Keyword: HOM
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MOZGBD3 Performance of the First LCLS-II Cryomodules: Issues and Solutions cavity, cryomodule, radiation, operation 34
 
  • N. Solyak, E. Cullerton, J. Einstein-Curtis, E.R. Harms, B.D. Hartsell, J.P. Holzbauer, T.N. Khabiboulline, A. Lunin, Y.M. Pischalnikov, R.P. Stanek, G. Wu
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • O. Napoly
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
 
  LCLS-II 4 GeV linac is on the middle production stage. Linac contains 40 cryomodules of 1.3 GHz and 3 cryomodules of 3.9 GHz, including spares. Fermilab and JLAB share responsibility for cryomodule design, assembly and test. Paper will overview the performance of the cryomodules it the tests, lessons learned and modifications in design to improve performance.  
slides icon Slides MOZGBD3 [8.634 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOZGBD3  
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MOPMF020 Higher Order Mode Coupling Options for the eRHIC Crab Cavity cavity, damping, coupling, impedance 121
 
  • Q. Wu, I. Ben-Zvi, S. Verdú-Andrés, B. P. Xiao
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • I. Ben-Zvi
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the US Department of Energy via Brookhaven Science Associates LLC under contract no. DE-SC0012704.
The eRHIC crab cavity adopts the double quarter wave structure developed at Brookhaven National Lab for the LHC Hi-Lumi upgrade crab cavities. The cavity's fundamental mode is at 338 MHz with the first higher order mode more than 180 MHz above that. We looked into the higher order mode distribution up to 2 GHz, and considered various locations and geometries of the coupling scheme. The cylindrical outer shell of the cavity allowed various possibilities for coupler port openings on all the walls, which were difficult for the narrow waist of the LHC double quarter wave crab cavities. Beam pipe absorbers are also options for simpler high frequency modes damping. Some preliminary high pass filter design will also be discussed in this paper.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF020  
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MOPMF036 FCC-ee Hybrid RF Scheme cavity, impedance, operation, radiation 173
 
  • Sh. Gorgi Zadeh, U. van Rienen
    Rostock University, Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Rostock, Germany
  • R. Calaga, F. Gerigk
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Research supported by the FCC design study
For FCC-ee, the range of beam energies and beam currents is large between each mode of operation, all scaled to an available 50 MW maximum power per beam. The two limiting scenarios for the RF system design are at low energy (45 GeV) with high beam current (1.45 A) and the highest energy (182.5 GeV) with a radiation loss reaching 8.92 GeV per turn. In this paper, RF staging with a hybrid scheme using both 400 MHz and 800 MHz is proposed to mitigate the requirements on the two extremes. Relevant comparisons are made with respect to using only a single frequency for all modes.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-MOPMF036  
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TUXGBF2 Higher-Order-Mode Effects in Tesla-Type Superconducting RF Cavities on Electron Beam Quality cavity, FEL, electron, detector 612
 
  • A.H. Lumpkin, N. Eddy, D.R. Edstrom, P.S. Prieto, J. Ruan, R.M. Thurman-Keup
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • K. Bishofberger, B.E. Carlsten
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  • O. Napoly
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
 
  Funding: *Work at Fermilab supported by FRA, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Dept. of Energy. **Work at LANL supported by U.S. Dept. of Energy through the LANL/LDRD Program.
We report the direct observations of the correlation of higher order modes (HOMs) generated by off-axis electron beam steering in TESLA-type SCRF cavities and sub-macropulse beam centroid shifts (with the concomitant effect on averaged beam size and emittance). The experiments were performed at the Fermilab Accelerator Science and Technology (FAST) facility using its unique configuration of a PC rf gun injecting beam into two separated 9-cell cavities in series with corrector magnets and beam position monitors (BPMs) located before, between, and after them. The ~100-kHz oscillations with up to 300-µm amplitudes at downstream locations were observed in a 3-MHz micropulse repetition rate beam with charges of 500 and 1000 pC/b, although the effects were much reduced at 100 pC/b. The studies were based on HOM detector circuitry targeting the first and second dipole passbands, rf BPM bunch-by-bunch data, and imaging cameras viewing multi-slit images for emittance assessments at 33 MeV. Initial calculations reproduced a key feature of the phenomena. In principle, these results may be scaled to cryomodule configurations of major accelerator facilities.
 
slides icon Slides TUXGBF2 [3.636 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUXGBF2  
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TUPAF037 Validation of the CERN PS Eddy Current Injection Septa septum, simulation, vacuum, injection 768
 
  • M. Hourican, B. Balhan, J.C.C.M. Borburgh, T. Masson, A. Sanz Ull
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  As part of the upgrade of the CERN PS accelerator from 1.4 GeV to 2 GeV, new injection septa have been developed. The system is comprised of a pulsed eddy current septum magnet and a pulsed eddy current bumper magnet. Both magnets will be housed in a common vacuum vessel and powered by independent power converters. In-depth studies and simulations have been performed to reduce as much as possible the leak field by designing specific magnetic shielding, combined with dual function beam impedance shielding. A prototype magnet was built and measured to validate the simulations. The final complete system will be bake-able at 200C and uses demineralised water for cooling. Closed circuit cooling systems have been integrated to reduce risks of vacuum leaks. This report describes the electromechanical design from the concept and simulation stages to the prototyping and final manufacturing. Results of the initial magnetic measurements, including field homogeneity and leak field mitigation methods are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF037  
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TUPAF057 The SPS Tests of the HL-LHC Crab Cavities cavity, cryomodule, vacuum, operation 846
 
  • R. Calaga, O. Capatina, G. Vandoni
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: Research supported by the HL-LHC project
Two superconducting crab cavities in the framework of the High Luminosity (HL-LHC) LHC were built to test for the first time with proton beams in the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) at CERN. These tests will address the operation of the crab cavities in a high current and high intensity proton machine through the full energy cycle with a primary focus on cavity transparency, performance and stability, failures modes and long term effects on proton beams. An overview of the SPS cryomodule development towards the SPS tests along with the first test results are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF057  
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TUPAF062 Parametric Study of the Beam Footprint Characteristics on the ESS Target target, linac, ion-source, operation 866
 
  • R. Miyamoto
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • H.D. Thomsen
    ISA, Aarhus, Denmark
 
  The beam delivery system of the ESS linac utilizes fast oscillating triangular wave dipole magnets of two transverse planes (raster magnets) to spray each long beam pulse (2.86 ms) over a rectangular cross-check pattern on the target. The characteristics of this beam footprint on the target are determined by the amplitudes of the raster magnets, RMS sizes of the beam and, in some case, the tail of the beam profile and have to satisfy the requirements from the target for the peak density as well as the fraction outside of a given rectangular boundary. This paper presents approximate closed-form expressions for the characteristics of the beam footprint and, based on the presented expressions, explores the parameter space of the raster magnets and beam parameters for achieving the optimal characteristics of the beam footprint.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF062  
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TUPAF084 The First-of-Series SIS100 Cryocatcher vacuum, cryogenics, site, instrumentation 930
 
