magnets for this project. The first magnet is a C-shape fast ramped dipole, designed for a beam deflection of 15 degrees; the rise time is 100ms, the gap is 25mm with a magnetic field of 1.11 T. The second is a family of seven quadrupoles with a gradient of 20 T/m and a bore of 45mm.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL011  
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THPAL013 First Serial Magnetic Measurements of the NICA Collider Twin-Aperture Dipoles collider, booster, storage-ring, superconducting-magnet 3645
 
  • M.M. Shandov, V.V. Borisov, A.V. Bychkov, A.M. Donyagin, O. Golubitsky, H.G. Khodzhibagiyan, S.A. Kostromin
    JINR, Dubna, Russia
  • I.I. Donguzov, M. A. Kashunin, V. A. Mykhailenko, T.A. Parfylo, A.V. Shemchuk, D.A. Zolotykh
    JINR/VBLHEP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
 
  NICA is a new accelerator complex under construction at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, Russia, to study properties of hot and dense baryonic matter. Magnetic system of the NICA collider includes 80 twin-aperture dipole and 86 quadrupole superconducting magnets. The collider twin-aperture magnet is 1.94 m long, 120 mm/70 mm (h/v) aperture with window-frame design similar to the Nuclotron magnet. The measurement of the magnetic field parameters is supported to be conducted for both apertures of each collider magnet. This paper describes magnetic measurements methods and the development of the dedicated system for serial dipole magnets of the NICA collider.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL013  
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THPAL020 Design of Asymmetric Quadrupole Gradient Bending R&D Magnet for the Advanced Light Source Upgrade (ALS-U) quadrupole, multipole, simulation, lattice 3667
 
  • J.-Y. Jung, M. Leitner, N. Li, E.R. San Mateo, C. Steier, C.A. Swenson, M. Venturini
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  Lawrence Bekerley National Laboratory (LBNL) is en-gaged in the development of magnets for the upgrade of the ALS synchrotron (ALS-U) [1]. The proposed ALS-U lattice is a 9-bend achromat reproducing the existing 12-fold symmetric ALS foot print. The ALS-U lattice requires strong focusing elements and the dipole magnet requires high gradient larger than 46 T/m. This paper presents the detailed design of the R&D dipoles under construction.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL020  
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THPAL022 Precision Magnet Measurements for Deuteron Beam Transport quadrupole, multipole, alignment, neutron 3670
 
  • R.A. Marsh, D.J. Gibson, B. Rusnak
    LLNL, Livermore, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.
A versatile 4 MeV and 7 MeV deuteron beam transport line is being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in support of an accelerator-driven source for fast neutron imaging. The beamline design requires precise alignment and high quality quadrupole magnets to transport a low emittance beam to the target through diagnostics, a bending dipole, and a differential pumping line with minimum beam loss and emittance growth. Vector magnetic field measurements of these magnets have been completed using a mobile version of an existing magnet mapping capability. This magnet mapping system is being used to ensure the delivered magnets meet the field uniformity specification, and that the mountings are aligned and capable of reaching the specified alignment tolerances. Details of the magnet measurement and calibration process that enable accurate field measurements to represent the intrinsic magnet field quality and not the systematic error of the measurement setup are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL022  
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THPAL037 Nano-engineering of Nb3Sn Thin Films to Improve Wire Performance and Reduce Cost collider, lattice, electron, coupling 3720
 
  • S.A. Kahn, M.A. Cummings
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  • E.Z. Barzi
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  State-of-the-art Nb3Sn wires have plateaued in the performance of the critical current density Jc. Chemical and geometrical optimization of the wire layout have produced Nb3Sn wires with average Jc(4.2K, 16T) ~ 1,300 A/mm2. A future high energy hadron collider that is being considered to follow the LHC would need larger Jc and be cost effective. The approach to improving the performance of Nb3Sn conductor would be to introduce enhanced flux pinning mechanisms with nano-engineering techniques.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL037  
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THPAL043 Dipole Magnets for the Technological Electron Accelerators electron, permanent-magnet, radiation, simulation 3739
 
