Keyword: superconducting-magnet
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MOPMF056 The Second LHC Long Shutdown (LS2) for the Superconducting Magnets dipole, hadron, operation, collider 240
  • J.Ph. G. L. Tock, M. Bednarek, L. Bottura, E. Karentzos, S.L.N. Le Naour, F. Meuter, M. Pojer, C.E. Scheuerlein, E. Todesco, D. Tommasini, L. X. Van Den Boogaard, G.P. Willering
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has been delivering data to the physics experiments since 2009. It first operated at a centre of mass energy of 7 TeV and 8 TeV up to the first long shutdown (LS1) in 2013-14. The 13 kA splices between the main LHC cryomagnets were consolidated during LS1. Then, it was possible to increase safely the centre of mass energy to 13 TeV. During the training campaigns, metallic debris caused short circuits in the dipole diode containers, leading to an unacceptable risk. Major interventions can only take place during multiyear shutdowns. To ensure safe operation at higher energies, hence requiring further magnets training, the electrical insulation of the 1232 dipole diodes bus-bars will be consolidated during the second LHC long shutdown (LS2) in 2019-20. The design of the reinforced electrical insulation of the dipole cold diodes and the associated project organisation are presented, including the validation tests, especially at cryogenics temperature. During LS2, maintenance interventions on the LHC cryomagnets will also be performed, following the plan based on a statistical analysis of the electrical faults. It is inscribed in the overall strategy to produce collisions at 14 TeV, the LHC design energy, and to push it further towards 15 TeV. We give a first guess on the impact on the LHC failure rate.  
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TUPAF028 Energy Deposition Studies and Analysis of the Quench Behavior in the Case of Asynchronous Dumps During 6.5 TeV LHC Proton Beam Operation simulation, proton, quadrupole, kicker 736
  • M.I. Frankl, W. Bartmann, M. Bednarek, C. Bracco, A. Lechner, A.P. Verweij, C. Wiesner, D. Wollmann
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The CERN LHC beam dumping system comprises a series of septa and fast-pulsed kicker magnets for extracting the stored proton beams to the external beam dumps. Different absorbers in the extraction region protect superconducting magnets and other machine elements in case of abnormal beam aborts, where bunches are swept across the machine aperture. During Run 2 of the LHC, controlled beam loss experiments were carried out at 6.5 TeV probing the particle leakage from protection devices under realistic operation conditions. This paper presents particle shower simulations analyzing the energy deposition in superconducting coils and assessing if the observed magnet quenches are compatible with the presently known quench limits.  
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TUPAK018 Study on the Collimation Method for a Future Proton-Proton Collider collimation, proton, quadrupole, insertion 1004
  • J.Q. Yang, Y. Bao, J.Y. Tang, J.Y. Tang, Y. Zou
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  As the second phase of CEPC-SPPC project, SPPC (Super Proton-Proton Collider) is to explore new physics beyond the standard model in the energy frontier with a center-of-mass energy of 75 TeV. In order to handle extremely-high stored energy in beam, the collimation system of extremely high efficiency is required for safe operation. SPPC has been studying a collimation method which arranges both the transverse and momentum collimations in one long straight section. In this way, the downstream momentum collimation section can clean those particles related to the single diffractive effect in the transverse collimation section thus eliminate beam losses in the arc section. In addition, one more collimation stage is obtained with use of special superconduct-ing quadrupoles in the transverse collimation section. Multiple particle simulations have proven the effectiveness of the methods. This paper presents the study results on the collimation scheme.  
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TUZGBF1 Superconducting Gantry for Carbon-Ion Radiotherapy quadrupole, dipole, radiation, MMI 1232
  • Y. Iwata, T. Furukawa, Y. Hara, S. Matsuba, T. Murakami, K. Noda, N. S. Saotome, S. Sato, T. Shirai
    NIRS, Chiba-shi, Japan
  • N. Amemiya
    Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • H. Arai, T. Fujimoto
    AEC, Chiba, Japan
  • T.F. Fujita, K. Mizushima, Y. Saraya
    National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan
  • S. Matsuba
    HSRC, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • T. Obana
    NIFS, Gifu, Japan
  • T. Ogitsu
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Orikasa, S. Takayama
    Toshiba, Yokohama, Japan
  • R. Tansho
    QST-NIRS, Chiba, Japan
  A superconducting magnet gantry has been used at HIMAC in NIRS, transporting beams for carbon ion radiotherapy. A second superconducting gantry, with a different design, is under construction in Yamagata University. This invited talk presents an overview of these gantry designs, their advantages for light ion radiotherapy, their operational experiences, and future perspectives for superconducting radiotherapy gantries.  