  • L.H.J. Bozyk, Sh. Ahmed, P.J. Spiller
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The superconducting heavy ion synchrotron SIS100 of the FAIR-facility will be equipped with 60 cryocatcher, to suppress dynamic vacuum effects. A prototype cryocatcher has been designed, manufactured and underwent several tests. The results yielded in the design of the series cryocatcher. Recently, the First-of-Series cryocatcher has been manufactured and tested. Results from the manufacturing process and the site acceptance tests, including cryogenic test with liquid helium are presented. The FoS cryocatcher sucessfully passed all tests and the series production will be released.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-TUPAF084  
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WEPAF046 RF Electronics for the Measurement of Beam Induced Higher Order Modes (HOM) Implemented in the MicroTCA.4 Form Factor cavity, dipole, electron, electronics 1916
 
  • S. Jabłoński, N. Baboi, U. Mavrič, H. Schlarb
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Higher order modes (HOM) excited in RF accelerating cavities by a particle beam can be used for electron beam diagnostics. Phase of a monopole HOM provides information about the beam phase relative to the externally induced RF field in a cavity (BPhM) [1]. Furthermore, the amplitude of a dipole mode is proportional to the beam position in the cavity, hence it can be used for beam position monitoring (BPM). In this paper we present a prototype of an instrument implemented in the MicoTCA.4 form factor for the measurement of the HOMs at FLASH and Eu-XFEL. The prototype consists of an analog module, which is used for filtering and conditioning of the selected modes, and a digital module responsible for digitization and signal processing. We present the instruments performance and discuss its influence on the precision of the HOM-based diagnostics.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAF046  
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WEPAL035 The Synchronization System of the Thomx Accelerator linac, electron, laser, distributed 2243
 
  • N. Delerue, V. Chaumat, R. Chiche, N. ElKamchi, H. Monard, F. Wicek
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • B. Lucas
    CNRS LPGP Univ Paris Sud, Orsay, France
 
  Funding: CNRS and ANR
The ThomX compact light source uses a 50 MeV ring to produce X-rays by Compton scattering. For historical reasons the linac and the ring could not operate at harmonic frequencies of each other. A heterodyne synchronization system has been designed for this accelerator. This synchronization is based on mixing the two RF frequencies to produce an heterodyne trigger signal and that is then distributed to the users. Bench tests of the system has demonstrated a jitter of less than 2 ps. We describe here this synchronization system.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL035  
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WEPAL048 Control Command Strategy for the ThomX Accelerator controls, TANGO, GUI, network 2284
 
  • H. Guler, N. ElKamchi, P. Gauron, H. Monard
    LAL, Orsay, France
 
  ThomX is an accelerator project designed to create a compact X Compton Backscattering Source for medical and cultural heritage applications. Control-Command (CC) system is a central part for the commissionning. ThomX CC is designed with TANGO SCADA system. This framework allows to control several devices from several places with the same SCADA System. TANGO Device Servers are software programs allowing to control devices and to implement data processing and presentation layers. For commissionning, experts need to access values of each device in a convenient way to allow them to modify parameters and check effect of a configuration on hardware. CC is a key part for this stage. Several GUI have been designed and gathered into several panels in collaboration with each expert group to gather their needs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPAL048  
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WEPMF035 Investigating the Effect of Inhomogeneous Resistivity on Bulk RRR and Heat Conductivity Using a Lattice Green's Functions Method cavity, network, niobium, lattice 2436
 
  • N.C. Shipman, A. Macpherson
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • G. Burt
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • J.A. Mitchell
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
 
  A method was developed to calculate the bulk RRR (residual resistivity ratio) which would be measured on a superconducting cavity or sample with an inhomogeneous resistivity and arbitrary geometry. The method involves modelling the object as a network of resistors and employs lattice Green's functions. A further adaptation of the method which allows the heat transport characteristics of such an object to be predicted is also described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF035  
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WEPMF073 Adaptation of the Cryogenic System Capacity for the LHC Dynamic Heat Load - Operational Experience cryogenics, controls, operation, electron 2541
 
  • K. Brodzinski, B. Bradu, S.D. Claudet, D. Delikaris, L.P. Delprat, G. Ferlin
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  During second LHC physics operation period (Run2), between 2015 and 2018, the accelerator operation modes and beam parameters have been adapted thus allowing significantly improved integrated luminosity production. Increased energy, intensity and adapted beam operation schemes with 25 ns of inter-bunches spacing have an essential influence on the dynamic heat load generation with direct impact on the cryogenic cooling system. In order to cope with significantly higher than expected beam induced thermal load, the cryogenic system was tuned and optimized to adapt the required refrigeration capacity to the beam operational requirements. The most challenging part of tuning was focused on the dynamic heat load compensation on the beam screens circuits. The paper will provide the overview on the main differences between the theoretical heat load values considered for initial design and the on-line measurements performed on cryogenic LHC sectors. Finally, the paper will summarize the methodology and tools implemented in the cryogenic process control system allowing the highly efficient on-line adaptation of the refrigeration power with respect to the beam induced heat load distribution.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMF073  
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WEPMK007 INFN-LASA Design and Prototyping Activity for PIP-II cavity, coupling, operation, linac 2640
 
  • A. Bignami, M. Bertucci, A. Bosotti, J.F. Chen, P. Michelato, L. Monaco, R. Paparella, D. Sertore
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • C. Pagani
    Università degli Studi di Milano & INFN, Segrate, Italy
  • S. Pirani
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  The design of the PIP-II medium-β, 5-cell, 650 MHz SRF elliptical cavity and the first steps of its prototyping activity are here presented. A design based on a three dies fabrication model has been chosen and fully characterized in terms of electromagnetic and mechanical parameters. Goal of the optimization has been to realize a highly performant cavity for CW operation with reasonably good performances when pulsed. A prototyping phase started with the production of three single-cell cavities used to validate the LASA model and to develop an optimal recipe for RF surface treatment according to the state-of-the-art of the high-Q frontier.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMK007  
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WEPMK012 Update on Plasma Processing R&D for LCLS-II plasma, cavity, experiment, SRF 2656
 
  • P. Berrutti, A. Grassellino, T.N. Khabiboulline, M. Martinello
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • M. Doleans, S.-H. Kim, K.E. Tippey
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  • D. Gonnella, G. Lanza, M.C. Ross
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under Contract DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. DOE
SRF cavities performance preservation is crucial, from vertical test to accelerator operation. Field emission is still one of the main problems to overcome and plasma cleaning has been proven successful by SNS, in cleaning field emitters and increasing the work function of Nb. A collaboration has been established between FNAL, SLAC and ORNL with the purpose of applying plasma processing to LCLS-II cavities, in order to minimize and overcome field emission without affecting the high Q of N-doped cavities. The recipe will follow the neon-oxygen active plasma adopted at SNS, allowing in-situ processing of cavities and cryomodules from hydrocarbon contaminants. A novel method for plasma ignition has been developed at FNAL: a plasma glow discharge is ignited using high order modes to overcome limitations imposed by the fundamental power coupler. The results of experiments on 9-cell LCLS-II cavity are presented, along with plasma ignition studies. In addition the RF system is shown and N-doped Nb samples studies are discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPMK012  
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WEPML012 Progress on the Construction of the Perpendicularly Biased 2nd Harmonic Cavity for the Fermilab Booster cavity, booster, damping, impedance 2703
 