  • I.S. Guk, O.M. Bovda, V.O. Bovda, A.N. Dovbnya, S.G. Kononenko, V.N. Ljashchenko, A. Mytsykov, L.V. Onishchenko, A.Y. Zelinsky
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine
 
  Permanent magnets made of rare earth elements alloys allow to develop compact dipole magnets for the applied electron accelerator. These devices can be used for the beam trajectory bending as well as for the beam characteristics measurements. For NSC KIPT linear accelerator «EPOS» a dipole magnet on the base of Nd-Fe-B alloy has been designed and developed. The magnet provides 90 degrees bend of 23 MeV electron beam. The design value of magnetic field at the beam design trajectory is 0.5 Т. The magnet effective length is 242 mm. The magnet temperature can be changed with thermos-stabilization system. For NSC KIPT 10 MeV LU-10 applied accelerator a dipole magnet of Sm2Co17 alloy has been manufactured. The maximum magnet field of the magnet is 0.3 Т. The magnet layout allows easy magnet assembling at the accelerator chamber. The magnet is used for the beam energy measurement and accelerator beam energy turning. After energy turning the magnet should be removed from the accelerator lattice.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL043  
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THPAL067 Room Temperature Measurements of Higher Order Modes for the SPS Prototype RF-Dipole Crabbing Cavity HOM, cavity, simulation, luminosity 3805
 
  • S.U. De Silva, J.R. Delayen, H. Park
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • P. Berrutti
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • N.A. Huque, H. Park
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  LHC High Luminosity Upgrade will be developing two local crabbing systems to increase the luminosity of the colliding bunches at the ATLAS and CMS experiments. One of the crabbing systems uses the rf-dipole cavity design that will be crabbing the beam in the horizontal plane. The fully integrated crabbing cavity has two higher order mode couplers in damping those excited modes. Currently two sets of HOM couplers have been fabricated at Jefferson Lab for prototyping and testing with the LARP crabbing cavities. This paper presents the measurements of the higher order modes with the prototype HOM couplers carried out at room temperature.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL067  
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THPMF010 Status of Elettra and Future Upgrades operation, lattice, emittance, status 4054
 
  • E. Karantzoulis, A. Carniel, R. De Monte, S. Krecic, C. P. Pasotti
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  The operational status of the Italian 2.4/2.0 GeV third generation light source Elettra is presented together with the possible future upgrades especially concerning the next ultra low emittance light source Elettra 2.0  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF010  
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THPMF090 Linac Design Elements for Spaceborne Accelerators cavity, linac, operation, electron 4291
 
  • J.W. Lewellen, C.E. Buechler, G.E. Dale, M.A. Holloway, D.C. Nguyen, D. Patrick
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • V.A. Dolgashev, E.N. Jongewaard, J. Neilson, S.G. Tantawi
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • J-.M. Lauenstein
    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, USA
 
  Funding: Los Alamos National Laboratory LDRD and Program Development
Los Alamos National Laboratory, in collaboration with SLAC and Goddard Space Flight Center, have begun developing a high-duty-factor, MeV-range linear accelerator intended for use on satellites, specifically to probe the magnetosphere-ionosphere linkage. The design makes use of low-beta C-band cavities operating at moderate gradients, individually powered by 500-W RF amplifier chips. We present the current state of the design, and technology maturation efforts including RF amplifier performance studies, cavity tuner design and an initial acceleration test using a DC beam source and single RF cavity.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF090  
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THPMK014 Quantitative Analysis of Multipole Errors Induced by Mechanical Deformations of an Undulator multipole, undulator, operation, sextupole 4321
 
  • T.Y. Chung, C.H. Chang, C.-S. Hwang
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • H.W. Luo
    NTHU, Hsinchu, Taiwan
 