slides icon Slides TUZGBF1 [26.683 MB]  
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WEPMF081 Mechanical Strain Measurements Based on Fiber Bragg Grating Down to Cryogenic Temperature - R&D Study and Applications radiation, cryogenics, GUI, experiment 2572
  • M. Guinchard, A. Bertarelli, L. Bianchi, F.B. Boyer, M. Cabon, M. Calviani, O. Capatina, A. Catinaccio, P. Ferracin, P. Grosclaude
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In recent years, optical fiber sensors have been increasingly used due to their outstanding performances. Their application is preferable in case of special requirements that exclude the application of conventional electrical sensors. The scientific background of optical fiber sensors is well developed. However, the characteristic of sensors employed in rather harsh environments is often different from the one determined in laboratory conditions or prior to their installation. In order to achieve long-term stable functioning and reliable measurement under severe working environments, such as those occurring at CERN (radiation, cryogenics, high magnetic and electrical field), a statistical measurement campaign was carried out following the international standard ISO 5725. The paper describes the ongoing study to define the accuracy of optical fiber sensors based on Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) for strain measurements, from room temperature down to 4.2 K. It also describes some of the demanding applications for which optical fiber sensors have been deployed to perform experimental strain measurements (e.g. detectors components, high-energy beam targets and dumps, superconducting magnets).  
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WEPML009 Superconducting Magnet Performance in LCLS-II Cryomodules cryomodule, quadrupole, operation, dipole 2693
  • V.S. Kashikhin, S. Cheban, J. DiMarco, E.R. Harms, A.V. Makarov, T. Strauss, M.A. Tartaglia
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  Abstract' New LCLS-II Linear Superconducting Accelerator Cryomodules under construction at Fermilab. Inside each SCRF Cryomodule installed superconducting magnet package to focus and steer an electron beam. The magnet package has the iron dominated configuration with racetrack type quadrupole and dipole conductively cooled coils. For easier installation the magnet could be split in the vertical plane. Initially the magnet was tested in a liquid helium bath, and were performed high precision magnetic field measurements. Several Cryomodules with magnets inside were built and successfully tested at Fermilab test facility. In the paper presented Cryomodule magnet packages test results, discussed the magnet, and current leads conduction cooling performance.  
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WEPML035 Superconducting Dipoles for SIS100 dipole, operation, synchrotron, controls 2768
  • C. Roux, P. Aguar Bartolome, A. Bleile, E.S. Fischer, G. Golluccio, F. Kaether, J. Ketter, J.P. Meier, A. Mierau, C. Omet, P.J. Spiller, K. Sugita, P.B. Szwangruber, A. Warth, H.G. Weiss
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  The international facility for antiproton and ion research (FAIR) is currently being developed in Darmstadt, Germany, for fundamental research in various fields of modern physics. Its main accelerator, the SIS100 heavy ion synchrotron, utilizes fast-cycling superconducting magnets operated at cryogenic temperatures. An intense measurement program of first of series (FoS) module revealed excellent behaviour with respect to, e.g., quench performance and AC losses. With an optimized fabrication technique, the geometrical accuracy was improved to be sufficient to provide a highly homogeneous field. Consequently, the series production of 110 dipoles was released. First significant results on the reproducibility and the variation of physical properties along the series production gained at the test facility of GSI are presented.  
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THPAL013 First Serial Magnetic Measurements of the NICA Collider Twin-Aperture Dipoles collider, dipole, booster, storage-ring 3645
  • M.M. Shandov, V.V. Borisov, A.V. Bychkov, A.M. Donyagin, O. Golubitsky, H.G. Khodzhibagiyan, S.A. Kostromin
    JINR, Dubna, Russia
  • I.I. Donguzov, M. A. Kashunin, V. A. Mykhailenko, T.A. Parfylo, A.V. Shemchuk, D.A. Zolotykh
    JINR/VBLHEP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
  NICA is a new accelerator complex under construction at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, Russia, to study properties of hot and dense baryonic matter. Magnetic system of the NICA collider includes 80 twin-aperture dipole and 86 quadrupole superconducting magnets. The collider twin-aperture magnet is 1.94 m long, 120 mm/70 mm (h/v) aperture with window-frame design similar to the Nuclotron magnet. The measurement of the magnetic field parameters is supported to be conducted for both apertures of each collider magnet. This paper describes magnetic measurements methods and the development of the dedicated system for serial dipole magnets of the NICA collider.  
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THPAL014 Serial Magnetic Measurements for the NICA Quadruple Magnets of the NICA Booster Synchrotron quadrupole, booster, cryogenics, collider 3649
  • A.V. Shemchuk
    JINR/VBLHEP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
  • V.V. Borisov, A.V. Bychkov, A.M. Donyagin, O. Golubitsky, H.G. Khodzhibagiyan, S.A. Kostromin, M.M. Shandov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  NICA is a new accelerator collider complex under con-struction at JINR, Dubna. More than 250 superconducting magnets are needed for the NICA booster and collider. The NICA Booster magnetic system includes 48 quadrupole superconducting magnets. The rotating coils probe developed for series magnetic measurements of booster quadrupoles doublets, as well as measuring methods are described. Results of magnetic measurements in cryogenic conditions for 12 doublets are presented and discussed.  
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