  • R.L. Madrak, J.E. Dey, K.L. Duel, M.R. Kufer, J. Kuharik, A.V. Makarov, R.D. Padilla, W. Pellico, J. Reid, G.V. Romanov, M. Slabaugh, D. Sun, C.-Y. Tan, I. Terechkine
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  A perpendicularly biased tuneable 2nd harmonic cavity, designed for the Fermilab Booster, is being assembled for testing this summer (2018). The cavity will work at twice the frequency of the fundamental cavities, and will be on only during the injection and transition (or extraction) periods. The main purpose of adding this cavity is to improve beam capture and reduce losses as required by Fermilab's Proton Improvement Plan (PIP). After three years of testing and optimization, the cavity design has now been finalized and all constituent parts have been received. We report on the cavity final design and on the status of the construction.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML012  
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WEPML019 Design Update of the SSR1 Cryomodule for PIP-II Project cryomodule, cryogenics, solenoid, interface 2721
 
  • V. Roger, S. Cheban, T.H. Nicol, Y.O. Orlov, D. Passarelli, P. Vecchiolla
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  This paper reports the design update of the Single Spoke Resonator 1 (SSR1) cryomodule developed in the framework of PIP-II project at Fermilab. The most re-cent design changes and results of calculations per-formed to optimize the vacuum vessel, current leads, piping system and thermal shield are described. Then the estimated heat loads of the cryomodule leading to the sizing of the cryogenic valves will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML019  
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WEPML044 Design of HOM Couplers for Superconducting 400 MHz RF Cavities cavity, collider, proton, simulation 2793
 
  • N.F. Petry, M. Busch, K. Kümpel, O. Meusel, H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  The Future Circular Collider (FCC) is one possible future successor of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The proton-proton collider center-of-mass collision energy is set to 100 TeV with a beam current of 0.5 A. To reach this goal a stable acceleration is critical and therefore higher order modes (HOM) need to be damped. To avoid a high power level in the HOM dampers, further described as couplers, the loaded Q-factor should be below 1000 for the cavity with mounted HOM couplers. Besides a low Q-factor the R/Q value should also be in the range of 1 Ω or below. Two different types of couplers are used to achieve a high damping. The two types are a narrowband Hook-type HOM coupler and a broadband Probe-type HOM coupler. The recent results of the design of the HOM couplers attached to a superconducting 400 MHz RF cavity will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML044  
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WEPML047 Study on RF Coupler Kicks of SRF Cavities in the BESSY VSR Module cavity, SRF, storage-ring, GUI 2804
 
  • A.V. Tsakanian, T. Mertens
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (HZB), Berlin, Germany
  • H.-W. Glock, J. Knobloch, M. Ries, A.V. Vélez
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  The BESSY VSR upgrade of the BESSY II light source represents a novel approach to simultaneously store long (ca. 15ps) and short (ca. 1.7ps) bunches in the storage ring with the standard user optics. This challenging goal requires installation of four new SRF multi-cell cavities (2x1.5GHz and 2x1.75GHz) equipped with strong waveguide HOM dampers ensuring tolerable beam coupling impedance, necessary for stable operation. These cavities will operate at high 20MV/m in CW mode and at the zero-crossing phase according to the accelerating voltage. Consequently the transverse voltages will be maximum and can impact the transverse beam dynamics. The asymmetric character of those transverse kicks are caused by cavity fundamental power couplers (FPC) with strong monopole terms, introducing transverse kick to on-axis particles. Different FPC orientations were analyzed to optimize the net coupler kick from the four cavity chain. The coupler kick strength of each cavity is estimated taking into account accelerating mode amplitudes and phases required for operation in VSR mode.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML047  
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WEPML048 HOM Power Levels in the BESSY VSR Cold String cavity, SRF, simulation, GUI 2808
 
  • A.V. Tsakanian, T. Flisgen
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (HZB), Berlin, Germany
  • H.-W. Glock, J. Knobloch, A.V. Vélez
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  The BESSY VSR upgrade of the BESSY II light source represents a novel approach to simultaneously store long (ca. 15ps) and short (ca. 1.7ps) bunches in the storage ring. This challenging goal requires installation of four new SRF cavities (2x1.5 GHz and 2x1.75 GHz) in one module for installation in a single straight. These cavities are equipped with strong waveguide HOM dampers necessary for stable operation. The expected HOM power and spectrum has been analyzed for the complete cold string. The cold string is a combination of various elements such as SRF cavities, bellows with and without shielding, warm HOM beampipe absorbers and UHV pumping domes. The presented study is performed for various BESSY VSR bunch filling patterns with 300 mA beam current. The contribution of each component to the total HOM power is presented. In addition the optimization of different cavity arrangements in the module is performed in order to reach the optimal operation conditions with equally distributed power levels along the string and tolerable beam coupling impedance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML048  
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WEPML075 Test of Magnet Girder Prototypes for HEPS-TF alignment, coupling, photon, site 2863
 
  • H. Wang, C. H. Li, S.J. Li, J. Liu, H. Qu, Z. Wang, L. Wu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • H.Y. Zhu
    Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), People's Republic of China
 
  Auto-tuning magnet girder is one of the key technolo-gies to be solved for HEPS-TF (Test Facility of High Ener-gy Photon Source). The girder should have high adjusting accuracy, high stability and can be beam-based aligned, to obtain the stability requirements of beam orbit. There are two girders developed, and the tests have been done. The accuracy of girder motion is within 10 microns while the adjusting range is 1 mm and the resolution is better than 1 microns, the natural frequency is higher than 24 Hz.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-WEPML075  
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THPAF011 Design of 4 Ampere S-Band LINAC Using Slotted Iris Structure for HOM Damping linac, damping, target, dipole 2965
 
  • J. Pang, S. Chen, X. He, L.W. Zhang
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
  • S. Pei, H. Shi, J.R. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power, CAEP (Contract NO. PPLF2014PZ05) Key Laboratory of Particle Acceleration Physics &Technology,IHEP, CAS (Contract Y5294109TD)
An S-band LINAC with the operating frequency of 2856 MHz and beam current of 4 A was designed for flash X-ray radiography for hydrodynamic test. The optimization of the parameters of the LINAC was processed to obtain the minimum beam radius and the maximum energy efficiency. For the purpose of reducing the beam orbits offset at the exit of LINAC, a slotted iris accelerating structure would be employed to suppress the transverse Higher Order Modes (HOMs) by cutting four radial slots in the iris to couple the HOMs to SiC loads. In this paper, we present the design of the LINAC and the results of beam dynamic analysis.
 