  To minimize unwanted beam dynamics effects in a storage ring, multipole errors in an undulator are normally reduced by sorting and shimming methods. Nonetheless, an investigation of the error source is worth pursuing and interesting. Our work focuses on multipole errors introduced by mechanical deformations of an APPLE-II type undulator, which undergoes complicated forces during operation. Our results give guidelines for mechanical specifications derived from quantitative analyses.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK014  
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THPMK069 Design of the Beam Switchyard of a Soft X-ray FEL User Facility in Shanghai FEL, linac, undulator, kicker 4456
 
  • S. Chen, H.X. Deng, C. Feng, B. Liu, D. Wang, R. Wang
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  A soft X-ray FEL user facility, which is based on the existing test facility located in the Zhangjiang Campus of SINAP, is under construction. Two undulator lines will be installed parallelly in the undulator hall and their electron beams are served by a 1.5 GeV linac. For simultaneous operation of the two undulator lines, a beam distribution system should be used to connect the linac and the undulator lines. In this paper, the physics design of this beam distribution system will be presented and also the beam dynamic issues will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK069  
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THPMK071 Lattice Design for a 1.2 GeV Storage Ring emittance, lattice, storage-ring, optics 4464
 
  • S.Q. Shen, S.Q. Tian, Z.T. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  It is a very effective way to bring down the emittance of storage ring by using the MBA lattice design. Based on this concept, some other solutions have been developed to reduce the emittance furthermore for recent years. In this paper, the lattice design for a 1.2 GeV storage ring will be presented. The solution of horizontal and longitudinal gradient bending magnets tried in this lattice is going to be discussed in detailed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK071  
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THPMK121 Design of the Second Version of the HALS Storage Ring Lattice lattice, emittance, storage-ring, linear-dynamics 4601
 
  • Z.H. Bai, W. Li, L. Wang, P.H. Yang, Z.H. Yang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  In this paper, a new multi-bend achromat (MBA) lat-tice concept that we recently proposed for diffraction-limited storage rings is described, where two pairs of interleaved dispersion bumps are created in each cell and also most of the nonlinear effects produced by the sextupoles located in these bumps can be cancelled out within one cell. Following this concept, two 7BA lattices have been designed for the Hefei Advanced Light Source storage ring as the second version lattic-es, one with uniform dipoles and the other with nonu-niform dipoles. The latter has a lower natural emit-tance of 23 pm·rad, in which longitudinal gradient bends and anti-bends are employed. The optimized nonlinear dynamics for these two lattices are rather good, and especially the dynamic momentum aperture can be larger than 8% without off-momentum tunes crossing non-structure half-integer resonance lines.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK121  
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THPMK135 Corrector Layout Optimization Using NSGA-II for HALS closed-orbit, storage-ring, lattice, sextupole 4629
 
  • D.R. Xu, Z.H. Bai, L. Wang, W. Wang, H. Xu
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  In this paper, we present a method to find the global optimum correctors layout based NSGA-II algorithm when the number of correctors is limited to be equal to the number of BPMs. We prove that this method works well with HALS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK135  
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THPML028 Genetic Algorithms for Machine Optimization in the Fair Control System Environment controls, software, ion-source, framework 4712
 
  • W. Geithner, Z. Andelkovic, S. Appel, O. Geithner, F. Herfurth, S. Reimann, G. Vorobjev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • F. Wilhelmstötter
    emarsys, Vienna, Austria
 
  Due to the massive parallel operation modes at the GSI accelerators, a lot of accelerator setup and re-adjustment have to be made by the operators during a beam time. With the FAIR project the complexity of the accelerator facility increases furthermore and for efficiency reasons it is recommended to establish a high level of automation for future operation. The PEP (parameter evolution project) has been launched at GSI operations group in 2017 to investigate the potential of a settings optimization using evolutionary Algorithms. The working proof of principle has already been tested at the Cryring injector. The latest improvements and the further Development of the Parameter Evolution Project will be shown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML028  
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THPML079 Multipole Tuning Algorithm for the CANREB HRS at TRIUMF multipole, TRIUMF, emittance, quadrupole 4836
 
