Keyword: Windows
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MOZGBE3 Primary Study of High-Power Graphene Beam Window vacuum, proton, target, scattering 47
  • H. Wang, C. Meng, H. Qu, D.H. Zhu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • X. Sun, P.C. Wang
    DNSC, Dongguan, People's Republic of China
  Beam windows are usually used to isolate vacuum or other special environments, which is a key device for high-power accelerators. Graphene has extremely high thermal conductivity, high strength and high transparency to high energy ions. It is highly suitable for beam windows if the technology is allowable. This paper will discuss the primary tests of graphene films, including vacuum per-formance and thermal conductivity performance, as well as the simulated performance of an assumed graphene window.  
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MOZGBE4 Overview of Fabrication Techniques and Lessons Learned with Accelerator Vacuum Windows vacuum, target, operation, site 51
  • C.R. Ader, M.W. McGee, L.E. Nobrega, E.A. Voirin
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Operated by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, under Contract No. DE-AC02- 07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Vacuum thin windows have been used in Fermilab's accelerators for decades and typically have been overlooked in terms of their criticality and fragility. Vacuum windows allow beam to pass through while creating a boundary between vacuum and air or high vacuum and low vacuum areas. The design of vacuum windows, including titanium and beryllium windows, will be discussed as well as fabrication, testing, and operational concerns. Failure of windows will be reviewed as well as safety approaches to mitigating failures and extending the lifetimes of vacuum windows. Various methods of calculating the strengths of vacuum windows will be explored, including FEA.
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MOPMF062 Upgrade of the Dilution System for HL-LHC kicker, operation, damping, simulation 261
  • C. Wiesner, W. Bartmann, C. Bracco, M. Calviani, E. Carlier, L. Ducimetière, M.I. Frankl, M.A. Fraser, S.S. Gilardoni, B. Goddard, T. Kramer, A. Lechner, N. Magnin, A. Perillo-Marcone, T. Polzin, E. Renner, V. Senaj
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The LHC Beam Dump System is one of the most critical systems for reliable and safe operation of the LHC. A dedicated dilution system is required to sweep the beam over the front face of the graphite dump core in order to reduce the deposited energy density. The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) project foresees to increase the total beam intensity in the ring by nearly a factor of two, resulting in a correspondingly higher energy deposition in the dump core. In this paper, the beam sweep pattern and energy deposition for the case of normal dilution as well as for the relevant failure cases are presented. The implications as well as possible mitigations and upgrade measures for the dilution system, such as decreasing the pulse-generator voltage, adding two additional kickers, and implementing a retrigger system, are discussed.  
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TUPAL022 Low-Reflection RF Window for ACS Cavity in J-PARC Linac cavity, linac, proton, impedance 1051
  • J. Tamura, Y. Kondo, T. Morishita
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • H. Ao
    FRIB, East Lansing, USA
  • F. Naito, M. Otani
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Nemoto
    Nippon Advanced Technology Co., Ltd., Tokai, Japan
  In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac, the Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities have been stably operating. To maintain this operation availability, we manufactured three backups of the pillbox-type RF windows for the ACS cavities in fiscal year 2015 and 2017. It is desirable to minimize the RF reflection of the RF window to prevent standing waves from exciting between the cavity and the RF window, and not to significantly change the optimized coupling factor between the cavity and the waveguide. To realize the minimization, the relative permittivities of the ceramic disks of the RF windows were evaluated by measuring the resonant frequencies of the pillbox cavity containing the ceramic disk. On the basis of the evaluated relative permittivities, the pillbox-part lengths of the RF windows were determined. The measured Voltage Standing Wave Ratios (VSWRs) of the manufactured RF windows are just about 1.08 and these are applicable for the practical use.  
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TUPAL050 Progress Work on a CW Deuteron RFQ with Magnetic Coupling Windows rfq, cavity, experiment, coupling 1123
  • Q. Fu, M.J. Easton, P.P. Gan, S.L. Gao, H.P. Li, Y.R. Lu, Q.Y. Tan, Z. Wang, K. Zhu
    PKU, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  • W.P. Dou, Y. He
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
  Funding: This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2014CB845503).
A new 162.5 MHz RFQ has been built for a joint 973 project between Peking University (PKU) and Institute of Modern Physics (IMP). It is designed to deliver 50-mA deuteron beams to 1 MeV in CW mode, with an inter-voltage of 60 kV and a length of 1.809 m. Due to its window-type structure, the RFQ has compact cross-section, sufficient mode separation and high specific shunt impedance. It consists of two segments fabricated and installed at IMP. The assembling error of the cavity is less than 0.05 mm. The RF measurements show good electrical properties of the resonant cavity with a measured unloaded quality factor equal to 96.4% of the simulated value. After tuning, we obtained the nominal frequency and field unbalance within 1.0%. Preparation of high-power test of this RFQ is underway. This paper will cover the fabrication details and RF measurements, as well as the progress of high-power test.
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