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THPAF022 Beam Breakup Studies for the 4-Pass Cornell-Brookhaven Energy Recovery Linac Test Accelertor simulation, cavity, lattice, dipole 2996
 
  • W. Lou, G.H. Hoffstaetter
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Cornell University and Brookhaven National Laboratory are currently designing the Cornell-BNL ERL-FFAG Test Accelerator (CBETA). To be built at Cornell Wilson Lab, CBETA utilizes the existing ERL injector and main linac cryomodule (MLC). As the electron bunches pass through the MLC cavities, higher order modes (HOMs) fields are excited. The recirculating bunches interact with the HOMs, which can give rise to beam-breakup instability (BBU). We would present simulation results on how BBU limits the maximum achievable current, and potential ways to improve the threshold current.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF022  
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THPAF052 Impedance Analysis of New PS Internal Dump Design impedance, coupling, resonance, vacuum 3083
 
  • B.K. Popovic, L. Teofili, C. Vollinger
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) project at CERN calls for increasing beam intensity in the injector chain. In the Proton Synchrotron (PS), a pre-injector of the LHC, these intensities can result in beam instabilities and potential RF heating of machine components, such that impedance mitigation measures are required. To study these intensity effects, the PS impedance model has been developed and is continuously updated. Each new machine element that is to be added into the accelerator requires an impedance study to minimize its contribution with respect to the machine's overall impedance budget. In such a context, this paper presents the impedance analysis of the new design of the internal beam dump for the PS, showing the design process required to reduce the impedance contribution of this element. Furthermore, the impedance analysis of the currently installed beam dump is analysed in order to compare the impedance contributions of the two designs.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF052  
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THPAF085 Estimation of Dielectric Losses in the Bessy VSR Warm Beam Pipe Absorbers cavity, GUI, storage-ring, wakefield 3185
 
  • T. Flisgen
    Rostock University, Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Rostock, Germany
  • H.-W. Glock
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • A.V. Tsakanian
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (HZB), Berlin, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by the German Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Land Berlin and grants of Helmholtz Association.
Currently Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin prepares the update of the BESSY II ring to BESSY VSR. The updated ring will be capable to simultaneously store short and long bunches to satisfy the various user demands. For this sake, a cryomodule accommodating two 1.5 GHz and two 1.75 GHz superconducting cavities will be installed into the storage ring. The cavity string will be equipped with warm dielectric absorber rings at both ends. Together with the waveguide dampers of the cavities, these rings damp electromagnetic fields excited by the beam. This contribution presents the estimation of the dielectric losses in the beam pipe absorber rings of the BESSY VSR module. The presented approach is based on determining a broad band impedance of the dielectric ring by exciting the numerical model with a single broad band Gaussian bunch. Subsequently, the power deposited into the ring is estimated in frequency domain by multiplying the impedance with the square of the beam current for all considered harmonics of the beam. Finally, these power contributions are added up. In addition to details of the scheme, the contribution presents results for the recent absorber layout of the BESSY VSR string.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAF085  
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THPAK004 Accurate and Efficient Tracking in Electromagnetic Quadrupoles quadrupole, dynamic-aperture, multipole, optics 3207
 
  • T. Pugnat, B. Dalena, A. Simona
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • L. Bonaventura
    Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
  • R. De Maria, J. Molson
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Accelerator physics needs advanced modeling and simulation techniques, in particular for beam stability studies. A deeper understanding of the effects of magnetic fields nonlinearities will greatly help in the improvement of future colliders design and performance. This paper presents a study of quadrupole tracking using realistic field maps and measured or simulated longitudinal harmonics. The main goal is to describe the effect of the longitudinal dependence of high order non-homogeneity of the field in the case of the HL-LHC inner triplet.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK004  
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THPAK017 Higher Order Modes in China-ADS Demo Linac dipole, cavity, linac, higher-order-mode 3240
 
  • C. Zhang, Y. He, T.C. Jiang, R.X. Wang, S.H. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by Natural Science Foundation of China,No.11505253
The study of higher order modes excited in the China-ADS Linac has been presented in this paper. The effects of the cryogenic losses and the influence on beam of the higher order modes have been investigated.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK017  
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THPAK021 Design of High Resolution Mass Spectrometer for SPES dipole, simulation, emittance, high-voltage 3252
 
  • M. Comunian, C. Baltador, L. Bellan, M. Cavenago, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • E. Khabibullina
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • E. Khabibullina
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  Within the framework of the SPES (Selective Production of Exotic Species) project at National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN laboratory, Legnaro, Italy) the High Resolution Mass Spectrometer (HRMS) will be build. HRMS needs to provide full separation of the ions with mass resolution 1/20000 for the following breeding and acceleration on ALPI Linac. In this article the main design choice of the HRMS and of the transport channel will be reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK021  
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THPAK031 Suppression of Longitudinal Coupled Bunch Instability by Harmonic Cavity in UVSOR Electron Storage Ring damping, synchrotron, storage-ring, cavity 3280
 
  • A. Mochihashi
    KIT, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
  • M. Fujimoto, K. Hayashi, M. Katoh
    UVSOR, Okazaki, Japan
  • J. H. Hasegawa, M. Hosaka, M. Hosaka, Y. Takashima, Y. Takashima
    Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
  • M. Hosaka, Y. Takashima
    Aichi Synchrotron Radiation Center, Aichi, Japan
  • M. Katoh
    Sokendai - Okazaki, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
 
  In the UVSOR electron storage ring, which is dedicated for a VUV synchrotron radiation light source, a longitudinal coupled bunch instability (LCBI) is observed in multi-bunch operation. To suppress the LCBI, we routinely operate a third harmonic cavity (HCV) in a passive mode. By properly tuning HCV, the instability is almost completely suppressed. Because of the lower beam energy (750 MeV) and brilliant beam emittance (17.5 nm-rad), the Touschek effect becomes severe in the UVSOR. To guarantee enough beam lifetime, we also apply HCV for lengthening the bunch. The suppression of the instability and increasing the beam lifetime are crucial benefits by HCV for the UVSOR. However, not only the origin of the LCBI but also the Landau damping effect by HCV has not been understood systematically yet. We have noticed that one of the HOMs at HCV itself could cause the LCBI and observed the behavior of the instability, which strongly depends on the beam current. From the experiment we have discussed the cause of the instability with the HOM theory. We have also tried to observe synchrotron tune spread and discussed a competition between the Landau damping and the instability growth.
Present affiliation of the first auther : Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK031  
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THPAK043 Performance Optimization of a Beam Dynamics PIC Code On Hybrid Computer Architectures GPU, simulation, kicker, plasma 3309
 
  • Zh.C. Liu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • J. Qiang
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The self-consistent multi-particle tracking based on particle-in-cell method (PIC) has been widely used in particle accelerator beam dynamics study. However, the PIC simulation is time-consuming and needs to use modern parallel computers for high resolution applications. In this paper, we implemented and optimized a parallel beam dynamics PIC code on two types of hybrid parallel computer architectures: one is the GPU and GPU cluster, while the other is the "Knight Landing" CPU cluster.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK043  
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THPAK063 Electron Beam Pattern Rotation as a Method of Tunable Bunch Train Generation lattice, electron, laser, experiment 3372
 