  • D. Sehayek, R.A. Baartman, C.B. Barquest, J.A. Maloney, M. Marchetto, T. Planche
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  The TRIUMF CANadian Rare isotope facility with Electron Beam ion source (CANREB) High Resolution Separator (HRS) has been designed to separate rare isotopes with mass/charge differences of only one part in 20,000 for beams with transverse emittances of 3 μm. To reach this resolution, high-order aberrations must be corrected using a multipole corrector. From experience, tuning such a multipole is very challenging. The unique geometry of our multipole motivated a novel tuning method based on determining the desired pole voltages directly from measured emmitance. This novel tuning algorithm is presented alongside a web application which has been developed in anticipation of the commissioning of the HRS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML079  
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THPML107 Steering Optimizations for the University of Maryland Electron Ring closed-orbit, lattice, injection, experiment 4913
 
  • L. Dovlatyan, B.L. Beaudoin, R.A. Kishek, K.J. Ruisard
    UMD, College Park, Maryland, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the US Dept. of Energy, Office of High Energy Physics award # DE-SC0010301
The University of Maryland Electron Ring (UMER) has the flexibility to set up alternative lattices for different research experiments, including nonlinear optics studies using octupoles. Each alternative lattice requires an acceptable steering solution for use in experiments. Existing beam-based alignment tools can take a significant amount of time to run and become difficult to process with a low number of BPMs. The Robust Conjugate Directional Search (RCDS) optimizer* is used to quickly obtain steering solutions for different lattice configurations and has been adopted for beam steering at UMER. Steering magnets are optimized online to reduce scraping, correct equilibrium orbits, and increase beam lifetimes. This study presents the application of the optimizer at UMER.
* X. Huang, J. Corbett, J. Safranek, J. Wu, Nucl. Instr. Meth. A vol. 726, pp. 77-83, 2013.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML107  
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THPML134 Design of the Magnets of the HALS Project quadrupole, sextupole, lattice, emittance 4998
 
  • Z.L. Ren, C. Chen, T.L. He, L. Wang, X.Q. Wang, H. Xu, B. Zhang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.11375176 * hlxu@ustc.edu.cn ** zhbo@ustc.edu.cn
The Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS) is a future soft X-ray diffraction-limited storage ring at NSRL, this project aims to improve the brilliance and coherence of the X-ray beams and to decrease the horizontal emittance. The lattice of the HALS ring relies on magnets with demanding specifications, including combined function dipole-quadrupoles (DQs) with high gradients, dipoles with longitudinal gradients (DLs), high gradient quadrupoles and strong sextupoles. The combined dipole-quadrupole design developed is between the offset quadrupole and septum quadrupole types. The longitudinal-gradient dipoles are permanent magnets. The quadrupoles and sextupoles rely on a more conventional design. All the magnets have been designed using POSSION, Radia, and OPERA-3D.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML134  
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THPML135 Design of the Combined Function Dipole-Quadrupoles (DQS) with High Gradients quadrupole, vacuum, lattice, storage-ring 5001
 
  • Z.L. Ren, C. Chen, T.L. He, L. Wang, X.Q. Wang, H. Xu, B. Zhang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos.11375176 * hlxu@ustc.edu.cn **zhbo@ustc.edu.cn
Combined dipole-quadrupoles (DQs) can be obtained with the design of tapered dipole or offset quadrupole. However, the tapered dipole design can not achieve a high gradient field, as it will lead to poor field quality in the low field area of the magnet bore, and the design of offset quadrupole will increase the magnet size and power consumption. Finally, the dipole-quadrupole design developed is between the offset quadrupole and septum quadrupole types. The dimensions of the poles and the coils of the low field side have been reduced. The 2D pole profile is simulated and optimized by using POSSION and Radia, while the 3D modle using Radia and OPERA-3D. The end shimming and chamfer are modelled to meet the field uniformity requirement.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML135  
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