  • A. Halavanau, P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • P. Piot
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Transversely modulated electron beams can be formed in photo injectors via microlens array (MLA) UV laser shaping technique. Micro lenses can be arranged in polygonal lattices, with resulting transverse electron beam modulation mimicking the lenses pattern. Conventionally, square MLAs are used for UV laser beam shaping, and generated electron beam patterns form square beamlet arrays. The MLA setup can be placed on a rotational mount, thereby rotating electron beam distribution. In combination with transverse-to-longitudinal emittance exchange beam line, it allows to vary beamlets horizontal projection and tune electron bunch train. In this paper, we extend the technique to the case of different MLA lattice arrangements and explore the benefits of its rotational symmetries.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK063  
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THPAK070 Coupled Bunch Instability from JLEIC Crab Cavity Higher Order Modes cavity, impedance, luminosity, feedback 3392
 
  • S.I. Sosa Guitron, S.U. De Silva, J.R. Delayen, H. Park
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • R. Li, V.S. Morozov, H. Park
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Particle bunches traveling in a ring can excite wakefields inside any radio-frequency element present. These electromagnetic modes can resonate long enough and interact with subsequent passing bunches. A coherent oscillation between bunches can quickly become an instability and needs to be addressed. The Jefferson Lab electron ion collider has a large 50 mrad crossing angle and thus relies on bunch crabbing to achieve high luminosity. Bunch crabbing is done with compact superconducting rf dipole cavities. We study coupled bunch oscillations driven by the higher order modes of multicell RFD crab cavities under study for JLEIC, we calculate the instability growth time assuming a symmetric beam spectrum, identify the HOMs driving the instability and discuss mitigation measures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK070  
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THPAK092 Analysis on the Mechanical Effects Induced by Beam Impedance Heating on the HL-LHC Target Dump Injection Segmented (TDIS) Absorber impedance, injection, simulation, shielding 3448
 
  • L. Teofili, M. Migliorati
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • M. Calviani, D. Carbajo Perez, S.S. Gilardoni, F. Giordano, I. Lamas Garcia, G. Mazzacano, A. Perillo-Marcone
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) Project at CERN calls for increasing beam brightness and intensity. In such a scenario, critical accelerator devices need to be redesigned and rebuilt. Impedance is among the design drivers, since its thermo-mechanical effects could lead to premature device failures. In this context, the current work reports the results of a multiphysics study to assess the electromagnetic and thermo-mechanical behaviour of the Target Dump Injection Segmented (TDIS). It first discusses the outcomes of the impedance analysis performed to characterise the resistive wall and the high order resonant modes (HOMs) trapped in the TDIS structures. Then, their RF-heating effects and the related temperature distribution are considered. Finally, mechanical stresses induced by thermal gradients are studied in order to give a final validation on the design quality.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK092  
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THPAK093 A Multi-Physics Approach to Simulate the RF Heating 3D Power Map Induced by the Proton Beam in a Beam Intercepting Device impedance, simulation, injection, proton 3452
 
  • L. Teofili, M. Migliorati
    Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • D. Carbajo Perez, F. Giordano, I. Lamas Garcia, G. Mazzacano
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The project High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL- LHC) calls for a streaking beam intensity and brightness in the LHC machine. In such a scenario, beam-environment electromagnetic interactions are a crucial topic: they could lead to uneven power deposition in machine equipment. The resulting irregular temperature distribution would gener- ates local thermal gradients, this would create mechanical stresses which could lead to cracks and premature failure of accelerator devices. This work presents a method to study this phenomenon by means of coupled electro-thermo- mechanical simulations. Further, examples of applications on real HL-LHC devices is also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK093  
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THPAK122 Longitudinal Coupled Bunch Instability in JLEIC cavity, impedance, electron, resonance 3530
 
  • R. Li, J. Guo, F. Marhauser, S. Wang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
The luminosity performance of the JLEIC design is achieved by using a high bunch repetition rate (476MHz) with moderate bunch charges, similar to the strategy employed in modern lepton colliders. Such a bunch configuration will make single bunch instabilities less probable, yet makes the machine more prone to the onset of longitudinal and transverse coupled bunch instabilities. Consequently, this will set higher demands on the bunch-by-bunch feedback systems to mitigate the multi-bunch instabilities. In this paper we present our detailed analysis of the growth rate of the coupled bunch instabilities for beams in both the electron and ion rings in JLEIC at the collision scenario. The implication of the growth rate on the feedback system will be discussed.
 
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THPAK138 Development of Efficient Tree-Based Computation Methods for the Simulation of Beam Dynamics in Sparsely Populated Phase Spaces simulation, electron, FEL, bunching 3569
 
  • Ph. Amstutz
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Vogt
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Collective instabilities pose a major threat to the quality of the high brightness electron beams needed for the operation of a free electron laser. Multi-stage bunch compression schemes have been identified as a possible source of such an instability. The dispersive sections in these compressors translate energy inhomogeneities within the bunch into longitudinal charge density inhomogeneities. In conjunction with a collective force driving locally density-dependent energy modulations this leads to intricate longitudinal beam dynamics. As a consequence of the thin shape those bunches form in the longitudinal phase space, efficient simulation of such systems is not straight forward. At high resolutions, the numerical representation of the phase space density on a uniform grid is too wasteful, due to the large unpopulated phase space regions. In this contribution we present advances made in the development of a simulation code that addresses the problem of sparsely populated phase spaces by means of quadtree domain decomposition. A focus lies on the explanation of the underlying tree data structure.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAK138  
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THPAL016 Study of the Performances of a 3D Printed BPM vacuum, impedance, instrumentation, status 3656
 
  • N. Delerue, D. Auguste, J. Bonis, F. Gauthier, A. Gonnin, S. Jenzer, O. Trofimiuk
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • A. Vion
    BV Proto, Sévenans, France
 
  Funding: Work supported by IN2P3 ‘‘3D Metal'' innovation program; Oleh Trofimiuk stay in France is supported by the IDEATE International Associated Laboratory (LIA) between France and Ukraine.
Following previous results which have shown that some components built using additive manufacturing (3D printing) are compatible with ultra high vacuum, we have adapted the design of a stripline BPM to the requirements of additive manufacturing and built it. We report here on the design adaptation and on its mechanical and electrical performances.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL016  
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THPAL017 From design to alignment of ThomX quadrupoles quadrupole, simulation, multipole, alignment 3660
 
  • C. Vallerand, R. Marie, H. Monard
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • J. Campmany, J. Marcos, V. Massana
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  • J. Chavanne, G. Le Bec
    ESRF, Grenoble, France
  • M.-E. Couprie, A. Lestrade, A. Loulergue, F. Marteau, M. Ros
    SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  Quadrupoles for Thomx Facility have been carefully designed and measured due to high constraints of the storage ring. The need of a compact accelerator, 70 m2 on floor, as well as a beam life time of 20 ms, led to the following requirements for the quadrupole : a gradient of 5 T/m with 20.5 mm radius bore, harmonic content better than few 1.10-3 at the reference radius of 18 mm, no cross-talk with sextupole placed within 5 cm and a precision of the magnetic axis of 100 µm and the roll angle of 300 µrad for measurements and alignment. Total of 41 quadrupoles have been built and all measured by a rotating coil at ALBA and SOLEIL, providing multipole components, transfer function and magnetic center. Cross-check measurements have also been carried out with a versatile stretched wire from ESRF at LAL. This paper mainly describes results of simulations with OPERA and RADIA and provides the results of measurements with these three benches. These results will be compared and highlighted important points for the alignment and installation of quadrupoles in an accelerator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL017  
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THPAL018 DQW HOM Coupler Design for the HL-LHC impedance, cavity, simulation, GUI 3663
 
  • J.A. Mitchell
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • G. Burt
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • R. Calaga
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • S. Verdú-Andrés, B. P. Xiao
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  HOMs in the DQW crab cavity can produce large heat loads and beam instabilities as a result of the high current HL-LHC beams. The DQW crab cavity has on-cavity, coaxial HOM couplers to damp the HOMs whilst providing a stop-band response to the fundamental mode. Manufacturing experience and further simulations give rise to a set of desirable coupler improvements. This paper will assess the performance of the current HOM coupler design, present operational improvements and propose an evolved design for HL-LHC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL018  
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THPAL023 Assessing the Continued Suitability of an Existing Water System for an Accelerator Upgrade operation, simulation, neutron, interface 3673
 
  • W.C. Barkley, C.E. Buechler, E.N. Pulliam
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  This paper assesses the continued suitability of an existing Water Cooling System (WCS) for cooling intermediate and high-power RF power amplifiers at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). At LANSCE, the high-power and intermediate power amplifiers installed in the 70s were at end-of-life with obsolete parts and no suitable replacements available to extend their life. The LANSCE Refurbishment Project was initiated (now complete) to replace these amplifiers and to utilize already existing WCSs. Two existing WCSs were repurposed and one new WCS was designed and installed. Unscheduled, intermittent water system trips on one of the WCSs has prompted the engineering group to drill down into the original decision, build a flow model and assess some of the legacy components' suitability to solve the problem. This paper discusses the general approach, troubleshooting and solution recommendations to be made for resolution of the intermittent issues.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL023  
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THPAL040 Lossy Beam Pipe HOM Load Ceramics with DC Conductivity experiment, vacuum, site, controls 3729
 
  • M.L. Neubauer, A. Dudas
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  • F. Marhauser
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  The ceramic materials used in the beam pipe for super-conducting RF accelerators have the problem of charging due to the electron cloud and secondary electron emission. A novel solution is in the application of conductive nanoparticles to the lossy ceramic. The lossy ceramic is pre-processed to provide for pores that will accept the conductive nanoparticles and then coated with a thin film to prevent the nanoparticles from entering the environment. The same process was also done with sub-micron carbon particles. Measurements of surface conductivity with and without a vacuum compatible sealant are reported on along with microwave measurements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL040  
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THPAL067 Room Temperature Measurements of Higher Order Modes for the SPS Prototype RF-Dipole Crabbing Cavity cavity, dipole, simulation, luminosity 3805
 
  • S.U. De Silva, J.R. Delayen, H. Park
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • P. Berrutti
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • N.A. Huque, H. Park
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  LHC High Luminosity Upgrade will be developing two local crabbing systems to increase the luminosity of the colliding bunches at the ATLAS and CMS experiments. One of the crabbing systems uses the rf-dipole cavity design that will be crabbing the beam in the horizontal plane. The fully integrated crabbing cavity has two higher order mode couplers in damping those excited modes. Currently two sets of HOM couplers have been fabricated at Jefferson Lab for prototyping and testing with the LARP crabbing cavities. This paper presents the measurements of the higher order modes with the prototype HOM couplers carried out at room temperature.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL067  
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THPAL073 Progress on 1.5 GHz Multi-kW CW Amplifier klystron, operation, solenoid, insertion 3821
 
  • A.V. Smirnov, R.B. Agustsson, S. Boucher, A.Y. Murokh, A.Yu. Smirnov
    RadiaBeam Systems, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • M.A. Ahmadi, P. Blanchard, M.D. Mccann, C. Nguen, P.B. Peter, J. Zabek
    Microsemi Corporation, Aliso Viejo, USA
  • G.R. Branner, K.S. Yuk
    UC Davis, Davis, USA
  • J.J. Hartzell, K.J. Hoyt, T.J. Villabona
    RadiaBeam, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • V. Khodos
    Sierra Nevada Corporation, Irvine, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (award No. DE-SC0013136)
JLab upgrade program foresees new CW amplifiers operating at 1497 MHz and significantly increased efficiency vs. existing VKL-7811 klystron. One of possibilities for the replacement is usage of high electron mobility packaged GaN transistors applied in array of highly efficient amplifiers using precise in-phase, low-loss combiners-dividers. We present here performance of novel, compact 300 W pallets developed at MicroSemi specifically for this project including their new GaN transistor, as well as significantly upgraded divider and combiner. Design features and challenges related to amplifier modules (pallets), broadband 21-way dividers/combiners, as well construction and assembling of the entire system are discussed including measurements.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL073  
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THPAL074 Numerical Studies of Normal Conducting Deflecting Cavity Designs for the ELBE Accelerator cavity, electron, experiment, impedance 3824
 
  • T.G. Hallilingaiah, U. van Rienen
    Rostock University, Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Rostock, Germany
  • A. Arnold, U. Lehnert, P. Michel
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
 
  Currently, in the electron linac ELBE there is a single beam line. Therefore, at any given time only single user can use the beam. Moreover, as different user experiments require distinct beam intensity settings, not all the experiments fully utilize the 13 MHz CW beam capability of the facility. To utilize the full beam capacity, multiple beam lines can be established by using an array of transverse deflecting structures. For that, an RF cavity was the design choice due to its inherent advantages with respect to repeatability of the kick voltage amplitude and phase, and the possibility of CW operation in the MHz range. Potential design candidates are the CEBAF RF separator, the three proposed crab cavities for the HL-LHC upgrade project, and a novel NC deflecting cavity design. In this comparative study, the figures of merit of the cavities are computed from electromagnetic field simulations for a transverse voltage of 300 kV. This comparative study supported our selection of the deflecting cavity design for ELBE.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL074  
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THPAL101 Longitudinal Effects of Trapped Homs in Shanghai Coherent Light Facility cavity, linac, impedance, FEL 3872
 
  • J.J. Guo, Q. Gu, H.T. Hou, J.H. Tan, M. Zhang
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Shanghai Coherent Light Facility (SCLF), a superconducting accelerated structure-baesd FEL device, is now under development at Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. We investigate effects of cryogenic losses caused by trapped longitudinal high order modes (HOM). Results of calculations are presented for losses caused by HOMs excitation in the acceleration RF system of the continues-wave (CW) linac of SCLF.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL101  
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THPAL108 In-Situ Characterization of Normal Conducting RF Cavities in Solaris Light Source Storage Ring cavity, storage-ring, simulation, ISOL 3891
 
  • P.B. Borowiec, A.I. Wawrzyniak
    Solaris National Synchrotron Radiation Centre, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
  • J. Björklund Svensson
    Lund University, Division of Atomic Physics, Lund, Sweden
 
  The SOLARIS 1.5 GeV storage ring is equipped with two 100 MHz active cavities and two 3rd harmonic passive cavities. They are in operation since 2015. For control of their respective working points, knowledge about cavity voltage and higher order mode (HOM) frequency spec-trum is mandatory. After their installation in the storage ring and connection of the RF feeder to a high power isolator and a transmitter, the influence of the external elements on the quality factor and the HOM spectrum should be verified with respect to simulations of a simpli-fied model of a stand-alone cavity. This paper will pre-sent results of in-situ cavity measurements to qualify the HOM placement and their quality factor. HOM meas-urements have been performed in the range 100 MHz to 1.3 GHz for active cavities and 300 MHz to 1.5 GHz for 3rd harmonic cavities at three different temperatures under ultra-high vacuum conditions for each cavity separately. The measurement and analysis methodology will also be presented  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL108  
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THPAL109 The New 118 MHz Cavity for RF Development Activities of the RF for Accelerator Laboratory at SLRI cavity, simulation, coupling, impedance 3895
 
  • N. Juntong, K. Kittimanapun, P. Sunwong
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
  • A. Sutchada
    Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand
 
  The RF for accelerator laboratory is established at SLRI to perform RF related development activities of the current light source and the future synchrotron light facility in Thailand. One of activities is to build an in-house RF cavity. It will be used for testing of RF amplifier unit and the developed LLRF system. The cavity is a nose-cone pill-box cavity operating at 118 MHz and aiming at 100 kV gap voltage. Details of designing in particular the inner surface profile, the RF properties, the higher order modes properties, the RF power coupler, and the tuning mechanism will be presented with the manufacturing timeline.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL109  
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THPAL134 Commissioning of the Prototype C75 Cavities in a CEBAF Cryomodule cavity, cryomodule, MMI, operation 3961
 
  • M.A. Drury, G. Cheng, G. Ciovati, E. Daly, G.K. Davis, J. Guo, R.A. Legg, F. Marhauser, T. Powers, A.V. Reilly, R.A. Rimmer
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177
Prototype cavities have been built at Jefferson Lab to increase the energy of future refurbished CEBAF cryomodules to 75 MeV in the most cost efficient way. Three such cavities, named "C75", have been built from ingot Nb material of different purity and have been processed and tested. The two better performing cavities have been assembled into a "cavity pair" and installed in the latest refurbished original CEBAF cryomodule. The cryomodule was installed and commissioned in CEBAF. The results from the commissioning of the C75 cavities, compared with the original CEBAF cavities, are presented in this article. The vertical test performance of the C75 cavities was preserved in the cryomodule with one of the cavities achieving the performance specification of an accelerating gradient of 19 MV/m with a quality factor of ~8×109 at 2.07 K. The performance in terms of microphonics and tuner operation was similar to that of original CEBAF cavities, as expected, and the high-order modes are properly damped. The quality factor of the two C75 cavities was the highest achieved in a CEBAF cryomodule, possibly due to the better magnetic flux expulsion of ingot Nb than standard fine-grain Nb.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL134  
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THPAL137 Acceptance Testing of the First Group of LCLS II Cryomodules at Jefferson Lab cavity, cryomodule, operation, radiation 3965
 
  • M.A. Drury, E. Daly, N.A. Huque, L.K. King, M.D. McCaughan, A.D. Solopova
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • J. Nelson
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the LCLS-II Project and the US Department of Energy, Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is currently engaged, along with several other Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is currently engaged, along with several other Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories, in the Linac Co-herent Light Source II project (LCLS II). The SRF Insti-tute at Jefferson Lab is currently building 17 cryomod-ules for this project. The cryomodules are TESLA style cryomodules that have been modified for continuous wave (CW) operation and for other LCLS II specifica-tions. Each cryomodule contains eight 9-cell cavities with coaxial power couplers operating at 1.3 GHz. The cryomodules also contains a magnet package that con-sists of a quadrupole and two correctors. These cryomod-ules will be tested in the Cryomodule Test Facility (CMTF) at Jefferson Lab before shipment to the Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC). Acceptance testing of the LCLS II cryomodules began in December 2016. Seven cryomodules have currently completed Acceptance test-ing. This paper will summarize the results of those tests.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL137  
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THPAL141 Optimizing Procurement Strategies for LCLS-II cavity, cryomodule, niobium, status 3972
 
  • K.M. Wilson, G. Cheng, E. Daly, J.A. Fitzpatrick, N.A. Huque, M.L. Laney, F. Marhauser, A.D. Palczewski, H. Park, T. Peshehonoff, G. Tenbusch, M. Torres
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the LCLS-II Project and the U.S. Department of Energy, Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515
The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is currently constructing a major upgrade to its accelerator, the Linac Coherent Light Source II (LCLS-II). Several Department of Energy national laboratories, including the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab), are participating in this project. JLab is responsible for procuring a number of critical components. Over the course of this project, JLab has evolved several procurement strategies to minimize risk and improve performance while working within the constraints of budget and schedule. This paper discusses the impact of procurement choices on project technical success.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL141  
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THPAL144 952.6 MHz SRF Cavity Development for JLEIC cavity, damping, electron, SRF 3982
 
  • R.A. Rimmer, W.A. Clemens, F. Fors, J. Guo, F.E. Hannon, J. Henry, F. Marhauser, L. Turlington, H. Wang, S. Wang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177
JLab is developing new SRF cavity designs at 952.6 MHz for the proposed Jefferson Lab Electron-Ion Collider (JLEIC). New cavities will be required for the ion ring, cooler ERL and booster and eventually for an upgrade of the electron ring to allow the highest possible bunch collision rate. The challenges include the need for high fundamental mode power couplers and strong HOM damping, with high HOM power capability. Initial focus is on the cooler ERL 5-cell cavity as this is a critical component for the strong, high energy, bunched-beam cooling concept. 1-cell and 5-cell Nb prototype cavities have been designed and fabricated. Details concerning the cavity fabrication and test results will be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL144  
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THPAL151 Progress in Understanding Breakdown Characteristics of X-Band Choke-Mode Structures timing, cavity, experiment, operation 4002
 
  • X.W. Wu, D.Z. Cao, H.B. Chen, J. Shi, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • T. Abe, T. Higo, S. Matsumoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11135004).
As one of the higher-order-mode (HOM) damping structures, X-band choke-mode accelerating structures had been studied for several years. However, the breakdown characteristics of the X-band choke are still unknown. Five different single-cell choke-mode accelerating structures and one reference structure were designed, fabricated and high-gradient tested to study the related RF breakdown characteristics. The absence of field emission current flash was proposed to be the sign of breakdowns occurring inside the choke, this was verified by the post-mortem observation. Evaluation of the breakdown rate revealed that there is memory effect with pulse width and electric field. The breakdown rate in a single RF pulse did not have the 5th order pulse width and 30th order electric field dependency predicted by the empirical formula.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL151  
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THPAL154 High-Gradient Performance of X-Band Choke-Mode Structures ECR, GUI, experiment, damping 4011
 
  • X.W. Wu, D.Z. Cao, H.B. Chen, J. Shi, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • T. Abe, T. Higo, S. Matsumoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11135004)
The choke-mode accelerating structure is one of the higher-order-mode (HOM) damping structures. It has the advantage of relatively simple fabrication and low surface magnetic field. C-band choke-mode accelerating structures have been successfully applied in multibunch XFEL. However, the X-band choke-mode study remains in the theoretical design stage. The high-gradient performance of the choke is still unknown. Five different single-cell choke-mode accelerating structures were designed, fabricated and high-gradient tested to study the related RF breakdown characteristics. It was observed that high electric field and small choke dimension caused serious breakdowns in the choke which was the main limitation of the high-gradient performance. The Choke-mode accelerating structures reached 130 MV/m by decreasing the electric field and increasing the choke gap. A new quantity was proposed to give the high-gradient performance limit of choke-mode accelerating structures due to RF breakdown. The new quantity was obtained from the summary of the high-gradient experiments and could be used to guide high-gradient choke-mode accelerating structure design.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPAL154  
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THPMF007 Commissioning of the Hybrid Superconducting/Normal Conducting RF System in the Diamond Storage Ring cavity, storage-ring, operation, LLRF 4042
 
  • C. Christou, A.G. Day, P. Gu, P.J. Marten, S.A. Pande, D. Spink, A. Tropp
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
 
  Two 500 MHz HOM damped normal conducting cavities have been installed in the Diamond storage ring to ensure continuity of operation of Diamond in the event of a failure of one of the two existing superconducting cavities. Following receipt from the manufacturer, the cavities were incorporated into an assembly including vacuum pumping, cooling and interlocked diagnostics and then tested for vacuum integrity and RF performance. Both cavities were then conditioned up to high power in Diamond's RF test facility before being installed in the storage ring in August and November 2017. Conditioning and operation has been carried out using a new digital LLRF system. Results of acceptance tests and commissioning with power and beam are presented, together with the current status of the hybrid RF system and options for further improvement of the system in the near future.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF007  
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THPMF033 Design of the Beamline Elements in the BESSY VSR Cold String cavity, synchrotron, shielding, operation 4123
 
  • H.-W. Glock, F. Glöckner, J. Knobloch, E. Sharples, A.V. Tsakanian, A.V. Vélez
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • T. Flisgen
    Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (HZB), Berlin, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by German Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Land Berlin, and grants of the Helmholtz Association
The four SRF cavities in the BESSY VSR module will be linked by bellows, which will be equipped with inner coaxial shielding pipes to prevent both parasitic fundamental mode losses and beam-induced heating. The central bellow will also act as a collimator for synchrotron radiation generated in the closest upstream dipole magnet. Additional bellows at the module's ends are needed to connect with the warm BESSY beam pipe. Outside the module the beam pipe cross section transitions will be located, which will be equipped with toroidal HOM absorbing elements. In the paper the recent design considerations and specifications for all those components will be described.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF033  
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THPMK115 Optical Cavity R&D for Laser-Electron Interaction Applications cavity, laser, electron, experiment 4587
 
  • X. Liu, W.-H. Huang, C.-X. Tang, L.X. Yan
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • R. Chiche, K. Dupraz, P. Favier, A. Martens, H. Monard, Z.F. Zomer
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • D. Nutarelli
    LAC, Orsay, France
 
  Laser-electron Inverse Compton Scattering X-ray source based on optical enhancement cavity is expected to produce higher-flux and better-quality X-rays than conventional sources, in addition, to become more compact, much cheaper than Free Electron Laser and Synchrotron Radiation. One X-ray source named ThomX is under construction at LAL, France. An electron storage ring with 50 MeV, 16.7 MHz electron beam will collide with a few picosecond pulsed laser to produce 1013 photons per second. A prototype cavity with a high finesse (F=25,100) in the picosecond regime is used to perform R & D for ThomX. We obtained 380 kW power stored in the optical cavity and mode instabilities were observed. The EOM-based frequency modulation to measure the finesse, the influence of dust on finesse, high-power experiments and other related issues are mentioned briefly. We will also describe the TTX2 (Tsinghua Thomson Scattering X-ray source) at Tsinghua University which is in design process. TTX2 prefers using an electron storage ring and an optical cavity in order to get high X-ray flux.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK115  
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THPMK130 Study of Beam Instabilities with a Higher-Harmonic Cavity for the HALS cavity, coupling, storage-ring, quadrupole 4623
 
  • Y.G. Tang, W. Li, Z.B. Sun, L. Wang, C.-F. Wu
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Hefei Advanced Light Source (HALS), a diffrac-tion-limited storage ring is on the design. In HALS project, a passive higher-harmonic cavity may be added in order to increase the beam lifetime of the storage ring. When the storage ring is operated with a small momentum compaction, instabilities limit the utility of the high-er-harmonic cavity. In this paper, we run an algorithm (analytic modeling) to consider the Robinson instabilities for normal and superconducting cavity respectively. The Robinson instabilities are predicted with and without mode coupling. Coupled-bunch instability induced by resonant interaction with parasitic longitudinal mode is also considered. The analytic modeling may be used to give rf-cavity parameters that are more conducive to stability. The results show that the storage ring can oper-ate at a higher beam current and the parasitic high-er-order mode of the fundamental cavity has less impact on the beam by using superconducting harmonic cavity.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMK130  
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THPML092 Electromagnetic and Mechanical Design of High Gradient S-Band Accelerator in TTX scattering, cavity, laser, linac 4876
 
  • D.Z. Cao, H.B. Chen, Y. C. Du, W. Gai, W.-H. Huang, J. Shi, C.-X. Tang, P. Wang, H. Zha
    TUB, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  Thomson scattering x-ray source is an essential scien-tific research tool in x-ray imaging technology for vari-ous fields. Upgrading plan of replacing the 3-meter S-band linac with a shorter structure operating at higher gradient in Tsinghua Thomson scattering X-ray source (TTX) is undergoing so far, aiming to enhance the accel-erating gradient from 15 MV/m to 30 MV/m. Detailed parameters of couplers and mechanical design of acceler-ation structure are presented in this work.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML092  
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THPML112 Preliminary Design and Calculation of Button BPM for the HALS Storage Ring storage-ring, vacuum, electronics, impedance 4929
 
  • F.F. Wu, F.L. Gao, L.T. Huang, X.Y. Liu, P. Lu, B.G. Sun, J.H. Wei, Y.L. Yang, T.Y. Zhou
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
  • L. Lin
    Huizhou University, Huizhou, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Supported by the National Science Foundation of China (Grant No.11705203, 11575181,11605202) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China(No. 2016YFA0402000)
Button BPM is being designed for the HALS storage ring, which is a diffraction-limited storage ring (DLSR) located at the NSRL in Hefei city. Since beam size is very small, the required resolution of 50 nm for beam position measurement need to be obtained. The parameters of the HALS Button BPM are initially determined. According to theoretical formulas, electrode induced signal is calculated and the relationship between electrode induced signal and beam current is obtained. Signal to noise ratio(SNR)of the HALS Button BPM is calculated with different beam current when the required resolution is 50 nm. The results show that the SNR is well when beam current is very low. In addition, the effects of BPM RF frequency and button electrode radius on SNR are analyzed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPML112  
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